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RJ-01(Ajmer) RJ-36 (Beawar) RJ-42 (Kishangarh) RJ-48 (Kekri)

Nearest city Jaipur, Udaipur, Jodhpur

Website www.ajmer.rajasthan.gov.in

Ajmer
Ajmer
(pronounced [ədʒmeːr] ( listen)) is one of the major cities in the Indian state of Rajasthan
Rajasthan
and is the centre of the eponymous Ajmer
Ajmer
District. According to the 2011 census, Ajmer
Ajmer
had a population of 542,321 in the city, 551,101 including its suburbs.[1] Ajmer
Ajmer
is surrounded by the Aravalli Mountains. It is a pilgrimage centre for the shrine of the Sufi
Sufi
Saint Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti
Moinuddin Chishti
and is also the base for visiting Pushkar
Pushkar
(11 km), an ancient Hindu pilgrimage city, famous for the temple of Lord Brahma. Ajmer
Ajmer
has been selected as one of the heritage cities for the HRIDAY - Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana scheme of Government of India.[2][better source needed]

Contents

1 History 2 Geography 3 Climate 4 Transportation

4.1 Air

5 Tourist sites 6 Demographics 7 See also 8 References

8.1 Bibliography

9 External links

History[edit] Main article: History of Ajmer

Jahangir
Jahangir
receives Prince Khurram at Ajmer
Ajmer
on his return from the Mewar campaign

Ajmer
Ajmer
was originally known as Ajayameru.[3] The 12th century text Prithviraja Vijaya
Prithviraja Vijaya
states that the Shakambhari Chahamana (Chauhan) king Ajayaraja II (ruled c. 1110 – 1135 CE) established the city of Ajayameru.[4] Historian Dasharatha Sharma notes that the earliest mention of the city's name occurs in Palha's Pattavali, which was copied in 1113 CE (1170 VS) at Dhara. This suggests that Ajmer
Ajmer
was founded sometime before 1113 CE.[5] A prashasti (eulogistic inscription), issued by Vigraharaja IV
Vigraharaja IV
and found at Adhai Din Ka Jhonpra, states Ajayadeva (that is, Ajayaraja II) moved his residence to Ajmer.[6] The later text Prabandha-Kosha states that it was the 8th century king Ajayaraja I who commissioned the Ajayameru fort, which later came to be known as the Taragarh fort of Ajmer.[4] According to historian R. B. Singh, this claim appears to be true, as inscriptions dated to the 8th century CE have been found at Ajmer.[7] Singh theorizes that Ajayaraja II later expanded the town area, constructed palaces, and moved the Chahamana capital from Shakambhari to Ajmer.[8] Geography[edit] Ajmer
Ajmer
is in the northwest section of India and is surrounded by the Aravalli Mountains. It is situated on the lower slopes of the Taragarh Hill of that range. The massive rocks of Nagpaharh range protects Ajmer
Ajmer
from the Thar Desert
Thar Desert
to the west. Ajmer
Ajmer
is antipodal to the Chilean island Isla Salas y Gómez. Climate[edit]

Climate data for Ajmer

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 22.9 (73.2) 25.7 (78.3) 31.3 (88.3) 36.5 (97.7) 39.7 (103.5) 38.4 (101.1) 33.6 (92.5) 31.3 (88.3) 32.6 (90.7) 33.5 (92.3) 29.2 (84.6) 24.7 (76.5) 31.62 (88.92)

Average low °C (°F) 7.6 (45.7) 10.5 (50.9) 16.0 (60.8) 22.2 (72) 26.8 (80.2) 27.5 (81.5) 25.6 (78.1) 24.4 (75.9) 23.7 (74.7) 18.0 (64.4) 12.3 (54.1) 8.4 (47.1) 18.58 (65.45)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 7.3 (0.287) 6.0 (0.236) 5.0 (0.197) 4.0 (0.157) 15.7 (0.618) 58.1 (2.287) 181.5 (7.146) 157.5 (6.201) 73.0 (2.874) 13.1 (0.516) 4.0 (0.157) 3.8 (0.15) 529 (20.826)

Source: IMD[9]

Ajmer
Ajmer
has a hot, semi-arid climate with over 55 centimetres (22 inches) of rain every year, but most of the rain occurs in the monsoon months, between June and September. Temperatures remain relatively high throughout the year, with the summer months of April to early July having an average daily temperature of about 30 °C (86 °F). During the monsoon there is frequent heavy rain and thunderstorms, but flooding is not a common occurrence. The winter months of November to February are mild and temperate with average temperatures ranging from 15–18 °C (59–64 °F) with little or no humidity. There are, however, occasional cold weather fronts that cause temperatures to fall to near freezing levels. Transportation[edit] Air[edit] Work on the Kishangarh Airport
Kishangarh Airport
near Ajmer
Ajmer
was inaugurated by Former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
Manmohan Singh
in September 2013 and it is expected to commence operations in 2017.[10] Tourist sites[edit]

Ajmer
Ajmer
Sharif Dargah

City of Gold in Ajmer
Ajmer
Jain temple

The Ajmer
Ajmer
Sharif Dargah: It is a shrine of Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti which is situated at the foot of the Taragarh hill, and consists of several white marble buildings arranged around two courtyards, including a massive gate donated by the Nizam
Nizam
of Hyderabad, and the Akbari Mosque, built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan
Shah Jahan
and containing the domed tomb of the saint. Akbar
Akbar
and his queen used to come here by foot every year on pilgrimage from Agra
Agra
in observance of a vow when he prayed for a son. The large pillars called "Kose ('Mile') Minars", erected at intervals of about two miles (3 km) along the entire way between Agra
Agra
and Ajmer
Ajmer
mark the places where the royal pilgrims halted every day.[11] About 125,000 pilgrims visit the site every day. The urs for Moinuddin Chishti
Moinuddin Chishti
is celebrated every year on the 6th and 7th of Rajab.

Taragarh Fort: The fort guarding Ajmer, was the seat of the Chauhan rulers and was originally believed to be built by Mughal ruler Akbar.[12] It is reputed to be one of the oldest hill forts in India and the world. It was built by King Ajaypal Chauhan
Chauhan
on the summit of Taragarh Hill and overlooks Ajmer. The battlements run along the top of the hill. The walls are about two miles (3 km) in circumference and the fort can only be approached by way of a very steep slope. When it fell to the British Raj, the fort was dismantled on the orders of Lord William Bentinck
Lord William Bentinck
and was converted into a sanatorium for the British troops stationed at the garrison town of Nasirabad.[11]

Adhai Din Ka Jhonpda: A mosque by Qutubuddin Aibak built in 1193, is situated on the lower slope of Taragarh hill. Aibak's successor, Shams al-Din Iltutmish
Iltutmish
added to the mosque. It is noted for its double-depth calligraphy inscriptions in the Naskh and Kufic
Kufic
scripts. Apart from the mosque, called Jama Iltutmish
Iltutmish
(pronounced Altamash locally), nearly the whole of the ancient temple has fallen into ruins, but the relics are still unsurpassed as examples of Hindu architecture and sculpture. Forty columns support the roof, but no two are alike and the ornaments are exceptional in their decorations.[11][13]

Ajmer
Ajmer
Jain temple, also known as Soniji Ki Nasiyan, is an architecturally rich Jain temple
Jain temple
built in the late nineteenth century whose main chamber Swarna Nagari "City of Gold", has prominent depiction of Ayodhya
Ayodhya
made from 1000 kg of gold.[14]

Akbari Fort & Museum: The city's museum was once the residence of Prince Salīm, the son of the Emperor Akbar, and presently houses a collection of Mughal and Rajput
Rajput
armour and sculpture. This is a magnificent example of Mughal architecture, construction of which was commissioned by Akbar
Akbar
in 1570. This is where Salim, as the Emperor Jahangir, read out the firman permitting the British East India Company to trade with India.[15]

Ajmer
Ajmer
sightseeing:[16]

Baradari on Lake Anasagar

Anasagar
Anasagar
Lake: This is an historic man-made lake built by Maharaja Anaji (1135–1150 AD).[12] By the lake is the Daulat Bagh, a garden laid out by Emperor Jahangir. Emperor Shah Jahan
Shah Jahan
later added five pavilions, known as the Baradari, between the garden and the lake.

Demographics[edit]

Religions in Ajmer

Religion

Percent

Hindus

83.53%

Muslims

11.58%

Population growth of Ajmer 

Census Pop.

1891 68,800

1901 73,800

7.3%

1911 86,200

16.8%

1921 113,200

31.3%

1931 119,500

5.6%

1941 147,300

23.3%

1951 196,300

33.3%

1961 231,200

17.8%

1971 264,300

14.3%

1981 374,400

41.7%

1991 402,700

7.6%

2001 485,197

20.5%

2011 542,321

11.8%

source:[17][18][1]

Population growth through the years

Year Population

1891

68,800

1901

73,800

1911

86,200

1921

113,200

1931

119,500

1941

147,300

1951

196,300

1961

231,200

1968

265,200

1971

264,300

1981

374,400

1991

402,700

2001

485,197

2011

542,321

[17][18][1] As of the 2011 Census of India[update] the population of Ajmer
Ajmer
city was 542,321 placing Ajmer
Ajmer
in the top 100 major cities of India and 5th in Rajasthan. Including suburbs outside the city limits the population was 551,101. The female to male ratio in the city was 947/1,000. The literacy rate in the city was 86.52%, male literacy being 92.08% and female literacy being 80.69%.[1] Ajmer's population growth in the decade was 18.48%; this compares to a growth figure of 20.93% in the previous decade.[18] See also[edit]

Garib Nawaz Khawja Moinuddin Chishty Kanpura, Rajasthan Luni River Pushkar Central University of Rajasthan

References[edit]

^ a b c d e " Ajmer
Ajmer
City Population Census 2011 Rajasthan". www.census2011.co.in.  ^ "Introduction". Hriday official website.  ^ " Ajmer
Ajmer
Tourism: Places to Visit in Ajmer
Ajmer
- Rajasthan
Rajasthan
Tourism". tourism.rajasthan.gov.in. Retrieved 2017-03-10.  ^ a b R. B. Singh 1964, p. 87. ^ Dasharatha Sharma 1959, p. 40. ^ Har Bilas Sarda 1911, pp. 68-74. ^ R. B. Singh 1964, p. 88. ^ R. B. Singh 1964, pp. 131-132. ^ "Monthly mean maximum and minimum temperature and total rainfall of important cities (PDF)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-04-13. Retrieved 2013-07-28.  ^ "Focus on connecting small cities by air: Manmohan". The Hindu. 21 September 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-02.  ^ a b c  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Ajmere". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 452–453.  ^ a b Gopal, Madan (1990). K.S. Gautam, ed. India through the ages. Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. p. 173.  ^ Arhai-din-ka Jhompra Mosque Archived 2010-12-14 at the Wayback Machine. archnet.org. ^ "This Temple In Rajasthan
Rajasthan
Has A Golden Chamber Where 1000kg Of Gold Was Used To Carve Out Depictions Of Ayodhya. It's Truly Mesmerizing!". Daily Bhaskar. Jul 24, 2017. Retrieved Jul 29, 2017.  ^ " Akbar
Akbar
Ka Kila, AJMER".  ^ Ajmer
Ajmer
Sightseeing ^ a b "Historical Census of India".  ^ a b c "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

Bibliography[edit]

Dasharatha Sharma (1959). Early Chauhān Dynasties. S. Chand / Motilal Banarsidass. ISBN 9780842606189.  Har Bilas Sarda (1911). "Adhai-Din-ka-Jhonpra". Ajmer: Historical and Descriptive (PDF). Scottish Mission.  R. B. Singh (1964). History of the Chāhamānas. N. Kishore. OCLC 11038728.  W.D. Begg: The Holy Biography of Hazrat Khwaja Muinuddin Chishti (Millat Book Centre, Delhi, 1999). Ajmer
Ajmer
The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909, v. 5, p. 137-146.

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Ajmer.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ajmer.

Ajmer District
Ajmer District
website R. Nath Mughal Architecture Image Collection, Images from Ajmer
Ajmer
- University of Washington Digital Collection

Portals Access related topics

Rajasthan
Rajasthan
portal India portal

Find out more on's Sister projects

Media from Commons Source texts from Wikisource

v t e

Ajmer
Ajmer
topics

History

Ajmer-Merwara Ajmer
Ajmer
State Moinuddin Chishti Prithviraj Chauhan

Buildings and landmarks

Mosques / Temples

Adhai Din Ka Jhonpra Ajmer
Ajmer
Jain temple Ajmer
Ajmer
Sharif Dargah Nareli Jain Temple Sai Baba temple

Lakes

Ana Sagar
Ana Sagar
Lake Foy Sagar Lake

Others

Taragarh Fort Magazine Museum Maqbara Shaikh Husain

Transport

Air

Kishangarh
Kishangarh
Airport

Rail

Adarshnagar railway station Ajmer
Ajmer
Junction railway station Akola–Ratlam (metre gauge trains) Jaipur–Ahmedabad line

Road

Ajmer- Jaipur
Jaipur
Expressway

Education

Schools

Mayo College Sophia Girls' School St. Anselm's Ajmer St. Mary's Convent Girls' School

Colleges

Engineering College, Ajmer Government Engineering College Government Mahila Engineering College

Universities

Central University of Rajasthan

Other Topics

Tourist Attractions

v t e

State of Rajasthan

Capital: Jaipur

Outline

Geography Climate Cuisine Economy History Politics Government Tourism Language Rivers Highest point Films Institutions of higher education Municipalities Chief Secretaries Chief Justices of Rajasthan
Rajasthan
High Court

Governance

Governors Chief Ministers Speaker Legislative Assembly Political parties Constituencies of Rajasthan
Rajasthan
Legislative Assembly High Court Police

Divisions and districts

Ajmer
Ajmer
Division

Ajmer
Ajmer
district Bhilwara
Bhilwara
district Nagaur
Nagaur
district Tonk district

Bharatpur Division

Bharatpur district Dholpur
Dholpur
district Karauli
Karauli
district Sawai Madhopur
Sawai Madhopur
district

Bikaner
Bikaner
Division

Bikaner
Bikaner
district Churu
Churu
district Sri Ganganagar
Sri Ganganagar
district Hanumangarh
Hanumangarh
district

Jaipur
Jaipur
Division

Alwar
Alwar
district Dausa
Dausa
district Jaipur
Jaipur
district Jhunjhunu
Jhunjhunu
district Sikar
Sikar
district

Jodhpur
Jodhpur
Division

Barmer district Jaisalmer
Jaisalmer
district Jalor district Jodhpur
Jodhpur
district Pali district Sirohi
Sirohi
district

Kota Division

Baran district Bundi
Bundi
district Jhalawar
Jhalawar
district Kota district

Udaipur
Udaipur
Division

Banswara
Banswara
district Chittorgarh
Chittorgarh
district Dungarpur
Dungarpur
district Pratapgarh district Rajsamand
Rajsamand
district Udaipur
Udaipur
district

Major cities

Jaipur
Jaipur
(capital) Alwar Ajmer Bikaner Jodhpur Kota Udaipur

Related templates

Forts in Rajasthan Hydrography of Rajathan Power stations and power organisations

v t e

Divisions and Districts of Rajasthan

Ajmer
Ajmer
division

Ajmer
Ajmer
district

Ajmer Kekri Kiranipura Kishangarh Nasirabad Pushkar Sarwar Beawar Vijainagar

Bhilwara
Bhilwara
district

Asind Beejoliya Kalan Bhilwara Gangapur Gulabpura Jahazpur Mandalgarh Shahpura

Nagaur
Nagaur
district

Basni Belima Didwana Goredi Chancha Kuchaman City Kuchera Ladnun Makrana Merta City Mundwa Nagaur Nawa Parbatsar

Tonk district

Deoli Malpura Niwai Todaraisingh Tonk Uniara Vanasthali Dev Dham Jodhpuriya Manoharpura Kacholiya

Bharatpur division

Bharatpur district

Bayana Bharatpur Bhusawar Deeg Farsho Kaman Kumher Nadbai Nagar Weir Jurehra Pahadi

Dholpur
Dholpur
district

Bari Dholpur Rajakhera Sarmathura

Karauli
Karauli
district

Hindaun Karauli Todabhim Mandrayal Suroth Shri Mahaveer Ji Mahu Ibrahimpur Kailadevi Karanpur Kurhganv Langra Rodhai

Sawai Madhopur district

Gangapur Mahu Kalan Sawai Madhopur Todra

Bikaner
Bikaner
division

Bikaner
Bikaner
district

Bikaner Deshnoke Dungargarh Khajuwala Loonkaransar Udasar Napasar Nokha

Churu
Churu
district

Bidasar Chhapar Churu Dungargarh Rajaldesar Rajgarh Ratangarh Ratannagar Sardarshahar Sujangarh Taranagar

Sri Ganganagar district

Anupgarh Gajsinghpur Ganeshgarh Karanpur Kesrisinghpur Padampur Raisinghnagar Rawla Mandi Sadulshahar Sri Ganganagar Suratgarh Vijainagar

Hanumangarh district

Bhadra Hanumangarh Nohar Pilibanga Rawatsar Sangaria

Jaipur
Jaipur
division

Alwar
Alwar
district

Alwar Behror Bhiwadi Govindgarh Khairthal Kherli Kishangarh Rajgarh Tijara

Dausa
Dausa
district

Bandikui Dausa Lalsot Mahwa Mandawar

Jaipur
Jaipur
district

Bagru Bairat Chaksu Chomu Jaipur Jamwa Ramgarh Jobner Kishangarh
Kishangarh
Renwal Kotputli Phagi Phulera Sambhar Shahpura

Jhunjhunu
Jhunjhunu
district

Baggar Bissau Buhana Chirawa Gothra Gudhagorji Jhunjhunu Khetri Kodesar Malsisar Mandawa Mukandgarh Nawalgarh Pilani Surajgarh Togra Sawroop Singh Udaipurwati Vidyavihar

Sikar
Sikar
district

Fatehpur Khandela Khatushyamji Lachhmangarh Losal Neem-Ka-Thana Ramgarh Reengus Sikar Sri Madhopur

Jodhpur
Jodhpur
division

Barmer district

Balotra Barmer Gudamalani Siwana Dhorimana Sheo Sindhri Samdari

Jaisalmer
Jaisalmer
district

Jaisalmer Pokhran

Jalore
Jalore
district

Bhinmal Jalore Sanchore Ahore Raniwara

Jodhpur
Jodhpur
district

Bilara Jodhpur Phalodi Piparcity Bhopalgarh Osian

Pali district

Bali Falna Jaitaran Marwar Junction Pali Rani Nimaj Sadri Sojat Sojat
Sojat
Road Sumerpur Takhatgarh Nadol

Sirohi
Sirohi
district

Abu Road Mount Abu Pindwara Sheoganj Sirohi

Kota division

Baran district

Antah Atru Baran Chhabra Chhipabarod Kherliganj Mangrol

Bundi
Bundi
district

Budhpura Bundi Indragarh Kaprain Keshoraipatan Lakheri Nainwa

Jhalawar
Jhalawar
district

Aklera Bakani Bhawani Mandi Jhalawar Jhalrapatan Kolvi Mandi Rajendra pura Manohar Thana Pirawa

Kota district

Chechat Kaithoon Kota Kumbhkot Modak Ramganj Mandi Sangod Satalkheri Sogariya Suket Udpura

Udaipur
Udaipur
division

Banswara
Banswara
district

Banswara Kushalgarh Partapur

Chittorgarh
Chittorgarh
district

Bari Sadri Begun Chittorgarh Kapasan Nimbahera Rawatbhata

Dungarpur
Dungarpur
district

Dungarpur Galiakot Sagwara Simalwara

Pratapgarh district

Chhoti Sadri Pratapgarh

Rajsamand
Rajsamand
district

Amet Dariba Devgrah Nathdwara Rajsamand

Udaipur
Udaipur
district

Bhalariya Bhinder Dhariawad Fatehnagar Jhadol Kanor Kherwara Chhaoni Newa Talai Rikhabdeo Salumb

.