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Albay
Albay
(Central Bicolano: Probinsya kan Albay; Filipino: Lalawigan ng Albay; Spanish: Provincia de Albay)is a province located in the Bicol Region in southeastern Luzon
Luzon
of the Philippines. Its capital is the city of Legazpi, the regional administrative center of the whole Bicol Region, which is located in the southern foothill of Mayon
Mayon
Volcano, the symbol most associated with the province. This perfectly symmetrical active stratovolcano forms a magnificent, scenic backdrop to the city of Legazpi and is visible throughout the municipalities and cities of Albay
Albay
including the surrounding provinces.[3] The province was added to the UNESCO
UNESCO
World Network of Biosphere Reserves in March 2016.[4]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Pre-Hispanic period 1.2 Spanish colonial period 1.3 Philippine revolution 1.4 American colonial period 1.5 World War II

2 Geography

2.1 Topography 2.2 Administrative divisions

3 Demographics

3.1 Religion 3.2 Languages

4 Economy 5 Government 6 Transportation

6.1 Roads 6.2 Water transport 6.3 Air transport 6.4 Railroads

7 See also 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] Pre-Hispanic period[edit] Long before the Spaniards arrived, Albay
Albay
had a thriving civilization. Formerly called Ibat, and then Bogli, Albay
Albay
was once ruled by Gat Ibal, an old chief who also founded the old barangay of Sawangan, now part of the city of Legazpi. Spanish colonial period[edit] In July 1569, Luis Enriquez de Guzman, a member of the expedition led by Maestro de Campo Mateo de Saz and Captain Martin de Goiti, led a group which crossed from Burias and Ticao islands and landed on a coastal settlement called Ibalon in what is now the province of Sorsogon. From this point another expedition was sent to explore the interior and founded the town of Camalig. In 1573, Juan de Salcedo penetrated the Bicol Peninsula from the north as far south as Libon, establishing the settlement of Santiago de Libon. Jose Maria Peñaranda, a military engineer, was made “corregidor” of the province on May 14, 1834. He constructed public buildings and built roads and bridges. The entire Bicol Peninsula was organized as one province with two divisions, Camarines
Camarines
in the northwest and Ibalon in the southeast. In 1636, the two partidos were separated, and Ibalon became a separate province with Sorsogon
Sorsogon
as capital. In the 17th century, Moro slave raiders from southern Philippines
Philippines
ravaged the northeastern coastal areas of the province of Albay.[5] Mayon
Mayon
Volcano, in one of its most violent eruptions, destroyed the five towns surrounding its base on February 1, 1814. This eruption forced the town of Cagsawa to relocate to its present site, Legazpi. A decree was issued by Governor-General Narciso Claveria in 1846 separating Masbate, Ticao and Burias from Albay
Albay
to form the comandancia of Masbate. Albay
Albay
was then divided into four districts: Iraya, Cordillera or Tabaco, Sorsogon
Sorsogon
and Catanduanes. Philippine revolution[edit] Glicerio Delgado, a condemned insurecto (insurgent), started revolutionary activities in the province. With a headquarters in the mountain of Guinobatan town, he joined the revolutionary government of Albay
Albay
as a lieutenant in the infantry. A unit of the Philippine Militia was then organized by the Spanish military authorities. Mariano Riosa was appointed major of the Tabaco Zone, which comprised all the towns along the seacoast from Albay
Albay
to Tiwi while Anacieto Solano was appointed major for the Iraya Zone, which was made up of the towns from Daraga to Libon. Each town was organized into sections of fifty men under the command of a lieutenant. During the Philippine Revolution
Philippine Revolution
on September 22, 1898, the provisional revolutionary government of Albay
Albay
was formed with Anacieto Solano as provisional president. Major General Vito Belarmino, the appointed military commander, reorganized the Filipino Army in the province. American colonial period[edit] The sovereignty of the country was transferred to the United States after the Treaty of Paris (1898).[6] During the Philippine–American War, Brigadier General William August Kobbé
William August Kobbé
headed the expedition that landed at the ports of Sorsogon, Bulan and Donsol. From there, the Americans marched to Legazpi and captured it. Although a civil government was established in Albay
Albay
on April 26, 1901, Colonel Harry Hill Bandholtz, Commanding Officer of the Constabulary in the Bicol Region, said that General Simeon Ola, with a thousand men, continued to defy American authority after the capture of Belarmino in 1901. Ola was later captured with about six hundred of his men. World War II[edit] Following the December 12, 1941 Japanese invasion of Legaspi
Japanese invasion of Legaspi
during the Second World War, the Kimura Detachment of the Imperial Japanese Army occupied Albay
Albay
Province. The region was defended only by the Philippine Constabulary
Philippine Constabulary
unit under the command of Major Francisco Sandico.[7] During the Japanese Occupation, the military general headquarters of the Commonwealth Army of the Philippines
Philippines
remained active from January 3, 1942 to June 30, 1946, and the 5th Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary
Philippine Constabulary
was established from October 28, 1944 to June 30, 1946 and stationed in Albay. Then came the clearing operations and anti-Japanese insurgency in the Bicol Peninsula, helped by the local Bicolano resistance. Some Bicolano guerrilla groups invaded around the province of Albay
Albay
during the Japanese Insurgencies between 1942 and 1944, and were supported by local Filipino troops under the Philippine Commonwealth Army and pre-war Philippine Constabulary
Philippine Constabulary
5th Infantry Regiments attacking the enemy soldiers of the Japanese Imperial Army. In the aftermath of three years of siege and conflicts, many Bicolano guerrillas were forced to retreat by the Japanese around the province before liberation in 1945 by Allied forces. Geography[edit] Albay
Albay
has a total land area of 2,575.77 square kilometres (994.51 sq mi),[8] which makes it the 53rd biggest province. The province is bordered by the provinces of Camarines
Camarines
Sur to the north and Sorsogon
Sorsogon
to the south. To the northeast lies the Lagonoy Gulf, which separates the province from Catanduanes. To the southwest of the province is the Burias Pass
Burias Pass
with the island of Burias of Masbate
Masbate
province located about 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) offshore. In 2016, an area of 250,000 hectares (620,000 acres) was declared a UNESCO
UNESCO
Biosphere Reserve. The Albay
Albay
Biosphere Reserve is home to 182 terrestrial plant species, of which 46 are endemic to the Philippines. Its marine waters and coastal area also provide habitat to five of the world's seven marine turtle species, as well as mangrove, seagrass and seaweed ecosystems.[9] Topography[edit]

The perfectly-shaped Mayon Volcano
Mayon Volcano
dominates the geography of Albay.

The province is generally mountainous with scattered fertile plains and valleys. On the eastern part of the province is a line of volcanic mountains starting with the northernmost Malinao in Tiwi, followed by Mount Masaraga
Mount Masaraga
and the free-standing Mayon
Mayon
Volcano. Separated by the Poliqui Bay is the Pocdol Mountains
Pocdol Mountains
in the town of Manito. The stratovolcano of Mayon
Mayon
standing at around 2,462 metres (8,077 ft), is the highest point of the province. It is the most famous landform in Albay
Albay
and in the whole Bicol Region. This active volcano falls under the jurisdiction of eight municipalities and cities of Albay: Camalig, Daraga, Guinobatan, Legazpi City, Ligao City, Malilipot, Santo Domingo, and Tabaco
Tabaco
City. The western coast of the province is mountainous but not as prominent as the eastern range with the highest elevation at around 490 metres (1,610 ft).[10] Among these mountains are Mount Catburawan in Ligao
Ligao
and Mount Pantao in Oas. Administrative divisions[edit] Albay
Albay
comprises 18 municipalities/towns and three component cities (Legazpi, Ligao
Ligao
and Tabaco).

City or municipality [i][ii] Population ±% p.a. Area[8] Density (2015) Brgy.

(2015)[2] (2010)[11]

km2 sq mi /km2 /sq mi

13°17′33″N 123°47′28″E / 13.2926°N 123.7912°E / 13.2926; 123.7912 (Bacacay) Bacacay 7000520000000000000♠5.2% 68,906 65,724 +0.90% 122.13 47.15 560 1,500 56

13°10′53″N 123°39′19″E / 13.1815°N 123.6552°E / 13.1815; 123.6552 (Camalig) Camalig 7000510000000099999♠5.1% 66,904 63,585 +0.97% 130.90 50.54 510 1,300 50

13°08′52″N 123°42′47″E / 13.1478°N 123.7131°E / 13.1478; 123.7131 (Daraga) Daraga (Locsin) 7000960000000000000♠9.6% 126,595 115,804 +1.71% 118.64 45.81 1,100 2,800 54

13°11′29″N 123°35′59″E / 13.1914°N 123.5997°E / 13.1914; 123.5997 (Guinobatan) Guinobatan 7000630000000000000♠6.3% 82,361 75,967 +1.55% 244.43 94.37 340 880 44

13°04′08″N 123°36′01″E / 13.0688°N 123.6002°E / 13.0688; 123.6002 (Jovellar) Jovellar 7000130000000000000♠1.3% 17,308 16,899 +0.46% 105.40 40.70 160 410 23

13°08′20″N 123°44′03″E / 13.1388°N 123.7343°E / 13.1388; 123.7343 (Legazpi) Legazpi † 7001150000000000000♠15.0% 196,639 182,201 +1.46% 153.70 59.34 1,300 3,400 70

13°17′59″N 123°26′18″E / 13.2998°N 123.4384°E / 13.2998; 123.4384 (Libon) Libon 7000570000000000000♠5.7% 75,172 71,527 +0.95% 222.76 86.01 340 880 47

13°14′28″N 123°32′14″E / 13.2411°N 123.5373°E / 13.2411; 123.5373 (Ligao) Ligao ∗ 7000850000000000000♠8.5% 111,399 104,914 +1.15% 246.75 95.27 450 1,200 55

13°19′08″N 123°44′21″E / 13.3190°N 123.7393°E / 13.3190; 123.7393 (Malilipot) Malilipot 7000290000000000000♠2.9% 37,785 35,567 +1.16% 44.13 17.04 860 2,200 18

13°23′51″N 123°42′18″E / 13.3974°N 123.7049°E / 13.3974; 123.7049 (Malinao) Malinao 7000340000000000000♠3.4% 45,301 42,770 +1.10% 107.50 41.51 420 1,100 29

13°07′28″N 123°52′11″E / 13.1244°N 123.8697°E / 13.1244; 123.8697 (Manito) Manito 7000190000000000000♠1.9% 24,707 22,819 +1.53% 107.40 41.47 230 600 15

13°15′27″N 123°30′01″E / 13.2575°N 123.5002°E / 13.2575; 123.5002 (Oas) Oas 7000520000000000000♠5.2% 67,960 64,785 +0.92% 263.61 101.78 260 670 53

13°02′34″N 123°27′13″E / 13.0429°N 123.4536°E / 13.0429; 123.4536 (Pio Duran) Pio Duran 7000360000000000000♠3.6% 46,693 45,028 +0.69% 133.70 51.62 350 910 33

13°17′37″N 123°29′03″E / 13.2937°N 123.4843°E / 13.2937; 123.4843 (Polangui) Polangui 7000670000000000000♠6.7% 88,221 82,307 +1.33% 145.30 56.10 610 1,600 44

13°11′10″N 124°07′33″E / 13.1862°N 124.1258°E / 13.1862; 124.1258 (Rapu-Rapu) Rapu-Rapu 7000280000000099999♠2.8% 36,920 35,875 +0.55% 155.30 59.96 240 620 34

13°14′14″N 123°46′39″E / 13.2371°N 123.7774°E / 13.2371; 123.7774 (Santo Domingo) Santo Domingo (Libog) 7000270000000000000♠2.7% 34,967 32,414 +1.45% 51.22 19.78 680 1,800 23

13°21′33″N 123°43′47″E / 13.3592°N 123.7298°E / 13.3592; 123.7298 (Tabaco) Tabaco ∗ 7001102009999900000♠10.2% 133,868 125,083 +1.30% 117.14 45.23 1,100 2,800 47

13°27′25″N 123°40′47″E / 13.4569°N 123.6796°E / 13.4569; 123.6796 (Tiwi) Tiwi 7000400000000000000♠4.0% 53,120 50,163 +1.10% 105.76 40.83 470 1,200 25

TOTAL 1,314,826 1,233,432 +1.22% 2,575.77 994.51 510 1,300 720

 †  Provincial capital and component city      Municipality

 ∗  Component city

^ The globe  icon marks the city/town center. ^ Former names are italicized.

Political map of Albay

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Albay

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

1903 200,916 —    

1918 259,704 +1.73%

1939 333,920 +1.20%

1948 394,694 +1.88%

1960 514,980 +2.24%

1970 673,981 +2.72%

1975 728,827 +1.58%

1980 809,177 +2.11%

1990 903,785 +1.11%

1995 1,005,315 +2.01%

2000 1,090,907 +1.77%

2007 1,190,823 +1.22%

2010 1,233,432 +1.29%

2015 1,314,826 +1.22%

Sources: PSA[2][11][12][13][14]

The population of Albay
Albay
in the 2015 census was 1,314,826 people,[2], making it the 20th most populous province in the country. It had a density of 510 inhabitants per square kilometre or 1,300 inhabitants per square mile. Based on the 2007 census, there were 208,640 households in the province with an average size of 5.22 persons, significantly higher than the national average of 4.99. Religion[edit]

Nuestra Señora de la Porteria Church in Daraga, built in 1773

Catholicism is the predominant religion in the province affiliated by 97% of the Albay
Albay
population.[citation needed] Each town has its own fiesta for their patrons and patronesses. Other religious denominations are the Iglesia ni Cristo
Iglesia ni Cristo
(INC), other Protestant churches such as the Baptist Church, Methodist, other Evangelical Christians, Seventh-day Adventists, Mormons, Jehovah's Witnesses
Jehovah's Witnesses
as well as Islam. Languages[edit] Albay
Albay
is home to several languages and host to different native languages of Bicol Region. Out of seven Bikol languages (except Bisakol, which is half-Visayan), only Pandan Bikol of northern Catanduanes
Catanduanes
is not used or which the origin is not from Albay. The languages in the province is very diverse which includes the languages of Albay
Albay
Bikol group which comprises the languages of West Miraya, East Miraya, Libon and Buhinon. Of the four Albay
Albay
Bikol languages, Buhinon is the only one not used in Albay
Albay
but rather in Buhi, Camarines
Camarines
Sur. Rinconada Bikol is a minority language in the province and used by people in barangays of Libon and Polangui that are near the boundary of Bato and Iriga
Iriga
City in Camarines
Camarines
Sur. Another primary language used in the province is Central Bikol which is the native-tongue of the population on the eastern coast of the Bicol Peninsula. Both Albay Bikol languages and Rinconada Bikol are members of Inland Bikol group of languages while Central Bikol is a language member of Coastal Bikol. The Tabaco-Legazpi- Sorsogon
Sorsogon
dialect of Central Bikol is spoken in Legazpi City, Tabaco
Tabaco
City and neighboring municipalities on the east side of Albay, and some parts of northern Sorsogon
Sorsogon
(especially in Sorsogon
Sorsogon
City). The majority of the inhabitants also understand English and Filipino as second languages. Economy[edit] Agriculture
Agriculture
is the main industry in Albay, which produces crops like coconut, rice, sugar and abacá. Handicrafts are the major source of rural income and comprises a fairly large share in the small-scale industries of the province. Forestry, cement production and paper-making are other sources of livelihood. The manufacture of abacá products such as Manila
Manila
hemp, hats, bags, mats, furniture, home decors,[15] and slippers is one of the main sources of income in the rural areas. Production of abaca fiber experienced a boom from the late 1800s until the American period.[16] Fishing is the main livelihood along both shores of the province. Tourism, especially related to Mayon
Mayon
Volcano, also creates income for Albay. For the year 2013, Albay
Albay
had a total of 339,445 foreign tourist arrivals. Government[edit] Albay
Albay
has three congressional districts encompassing its 18 municipalities and 3 component cities.

District Representative[17] City or municipality District population (2015)

1st (Coastal District) Edcel C. Lagman

Bacacay Malilipot Malinao Santo Domingo (Libog) Tabaco Tiwi

373,947

2nd (Capital District) Joey Sarte Salceda

Daraga (Locsin) Legazpi Manito Rapu-Rapu

451,765

3rd (Miraya District) Fernando V. Gonzalez

Camalig Guinobatan Jovellar Libon Ligao Oas Pio Duran Polangui

489,114

Transportation[edit] Roads[edit] Albay
Albay
has 383.22 kilometers (238.12 mi) of national roads, mostly paved with asphalt, with 5.25 kilometers (3.26 mi) remaining unpaved. [18] Maharlika Highway
Maharlika Highway
(N1/AH26) serves as the principal road connection between other provinces. Most of the province are served by secondary national roads, assigned route numbers of the 630 and 640 series. Almost all of the cities and municipalities are connected by national roads, except for Jovellar and Rapu-Rapu. Water transport[edit] Albay
Albay
is the region's principal trans-shipment point with its ports: Tabaco
Tabaco
International Port, Legazpi National Port, Pio Duran Provincial Port, and the Pantao Regional Port. Air transport[edit] Traveling to the province by air is served by the Legazpi Airport, the province's gateway from Manila
Manila
and Cebu City
Cebu City
in the Visayas. The larger Bicol International Airport
Bicol International Airport
is under construction in the municipality of Daraga, adjacent municipality of Legazpi City. Railroads[edit] Albay
Albay
is served by the mainline of the Philippine National Railways (PNR), and has commuter service between Naga in Camarines
Camarines
Sur. Trains to Manila
Manila
(Tutuban), the Mayon
Mayon
Limited, is suspended from November 2012. Four stations serve Polangui, Ligao, Guinobatan, and Legaspi, respectively.

The runway of Legazpi Airport

A PNR train in Ligao
Ligao
railway station

See also[edit]

Biosphere reserves of the Philippines

References[edit]

^ "The province of Albay". Overview of the Region. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original on 13 November 2012. Retrieved 11 January 2013.  ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.  ^ Facts about Mayon
Mayon
Volcano" Archived 2012-04-09 at the Wayback Machine.. Albay
Albay
Tourism. Retrieved on 2012-05-27. ^ "20 sites added to UNESCO's World Network of Biosphere Reserve". United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization. 2016-03-19. Retrieved 2016-03-20.  ^ source? ^ McKinley, William (1898). "The Acquisition of the Philippines
Philippines
from Papers Relating to Foreign Affairs". Vincent Ferraro, Mount Holyoke College. Retrieved on 2012-05-18. ^ "History of Albay" Archived 2010-08-19 at the Wayback Machine.. Royal quest Tour. ^ a b "Province: Albay". PSGC Interactive. Quezon
Quezon
City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.  ^ UNESCO
UNESCO
Press (19 March 2016). "20 sites added to UNESCO's World Network of Biosphere Reserves". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Retrieved 21 March 2016.  ^ "Mount Pantao, Oas". Google Maps. Retrieved on 2012-05-27. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.  ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines
Philippines
and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities (PDF). NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.  ^ Censuses of Population (1903 – 2007). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.  ^ "Census 2000; Population and Housing; Region V" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority ( Philippine Statistics Authority
Philippine Statistics Authority
- Region V). Retrieved 29 June 2016.  ^ Valmero, Anna (15 September 2011). "Bicolano entrepreneur finds success in abaca furniture". loQal.ph. Archived from the original on 2 May 2014. Retrieved 29 June 2016.  ^ Prosperity Without Progress: Manila
Manila
Hemp and Material Life in the Colonial Philippines, p. 108, at Google Books ^ "House Members; 17th Congress". House of Representatives of the Philippines. Retrieved 7 August 2016.  ^ Figures tabulated from data by the Department of Public Works and Highways district engineering offices in Albay. See 2015 DPWH Atlas for Region V

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Albay.

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap · Google Maps

Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

Media related to Albay
Albay
at Wikimedia Commons Geographic data related to Albay
Albay
at OpenStreetMap New Albay
Albay
Tourism Promotion Website Province of Albay
Albay
Official Website

Places adjacent to Albay

Ragay Gulf Camarines
Camarines
Sur Lagonoy Gulf
Lagonoy Gulf
/ Catanduanes

Masbate
Masbate
/ Burias Pass

Albay

Philippine Sea

Sorsogon

v t e

Province of Albay

Legazpi (capital)

Municipalities

Bacacay Camalig Daraga Guinobatan Jovellar Libon Malilipot Malinao Manito Oas Pio Duran Polangui Rapu-Rapu Santo Domingo Tiwi

Component cities

Legazpi Ligao Tabaco

Articles related to Albay

v t e

Bicol Region
Bicol Region
(Region V)

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Albay Camarines
Camarines
Norte Camarines
Camarines
Sur Catanduanes Masbate Sorsogon

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Legazpi

Independent Component City

Naga

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Sorsogon
City Tabaco

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Masbate
City Pili Sorsogon
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City Virac

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Camarines
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