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Akhmad Abdulkhamidovich Kadyrov (Russian: Ахмат Абдулхамидович Кадыров; Chechen: Къадири lабдулхьамидан кlант Ахьмад-Хьажи; 23 August 1951 – 9 May 2004), also spelled Akhmat, was the Chief Mufti
Mufti
of the Chechen Republic
Chechen Republic
of Ichkeria in the 1990s during and after the First Chechen War. At the outbreak of the Second Chechen War he switched sides, offering his service to the Russian government, and later became the President of the Chechen Republic
President of the Chechen Republic
from 5 October 2003, acting as head of administration since July 2000. On 9 May 2004, he was assassinated by Chechen Islamists in Grozny, using a bomb blast during a World War II
World War II
memorial victory parade. His son, Ramzan Kadyrov, who led his father's militia, became one of his successors in March 2007 as the President of the Chechen Republic.

Contents

1 Early life

1.1 First Chechen War 1.2 Second Chechen War

2 Death and legacy 3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Early life[edit]

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Akhmad (or Akhmat) Abdulkhamidovich Kadyrov was born in Karaganda
Karaganda
in the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic
Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic
on 23 August 1951 to a Chechen family that had been expelled from Chechnya
Chechnya
during the Stalinist repressions. In April 1957, his family returned to Shalinsky District of the Chechen-Ingush ASSR. In 1980, he started studying Islam at Mir-i Arab Madrasah
Mir-i Arab Madrasah
in Bukhara, and followed by studying at Islamic University in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, from 1982 to 1986. In the early 1990s, he returned to Chechnya, and founded the Islam Institute in the village of Kurchaloy. First Chechen War[edit] Following the Chechen declaration of independence, he became a supporter of separatist president Dzhokhar Dudayev. Kadyrov fought prominently in the First Chechen War
First Chechen War
on the Chechen side as a militia commander.[2] In 1995, he was appointed Chief Mufti
Mufti
of Chechen Republic of Ichkeria. Following the outbreak of violence between Moscow and Chechen separatists, Kadyrov declared that "Russians outnumber Chechens in many times, thus every Chechen would have to kill 150 Russians."[3][4] Second Chechen War[edit]

Akhmad Kadyrov
Akhmad Kadyrov
and Vladimir Putin.

While the first war was mainly fought for nationalism, after the de facto independence of Ichkeria, much of the Chechen forces were jihadis, such as the Arab Mujahideen in Chechnya. Kadyrov, as Chief Mufti, was critical of Wahhabism, to which many of the foreign fighters adhered. Kadyrov – a leading figure in the resistance movement – decided to abandon the insurgency in 1999 and offered his support to Russian federal forces in Second Chechen War. Maskhadov immediately fired him from the Chief Mufti
Mufti
chair, although this decree was never accepted by Kadyrov, who abdicated himself a few months later due to his civilian chairman career. According to James Hughes, Kadyrov's U-turn may have been motivated partly by personal ambition and partly by a concern with the desperate condition of the Chechen population, and was also driven by a fear of the growing sectarian Wahhabi
Wahhabi
influence on the insurgency.[5] After the Russian forces seized control over Chechnya
Chechnya
in July 2000, Kadyrov was appointed acting head of the administration by the Russian president Vladimir Putin.[6] On 5 October 2003, he was elected the first President of Chechnya. In this position, he remained mainly pro-Moscow. He also advocated numerous amnesty campaigns for former rebel fighters, who were allowed to join Chechen police and loyalist militia forces if they surrendered. His chief personal bodyguard was Movladi Baisarov. Reportedly, there were at least a dozen assassination attempts against him before the final one. Death and legacy[edit]

Russian President Dmitry Medvedev
Dmitry Medvedev
and Ramzan Kadyrov
Ramzan Kadyrov
at the grave of Akhmad Kadyrov
Akhmad Kadyrov
in June 2012

On 9 May 2004, an explosion ripped through the VIP seating at the Dinamo football stadium during a mid-morning Soviet Victory Day parade in the capital city of Grozny, instantly killing Akhmad Kadyrov. Two of his bodyguards, the Chairman of the Chechen State Council, a Reuters
Reuters
journalist, and as many as a dozen others were also killed (a later report stated that more than 30 people had died).[7] Some 56 others were wounded, including Colonel General
Colonel General
Valery Baranov, the commander of Russian forces in Chechnya, who lost a leg in the explosion. The bomb was said to have been built into the concrete of a supporting column during recent repairs. The Islamist Chechen rebel leader Shamil Basayev
Shamil Basayev
later claimed that he had paid $50,000 for the attack.[8] Akhmad Kadyrov
Akhmad Kadyrov
had four children, two daughters (Zargan and Zulay) and two sons. The older son, Zelimkhan Kadyrov, died on 31 May 2004.[9] The younger son, Ramzan Kadyrov, led his father's militia and was appointed prime minister and president of Chechnya
Chechnya
in March 2007. The Akhmad Kadyrov Mosque
Akhmad Kadyrov Mosque
in Grozny
Grozny
is named for him. On 7 June 2017, the football club Terek Grozny
Grozny
was renamed to Akhmat Grozny, after Akhmad Kadyrov.[10] See also[edit]

Kadyrovtsy Politics of Chechnya

References[edit]

^ Liz Fuller; Aslan Doukaev (December 2007). "Chechnya: Kadyrov Uses 'Folk Islam' For Political Gain". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.  ^ Bowker, Mike (2005). "Western Views of the Chechen Conflict". In Richard Sakwa. Chechnya: From Past to Future (1st ed.). London: Anthem Press. pp. 223–38. ISBN 978-1-84331-164-5.  ^ The High Cost of Job Security Archived 21 August 2006 at the Wayback Machine., The Moscow Times, 8 September 2006 ^ Profile: Akhmad Kadyrov, China Daily, 10 May 2004 ^ Hughes, James (2005). "The Peace Process in Chechnya". In Richard Sakwa. Chechnya: From Past to Future (1st ed.). London: Anthem Press. pp. 265–288. ISBN 978-1-84331-164-5.  ^ Russia
Russia
appoints Chechen leader, BBC News, 12 June 2000 ^ Bodyguards foil assassination of Chechen leader: report Archived 5 August 2008 at the Wayback Machine., AFP, 29 July 2008 ^ "$50,000 Bounty in Chechen Blood Feud". The New York Times. 17 June 2006.  ^ Eldest Son Of Akhmad Kadyrov
Akhmad Kadyrov
Dies, The Jamestown Foundation, 2 June 2004 ^ Главная футбольная команда Чеченской Республики будет переименована в «АХМАТ» (in Russian). FC Akhmat Grozny. 7 June 2017. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Akhmad Kadyrov.

Akhmad Kadyrov: Had I been the dictator of Chechnya
Chechnya
by Anna Politkovskaya, Novaya Gazeta, 22 March 2002 Obituary: Akhmad Kadyrov, BBC News, 9 May 2004 Obituary Akhmad Kadyrov, Chechen president widely seen as Moscow puppet, The Guardian, 10 May 2004 Obituaries: Akhmad Kadyrov, Russian-backed President of Chechnya[permanent dead link], The Independent, 11 May 2004 Obituary in brief: Akhmad Kadyrov, president of Chechnya, The Economist, 19 May 2004

Political offices

New office President of the Chechen Republic 2003–2004 Succeeded by Alu Alkhanov

v t e

Chechen–Russian conflict

First Chechen War
First Chechen War
(1994–1996) War of Dagestan
War of Dagestan
(1999) Second Chechen War
Second Chechen War
(1999–2009) War in Ingushetia
War in Ingushetia
(2007–2015) Insurgency in the North Caucasus
Insurgency in the North Caucasus
(since 2009)

First Chechen War

Battle of Grozny
Grozny
(November 1994) Battle of Dolinskoye Battle of Khankala Battle of Grozny
Grozny
(1994–95) 1995 Shali cluster bomb attack Samashki massacre Shatoy ambush Battle of Grozny
Grozny
(August 1996) Khasavyurt Accord Russia–Chechen Peace Treaty

Second Chechen War

1999 Russian bombing of Chechnya Battle of Grozny
Grozny
(1999–2000) Battle for Height 776 Battle of Komsomolskoye 2000 Zhani-Vedeno ambush 2002 Khankala Mi-26 crash 2004 Nazran raid 2004 raid on Grozny 2005 raid on Nalchik Counter-insurgency operations Guerrilla phase

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008

Major attacks

1995 Budyonnovsk hospital hostage crisis 1996 Black Sea hostage crisis

MV Avrasya
MV Avrasya
hijacking

1996 Kizlyar hostage crisis 1999 Russian apartment bombings 1999 Dagestan massacre 2002 Moscow theater hostage crisis 2002 Grozny
Grozny
truck bombing 2004 Russian aircraft bombings 2004 Beslan school siege

Related topics

Censorship of Chechnya
Chechnya
coverage Crimes and terrorism Mass graves Suicide attacks Assassinations Casualties Aircraft losses International response Politics of Chechnya Chechenpress Kavkaz Center

Wars in culture

Alexandra (film) Angel of Grozny Ant in a Glass Jar Polina Zherebtsova's Journal The 3 Rooms of Melancholia The Pathologies The Search (2014 film) War (2002 film)

Federalists

Combatants

Russian Federation

Armed Forces Ground Forces

Ministry of Internal Affairs

OMON ODON Internal Troops

Federal Security Service Main Intelligence Directorate Special
Special
Forces (Spetsnaz) Republic of Chechnya

Kadyrovtsy

Leaders

Russian Federation

Boris Yeltsin Dmitry Medvedev Vladimir Putin Alexander Lebed Pavel Grachev Gennady Troshev

Chechnya

 † Akhmad Kadyrov Alu Alkhanov Ramzan Kadyrov  † Dzhabrail Yamadayev  † Ruslan Yamadayev  † Sulim Yamadayev

Separatists

Combatants

Chechen Republic
Chechen Republic
of Ichkeria Caucasian Front

Shariat Jamaat Vilayat Galgaycho Vilayat Nokhchicho

Islamic Djamaat of Dagestan

Leaders

 † Dzhokhar Dudayev  † Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev  † Aslan Maskhadov  † Abdul-Halim Sadulayev  † Ruslan Gelayev  † Shamil Basayev  † Arbi Barayev  † Salman Raduyev Akhmed Zakayev  † Turpal-Ali Atgeriyev  † Vakha Arsanov Ilyas Akhmadov  † Movsar Barayev  † Muslim Atayev  † Rasul Makasharipov  † Ilyas Gorchkhanov  † Rappani Khalilov

Mujahideen

Combatants

Caucasus Emirate Arab Mujahideen Islamic International Brigade Riyad-us Saliheen ISIL – Caucasus Province

Leaders

 † Magomed Suleimanov  † Aliaskhab Kebekov  † Dokka Umarov  (POW) Aslambek Vadalov  (POW) Ali Taziev  † Anzor Astemirov  † Supyan Abdullayev Aslan Byutukayev Movladi Udugov  † Khuseyn Gakayev  (POW) Tarkhan Gaziyev  † Said Buryatsky  † Magomed Vagabov  † Rustam Asildarov  † Asker Dzhappuyev  † Arthur Getagazhev  † Ibn al-Khattab  † Abu al-Walid  † Abu Hafs al-Urduni  † Muhannad  † Abdulla Kurd

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 61345153 LCCN: no2008024

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