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* HIH The Princess Takamado
* v * t * e
AKIHITO (明仁, Japanese: ; English pronunciation (help ·info ); born 23 December 1933) is the Emperor of Japan . He is the 125th Emperor of his line according to Japan's traditional order of succession . Akihito succeeded his father Emperor Shōwa (Hirohito) and acceded to the Chrysanthemum Throne on 7 January 1989. There has been ongoing coverage of his possible abdication due to age and health issues; 31 December 2018 and 1 January 2019 have been mentioned as possible dates of abdication.
* 1 Name
* 2 Biography
* 2.1 Possible abdication
* 3 Marriage and family * 4 Official functions * 5 Succession * 6 Ichthyological research
* 7 Titles, styles, honours and arms
* 7.1 Titles and styles * 7.2 Honours * 7.3 Arms
* 8 Issue
* 9 Ancestors
* 9.1 Patrilineal descent
* 10 See also * 11 References * 12 External links
In Japan, the Emperor is never referred to by his given name, but rather is referred to as "His Majesty the Emperor" (天皇陛下, _Tennō Heika_) which may be shortened to "HIS MAJESTY" (陛下, _Heika_). In writing, the Emperor is also referred to formally as "The Reigning Emperor" (今上天皇, _Kinjō Tennō_). The Era of Akihito's reign bears the name "Heisei " (平成), and according to custom he will be renamed "EMPEROR HEISEI" (平成天皇, _Heisei Tennō_, see "posthumous name ") by order of the Cabinet after his death. At the same time, the name of the next era under his successor will be established. If the Emperor were to abdicate, he would receive the title of Jōkō (上皇), an abbreviation of DAIJō TENNō (太上天皇, Retired Emperor), and a new era would be established.
_ The newly married Crown Prince and Crown Princess in Japanese traditional attire, with the Prince wearing a sokutai _, the Princess a _jūnihitoe _
Akihito was born in the Tokyo Imperial Palace, Tokyo City, Japan, and is the elder son and the fifth child of the Emperor Shōwa (Hirohito) and Empress Kōjun (Nagako). Titled Prince Tsugu (継宮, _Tsugu-no-miya_) as a child, he was raised and educated by his private tutors and then attended the elementary and secondary departments of the Peers' School (_ Gakushūin _) from 1940 to 1952. Unlike his predecessors in the Imperial family, he did not receive a commission as an army officer, at the request of his father, Hirohito.
During the American firebombing raids on Tokyo in March 1945, Akihito and his younger brother, Prince Masahito , were evacuated from the city. During the American occupation of Japan following World War II , Prince Akihito was tutored in the English language and Western manners by Elizabeth Gray Vining . He briefly studied at the Department of Political Science at Gakushuin University in Tokyo, though he never received a degree .
Akihito was heir-apparent to the Chrysanthemum Throne from the moment of his birth. His formal Investiture as Crown Prince (立太子礼, _Rittaishi-no-rei_) was held at the Tokyo Imperial Palace on 10 November 1952. In June 1953 Akihito represented Japan at the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in London .
Crown Prince Akihito and Crown Princess Michiko made official visits to thirty-seven countries. As an Imperial prince, Akihito compared the role of Japanese royalty to that of a robot; and, he expressed the hope that he would like to help in bringing the Imperial family closer to the people of Japan.
Upon the death of Emperor Hirohito on 7 January 1989, his eldest son the Crown Prince Akihito succeeded (_senso_) to the throne, with an enthronement ceremony taking place (_sokui_) on 12 November 1990. In 1998, during a state visit to the United Kingdom , he was invested with the UK Order of the Garter .
On 23 December 2001, during his annual birthday meeting with reporters, the Emperor, in response to a reporter's question about tensions with Korea, remarked that he felt a kinship with Koreans and went on to explain that, in the _ Shoku Nihongi _, the mother of Emperor Kammu (736–806) is related to Muryeong of Korea, King of Baekje , a fact that was considered taboo.
Emperor Akihito underwent surgery for prostate cancer on 14 January 2003. Since succeeding to the throne, Emperor Akihito has made an effort to bring the Imperial family closer to the Japanese people. The Emperor and Empress of Japan have made official visits to eighteen countries and to all forty-seven Prefectures of Japan .
In response to the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami and the Fukushima I nuclear crisis , the Emperor made an historic televised appearance urging his people not to give up hope and to help each other. The Emperor and Empress also made a visit on Wednesday, 30 March 2011 to a temporary shelter housing refugees of the disaster, in order to inspire hope in the people. This kind of event is also extremely rare, though in line with the Emperor's attempts to bring the Imperial family closer to the people. Later in 2011 he was admitted to hospital suffering from pneumonia . In February 2012 it was announced that the Emperor would be having a coronary examination; he underwent successful heart bypass surgery on 18 February 2012.
On 13 July 2016, national broadcaster NHK reported that the Emperor intended to abdicate in favor of his eldest son Crown Prince Naruhito within a few years, citing his age; an abdication within the Imperial Family has not occurred since Emperor Kōkaku abdicated in 1817. However, senior officials within the Imperial Household Agency have denied that there is any official plan for the monarch to abdicate. A potential abdication by the Emperor would require an amendment to the Imperial Household Law , which currently has no provisions for such a move. On 8 August 2016, the Emperor gave a rare televised address, where he emphasized his advanced age and declining health; this address is interpreted as an implication of his intention to abdicate. According to government sources, to avoid interference with the Imperial Household Law , a one-off exception was considered which would make way for his abdication. The date of this is expected to be on 31 December 2018, the day when the Heisei period is expected to end.
_ Wikinews has related news: JAPAN\\'S NATIONAL DIET PASSES LAW ALLOWING EMPEROR AKIHITO TO ABDICATE WITHIN THREE YEARS _
On 19 May 2017, the bill that would allow Akihito to abdicate was issued by the Japanese government 's cabinet. On 8 June 2017, the National Diet passed a one-off bill allowing Akihito to abdicate, and for the government to begin arranging the process of handing over the position to Crown Prince Naruhito .
MARRIAGE AND FAMILY
In August 1957, he met Michiko Shōda on a tennis court at Karuizawa near Nagano . The Imperial Household Council (a body composed of the Prime Minister of Japan , the presiding officers of the two houses of the Diet of Japan , the Chief Justice of Japan , and two members of the Imperial family) formally approved the engagement of the Crown Prince to Michiko Shōda on 27 November 1958. At that time, the media presented their encounter as a real "fairy tale", or the "romance of the tennis court". It was the first time a commoner would marry into the Imperial Family. The engagement ceremony took place on 14 January 1959, and the marriage on 10 April 1959.
The Emperor and Empress have three children: sons Naruhito, Crown Prince of Japan (born 23 February 1960, formerly The Prince Hiro) and Fumihito, Prince Akishino (born 30 November 1965, formerly The Prince Aya) and daughter Mrs. Sayako Kuroda (born 18 April 1969, formerly The Princess Nori).
The announcement about the then- Crown Prince Akihito's engagement and marriage to the then-Ms. Michiko Shōda drew opposition from traditionalist groups, because Shōda came from a Roman Catholic family. Although Shōda was never baptized, she was educated in Catholic schools and seemed to share the faith of her parents. Rumors also speculated that Empress Kōjun had opposed the engagement. After the death of Empress Kōjun in 2000, Reuters reported that she was one of the strongest opponents of her son's marriage, and that in the 1960s, she had driven her daughter-in-law and grandchildren to depression by persistently accusing her of not being suitable for her son.
Despite being strictly constrained by his constitutional position, he also issued several wide-ranging statements of remorse to Asian countries, for their suffering under Japanese occupation, beginning with an expression of remorse to China made in April 1989, three months after the death of his father, Emperor Shōwa .
In June 2005, the Emperor visited the island of Saipan (part of the Northern Mariana Islands , a U.S. territory ), the site of a battle in World War II from 15 June to 9 July 1944 (known as the Battle of Saipan ). Accompanied by Empress Michiko, he offered prayers and flowers at several memorials, honoring not only the Japanese who died, but also American soldiers, Korean laborers, and local islanders. It was the first trip by a Japanese monarch to a World War II battlefield abroad. The Saipan journey was received with high praise by the Japanese people, as were the Emperor's visits to war memorials in Tokyo , Hiroshima , Nagasaki and Okinawa in 1995.
On 6 September 2006, the Emperor celebrated the birth of his first grandson, Prince Hisahito , the third child of the Emperor's younger son. Prince Hisahito is the first male heir born to the Japanese imperial family in 41 years (since his father Prince Akishino) and could avert a possible succession crisis as the Emperor's elder son, the Crown Prince Naruhito , has only one daughter, Princess Aiko . Under Japan\'s male-only succession law , Princess Aiko is not eligible for the throne. The birth of Prince Hisahito could mean that proposed changes to the law to allow Aiko to ascend the Chrysanthemum Throne will not go through after being temporarily shelved following the announcement of Princess Kiko 's third pregnancy in February 2006. The supporters of changes criticized the current law as it placed a burden on the few aging males old enough to perform royal duties as females left the family.
In extension of his father's interest in marine biology , the Emperor is a published ichthyological researcher, and has specialized in studies within the taxonomy of the family Gobiidae . He has written papers for scholarly journals such as _Gene _ and the _Japanese Journal of Ichthyology_.
He has also written papers about the history of science during the Edo and Meiji eras , which were published in _Science _ and _Nature _. In 2005, a newly described goby was named _ Exyrias akihito _ in his honour.
* Member of the Ichthyological Society of Japan * Foreign member of the Linnean Society of London (1980) * Honorary member of the Linnean Society of London (1986) * Research associate of the Australian Museum * Honorary member of the Zoological Society of London (1992) * Honorary member of the Research Institute for Natural Science of Argentina (1997) * Honorary degree of the Uppsala University (2007)
TITLES, STYLES, HONOURS AND ARMS
Styles of EMPEROR AKIHITO
REFERENCE STYLE His Imperial Majesty
SPOKEN STYLE Your Imperial Majesty
ALTERNATIVE STYLE Sir
TITLES AND STYLES
* 23 DECEMBER 1933 – 10 NOVEMBER 1952: _His Imperial Highness_ The Prince Tsugu * 10 NOVEMBER 1952 – 7 JANUARY 1989: _His Imperial Highness_ The Crown Prince * 7 JANUARY 1989 – PRESENT: _His Imperial Majesty_ The Emperor
See also: List of honours of the Japanese Imperial Family by country National honours
* Collar and Grand Cordon of the Supreme Order of the Chrysanthemum
* Grand Cordon of The Order of the Rising Sun with the Paulownia Blossoms (renamed Grand Cordon of the Order of the Paulownia Flowers from 2003) * Grand Cordon of the Order of the Sacred Treasure * Order of Culture * The Golden Medal of Merit of the Japanese Red Cross * The Golden Medal of Honorary Member of the Japanese Red Cross
Bahrain Order of al-Khalifa , Collar
Belgium Order of Leopold , Grand Cordon
Botswana Presidential Order
Côte d\'Ivoire National Order of the Ivory Coast , Grand Cordon
France Légion d\'honneur , Grand Cross
The Gambia Order of the Republic of the Gambia , Grand Commander
Indonesia Star of Adipurna , 1st Class
Ireland Freedom of the City of Dublin , awarded by Lord Mayor of Dublin
Kenya Order of the Golden Heart
Malawi Order of the Lion , Grand Commander
Peru Order of the Sun , Grand Cross in Brilliants
Poland Order of the White Eagle
Qatar Collar of Independence
Saudi Arabia Badr Chain
Senegal Order of the Lion , Collar
Thailand The Most Auspicious Order of the Rajamitrabhorn The Most Illustrious Order of the Royal House of Chakri Commemorative Medal on the Occasion of the 60th Anniversary of the Accession to the Throne of H.M. King Bhumibol Adulyadej
United Arab Emirates Collar of the Federation
FR Yugoslavia * Order of the Yugoslav Star
* FR Yugoslavia split into Serbia and Montenegro.
See also: Line of succession to the Japanese throne The Emperor and Empress with their family in November 2013
NAME BIRTH MARRIAGE ISSUE
Sayako, Princess Nori 18 April 1969 15 November 2005 Yoshiki Kuroda
ANCESTORS OF AKIHITO
16. Osahito, Emperor Kōmei
8. Mutsuhito, Emperor Meiji
17. Lady Yoshiko Nakayama
4. Yoshihito, Emperor Taishō
18. Count Mitsunaru Yanagihara
9. Lady Naruko Yanagihara
19. Lady Utano Hasegawa
2. Hirohito, Emperor Shōwa
10. Prince Kujō Michitaka of the Fujiwara Clan
21. Lady Tsuneko Karahashi
5. Lady Sadako Kujō
22. Yorioki Noma
11. Lady Ikuko Noma
23. Lady Kairi Yamokushi
1. AKIHITO, 125TH EMPEROR OF JAPAN
12. Asahiko, 1st Imperial Prince Kuni
25. Lady Nobuko Toriikōji
6. Kuniyoshi, 2nd Imperial Prince Kuni
26. Sir Toshimasu Izumitei
13. Lady Makiko Izumi
27. Lady Mako Yatoshi
3. Princess Nagako of Kuni
28. Prince Shimazu Hisamitsu
14. Prince Shimazu Tadayoshi
29. Lady Chimoko Shimazu of Echizen-Shimazu
7. Princess Chikako Shimazu
15. Lady Sumako Yamazaki
Akihito's patriline is the line from which he is descended father to son.
Patrilineal descent is the principle behind membership in royal houses, as it can be traced back through the generations, which means that Akihito is a member of the Imperial House of Japan . Imperial House of Japan
* Descent prior to Keitai is unclear to modern historians, but traditionally traced back patrilineally to Emperor Jimmu * Emperor Keitai , ca. 450–534 * Emperor Kinmei , 509–571 * Emperor Bidatsu , 538–585 * Prince Oshisaka, ca. 556–??? * Emperor Jomei , 593–641 * Emperor Tenji , 626–671 * Prince Shiki, ???–716 * Emperor Kōnin , 709–786 * Emperor Kanmu , 737–806 * Emperor Saga , 786–842 * Emperor Ninmyō , 810–850 * Emperor Kōkō , 830–867 * Emperor Uda , 867–931 * Emperor Daigo , 885–930 * Emperor Murakami , 926–967 * Emperor En\'yū , 959–991 * Emperor Ichijō , 980–1011 * Emperor Go-Suzaku , 1009–1045 * Emperor Go-Sanjō , 1034–1073 * Emperor Shirakawa , 1053–1129 * Emperor Horikawa , 1079–1107 * Emperor Toba , 1103–1156 * Emperor Go-Shirakawa , 1127–1192 * Emperor Takakura , 1161–1181 * Emperor Go-Toba , 1180–1239 * Emperor Tsuchimikado , 1196–1231 * Emperor Go-Saga , 1220–1272 * Emperor Go-Fukakusa , 1243–1304 * Emperor Fushimi , 1265–1317 * Emperor Go-Fushimi , 1288–1336 * Emperor Kōgon , 1313–1364 * Emperor Sukō , 1334–1398 * Prince Yoshihito Fushimi , 1351–1416 * Prince Sadafusa Fushimi , 1372–1456 * Emperor Go-Hanazono , 1419–1471 * Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado , 1442–1500 * Emperor Go-Kashiwabara , 1464–1526 * Emperor Go-Nara , 1495–1557 * Emperor Ōgimachi , 1517–1593 * Prince Masahito , 1552–1586 * Emperor Go-Yōzei , 1572–1617 * Emperor Go-Mizunoo , 1596–1680 * Emperor Reigen , 1654–1732 * Emperor Higashiyama , 1675–1710 * Prince Naohito Kanin , 1704–1753 * Prince Sukehito Kanin , 1733–1794 * Emperor Kōkaku , 1771–1840 * Emperor Ninkō , 1800–1846 * Emperor Kōmei , 1831–1867 * Emperor Meiji , 1852–1912 * Emperor Taishō , 1879–1926 * Emperor Shōwa , 1901–1989 * Emperor Akihito, b. 1933
Akihito IMPERIAL HOUSE OF JAPAN BORN: 23 December 1933
Preceded by Shōwa (Hirohito) EMPEROR OF JAPAN 1989–present INCUMBENT Heir apparent: Naruhito
ORDER OF PRECEDENCE IN JAPAN
FIRST Gentlemen _as the Sovereign_ Succeeded by The Crown Prince
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