Albert Joseph Moore
Albert Joseph Moore (4 September 1841 – 25 September 1893) was
an English painter, known for his depictions of languorous female
figures set against the luxury and decadence of the classical world.
4 External links
Moore was born at
York on 4 September 1841, the thirteenth son and
fourteenth child of well known portrait-painter William Moore and his
second wife, Sarah Collingham. Several of his numerous brothers
were educated as artists, including Henry Moore, R.A., the well-known
sea painter. Albert Moore was educated at Archbishop Holgate's School,
and also at St. Peter's School at York, receiving at the same time
instruction in drawing and painting from his father. He made such
progress that he gained a medal from the Department of Science and Art
at Kensington in May 1853, before completing his twelfth year.
After his father's death in 1851, Moore owed much to the care and
tuition of his brother, John Collingham Moore. In 1855, he came to
London and attended the Kensington grammar school till 1858, when he
became a student in the art school of the Royal Academy. He had
already exhibited there in 1857, when he sent A Goldfinch and A
His early works shows the influence of Ruskin. In 1859 he was in
France with the architect William Eden Nesfield. In 1861, he made a
new venture with two sacred subjects, The
Mother of Sisera
Mother of Sisera looked out
of a Window, and Elijah running to Jezreel before Ahab's Chariot.
Meanwhile, Moore had given signs of the remarkable skill which he
afterwards displayed as a decorative artist. The 1860s saw Moore
designing tiles, wallpaper and stained glass for Morris, Marshall,
Faulkner and Co., and working as an ecclesiastic and domestic mural
painter. During this period his works began to take on a markedly
neo-classical character, Moore making an extensive study of antique
sculpture, particularly the Elgin marbles in the British Museum.
His concern for decorative, color harmonies became apparent in his
paintings of the mid 1860s onwards. His works, typically single female
figures with formalized proportions, neo-classical drapery and floral
accessories, established a major strand of the Aesthetic Movement.
About 1860 he painted a ceiling at Shipley, followed by another at
Croxteth Park, Lancashire. He spent the winter of 1862–3 in Rome
with his brother John Collingham Moore. It was here that he painted
Elijah's Sacrifice, (1863) which shows the influence of Ford Madox
Brown and Edward Armitage. In 1863 he executed a wall painting for
the kitchen of
Combe Abbey for the Earl of Craven. Moore was a
regular exhibitor at the Grosvenor Gallery from 1877 onwards.
In 1864, he exhibited at the
Royal Academy a group in fresco, entitled
The Seasons, which attracted notice from the graceful pose of the
limbs in the figures, and the delicate folds of the draperies. In
1865, Moore exhibited at the
Royal Academy The Marble Seat, the first
of a long series of purely decorative pictures, with which his name
will always be associated. Henceforth he devoted himself entirely to
this class of painting, and every picture was the result of a
carefully thought out and elaborated harmony in pose and colour,
having as its basis the human form, studied in the true Hellenic
The chief charm of Moore's pictures lay in the delicate low tones of
the diaphanous, tissue-like garments in which the figures were draped.
The names attached to the pictures were generally suggested by the
completed work, and rarely represented any preconceived idea in the
artist's mind. Among them were such titles as A Painter's Tribute to
Music, Shells, The Reader, Dreamers, Battledore, Shuttlecock, Azaleas.
In so limited a sphere of art, Moore found his admirers among the few
true connoisseurs of art rather than among the general public. His
pictures were frequently sold off the easel before completion, but it
was not till late in his life that he obtained what maybe called
direct patronage. He executed other important decorative works, like
The Last Supper and some paintings for a church at Rochdale, the hall
at Claremont, the proscenium of the Queen's Theatre, Long Acre, and a
frieze of peacocks for Mr. Lehmann.
Moore was of an independent disposition, and relied solely on his own
judgment in matters both social and artistic. His somewhat outspoken
views proved a bar to his admission into the ranks of the Royal
Academy, for which he was many years a candidate, and where his works
were long a chief source of attraction.
Though suffering from a painful and incurable illness, Moore worked up
to the last, completing by sheer courage and determination an
important picture just before his death, which occurred on 25
September 1893, at 2 Spenser Street, Victoria Street, Westminster. He
was buried at Highgate cemetery. His last picture, The Loves of the
Seasons and the Winds, is one of his most elaborate and painstaking
works ; it was painted for Mr. McCulloch, and Moore wrote three
stanzas of verse to explain the title.
Moore's work is now represented in many important public collections,
such as those of Birmingham, Liverpool, Manchester, and elsewhere. An
exhibition of his works was held at the Grafton Galleries, London, in
Several of his pictures are now in public collections throughout the
United Kingdom and, in addition to those above, include Blossoms in
the Tate, and a watercolor, The Open Book, in the Victoria and Albert
Museum, London. The
British Museum in London has a group of his early
Mother of Sisera
Mother of Sisera looked out a Window
The Quartette (1869)
Seagulls (1871; Williamson Art Gallery and Museum, Birkenhead)
Rose Leaves (1880)
Yellow Marguerites (1881)
Dreamers (1882; Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery)
Reading Aloud (1884; Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum, Glasgow)
Midsummer (1887; Russell-Cotes Art Gallery & Museum, Bournemouth)
A River Side (1888),
A Summer Night (1890; Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool)
Lightning and Light (1892; Private collection)
An Idyll (1893)
The Loves of the Winds and the Seasons (1893; Blackburn Museum and Art
Gallery, large picture finished only a few days before his death)
Pomegranates, Albert Joseph Moore
The Loves of the Winds and the Seasons 1893, Albert Joseph Moore
A Summer Night 1890
An Open Book
^ a b c Moore, A.J. (1908). Moore. Bates and Guild Company.
p. 23. Retrieved 12 April 2015.
^ a b c d e f g h Cust 1894.
^ a b Professor Margaret MacDonald. ""Albert Joseph Moore, 1841-1893",
College of Arts, University of Glasgow". etchings.arts.gla.ac.uk.
Retrieved 12 April 2015.
Albert Joseph Moore
Albert Joseph Moore (1841-1893), Painter", National Portrait
Gallery". npg.org.uk. Retrieved 12 April 2015.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the
public domain: Cust, Lionel Henry (1894). "Moore, Albert Joseph".
In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 38. London: Smith,
Elder & Co.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Albert Joseph Moore.
Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article
Moore, Albert Joseph.
A J Moore online (ArtCyclopedia)
A J Moore – biography and works (Art Renewal Center)
Biography (Victorian Web)
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