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The Mosque of al-Hakim (Arabic: مسجد الحاكم بأمر الله‎, translit. Masjid al-Ḥākim bi Amr Allāh), nicknamed al-Anwar (Arabic: الانور‎, lit. 'the Illuminated'),[1] is a major Islamic religious site in Cairo, Egypt. It is named after Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah (985–1021), the sixth Fatimid caliph and 16th Ismaili Imam. The mosque was originally built as an enclosure by the Fatimid vizier Gawhar Al-Siqilli (c. 928–992), but was incorporated into the extended fortifications built by Badr al-Jamali. It consists of an irregular rectangle with four arcades surrounding the courtyard. An unusual feature is the monumental entrance with its projecting stone porch. It is located in "Islamic Cairo", on the east side of Muizz Street, just south of Bab Al-Futuh (the northern gate).

Contents

1 The minarets 2 Post-Fatimid era 3 Today 4 Gallery 5 See also 6 References

The minarets[edit]

One of the minarets

The most spectacular feature of the mosque are the minarets on either side of the facade, reminiscent of the propylon to a pharaonic temple. Originally the two minarets stood independent of the brick walls at the corners. These are the earliest surviving minarets in the city and they have been restored at various times during their history. The massive salients were added in 1010 to strengthen their structure, and the northern minaret was incorporated into the city wall. Inside, these strange structures are hollow, for they have been built around the original minarets, which are connected with brackets and can still be seen from the minaret above. Post-Fatimid era[edit]

Mosque of Al-Hakim in 1878

At various times, the mosque was used as a prison for captured Franks (i.e. Latin crusaders) during the Crusades, as a stable by Saladin, as a fortress by Napoleon, and as a local school. As a result of this the mosque had fallen out of use. In 1980 ACE/1401 AH, the mosque was extensively refurbished in white marble and gold trim by Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin the head of the Dawoodi Bohra, an international Ismaili sect based in India. Remnants of the original decorations, including stucco carvings, timber tie-beams, and Quranic inscriptions were restored as part of the renovations. Today[edit] Today the mosque is a place of worship. Its unique minarets attracts local and foreign tourists. Al-Hakim Mosque is now a place for Egyptians to pray and enjoy the calm and peacefulness of the mosque. Gallery[edit]

Courtyard fountain

Main mihrab

Entrance gate

encryption over entrance

courtyard an overall view

qibla

chandelier near qibla

Stucco carved mihrab niche of Al-Hakim Mosque

Minaret de la Mosquée El-Hakem

See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Al-Hakim Mosque.

List of mosques in Cairo

References[edit]

^ Behrens-Abouseif, Doris (1989). "The mosque of Caliph al-Ḥākim bi Amr Allāh (990–1003)". Islamic Architecture in Cairo: An Introduction. BRILL. pp. 63–65. ISBN 90-04-09626-4. 

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Mosques in Egypt

Alexandria

Abu al-Abbas al-Mursi Mosque

Cairo and Greater Cairo

Abu al-'Ila Mosque Al-Ashraf Mosque Al-Azhar Mosque Al-Burdayni Mosque Al-Fath Mosque Al-Hakim Mosque Al-Hussein Mosque Al-Mahmoudia Mosque Al-Nasir Muhammad Mosque Al-Nour Mosque Al-Rahman Al-Rahim Mosque Al-Rifa'i Mosque Al-Salih Tala'i Mosque Al-Sayeda Nafeesah Mosque Al-Sayeda Zainab Mosque Amir Jamal al-Din al-Ustadar Mosque Amir Qijmas al-Ishaqi Mosque Mosque of Amr ibn al-As Aqmar Mosque Aqsunqur Mosque Demerdash Mosque Gamal Abdel Nasser Mosque Ibn Tulun Mosque Jami al-Qarafa Mosque Juyushi Mosque Khayrbak Mosque Lulua Mosque Mahmud al-Kurdi Mosque Mosque of Amir al-Sayf Sarghatmish Mosque and Khanqah of Shaykhu Mosque of Abu Dahab Mosque of al-Zahir Baybars Mosque of Amir al-Maridani‎ Mosque of Khushqadam El-Ahmadi Mosque of Muhammad Ali Mosque of Qani-Bay Mosque of Qanibay al-Muhammadi Mosque of Sultan al-Muayyad‎ Mosque of Sultan Barquq Mosque of Taghribirdi‎ Mosque-Sabil of Sulayman Agha al-Silahdar Qalawun Mosque Qaytbay Mosque‎ Rabaa Al-Adawiya Mosque Salar and Sangar al-Gawali Mosque Sayeda Aisha Mosque‎ Sulayman Pasha Mosque Sultan Al-Ghuri Complex Sultan Hassan Mosque

Other places

Abu Haggag Mosque Ahmad Al-Badawi Mosque El-Tabia Mosque Ibrahim El Desouki Mosque Sidi Arif Mosque

Category Islam in Egypt Mosques by country

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Islamic Cairo

Northern part

Gates

Bab al-Futuh Bāb al-Naşr Bab Zuweila

Main streets

Muizz Street Qasabah Street Share'a el Khayamiya (Tentmakers' Street)

Mosques

Al-Ashraf Mosque Al-Azhar Mosque Sultan Al-Ghuri Complex Al-Hakim Mosque Al-Hussein Mosque Al-Salih Tala'i Mosque Amir Jamal al-Din al-Ustadar Mosque Aqmar Mosque Mosque of Abu Dahab Mosque of Sultan al-Muayyad Mosque of Taghribirdi Mosque-Madrassa of Sultan Barquq Mosque-Sabil of Sulayman Agha al-Silahdar Qalawun complex

Madrasas

Al-Azhar University Khanqah of Baybars II Madrassa of Al-Nasir Muhammad Madrasa and Dome of Al-Saleh Nagm Al-Din Ayyub Mosque-Madrassa of Sultan Barquq Sabil-Kuttab of Katkhuda

Others

Al-Azhar Park Bayt Al-Suhaymi Beshtak Palace Church of the Virgin Mary Khan el-Khalili Qasaba of Radwan Bey Wakala al-Sultan Qaytbay Wikala of Al-Ghuri

Southern part

Main streets

Saliba Street

Mosques

Al-Nasir Muhammad Mosque Al-Rifa'i Mosque Amir Khayrbak Funerary Complex Complex of Sultan al-Ashraf Qaytbay Juyushi Mosque Lulua Mosque Madrasa of Sarghatmish Mosque and Khanqah of Shaykhu Mosque of Amir al-Maridani Mosque of Ibn Tulun Mosque of Muhammad Ali Mosque of Qani-Bay Mosque of Qanibay al-Muhammadi Sayeda Aisha Mosque Sulayman Pasha Mosque

Museums

Al-Gawhara Palace Amir Taz Palace Carriage Museum Egyptian National Military Museum Gayer-Anderson Museum

Others

Amir Alin Aq Palace Bayt Al-Razzaz Palace Cairo Citadel Palace of Yashbak Sabil-Kuttab-Wakala of Sultan Qa'it Bay Tomb of Salar a

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