The Alaska House of Representatives is the lower house in the Alaska Legislature, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Alaska. The House is composed of 40 members, each of whom represents a district of approximately 17,756 people per 2010 Census figures. Members serve two-year terms without term limits. With 40 representatives, the Alaska House is the smallest state legislative lower house in the United States.
Members of the Alaska House of Representatives are responsible for a portion of the process of making and amending state law. The first step of the legislative process is filing a bill by giving it to the chief clerk of the Alaska House of Representatives. The chief clerk will then assign bills a number.
Bills are introduced and read the first time with the number, sponsor or sponsors, and the title of the bill and then referred to a committee(s). Committee chairs can choose whether or not hear a bill and committees can vote to approve a bill in its original form or make modifications through a committee substitute. Once bills or substitutes are approved, the legislation is referred to the next committee of assignment or to the Rules Committee, which can further amend the bill or assign it to the daily floor calendar.
Once a bill is scheduled on the floor, it appears on the calendar in Second Reading. The bill is again read by number, sponsor or sponsors, and title along with the standing committee reports. A motion is made on the floor to adopt any committee substitutes. Amendments can also be offered and voted on. Third Reading is where the motion is made to vote on the bill.
After final passage in the Alaska House of Representatives, a bill is engrossed and sent to the Alaska Senate to go through the same process of introduction, committee referral and three readings. Likewise, bills that have been approved on Third Reading in the Alaska Senate are engrossed and sent to the Alaska House of Representatives.
When a bill is not modified in the second house, it can be sent to the governor on Third Reading, through enrollment. If the bill is modified, the house of origin must vote to accept or reject amendments by the opposite house. A Fourth Reading, in the case of acceptance, will send the bill to the governor, through enrollment. If amendments are rejected, the bill can be sent to conference, where members of the Senate and House hash out a final version and send it to a Fourth Reading in both houses.
The governor can choose to sign or veto the legislation. In the case of the veto, a two-third majority of a joint session can override the veto. An appropriations bill requires a three-fourths majority vote in a joint session to override a veto. If signed or approved by a veto override, the legislation becomes law.
State representatives must be a qualified voter and resident of Alaska for no less than three years, and a resident of the district from which elected for one year immediately preceding filing for office. A state representative must be 21 years of age at the time the oath of office is taken. The Alaska House of Representatives may expel a member with the concurrence of two-thirds of the membership of the house.
Legislative terms begin on the second Monday in January following a presidential election year and on the third Tuesday in January following a gubernatorial election. State representatives serve for terms of two years.
The Speaker of the House presides over the House of Representatives. The Speaker is elected by the majority party caucus followed by confirmation of the full House through the passage of a House Resolution. In addition to presiding over the body, the Speaker is also the chief leadership position, and controls the flow of legislation and committee assignments. Other House leaders, such as the majority and minority leaders, are elected by their respective party caucuses relative to their party's strength in the chamber.
|Majority Leader||Chris Tuck||Democratic||Anchorage||23|
|Minority Leader||Charisse Millett||Republican||Anchorage||25|
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
|End of 28th Legislature||26||4||10||0||40||0|
|Begin 29th Legislature (2015)||23||4||12||1||40||0|
|End of 29th (2016)||1||22|
|Begin 30th (2017)||18||3||17||2||40||0|
|December 15, 2017||16||39||1|
|January 31, 2018||17||40||0|
|February 12, 2018||16||39||1|
|February 23, 2018||17||40||0|
|Latest voting share||45%||55%|
Past partisan compositions can be found on Political party strength in Alaska.
Current committees include:
|1||Kawasaki, ScottScott Kawasaki||Dem||Fairbanks||2007|
|2||Thompson, SteveSteve Thompson||Rep||Fairbanks||2011|
|3||Wilson, TammieTammie Wilson||Rep||North Pole||2009↑|
|4||Guttenberg, DavidDavid Guttenberg||Dem||Fairbanks||2003|
|5||Wool, AdamAdam Wool||Dem||Fairbanks||2015|
|6||Talerico, DaveDave Talerico||Rep||Healy||2015|
|7||Sullivan-Leonard, ColleenColleen Sullivan-Leonard||Rep||Wasilla||2017|
|8||Neuman, MarkMark Neuman||Rep||Big Lake||2005|
|9||Rauscher, GeorgeGeorge Rauscher||Rep||Palmer||2017|
|10||Eastman, DavidDavid Eastman||Rep||Wasilla||2017|
|11||Johnson, DeLenaDeLena Johnson||Rep||Palmer||2017|
|12||Tilton, CathyCathy Tilton||Rep||Wasilla||2015|
|13||Saddler, DanDan Saddler||Rep||Eagle River||2011|
|14||Reinbold, LoraLora Reinbold||Rep||Eagle River||2013|
|15||LeDoux, GabrielleGabrielle LeDoux||Rep-Coalition||Anchorage||2013|
|16||Spohnholz, IvyIvy Spohnholz||Dem||Anchorage||2016↑|
|17||Josephson, AndyAndy Josephson||Dem||Anchorage||2013|
|18||Drummond, HarrietHarriet Drummond||Dem||Anchorage||2013|
|19||Tarr, GeranGeran Tarr||Dem||Anchorage||2013|
|20||Gara, LesLes Gara||Dem||Anchorage||2003|
|21||Claman, MattMatt Claman||Dem||Anchorage||2015|
|22||Grenn, JasonJason Grenn||Ind||Anchorage||2017|
|23||Tuck, ChrisChris Tuck||Dem||Anchorage||2009|
|24||Kopp, ChuckChuck Kopp||Rep||Anchorage||2017|
|25||Millett, CharisseCharisse Millett||Rep||Anchorage||2009|
|26||Birch, ChrisChris Birch||Rep||Anchorage||2017|
|27||Pruitt, LanceLance Pruitt||Rep||Anchorage||2011|
|28||Johnston, JenniferJennifer Johnston||Rep||Anchorage||2017|
|29||Chenault, MikeMike Chenault||Rep||Nikiski||2001|
|30||Knopp, GaryGary Knopp||Rep||Soldotna||2017|
|31||Seaton, PaulPaul Seaton||Rep-Coalition||Homer||2003|
|32||Stutes, LouiseLouise Stutes||Rep-Coalition||Kodiak||2015|
|33||Kito III, SamSam Kito III||Dem||Juneau||2014↑|
|34||Parish, JustinJustin Parish||Dem||Juneau||2017|
|35||Kreiss-Tomkins, JonathanJonathan Kreiss-Tomkins||Dem||Sitka||2013|
|36||Ortiz, DanDan Ortiz||Ind||Ketchikan||2015|
|37||Edgmon, BryceBryce Edgmon||Dem||Dillingham||2007|
|38||Zulkosky, TiffanyTiffany Zulkosky||Dem||Bethel||2018↑|
|39||Foster, NealNeal Foster||Dem||Nome||2009↑|
|40||Lincoln, JohnJohn Lincoln||Dem||Kotzebue||2018↑|