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v t e

Akihito
Akihito
(明仁, Japanese: [akiçito];  English pronunciation (help·info); born 23 December 1933) is the current Emperor of Japan. He succeeded to the Chrysanthemum Throne
Chrysanthemum Throne
upon the death of his father Hirohito
Hirohito
(Emperor Shōwa) on 7 January 1989. According to Japan's traditional order of succession, he is the 125th member of the world's oldest reigning dynasty. The Japanese government announced in December 2017 that Akihito
Akihito
will abdicate on 30 April 2019.[1]

Contents

1 Name 2 Life and work

2.1 Pending abdication

3 Marriage and family 4 Official functions 5 Succession 6 Ichthyological research 7 Titles, styles, honours and arms

7.1 Titles and styles 7.2 Honours 7.3 Arms

8 Issue 9 Ancestors

9.1 Patrilineal descent

10 See also 11 References 12 External links

Name[edit] In Japan, the Emperor is never referred to by his given name, but rather is referred to as "His Majesty the Emperor" (天皇陛下, Tennō Heika) which may be shortened to His Majesty (陛下, Heika).[2] In writing, the Emperor is also referred to formally as "The Reigning Emperor" (今上天皇, Kinjō Tennō). The Era of Akihito's reign bears the name "Heisei" (平成), and according to custom he will be renamed Emperor Heisei (平成天皇, Heisei Tennō, see "posthumous name") by order of the Cabinet after his death. At the same time, the name of the next era under his successor will be established.[3] If the Emperor abdicates as planned, he will receive the title of Jōkō (上皇), an abbreviation of Daijō Tennō (太上天皇, Retired Emperor), and a new era will be established.[4][5] Life and work[edit]

The newly married Crown Prince
Crown Prince
and Crown Princess in Japanese traditional attire, with the Prince wearing a sokutai, the Princess a jūnihitoe, 1959

Akihito
Akihito
was born in the Tokyo
Tokyo
Imperial Palace, Tokyo
Tokyo
City, Japan, and is the elder son and the fifth child of the Emperor Shōwa
Emperor Shōwa
(Hirohito) and Empress Kōjun
Empress Kōjun
(Nagako). Titled Prince Tsugu (継宮, Tsugu-no-miya) as a child, he was raised and educated by his private tutors and then attended the elementary and secondary departments of the Peers' School (Gakushūin) from 1940 to 1952.[6] Unlike his predecessors in the Imperial family, he did not receive a commission as an army officer, at the request of his father, Hirohito. During the American firebombing raids on Tokyo
Tokyo
in March 1945, Akihito and his younger brother, Prince Masahito, were evacuated from the city. During the American occupation of Japan
Japan
following World War II, Prince Akihito
Akihito
was tutored in the English language
English language
and Western manners by Elizabeth Gray Vining. He briefly studied at the Department of Political Science at Gakushuin University
Gakushuin University
in Tokyo, though he never received a degree. Akihito
Akihito
was heir-apparent to the Chrysanthemum Throne
Chrysanthemum Throne
from the moment of his birth. His formal Investiture as Crown Prince
Crown Prince
(立太子礼, Rittaishi-no-rei) was held at the Tokyo Imperial Palace
Tokyo Imperial Palace
on 10 November 1952. In June 1953 Akihito
Akihito
represented Japan
Japan
at the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
in London.[6] Crown Prince
Crown Prince
Akihito
Akihito
and Crown Princess Michiko made official visits to thirty-seven countries. As an Imperial prince, Akihito
Akihito
compared the role of Japanese royalty to that of a robot. He expressed the desire to help bring the Imperial family closer to the people of Japan.[7] Upon the death of Emperor Hirohito
Hirohito
on 7 January 1989, Akihito
Akihito
acceded (senso) to the throne,[8] with an enthronement ceremony taking place (sokui)[8] on 12 November 1990.[6] In 1998, during a state visit to the United Kingdom, he was invested with the UK Order of the Garter. On 23 December 2001, during his annual birthday meeting with reporters, the Emperor, in response to a reporter's question about tensions with Korea, remarked that he felt a kinship with Koreans
Koreans
and went on to explain that, in the Shoku Nihongi, the mother of Emperor Kammu (736–806) is related to Muryeong of Korea, King of Baekje, a fact that was considered taboo.[9][10] Emperor Akihito
Akihito
underwent surgery for prostate cancer on 14 January 2003.[11] In response to the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami
2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami
and the Fukushima I nuclear crisis, the Emperor made an historic televised appearance[12] urging his people not to give up hope and to help each other.[13] The Emperor and Empress also made a visit on Wednesday, 30 March 2011 to a temporary shelter housing refugees of the disaster, in order to inspire hope in the people. This kind of event is also extremely rare, though in line with the Emperor's attempts to bring the Imperial family closer to the people.[14] Later in 2011 he was admitted to hospital suffering from pneumonia.[15] In February 2012 it was announced that the Emperor would be having a coronary examination;[16] he underwent successful heart bypass surgery on 18 February 2012.[17] Pending abdication[edit] Further information: Japanese imperial transition, 2019 On 13 July 2016, national broadcaster NHK
NHK
reported that the Emperor intended to abdicate in favor of his eldest son Crown Prince
Crown Prince
Naruhito within a few years, citing his age; an abdication within the Imperial Family has not occurred since Emperor Kōkaku
Emperor Kōkaku
abdicated in 1817. However, senior officials within the Imperial Household Agency
Imperial Household Agency
denied that there was any official plan for the monarch to abdicate. A potential abdication by the Emperor would require an amendment to the Imperial Household Law, which currently has no provisions for such a move.[18][19] On 8 August 2016, the Emperor gave a rare televised address, where he emphasized his advanced age and declining health;[20] this address is interpreted as an implication of his intention to abdicate.[21]

Wikinews has related news: Japan's National Diet
National Diet
passes law allowing Emperor Akihito
Akihito
to abdicate within three years

On 19 May 2017, the bill that would allow Akihito
Akihito
to abdicate was issued by the Japanese government's cabinet. On 8 June 2017, the National Diet
National Diet
passed a one-off bill allowing Akihito
Akihito
to abdicate, and for the government to begin arranging the process of handing over the position to Crown Prince
Crown Prince
Naruhito.[22] The Japanese government announced in December 2017 that Akihito
Akihito
will abdicate on 30 April 2019.[1] On 18 December 2017, the Imperial Household Agency
Imperial Household Agency
confirmed that Akihito
Akihito
will move to Akasaka Palace
Akasaka Palace
upon abdication. Marriage and family[edit]

Then- Crown Prince
Crown Prince
Akihito
Akihito
on his wedding day, 10 April 1959

In August 1957, he met Michiko Shōda[6][23] on a tennis court at Karuizawa near Nagano. The Imperial Household Council (a body composed of the Prime Minister of Japan, the presiding officers of the two houses of the Diet of Japan, the Chief Justice of Japan, and two members of the Imperial family) formally approved the engagement of the Crown Prince
Crown Prince
to Michiko Shōda
Michiko Shōda
on 27 November 1958. At that time, the media presented their encounter as a real "fairy tale",[24] or the "romance of the tennis court". It was the first time a commoner would marry into the Imperial Family, breaking more than 2,600 years of tradition.[25] The engagement ceremony took place on 14 January 1959, and the marriage on 10 April 1959. The Emperor and Empress have three children: sons Naruhito, Crown Prince of Japan
Japan
(born 23 February 1960, formerly The Prince Hiro) and Fumihito, Prince Akishino
Fumihito, Prince Akishino
(born 30 November 1965, formerly The Prince Aya) and daughter Mrs. Sayako Kuroda
Sayako Kuroda
(born 18 April 1969, formerly The Princess Nori).[6] The announcement about the then- Crown Prince
Crown Prince
Akihito's engagement and marriage to the then-Ms. Michiko Shōda
Michiko Shōda
drew opposition from traditionalist groups, because Shōda came from a Roman Catholic family.[26] Although Shōda was never baptized, she was educated in Catholic schools and seemed to share the faith of her parents. Rumors also speculated that Empress Kōjun
Empress Kōjun
had opposed the engagement. After the death of Empress Kōjun
Empress Kōjun
in 2000, Reuters
Reuters
reported that she was one of the strongest opponents of her son's marriage, and that in the 1960s, she had driven her daughter-in-law and grandchildren to depression by persistently accusing her of not being suitable for her son.[27] Official functions[edit] According to the Constitution of Japan, Akhito is "the symbol of the state and the unity of the (Japanese) people." Unlike other constitutional monarchs, his function is defined as entirely representative and ceremonial in nature, without even a nominal role in government. He is limited to acting in matters of state as delineated in the Constitution, and even in those matters, he is bound by the requirements of the Constitution and the binding advice of the Cabinet. For instance, while he formally appoints the Prime Minister, he is required to appoint the person designated by the Diet, without the option to decline appointment. Despite being strictly constrained by his constitutional position, he also issued several wide-ranging statements of remorse to Asian countries, for their suffering under Japanese occupation, beginning with an expression of remorse to China
China
made in April 1989, three months after the death of his father, Emperor Shōwa. In June 2005, the Emperor visited the island of Saipan
Saipan
(part of the Northern Mariana Islands, a U.S. territory),[28] the site of a battle in World War II
World War II
from 15 June to 9 July 1944 (known as the Battle of Saipan). Accompanied by Empress Michiko, he offered prayers and flowers at several memorials, honoring not only the Japanese who died, but also American soldiers, Korean laborers, and local islanders. It was the first trip by a Japanese monarch to a World War II
World War II
battlefield abroad. The Saipan
Saipan
journey was received with high praise by the Japanese people, as were the Emperor's visits to war memorials in Tokyo, Hiroshima, Nagasaki
Nagasaki
and Okinawa in 1995. Since succeeding to the throne, Akihito
Akihito
has made an effort to bring the Imperial family closer to the Japanese people. He and Michiko have made official visits to eighteen countries and to all forty-seven Prefectures of Japan.[6] Succession[edit]

Play media

The Emperor of Japan, at Chōwaden Reception Hall, giving a New Year's address to the people of Japan
Japan
in 2010.

On 6 September 2006, the Emperor celebrated the birth of his first grandson, Prince Hisahito, the third child of the Emperor's younger son. Prince Hisahito is the first male heir born to the Japanese imperial family in 41 years (since his father Prince Akishino) and could avert a possible succession crisis as the Emperor's elder son, the Crown Prince
Crown Prince
Naruhito, has only one daughter, Princess Aiko. Under Japan's male-only succession law, Princess Aiko is not eligible for the throne. The birth of Prince Hisahito could mean that proposed changes to the law to allow Aiko to ascend the Chrysanthemum Throne will not go through after being temporarily shelved following the announcement of Princess Kiko's third pregnancy in February 2006.[29] The supporters of changes criticized the current law as it placed a burden on the few aging males old enough to perform royal duties as females left the family.[30] Ichthyological research[edit] In extension of his father's interest in marine biology, the Emperor is a published ichthyological researcher, and has specialized in studies within the taxonomy of the family Gobiidae.[31] He has written papers for scholarly journals such as Gene and the Japanese Journal of Ichthyology.[32][dead link] He has also written papers about the history of science during the Edo and Meiji eras, which were published in Science[33] and Nature.[34] In 2005, a newly described goby was named Exyrias akihito in his honour.

Member of the Ichthyological Society of Japan Foreign member of the Linnean Society of London
London
(1980) Honorary member of the Linnean Society of London
London
(1986) Research associate of the Australian Museum Honorary member of the Zoological Society of London
London
(1992) Honorary member of the Research Institute for Natural Science of Argentina
Argentina
(1997) Honorary degree of the Uppsala University
Uppsala University
(2007)

Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

Styles of Emperor Akihito

Reference style His Imperial Majesty

Spoken style Your Imperial Majesty

Alternative style Sir

Titles and styles[edit]

23 December 1933 – 10 November 1952: His Imperial Highness The Prince Tsugu 10 November 1952 – 7 January 1989: His Imperial Highness The Crown Prince 7 January 1989 – present: His Imperial Majesty The Emperor

If the abdication goes as expected, Akihito's title will be "Daijō Tennō", or "Jōkō" in short. Honours[edit] See also: List of honours of the Japanese Imperial Family by country

National honours

Collar and Grand Cordon of the Supreme Order of the Chrysanthemum Grand Cordon of The Order of the Rising Sun
Order of the Rising Sun
with the Paulownia Blossoms (renamed Grand Cordon of the Order of the Paulownia Flowers from 2003) Grand Cordon of the Order of the Sacred Treasure Order of Culture The Golden Medal of Merit of the Japanese Red Cross The Golden Medal of Honorary Member of the Japanese Red Cross

Foreign honours

Country Awards

 Afghanistan Order of the Supreme Sun

 Austria Decoration for Services to the Republic of Austria, Grand Star [35]

 Bahrain Order of al-Khalifa, Collar

 Belgium Order of Leopold, Grand Cordon

 Botswana Presidential Order

 Brazil Order of the Southern Cross, Grand Collar

 Cambodia Royal Order of Cambodia, Grand Cross

 Cameroon Order of Valour, Grand Cordon

 Chile Order of the Merit of Chile, Grand Collar

 Colombia Order of Boyaca, Grand Collar

 Côte d'Ivoire National Order of the Ivory Coast, Grand Cordon

 Czech Republic Order of the White Lion, 1st Class (Civil Division) with Collar Chain

 Denmark Order of the Elephant
Order of the Elephant
(8 August 1953)[36]

 Egypt Order of the Nile, Grand Collar

 Estonia Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana, The Collar of the Cross[37]

 Ethiopia Order of Solomon, Grand Collar

 Finland Order of the White Rose, Grand Cross with Collar

 France Légion d'honneur, Grand Cross

 The Gambia Order of the Republic of the Gambia, Grand Commander

 Germany Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Grand Cross, Special
Special
Class

 Greece Order of the Redeemer, Grand Cross

 Hungary Order of Merit of the Republic
Order of Merit of the Republic
of Hungary, Grand Cross with Chain

 Iceland Order of the Falcon, Grand Cross with Collar

 Indonesia Star of Adipurna, 1st Class

 Ireland Freedom of the City of Dublin, awarded by Lord Mayor of Dublin

 Italy Order of Merit of the Republic, Grand Cross with Cordon

 Jordan Order of al-Hussein bin Ali, Collar

 Kazakhstan Order of the Golden Eagle

 Kenya Order of the Golden Heart

 Kuwait Order of Mubarak the Great, Collar

 Latvia Order of the Three Stars, Commander Grand Cross with Chain[38]

 Liberia Order of the Star of Africa, Knight Grand Band Order of the Pioneers of Liberia, Grand Cordon

 Lithuania Order of Vytautas the Great, the Great Grand Cross with Collar[39]

 Luxembourg Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau, Knight

 Malawi Order of the Lion, Grand Commander

 Malaysia Honorary Recipient of the Order of the Crown of the Realm

 Mali National Order of Mali, Grand Cordon

 Mexico Order of the Aztec Eagle, Grand Collar

 Morocco Order of Muhammad, Grand Collar

   Nepal Order of Ojaswi Rajanya, Member (19 April 1960)[40] King Birendra Coronation Medal (24 February 1975)[41]

 Netherlands Order of the Netherlands
Netherlands
Lion, Knight Grand Cross[42]

 Nigeria Order of the Federal Republic, Grand Commander

 Norway Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav, Grand Cross with Collar[43]

 Oman Order of Oman, Superior Class

 Pakistan Nishan-e-Pakistan, 1st Class

 Panama Order of Manuel Amador Guerrero, Gold Collar

 Peru Order of the Sun, Grand Cross in Brilliants

 Philippines Philippine Legion of Honor, Chief Commander[44] Order of Sikatuna, Rank of Raja[45] Order of Lakandula, Grand Collar

 Poland Order of the White Eagle

 Portugal Order of Saint James of the Sword, Grand Collar (2 December 1993) Order of Prince Henry, Grand Collar (12 May 1998)[46]

 Qatar Collar of Independence

 Saudi Arabia Badr Chain

 Senegal Order of the Lion, Collar

 South Africa Order of Good Hope, Grand Cross in Gold (4 July 1995)[47]

 Spain Order of the Golden Fleece, Knight[48] Order of Charles III, Grand Cross Order of Charles III, Collar

 Sweden Royal Order of the Seraphim, Knight with Collar[49]

 Thailand The Most Auspicious Order of the Rajamitrabhorn The Most Illustrious Order of the Royal House of Chakri Commemorative Medal on the Occasion of the 60th Anniversary of the Accession to the Throne of H.M. King Bhumibol Adulyadej

 Ukraine Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise, First Class

 United Arab Emirates Collar of the Federation

 United Kingdom Stranger Knight of Order of the Garter
Order of the Garter
(985th member; 1998) Honorary Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
Royal Victorian Order
(1953) Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Medal (2 June 1953)

 FR Yugoslavia* Order of the Yugoslav Star

 Zaire* National Order of the Leopard, Grand Cordon

FR Yugoslavia split into Serbia and Montenegro. As of 2006 this order is аbolished. Zaire
Zaire
is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Other awards

The Royal Society King Charles II Medal Golden Pheasant Award
Golden Pheasant Award
of the Scout Association of Japan
Japan
(1971)[50]

Arms[edit]

Imperial Standard

Issue[edit] See also: Line of succession to the Japanese throne

The Emperor and Empress with their family in November 2013

Name Birth Marriage Issue

Naruhito, Crown Prince
Crown Prince
of Japan 23 February 1960 9 June 1993 Masako Owada Aiko, Princess Toshi

Fumihito, Prince Akishino 30 November 1965 29 June 1990 Kiko Kawashima Princess Mako of Akishino Princess Kako of Akishino Prince Hisahito of Akishino

Sayako Kuroda 18 April 1969 15 November 2005 Yoshiki Kuroda

Ancestors[edit] [51]

Ancestors of Akihito

16. Osahito, Emperor Kōmei

8. Mutsuhito, Emperor Meiji

17. Lady Yoshiko Nakayama

4. Yoshihito, Emperor Taishō

18. Count Mitsunaru Yanagihara

9. Lady Naruko Yanagihara

19. Lady Utano Hasegawa

2. Hirohito, Emperor Shōwa

20. Prince Kujō Hisatada, Regent
Regent
of Japan

10. Prince Kujō Michitaka
Kujō Michitaka
of the Fujiwara Clan

21. Lady Tsuneko Karahashi

5. Lady Sadako Kujō

22. Yorioki Noma

11. Lady Ikuko Noma

23. Lady Kairi Yamokushi

1. Akihito, 125th Emperor of Japan

24. Prince Fushimi Kuniie

12. Asahiko, 1st Imperial Prince Kuni

25. Lady Nobuko Toriikōji

6. Kuniyoshi, 2nd Imperial Prince Kuni

26. Sir Toshimasu Izumitei

13. Lady Makiko Izumi

27. Lady Mako Yatoshi

3. Princess Nagako of Kuni

28. Prince Shimazu Hisamitsu

14. Prince Shimazu Tadayoshi

29. Lady Chimoko Shimazu of Echizen-Shimazu

7. Princess Chikako Shimazu

15. Lady Sumako Yamazaki

Patrilineal descent[edit]

Patrilineal descent

Akihito's patriline is the line from which he is descended father to son. Patrilineal descent is the principle behind membership in royal houses, as it can be traced back through the generations, which means that Akihito
Akihito
is a member of the Imperial House of Japan.

Imperial House of Japan

Descent prior to Keitai is unclear to modern historians, but traditionally traced back patrilineally to Emperor Jimmu Emperor Keitai, ca. 450–534 Emperor Kinmei, 509–571 Emperor Bidatsu, 538–585 Prince Oshisaka, ca. 556–??? Emperor Jomei, 593–641 Emperor Tenji, 626–671 Prince Shiki, ???–716 Emperor Kōnin, 709–786 Emperor Kanmu, 737–806 Emperor Saga, 786–842 Emperor Ninmyō, 810–850 Emperor Kōkō, 830–867 Emperor Uda, 867–931 Emperor Daigo, 885–930 Emperor Murakami, 926–967 Emperor En'yū, 959–991 Emperor Ichijō, 980–1011 Emperor Go-Suzaku, 1009–1045 Emperor Go-Sanjō, 1034–1073 Emperor Shirakawa, 1053–1129 Emperor Horikawa, 1079–1107 Emperor Toba, 1103–1156 Emperor Go-Shirakawa, 1127–1192 Emperor Takakura, 1161–1181 Emperor Go-Toba, 1180–1239 Emperor Tsuchimikado, 1196–1231 Emperor Go-Saga, 1220–1272 Emperor Go-Fukakusa, 1243–1304 Emperor Fushimi, 1265–1317 Emperor Go-Fushimi, 1288–1336 Emperor Kōgon, 1313–1364 Emperor Sukō, 1334–1398 Prince Yoshihito Fushimi, 1351–1416 Prince Sadafusa Fushimi, 1372–1456 Emperor Go-Hanazono, 1419–1471 Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado, 1442–1500 Emperor Go-Kashiwabara, 1464–1526 Emperor Go-Nara, 1495–1557 Emperor Ōgimachi, 1517–1593 Prince Masahito, 1552–1586 Emperor Go-Yōzei, 1572–1617 Emperor Go-Mizunoo, 1596–1680 Emperor Reigen, 1654–1732 Emperor Higashiyama, 1675–1710 Prince Naohito Kanin, 1704–1753 Prince Sukehito Kanin, 1733–1794 Emperor Kōkaku, 1771–1840 Emperor Ninkō, 1800–1846 Emperor Kōmei, 1831–1867 Emperor Meiji, 1852–1912 Emperor Taishō, 1879–1926 Emperor Shōwa, 1901–1989 Emperor Akihito, b. 1933

See also[edit]

The Emperor's Birthday Imperial Household Agency Imperial House of Japan Japanese era name List of Emperors of Japan List of longest reigning current monarchs

References[edit]

^ a b Enjoji, Kaori (December 1, 2017). " Japan
Japan
Emperor Akihito
Akihito
to abdicate on April 30, 2019". CNN. Tokyo. Retrieved December 1, 2017.  ^ "Members of the Order of the Garter". The British Monarchy.  ^ "National Day of Japan
Japan
to be celebrated". Embassy of Japan
Japan
in Pakistan. 7 December 2007. Archived from the original on 2 February 2008. Retrieved 28 December 2007.  ^ "Government panel outlines proposals on Emperor's abdication, titles". The Japan
Japan
Times Online. 14 April 2017. Retrieved 9 June 2017.  ^ " Japan
Japan
may announce new Imperial era name in summer 2018". The Japan Times. 19 May 2017. Retrieved 31 May 2017.  ^ a b c d e f "Their Majesties the Emperor and Empress". Imperial Household Agency. 2002. Archived from the original on 1 December 2007. Retrieved 28 December 2007.  ^ "Those Apprentice Kings and Queens Who May – One Day – Ascend a Throne," The New York Times. 14 November 1971. ^ a b Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 44. ^ "Press Conference on the Occasion of His Majesty's Birthday". Imperial Household Agency. Archived from the original on 25 May 2008. Retrieved 7 July 2008.  ^ Chotiner, Isaac (8 August 2016). "What Does the Japanese Emperor Do? And will Japan
Japan
let him stop doing it?". Slate.  ^ " Akihito
Akihito
has successful cancer operation". BBC News. BBC. 18 January 2003. Retrieved 28 December 2007.  ^ "Six days later, Japanese still confronting magnitude of quake crisis". CNN. 29 April 2011.  ^ "Message from His Majesty The Emperor". The Imperial Household Agency. 16 March 2011. Retrieved 9 August 2016.  ^ Japanese Emperor visits evacuation center Archived 14 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Japan's Emperor Akihito
Akihito
leaves Tokyo
Tokyo
hospital". BBC News. 24 November 2011. Retrieved 24 January 2012.  ^ "Emperor Akihito
Akihito
to have coronary examination". Mainichi Daily News. 1 February 2012. Archived from the original on 14 July 2012.  ^ "Report: Japan's Emperor undergoes successful cardiac bypass". CNN. 18 February 2012.  ^ "天皇陛下 「生前退位」の意向示される ("His Majesty The Emperor Indicates His Intention to 'Abdicate'")" (in Japanese). NHK. 13 July 2016. Archived from the original on 13 July 2016. Retrieved 13 July 2016.  ^ "Japanese Emperor Akihito
Akihito
'wishes to abdicate'". BBC News. 13 July 2016. Retrieved 17 July 2016.  ^ "Message from His Majesty The Emperor". The Imperial Household Agency. 8 August 2016. Retrieved 8 August 2016.  ^ "Japan's Emperor Akihito
Akihito
hints at wish to abdicate". BBC News. 8 August 2016. Retrieved 8 August 2016.  ^ " Japan
Japan
passes landmark bill for Emperor Akihito
Akihito
to abdicate". BBC News. 8 June 2017.  ^ Fukada, Takahiro, "Emperor — poise under public spotlight", Japan
Japan
Times, 24 November 2009, p. 3.[dead link] ^ « The Girl from Outside », Time, 23 March 1959 ^ "The wedding that broke centuries of tradition". BBC News. 2017-09-01. Retrieved 2017-09-01.  ^ Herbert P. Bix, " Hirohito
Hirohito
and the Making of Modern Japan", New York, 2001, p. 661 ^ "Japan's Dowager Empress Dead At 97". CBS News. 2000-06-16. Retrieved 2016-10-21.  ^ Brooke, James (June 28, 2005). "Visiting Saipan, Japan's Emperor Honors Dead". New York Times. Retrieved August 9, 2013.  ^ Yoshida, Reiji (27 March 2007). "Life in the cloudy Imperial fishbowl". Japan
Japan
Times. Retrieved 28 May 2017.  ^ "The Future of Japan's Dwindling Imperial Family". Retrieved 26 July 2014.  ^ Hamilton, Alan. "Palace small talk problem solved: royal guest is a goby fish fanatic", The Times (London). 30 May 2007 ^ PubMed Search Results ^ Akihito
Akihito
(October 1992). "Early cultivators of science in Japan". Science. 258 (5082): 578–80. doi:10.1126/science.1411568. PMID 1411568.  ^ His Majesty The Emperor of Japan
Emperor of Japan
(July 2007). "Linnaeus and taxonomy in Japan". Nature. 448 (7150): 139–140. doi:10.1038/448139a. PMID 17632886.  ^ "Bundeskanzler Anfragebeantwortung" [Reply to a parliamentary question about the Decoration of Honour] (PDF) (in German). p. 1298. Retrieved 27 January 2017.  ^ Persondetaljer - Hans Kejserlige Højhed Akihito
Akihito
Archived 29 May 2012 at the Wayback Machine.. borger.dk. ^ "Akihito". Bearers of decorations. president. Retrieved 18 January 2011.  ^ Presidency, table of recipients of the Order of the Three Stars since 2004. ^ Decree 1K-974 ^ Omsa.org ^ Embassy of Japan
Japan
in Nepal ^ Volkskrant, State visit of Netherlands
Netherlands
in Japan, 1991, Group Photo ^ The Royal Forums, State visit of Japan
Japan
in Norway, May 2005, Photo ^ OPS.gov.ph Archived 17 August 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Gov.ph Archived 13 October 2016 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Cidadãos Estrangeiros Agraciados com Ordens Portuguesas" (in Portuguese). presidencia.pt. Retrieved 6 January 2011.  ^ Sahistory ^ "Noblesse et Royautés" Archived 28 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine. (French), State visit of Spain
Spain
in Japan, November 2008 ^ Getty Images, State visit of Sweden
Sweden
in Japan, 03/2007, Group photo ^ reinanzaka-sc.o.oo7.jp/kiroku/documents/20140523-3-kiji-list.pdf ^ "Ancestry in Genealogics.org". [permanent dead link]

55. ^ www.sunstar.com.ph/network/news/2017/10/20/japan-emperor-abdication-set-march-2019-570435 External links[edit]

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Akihito

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Emperor Akihito.

Wikinews has related news: Japanese Emperor makes live television appearance after earthquake

Their Majesties the Emperor and Empress at the Imperial Household Agency website Press Conference on the occasion of His Majesty's Birthday (2016) Complete transcript (U.S. English and Japanese) and audio mp3 and video of 'Do Not Lose Hope' Address to the Nation at AmericanRhetoric.com

Akihito Imperial House of Japan Born: 23 December 1933

Regnal titles

Preceded by Shōwa (Hirohito) Emperor of Japan 1989–present Incumbent Heir apparent: Naruhito

Order of precedence in Japan

First Gentlemen as the Sovereign Succeeded by The Crown Prince

v t e

Japanese monarchs

Italics mark imperial consort and regent Jingū, who is not traditionally listed. Years given as CE / AD

Legendary

Jimmu Suizei Annei Itoku Kōshō Kōan Kōrei Kōgen Kaika Sujin Suinin Keikō Seimu Chūai Jingū

Kofun

Ōjin Nintoku Richū Hanzei Ingyō Ankō Yūryaku Seinei Kenzō Ninken Buretsu Keitai Ankan Senka

Asuka

552–710

Kinmei Bidatsu Yōmei Sushun Suiko Jomei Kōgyoku Kōtoku Saimei Tenji Kōbun Tenmu Jitō Monmu Genmei

Nara

710–794

Genmei Genshō Shōmu Kōken Junnin Shōtoku Kōnin Kanmu

Heian

794–1185

Kanmu Heizei Saga Junna Ninmyō Montoku Seiwa Yōzei Kōkō Uda Daigo Suzaku Murakami Reizei En'yū Kazan Ichijō Sanjō Go-Ichijō Go-Suzaku Go-Reizei Go-Sanjō Shirakawa Horikawa Toba Sutoku Konoe Go-Shirakawa Nijō Rokujō Takakura Antoku Go-Toba

Kamakura

1185–1333

Tsuchimikado Juntoku Chūkyō Go-Horikawa Shijō Go-Saga Go-Fukakusa Kameyama Go-Uda Fushimi Go-Fushimi Go-Nijō Hanazono Go-Daigo

Northern Court

1333–1392

Kōgon Kōmyō Sukō Go-Kōgon Go-En'yū Go-Komatsu

Muromachi

1333–1573

Go-Murakami Chōkei Go-Kameyama Go-Komatsu Shōkō Go-Hanazono Go-Tsuchimikado Go-Kashiwabara Go-Nara Ōgimachi

Azuchi-Momoyama

1573–1603

Ōgimachi Go-Yōzei

Edo

1603–1868

Go-Yōzei Go-Mizunoo Meishō Go-Kōmyō Go-Sai Reigen Higashiyama Nakamikado Sakuramachi Momozono Go-Sakuramachi Go-Momozono Kōkaku Ninkō Kōmei Meiji

Empire of Japan

1868–1947

Meiji Taishō Shōwa

Japan
Japan
(Post-war Japan)

1947–present

Shōwa Akihito
Akihito
(Heisei period; Reigning Emperor)

Imperial family tree Imperial house

List Category Book

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Current monarchs of sovereign states

Africa

Letsie III Mohammed VI Mswati III

Asia

Hamad Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck Hassanal Bolkiah Norodom Sihamoni Akihito Abdullah II Sabah IV Muhammad V Qaboos Tamim Salman Rama X Khalifa*

Europe

Macron^ and Vives Sicília^ Philippe Margrethe II Hans-Adam II (Regent: Alois) Henri Albert II Willem-Alexander Harald V Felipe VI Carl XVI Gustaf Elizabeth II Francis

Americas

Elizabeth II

Oceania

Elizabeth II Tupou VI

*Officially President ^Ex officio as President of France
France
and Bishop of Urgell

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Japanese princes

The generations indicate descent from Emperor Meiji, who founded the Empire of Japan.

1st generation

Yukihito, Prince Take (ja) Yoshihito, Emperor Taishō Michihito, Prince Aki (ja) Teruhito, Prince Mitsu (ja)

2nd generation

Hirohito, Emperor Shōwa Yasuhito, Prince Chichibu Nobuhito, Prince Takamatsu Takahito, Prince Mikasa

3rd generation

Emperor Akihito Masahito, Prince Hitachi Prince Tomohito of Mikasa Yoshihito, Prince Katsura Norihito, Prince Takamado

4th generation

Crown Prince
Crown Prince
Naruhito Fumihito, Prince Akishino

5th generation

Prince Hisahito of Akishino

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Current members of the Order of the Garter

Ex officio

The Queen, Elizabeth II Charles, Prince of Wales

Knights and Ladies Companion

Peter, Lord Carrington Edwin, Lord Bramall John, Lord Sainsbury of Preston Candover John, Lord Ashburton Timothy Colman James Hamilton, Duke of Abercorn Peter, Lord Inge Antony Acland Robin, Lord Butler of Brockwell John, Lord Morris of Aberavon John Major Richard, Lord Luce Thomas Dunne Nick, Lord Phillips of Worth Matravers Michael, Lord Boyce Jock, Lord Stirrup Eliza, Baroness Manningham-Buller Mervyn, Lord King of Lothbury Charles Kay-Shuttleworth, Lord Shuttleworth David Brewer 4 vacancies

Royal Knights and Ladies

Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh Prince Edward, Duke of Kent Anne, Princess Royal Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester Princess Alexandra Prince Andrew, Duke of York Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex Prince William, Duke of Cambridge

Stranger Knights and Ladies

Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg Margrethe II of Denmark Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden King Juan Carlos I of Spain Princess Beatrix of the Netherlands Emperor Akihito
Akihito
of Japan Harald V of Norway Felipe VI of Spain

Officers

Tim Dakin, Bishop of Winchester
Bishop of Winchester
(Prelate) James Hamilton, Duke of Abercorn (Chancellor) David Conner, Dean of Windsor
Dean of Windsor
(Registrar) Thomas Woodcock (Garter Principal King of Arms) Patric Dickinson, Clarenceux King of Arms
Clarenceux King of Arms
(Secretary) Sarah Clarke (Black Rod)

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Heads of state of the Group of 20

Macri Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
(Governor-General: Cosgrove) Temer Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
(Governor General: Payette) Xi Tusk Macron Steinmeier Kovind Jokowi Mattarella Akihito Peña Nieto Putin Salman Ramaphosa Moon Erdoğan Elizabeth II Trump

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 111992561 LCCN: n88289770 ISNI: 0000 0000 8347 3348 GND: 119028379 SUDOC: 110144589 NLA: 47753252 NDL: 00162868 NKC: xx0004208 CiNii: DA05777

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