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The Shiromani Akali Dal
Shiromani Akali Dal
(SAD), (translation: Supreme Akali Party) is a political party in India. There are a large number of parties with the name "Shiromani Akali Dal". The party recognised as "Shiromani Akali Dal" by the Election Commission of India
Election Commission of India
is the one led by Sukhbir Singh Badal. It controls Sikh
Sikh
religious bodies Shiromani Gurudwara Prabandhak Committee, Delhi Sikh Gurdwara Management Committee
Delhi Sikh Gurdwara Management Committee
and is the largest and most influential Sikh
Sikh
political party worldwide. The basic philosophy of Akali Dal is to give political voice to Sikh issues and it believes that religion and politics go hand in hand.

Contents

1 History

1.1 British India 1.2 Independent India

2 Present political position 3 Party presidents 4 Punjab Chief Minister belonging to Akali Dal 5 In general elections 6 In state elections

6.1 Punjab 6.2 Haryana 6.3 Delhi

7 See also 8 References 9 Bibliography 10 External links

History[edit] British India[edit] Further information: Akali movement Akali Dal was formed on 14 December 1920 as a task force of the Shiromani Gurudwara Prabandhak Committee, the Sikh
Sikh
religious body. The Akali Dal considers itself the principal representative of Sikhs. Sardar Sarmukh Singh Chubbal was the first president of a unified proper Akali Dal, but it became popular under Master Tara Singh.[citation needed] In the provincial election of 1937, the Akali Dal won 10 seats. The Khalsa
Khalsa
Nationalists won 11 seats and joined the coalition government headed by the Unionist leader Sikander Hyat Khan. The Akalis sat in opposition and made occasional forays into reaching an understanding with the Muslim League, which never reached fruition.[8] In the provincial election of 1946, the Akali Dal won 22 seats and joined the coalition government headed by the Unionist Khizar Hayat Khan Tiwana, along with the Indian National Congress. The Muslim League was unable to capture power, despite having won the largest number of seats, which perhaps suited it fine as it strengthened its Pakistan demand. The Muslim League launched a civil disobedience campaign, bringing down the Tiwana government by March 1947. The rest of the period till Indian independence was filled by Governor's Rule.[9] Independent India[edit] In the 1950s, the party launched the Punjabi Suba
Punjabi Suba
movement, demanding a state with majority of Punjabi speaking people, out of undivided East Punjab
East Punjab
under the leadership of Sant Fateh Singh. In 1966, the present Punjab was formed. Akali Dal came to power in the new Punjab, but early governments didn't live long due to internal conflicts and power struggles within the party. Later, party strengthened and party governments completed full term. Present political position[edit] The previous Punjab government was formed by Akali Dal in partnership with its regional and national ally Bharatiya Janata Party
Bharatiya Janata Party
(BJP). It had 59 members in Punjab Legislative Assembly
Punjab Legislative Assembly
and combined with 12 of BJP, formed a majority government. Party patron and ex-president Parkash Singh Badal
Parkash Singh Badal
was the Chief Minister of Punjab and the party president Sukhbir Singh Badal
Sukhbir Singh Badal
was deputy-chief minister. The party lost the elections held on 04th February 2017. Currently the party has 15 MLAs in the 117 seat Punjab Assembly. The party has 4 members in the Lok Sabha. Party's main political opponent is Indian National Congress. In the recent Delhi Assembly elections it did not retain the one seat it held in 2013 elections. Party presidents[edit] Following is the list of presidents of the party as given on party website.

Surmukh Singh Jhabhal Baba Kharak Singh Master Tara Singh Gopal Singh Kaumi Tara Singh Thethar Teja Singh Akarpu Babu Labh Singh Udam Singh Ji Nagoke Giani Kartar Singh —Pritam Singh Gojran (Gujjran.Sangrur)— Hukam Singh Fateh Singh Achar Singh Bhupinder Singh Mohan Singh Tur Jagdev Singh Talwandi Harcharan Singh Longowal Surjit Singh Barnala Simranjit Singh Maan Parkash Singh Badal Sukhbir Singh Badal

Punjab Chief Minister belonging to Akali Dal[edit]

Gurnam Singh (8 March 1967 – 25 November 1967) Lachhman Singh Gill (25 November 1967 – 23 August 1968) Gurnam Singh (17 February 1969 – 27 March 1970) Parkash Singh Badal
Parkash Singh Badal
(27 March 1970 – 14 June 1971) Parkash Singh Badal
Parkash Singh Badal
( 20 June 1977 – 17 February 1980) Surjit Singh Barnala
Surjit Singh Barnala
(29 September 1985 – 11 June 1987) Parkash Singh Badal
Parkash Singh Badal
(12 February 1997 – 26 February 2002) Parkash Singh Badal
Parkash Singh Badal
(1 March 2007 – 11 March 2017)

In general elections[edit]

Year General election Seats won Change in # of seats Percentage of vote Vote swing

Indian general election, 1945 6th Central Legislative Assembly 2 2

Indian general election, 1951 1st Lok Sabha 4

0.99%

Indian general election, 1957 2nd Lok Sabha 0 ? 4

Indian general election, 1962 3rd Lok Sabha 3 3 0.72%

Indian general election, 1967 4th Lok Sabha 0[10][better source needed] 3

Indian general election, 1971 5th Lok Sabha 1 1 0.87%

Indian general election, 1977 6th Lok Sabha 9 8 1.26%

Indian general election, 1980 7th Lok Sabha 1 8 0.71%

Indian general election, 1984 8th Lok Sabha 7 7 17.9%

Indian general election, 1989 9th Lok Sabha 0 7

Indian general election, 1991 10th Lok Sabha 0

Indian general election, 1996 11th Lok Sabha 8 8 0.76%

Indian general election, 1998 12th Lok Sabha 8

0.81%

Indian general election, 1999 13th Lok Sabha 10 2 25.58%

Indian general election, 2004 14th Lok Sabha 8 2 34.28%

Indian general election, 2009 15th Lok Sabha 4 4 0.96%

Indian general election, 2014 16th Lok Sabha 4

20.30% 13.55%

In state elections[edit] Punjab[edit]

1937 1946 1952 1957 1962 1967 1969 1972 1977 1980 1985 1992 1997 2002 2007 2012 2017

Haryana[edit]

2009 2014

Delhi[edit]

2013 2015

See also[edit]

Splinter groups of the Akali Dal Sikhism Tara Singh Babu Labh Singh Akali (other)

References[edit]

^ "SOI".  ^ "SOI Clash". Retrieved 25 April 2014.  ^ "SAD aims to widen reach, to contest UP poll". The Tribune. Chandigarh. 8 October 2015. Retrieved 8 October 2015.  ^ Pandher, Sarabjit (3 September 2013). "In post-Independence India, the SAD launched the Punjabi Suba
Punjabi Suba
morcha in the 1960s, seeking the re-organisation of Punjab on linguistic basis". The Hindu. Retrieved 15 September 2015.  ^ Grover, Verinder (1996). Encyclopaedia of India
India
and Her States: Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir and Punjab, Volume 4. Deep & Deep. p. 578.  ^ "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013.  ^ "Members: Lok Sabha". loksabha.nic.in. Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
Secretariat. Retrieved 14 March 2018.  ^ Jalal, The Sole Spokesman 1994, p. 23, 97. ^ Talbot, Pakistan: A Modern History 1998, p. 74. ^ Akali Dal – Sant Fateh Singh, a splinter group won 3 seats

Bibliography[edit]

Jalal, Ayesha (1994) [First published 1985], The Sole Spokesman: Jinnah, the Muslim League and the Demand for Pakistan, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-45850-4  Jalal, Ayesha (2002), Self and Sovereignty: Individual and Community in South Asian Islam Since 1850, Routledge, ISBN 978-1-134-59937-0  Talbot, Ian (1998), Pakistan: A Modern History, St. Martin's Press, ISBN 978-0-312-21606-1  Harjinder Singh Dilgeer. Sikh
Sikh
Twareekh. Sikh
Sikh
University Press, Belgium, 2007. 5 volumes (in Punjabi) Harjinder Singh Dilgeer. Sikh
Sikh
History. Sikh
Sikh
University Press, Belgium, 2010-11. 10 volumes Harjinder Singh Dilgeer. Shiromani Akali Dal
Shiromani Akali Dal
(1920-2000). Sikh University Press, Belgium, 2001.

External links[edit]

Official website

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Sikh
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politics

Organisations

Ghadar Party Shiromani Akali Dal Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee Haryana State Akali Dal Shiromani Akali Dal
Shiromani Akali Dal
(Amritsar) Shiromani Akali Dal
Shiromani Akali Dal
(Longowal) Akali Dal (1920) United Akali Dal Shiromani Akali Dal
Shiromani Akali Dal
(Panthic) Shiromani Akali Dal
Shiromani Akali Dal
(Democratic) All India
India
Sikh
Sikh
Students Federation Rashtriya Sikh
Sikh
Sangat Khalsa
Khalsa
Raj Party Punjab Janata Morcha Punjab Rights Forum Shiromani Akali Dal
Shiromani Akali Dal
Delhi Pakistan Sikh
Sikh
Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee Awaaz E Punjab

Leaders

Master Tara Singh Sardul Singh Caveeshar Baldev Singh Swaran Singh Jagjit Singh Chauhan Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale Surjit Singh Barnala Capt. Amarinder Singh Sukhbir Singh Badal Parkash Singh Badal Harcharan Singh Longowal Gurnam Singh Lachhman Singh Gill Manmohan Singh

Events

Akali movement Punjab State Agitation Anandpur Resolution Khalistan movement Operation Blue Star 1984 anti- Sikh
Sikh
riots Operation Black Thunder

Portal: Sikhism
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Members

National Party

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(United) Lok Janshakti Party Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party Naga People's Front National People's Party Pattali Makkal Katchi People's Party of Arunachal Rashtriya Lok Samta Party Shiromani Akali Dal Shiv Sena Sikkim Democratic Front Telugu Desam Party United Democratic Party

Registered Unrecognised Parties

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Atal Bihari Vajpayee Lal Krishna Advani Murli Manohar Joshi Narendra Modi Amit Shah Rajnath Singh Arun Jaitley Sushma Swaraj Manohar Parrikar Uddhav Thackeray Prakash Singh Badal Shivraj Singh Chouhan Raman Singh N. Chandrababu Naidu Nitish Kumar Mehbooba Mufti Bimal Gurung N. Rangaswamy Ramdas Athawale Pawan Kumar Chamling

.