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The Ajuran (Arabic: أجران), is a noble Somali clan[1] famously known for the Ajuran Sultanate. Group members largely inhabit Kenya, but also Ethiopia and with a considerable numbers also found in Somalia.[2]

Overview

The Ajuran is a Somali clan famously known for the Ajuran Sultante, a Somali Muslim sultanate that ruled over large parts of the Horn of Africa in the Middle Ages.[3][4][5] Today they largely live in Kenya, the North Eastern Province and the Somali region of Ethiopia, but also in Somalia.

The Ajuraan largely speak the Somali language, but a big portion also speak the Boran language.[6]

The Ajuran are descendants of Alama who in turn is a son of Bal'ad who traces descent from Harmalle Samaale through multiple ancestors.

History

The Ajuran clan is famously known for establishing the Garen Dynasty that ruled both Mogadishu Sultanate (9th to 13th century) and Ajuran Empire (13th century to 17th century) during the middle ages.

For more about the history of the Ajuran Sultanate visit the following:

Clan Tree

This Clan Tree is based on "Identities on the Move: Clanship and Pastoralism in Northern Kenya" by Gunther Schlee[7]

-Samaale

  • Harmalle
    • Bal'ad
      • Alama
        • Ajuran
          • Waaqle
          • Wallemugge
          • Saremugge
          • Tore
          • Dakhsore
          • Beidan
          • Badbeidan
          • Sanle

Prominent Figures

Olol Dinle, Idhow Roble

References

  1. ^ Mohamed Haji Mukhtar (25 February 2003). Historical Dictionary of Somalia. Scarecrow Press. p. 35. ISBN 978-0-8108-6604-1. 
  2. ^ Kenya National Assembly Official Record (Hansard). 1984-03-20. 
  3. ^ Luling, Virginia (2002). Somali Sultanate: the Geledi city-state over 150 years. Transaction Publishers. p. 17. ISBN 978-1-874209-98-0. 
  4. ^ Luc Cambrézy, Populations réfugiées: de l'exil au retour, p.316
  5. ^ Mukhtar, Mohamed Haji. "The Emergence and Role of Political Parties in the Inter-River Region of Somalia from 1947–1960". Ufahamu. 17 (2): 98. 
  6. ^ Schlee, Günther; Watson, Elizabeth E. (2009-01-01). Changing Identifications and Alliances in North-East Africa. Berghahn Books. ISBN 9781845456030. 
  7. ^ Schlee, Günther; Watson, Elizabeth E. (2009-01-01). Changing Identifications and Alliances in North-East Africa. Berghahn Books. ISBN 9781845456030.