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Akhurian Reservoir (Armenian: Ախուրյանի ջրամբար; Turkish: Arpaçay Barajı) is a reservoir on the Akhurian River between Armenia and Turkey.[2][3] The reservoir has a surface area of 54 km² and a volume of 525 million cubic meters.[2][3] It is one of the largest reservoirs in the Caucasus, smaller than the Mingachevir reservoir and the Shamkir reservoir in Azerbaijan. Its water is used for irrigation in Armenia's Aragatsotn, Armavir and Shirak provinces.[3] Water used on Turkey for irrigation (70000 ha agricultural area) in provinces of Kars and Ardahan.[5]

Foundation[edit] On April 25, 1963, Turkey and the Soviet Union (which Armenia was part of at the time) signed an agreement on constructing a dam on Akhurian River and regulating the flow of four rivers into the reservoir.[2][6] It was built between 1975 and 1980[1] and began to be operated in 1980.[2]

Pollution[edit] According to Armenian researchers "the water system is polluted with heavy metals and different toxic materials."[2]

References[edit]

^ a b Շիրակի մարզի ջրային ռեսուրսների գյուղատնտեսական արդյունավետ օգտագործումը բերքատվության բարձրացման նպատակով (in Armenian). AgroWeb Armenia. Retrieved 9 August 2013. 

^ a b c d e f g h Soghoian, Yeranuhi (8 May 2009). "Pollution in Border Reservoir Worries Armenia". Institute for War & Peace Reporting. Retrieved 1 August 2013. 

^ a b c d e Հայաստանի Հանրապետության Ֆիզիկաաշխարհագրական օբյեկտների համառոտ տեղեկատու-բառարան [Dictionary of Physical-Geographic Objects in the Republic of Armenia] (PDF) (in Armenian). State Committee of the Real Estate Cadastre. 2007. p. 7. 

^ "ARPAÇAY BARAJI" (in Turkish). Devlet Su İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü. Archived from the original on 15 May 2012. Retrieved 30 August 2013. 

^ "DSİ". 

^ Sedat Laçiner; Mehmet Özcan; İhsan Bal (2010). USAK Yearbook of International Politics and Law 2010, Vol. 3. p. 232. ISBN 9786054030262. 

vte Lakes of Armenia Akhurian Reservoir Akna Arpi Ayger Arpi National Park Lessing Kari Parz Sevan Spandaryan Reservoir Yerevan Rivers and lake