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Alan Jay Pakula (/pəˈkuːlə/; April 7, 1928 – November 19, 1998) was an American film director, writer and producer. He was nominated for three Academy Awards: Best Picture for To Kill a Mockingbird (1962), Best Director for All the President's Men (1976) and Best Adapted Screenplay for Sophie's Choice (1982). Pakula was also notable for directing his "paranoia trilogy": All the President's Men, Klute (1971), and The Parallax View (1974).

Contents

1 Career 2 Personal life 3 Death 4 Filmography 5 References 6 External links

Career[edit] Pakula started his Hollywood career as an assistant in the cartoon department at Warner Brothers. In 1957, he undertook his first production role for Paramount Pictures. In 1962, he produced To Kill a Mockingbird, for which he was nominated for a Best Picture Academy Award. Pakula had a successful professional relationship as the producer of movies directed by Robert Mulligan from 1957 to 1968. In 1969, he directed his first feature, The Sterile Cuckoo, starring Liza Minnelli.[1] In 1971, Pakula released the first installment of what would informally come to be known as his "paranoia trilogy". Klute, the story of a relationship between a private eye (played by Donald Sutherland) and a call girl (played by Jane Fonda, who won an Oscar for her performance), was a commercial and critical success. This was followed in 1974 by The Parallax View starring Warren Beatty, a labyrinthine post-Watergate thriller involving political assassinations. The film has been noted for its experimental use of hypnotic imagery in a celebrated film-within-a-film sequence in which the protagonist is inducted into the Parallax Corporation, whose main, albeit non-ostensible, enterprise is domestic terrorism. Finally, in 1976, Pakula rounded out the "trilogy" with All the President's Men, based on the bestselling account of the Watergate scandal written by Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein, who were played in the movie by Robert Redford and Dustin Hoffman, respectively. It was another commercial hit, considered by many critics and fans to be one of the best thrillers of the 1970s.[2] Pakula scored another hit in 1982 with Sophie's Choice, starring Meryl Streep. His screenplay, based on the novel by William Styron, was nominated for an Academy Award. Later commercial successes included Presumed Innocent, based on the bestselling novel by Scott Turow, and another political thriller, The Pelican Brief, an adaptation of John Grisham's bestseller. His final film was the crime drama thriller film The Devil's Own, where he reunited with Harrison Ford. Personal life[edit] Pakula was born in The Bronx, New York, to parents of Polish-Jewish descent, Jeanette (née Goldstein) and Paul Pakula.[3] He was educated at The Hill School in Pottstown, Pennsylvania, and Yale University, where he majored in drama. From October 19, 1963, until 1971, Pakula was married to actress Hope Lange. He was married to his second wife, Hannah Pakula (formerly Hannah Cohn Boorstin) from 1973 until his death in 1998. He has two stepchildren from his marriage with Hope Lange, Christopher and Patricia Murray and three stepchildren from his second marriage. They are Louis, Robert and Anna Boorstin. He also spoke very openly about his stepson's battle with depression before his death. Death[edit] Pakula died on November 19, 1998, in a car accident on the Long Island Expressway in Melville, New York. He was 70 years old. A driver in front of him struck a metal pipe, which went through Pakula's windshield, struck him in the head, and caused him to swerve off the road and into a fence. He was killed instantly.[4] Filmography[edit]

Year Title Role

1957 Fear Strikes Out Producer

1962 To Kill a Mockingbird Producer

1963 Love with the Proper Stranger Producer

1965 Baby the Rain Must Fall Producer

Inside Daisy Clover Producer

1967 Up the Down Staircase Producer

1968 The Stalking Moon Producer

1969 The Sterile Cuckoo Director, producer

1971 Klute Director, producer

1973 Love and Pain and the Whole Damn Thing Director, producer

1974 The Parallax View Director, producer

1976 All the President's Men Director

1978 Comes a Horseman Director

1979 Starting Over Director, producer

1981 Rollover Director

1982 Sophie's Choice Director, producer, writer

1986 Dream Lover Director, producer

1987 Orphans Director, producer

1989 See You in the Morning Director, producer, writer

1990 Presumed Innocent Director, writer

1992 Consenting Adults Director, producer

1993 The Pelican Brief Director, producer, writer

1997 The Devil's Own Director

References[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Alan J. Pakula.

^ Canby, Vincent (October 23, 1969). "The Sterile Cuckoo (1969) Screen: 'The Sterile Cuckoo,' Old-Style TV Drama". The New York Times.  ^ "All the President's Men Movie Reviews, Pictures". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved November 8, 2013.  ^ "Alan Pakula Biography". Filmreference.com. Retrieved November 8, 2013.  ^ Sterngold, James (November 20, 1998). "Alan J. Pakula, Film Director, Dies at 70". The New York Times. Retrieved March 17, 2009. 

External links[edit]

Biography portal

Alan J. Pakula on IMDb Alan J Pakula – Daily Telegraph obituary American Film Institute interview "The Pakula Parallax" essay "Alan J. Pakula". Find a Grave. Retrieved September 3, 2010.  Alan J. Pakula papers, Margaret Herrick Library, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

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Films directed by Alan J. Pakula

The Sterile Cuckoo (1969) Klute (1971) Love and Pain and the Whole Damn Thing (1973) The Parallax View (1974) All the President's Men (1976) Comes a Horseman (1978) Starting Over (1979) Rollover (1981) Sophie's Choice (1982) Dream Lover (1986) Orphans (1987) See You in the Morning (1989) Presumed Innocent (1990) Consenting Adults (1992) The Pelican Brief (1993) The Devil's Own (1997)

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Cannes Film Festival jury presidents

1946–1975

Georges Huisman (1946) Georges Huisman (1947) Georges Huisman (1949) André Maurois (1951) Maurice Genevoix (1952) Jean Cocteau (1953) Jean Cocteau (1954) Marcel Pagnol (1955) Maurice Lehmann (1956) André Maurois (1957) Marcel Achard (1958) Marcel Achard (1959) Georges Simenon (1960) Jean Giono (1961) Tetsurō Furukaki (1962) Armand Salacrou (1963) Fritz Lang (1964) Olivia de Havilland (1965) Sophia Loren (1966) Alessandro Blasetti (1967) André Chamson (1968) Luchino Visconti (1969) Miguel Ángel Asturias (1970) Michèle Morgan (1971) Joseph Losey (1972) Ingrid Bergman (1973) René Clair (1974) Jeanne Moreau (1975)

1975–2000

Tennessee Williams (1976) Roberto Rossellini (1977) Alan J. Pakula (1978) Françoise Sagan (1979) Kirk Douglas (1980) Jacques Deray (1981) Giorgio Strehler (1982) William Styron (1983) Dirk Bogarde (1984) Miloš Forman (1985) Sydney Pollack (1986) Yves Montand (1987) Ettore Scola (1988) Wim Wenders (1989) Bernardo Bertolucci (1990) Roman Polanski (1991) Gérard Depardieu (1992) Louis Malle (1993) Clint Eastwood (1994) Jeanne Moreau (1995) Francis Ford Coppola (1996) Isabelle Adjani (1997) Martin Scorsese (1998) David Cronenberg (1999) Luc Besson (2000)

2001–present

Liv Ullmann (2001) David Lynch (2002) Patrice Chéreau (2003) Quentin Tarantino (2004) Emir Kusturica (2005) Wong Kar-wai (2006) Stephen Frears (2007) Sean Penn (2008) Isabelle Huppert (2009) Tim Burton (2010) Robert De Niro (2011) Nanni Moretti (2012) Steven Spielberg (2013) Jane Campion (2014) Joel and Ethan Coen (2015) George Miller (2016) Pedro Almodóvar (2017) Cate Blanchett (2018)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 61732758 LCCN: n79095326 ISNI: 0000 0000 8387 6497 GND: 129602191 SUDOC: 070441030 BNF: cb138981946 (data) ULAN: 500035064 BNE: XX1091

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