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Alan LaVern Bean (born March 15, 1932), (CAPT, USN, Ret.), is an American former naval officer and Naval Aviator, aeronautical engineer, test pilot, and NASA
NASA
astronaut; he was the fourth person to walk on the Moon. He was selected to become an astronaut by NASA
NASA
in 1963 as part of Astronaut
Astronaut
Group 3. He made his first flight into space aboard Apollo 12, the second manned mission to land on the Moon, at the age of thirty-seven years in November 1969. He made his second and final flight into space on the Skylab 3
Skylab 3
mission in 1973, the second manned mission to the Skylab space station. After retiring from the United States Navy
United States Navy
in 1975 and NASA
NASA
in 1981, he pursued his interest in painting, depicting various space-related scenes and documenting his own experiences in space as well as that of his fellow Apollo program
Apollo program
astronauts. As of 2018, he is also the last living crew member of Apollo 12.

Contents

1 Biography

1.1 Early life and education 1.2 NASA
NASA
career

1.2.1 Apollo program 1.2.2 Skylab

1.3 Post- NASA
NASA
career

2 Organizations 3 Awards and honors 4 Painting 5 Personal life 6 In media 7 Books 8 See also 9 References 10 Bibliography 11 External links

Biography[edit] Early life and education[edit] Bean was born March 15, 1932, in Wheeler, the seat of Wheeler County in the northeastern Texas Panhandle. He is of Scottish descent. As a boy, he lived in Minden, the seat of Webster Parish
Webster Parish
in northwestern Louisiana, where his father worked for the U.S. Soil Conservation Service. He graduated from R. L. Paschal High School
R. L. Paschal High School
in Fort Worth, Texas, in 1950.[2] Bean received a Bachelor of Science
Bachelor of Science
degree in Aeronautical Engineering from the University of Texas at Austin
University of Texas at Austin
in 1955. At UT he was a member of Delta Kappa Epsilon
Delta Kappa Epsilon
fraternity (Omega Chi chapter). He was commissioned a U.S. Navy
U.S. Navy
Ensign through the Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps at UT Austin, and attended flight training.[2] After completing flight training, he was assigned to a Attack Squadron 44 (VA-44) at NAS Jacksonville, Florida from 1956 to 1960, flying the F9F Cougar and A4D Skyhawk. After a four-year tour of duty,[3] he attended the U.S. Naval Test Pilot School
U.S. Naval Test Pilot School
(USNTPS) at NAS Patuxent River, Maryland, where his instructor was his future Apollo 12
Apollo 12
Commander, Pete Conrad. He then flew as a test pilot on several types of naval aircraft. Following his assignment at USNTPS, he was assigned to Attack Squadron 172 (VA-172) at NAS Cecil Field, Florida, flying the A-4 Skyhawk
A-4 Skyhawk
from 1962 to 1963, during which time he was selected as a NASA
NASA
astronaut.[4] Bean was a Boy Scout and he earned the rank of First Class.[5] Bean logged more than 7,145 hours flying time, including 4,890 hours in jet aircraft.[6] NASA
NASA
career[edit] Bean was selected by NASA
NASA
as part of Astronaut
Astronaut
Group 3 in 1963 (after not being selected for Astronaut
Astronaut
Group 2 the previous year).[7] He was selected to be the backup command pilot for Gemini 10
Gemini 10
but was unsuccessful in securing an early Apollo flight assignment. He was placed in the Apollo Applications Program
Apollo Applications Program
in the interim. In that capacity, he is the first astronaut to dive in the Neutral Buoyancy Simulator and a champion of the process for astronaut training.[8] When fellow astronaut Clifton Williams
Clifton Williams
was killed in an air crash, a space was opened for Bean on the backup crew for Apollo 9. Apollo 12 Commander Conrad, who had instructed Bean at the Naval Flight Test School years before, personally requested Bean to replace Williams.[4] Apollo program[edit] Main article: Apollo 12

Bean on the Moon
Moon
during Apollo 12

Bean was the lunar module pilot on Apollo 12, the second lunar landing. In November 1969, Bean and Pete Conrad
Pete Conrad
landed on the moon's Ocean of Storms—after a flight of 250,000 miles and a launch that included a harrowing lightning strike. He was the astronaut who executed John Aaron's "Flight, try SCE to 'Aux'" instruction to restore telemetry after the spacecraft was struck by lightning 36 seconds after launch, thus salvaging the mission. They explored the lunar surface, deployed several lunar surface experiments, and installed the first nuclear power generator station on the Moon
Moon
to provide the power source. Dick Gordon remained in lunar orbit photographing landing sites for future missions.[6]

Pete Conrad, Dick Gordon, and Alan Bean
Alan Bean
pose with their Apollo 12 Saturn V moon rocket in the background on the pad at Cape Canaveral
Cape Canaveral
on 29 October 1969

Bean had planned on using a self-timer for his Hasselblad
Hasselblad
camera in order to take a photograph of both himself and Pete Conrad
Pete Conrad
while on the lunar surface near the Surveyor III
Surveyor III
spacecraft. He was hoping to record a good photo, and also to confuse the mission scientists as to how the photo could have been taken. However, neither he nor Conrad could locate the timer in the tool carrier tote bag while at the Surveyor III
Surveyor III
site and thus lost the opportunity. He did not locate the self-timer until the very end of the EVA when it was too late to use - at which point he threw it as hard as he could.[9] His paintings of what this photo would have looked like (titled "The Fabulous Photo We Never Took") and one of his fruitless search for the timer ("Our Little Secret") are included in his collection of Apollo paintings.[10][11] Bean's suit is on display in the National Air and Space Museum.[12] Skylab[edit] Main article: Skylab
Skylab
3

Bean shaving during the Skylab 3
Skylab 3
mission

Bean was also the spacecraft commander of Skylab
Skylab
3, the second manned mission to Skylab, July 29, 1973, to September 25, 1973. With him on the 59-day, 24,400,000 mile world record setting flight were scientist-astronaut Owen Garriott
Owen Garriott
and Marine Corps Colonel Jack R. Lousma.[6] During the mission Bean tested a prototype of the Manned Maneuvering Unit and performed one spacewalk outside the Skylab. The hard-working crew of Skylab 3
Skylab 3
accomplished 150 percent of its pre-mission goals.[6] Post- NASA
NASA
career[edit]

Bean, February 2009

On his next assignment, Bean was backup spacecraft commander of the United States flight crew for the joint American-Russian Apollo-Soyuz Test Project.[6] Bean retired from the Navy in October 1975 as a Captain but continued as head of the Astronaut
Astronaut
Candidate Operations and Training Group within the Astronaut
Astronaut
Office in a civilian capacity.[6] Bean logged 1,671 hours and 45 minutes in space, of which 10 hours and 26 minutes were spent in EVAs on the Moon
Moon
and in Earth orbit.[6] Organizations[edit] Bean is a fellow of the American Astronautical Society, and a member of the Society of Experimental Test Pilots.[6] Awards and honors[edit]

Navy Astronaut
Astronaut
Wings[6] Navy Distinguished Service Medal
Navy Distinguished Service Medal
(2x)[6] NASA
NASA
Distinguished Service Medal (2x)[6] Rear Admiral William S. Parsons Award for Scientific and Technical Progress[6] University of Texas Distinguished Alumnus Award and Distinguished Engineering Graduate Award[6] Godfrey L. Cabot Award[6] National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences Trustees Award[6] Texas Press Associations Man of the Year Award for 1969[6] City of Chicago
Chicago
Gold Medal[6] Robert J. Collier Trophy
Robert J. Collier Trophy
for 1973[6] Federation Aeronautique Internationale
Federation Aeronautique Internationale
Yuri Gagarin
Yuri Gagarin
Gold Medal for 1973[6] V. M. Komarov Diploma for 1973 (1974)[6] Dr. Robert H. Goddard Memorial Trophy for 1975 (1975)[6] AIAA Octave Chanute Award for 1975 (1975)[6] AAS Flight Achievement Award for 1974 (1975)[6] Inducted into the International Space Hall of Fame in 1983[2] Inducted into the U.S. Astronaut
Astronaut
Hall of Fame in 1997[13] Enshrined into the National Aviation Hall of Fame for 2010[14]

Bean was awarded an Honorary Doctorate of Science from Texas Wesleyan College in 1972, and was presented an Honorary Doctorate of Engineering Science degree from the University of Akron
University of Akron
(Ohio) in 1974.[6] Painting[edit]

Bean in his studio

But I'm the only one who can paint the moon, because I'm the only one who knows whether that's right or not.

— Bean describing his Moon
Moon
painting capability[2]

Bean resigned from NASA
NASA
in June 1981 to devote his time to painting. He said his decision was based on the fact that, in his 18 years as an astronaut, he was fortunate enough to visit worlds and see sights no artist's eye, past or present, has ever viewed firsthand and he hoped to express these experiences through his art.[2] As a painter, Bean wanted to add color to the Moon. "I had to figure out a way to add color to the Moon
Moon
without ruining it," he remarked. In his paintings, the lunar landscape is not a monotonous gray, but shades of various colors. "If I were a scientist painting the Moon, I would paint it gray. I'm an artist, so I can add colors to the Moon", said Bean.[15] Bean's paintings include Lunar Grand Prix and Rock and Roll on the Ocean of Storms, and he uses real moon dust in his paintings.[16] When he began painting, he realized that keepsake patches from his space suit were dirty with moon dust. He adds tiny pieces of the patches to his paintings, which make them unique. He also uses a hammer to pound the flagpole into the lunar surface, and a bronzed moon boot, to texture his paintings.[17]

Personal life[edit]

Alan Bean
Alan Bean
museum marker in Shamrock, Texas

Bean presents a piece of moon rock at the Gasometer Oberhausen
Gasometer Oberhausen
in March 2010.

Bean is married and has a son and a daughter.[6] Bean took a little piece of MacBean tartan to the Moon.[18] In media[edit] In the 1998 HBO
HBO
miniseries From the Earth to the Moon, Bean was portrayed by Dave Foley.[19] Swedish indie pop artist Stina Nordenstam has a song called The Return of Alan Bean
Alan Bean
on her 1991 debut album Memories of a Color. The song runs almost six and a half minutes.[20] Books[edit]

My Life As An Astronaut
Astronaut
(1989) "Cosmic" (2008) Apollo: An Eyewitness Account (with Andrew Chaikin) (1998) Into the Sunlit Splendor: The Aviation Art of William S. Phillips (with Ann Cooper, Charles S. Cooper and Wilson Hurley) (2005) Mission Control, This is Apollo: The Story of the First Voyages to the Moon
Moon
(with Andrew Chaikin) (2009) Painting
Painting
Apollo: First Artist on Another World (2009)

Bean's in-flight Skylab
Skylab
diary is featured in "Homesteading Space," a history of the Skylab
Skylab
program co-authored by fellow astronauts Dr. Joseph Kerwin
Joseph Kerwin
and Dr. Owen Garriott
Owen Garriott
and writer David Hitt, published in 2008. See also[edit]

Biography portal United States Navy
United States Navy
portal Spaceflight portal

List of spaceflight records

References[edit]

^ Joachim Becker. " Alan Bean
Alan Bean
- EVA experience".  ^ a b c d e "Piloted the lunar module on Apollo 12, the second lunar landing mission". New Mexico Museum of Space History.  ^ The Lunar Hall of Fame: Alan Bean
Alan Bean
Archived 2009-03-25 at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b " Alan Bean
Alan Bean
Oral History". NASA. Retrieved November 11, 2017.  ^ "Scouting and Space Exploration". Archived from the original on March 4, 2016.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y " Astronaut
Astronaut
Bio: Alan Bean".  ^ Chaikin, Andrew. A Man on the Moon. Penguin Books Ltd. ISBN 978-0-14-024146-4.  ^ von Braun, Wernher (2010), Buckbee, Ed, ed., The Rocket Man: Wernher von Braun: The Man Who Took America to the Moon: His Weekly Notes: 1961-1969 (DVD), Steward & Wise Music Publishing, p. 1966-07 p. 79, ISBN 978-1-935001-27-0  ^ " NASA
NASA
- Ocean Rendezvous". Nasa.gov. 1969-11-19. Archived from the original on 15 December 2010. Retrieved 2010-12-14.  ^ "Our Little Secret". Alanbeangallery.com. Retrieved 2010-12-14.  ^ Bean, Alan and Chaikin, Andrew. "Apollo: An Eyewitness Account", The Greenwich Workshop Press; First Edition (January 10, 1998). ISBN 0-86713-050-4 ^ "Historic Spacecraft - Space Suit Photos".  ^ "Alan Bean". Astronaut
Astronaut
Scholarship Foundation. Retrieved December 24, 2017.  ^ "Bean, Alan L". The National Aviation Hall of Fame. Retrieved December 24, 2017.  ^ "Alan Bean". International Museum of Art. Retrieved December 24, 2017.  ^ "Conversations: Astronaut-Turned- Moon
Moon
Artist Alan Bean". Washington Post. July 19, 2009. Retrieved December 24, 2017.  ^ Bean, Alan. "Message from Alan Bean". Alan Bean: first artist on another world. Retrieved 23 January 2017.  ^ "Clan MacBean Arrives On The Moon". alanbeangallery.com. Retrieved 2007-12-02.  ^ "From the Earth to the Moon, Full Cast and Crew". IMDb. Retrieved December 5, 2017.  ^ Alan Bean
Alan Bean
at AllMusic

Bibliography[edit]

Jones, Eric (1995). "TV Troubles". Retrieved 2007-07-16. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Alan Bean.

Limited Edition Art: Prints and Canvases http://www.greenwichworkshop.com/bean/ Astronautix biography of Alan Bean Alan Bean
Alan Bean
on IMDb Bean at Encyclopedia of Science Official publisher website for Homesteading Space

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