Aircrew, also called flight crew, are personnel who operate an aircraft while in flight. The composition of a flight's crew depends on the type of aircraft, plus the flight's duration and purpose.
1 Commercial aviation
1.1 Flight deck positions 1.2 Cabin positions
2 Military 3 See also 4 References
4.1 Citations 4.2 Bibliography
5 External links
Commercial aviation Flight deck positions In commercial aviation, the aircrew are called flight crew. Some flight crew position names are derived from nautical terms and indicate a rank or command structure similar to that on ocean-going vessels, allowing for quick executive decision making during normal operations or emergency situations. Historical flightdeck positions include:
Captain, the pilot designated as the Pilot-In-Command (PIC), and
the highest-ranking member or members of a flight crew.
First Officer (FO, also called a co-pilot), another pilot who is not
the pilot-in-command, and is normally seated to the right of the
captain. (On helicopters, an FO is normally seated to the left of the
captain, who occupies the right hand seat).
Second Officer (SO), a person lower in rank to the First Officer, and
who typically performs selected duties and also acts as a relief
pilot. The rank of Second Officer was traditionally a Flight Engineer,
who was often the person who handled the engine controls. In the 21st
century, second officers on some airlines are pilots who act as
"cruise relief" on long haul flights.
Third Officer (TO), a person lower in rank to a Second Officer, and
who typically performs selected duties and can also act as a relief
pilot. Largely redundant in the present day.
'Relief Crew' members in the present day are fully licensed and
trained Captains and First Officers who accompany long-haul airline
flights, and who relieve the primary pilots during designated portions
of the flight to provide them with rest or sleep breaks (some large
wide-body airliners are equipped with special pilot sleeper berths,
but more typically reserved seats in the section closest to the flight
deck, or cockpit, are used for the relief crew). The number of relief
crew members assigned to a flight depends in part on the length of the
flight and the official air regulations the airline operates
Flight Engineer (FE), a position originally called an 'Air Mechanic'.
On older aircraft, typically between the late-1920s and the 1970s, the
Flight Engineer was the crew member responsible for engines, systems
and fuel management. As aircraft became increasingly sophisticated and
automated, this function has been mostly assumed by the primary pilots
(Captain and FO), resulting in a continued downsizing in the number of
aircrew positions on commercial flights. The Flight Engineer's
position is commonly staffed as a Second Officer. Flight engineers can
still be found in the present day (in greatly diminished numbers),
used on airline or air freight operations still flying such older
aircraft. The position is typically crewed by a dual-licensed
Pilot-Flight Engineer in the present day.
Airborne Sensor Operator, An airborne sensor operator (aerial sensor
operator, ASO, Aerial Remote Sensing Data Acquisition Specialist,
Aerial Payload Operator, Police Tactical Flight Officer, Tactical
Coordinator etc.) is the functional profession of gathering
information from an airborne platform (Manned or Unmanned) and/or
oversee mission management systems for academic, commercial, public
safety or military remote sensing purposes. The airborne sensor
operator is considered a principal flight crew or aircrew
Purser or In-flight Service Manager or Cabin Services Director, is
responsible for the cabin crew as a team leader.
USAF, RAF and RAAF aircrew and maintenance personnel with their C-17s
From the start of military aviation, additional crew members have flown on military aircraft. Over time these duties have expanded:
Air gunner, crew member responsible for the operation of defensive
weapons, for example gun turrets. Specific positions include nose
gunner, door gunner and tail gunner
Bombardier or Bomb Aimer is a crew member for the release of ordnance,
Boom operator, in the USAF the crew member on tanker aircraft
responsible for operating the flying boom and the transfer of fuel.
Combat systems officer
Airborne Sensor Operator, An airborne sensor operator (Aerial Sensor
Operator, Tactical Coordinator, EWO etc.) is the functional profession
of gathering information from an airborne platform (Manned or
Unmanned) and/or oversee mission management systems for tactical,
operational and strategic remote sensing purposes.
Crew chief, an enlisted aircraft mechanic responsible for the
maintenance and preparation of the aircraft.
Flight engineer, a crew member responsible for engines, systems and
Flight surgeon, not involved in the operation of the aircraft but is
considered by some militaries to be aircrew.
Loadmaster, crew member responsible for loading freight and personnel
and the weight and balance of the aircraft.
Navigator, a crew member responsible for air navigation. Still
actively trained and licensed in some present day militaries, as
electronic navigation aids can not be assumed to be operational during
Air Crew (film)
^ a b UK Civil Aviation Authority CAP804 ^ a b c d Smith, Patrick. Patrick Smith's Ask The Pilot: When a Pilot Dies in Flight, AskThePilot.com website, 2013, which in turn cites:
^ a b c d e f Lowery, John. Pan American Airways Conquers Global Travel, in Flying the World in Clipper Ships. Retrieved from flightjournal.com ^ "Cathay Pacific - Cadet Pilots". jobsatcathaypacific.com. Retrieved 7 July 2015. ^ Stringman, D.C. (Flt. Lt.). The History of the Air Engineer: Training in the Royal Air Force, U.K.: RAF Finningley, 1984, pp. 39–43. ^ Cox, John. Ask the Captain: What does the flight engineer do?, USA Today, March 23, 2014. Retrieved August 14, 2014. ^ Eldridge, Andrea. Confessions of a Flight Engineer: Flashlights, timers, and breath mints required, Air & Space Smithsonian magazine, November 2011. ^ Military Factory website, 2016. Retrieved February 21, 2016 ^ Law Officer Archived 2016-02-16 at the Wayback Machine., October 30, 2008. Retrieved February 21, 2016 ^ Grierson, Mike. Aviation History—Demise of the Flight Navigator, FrancoFlyers.org website, October 14, 2008. Retrieved August 31, 2014. ^ "Technology Timeline: The First Air-to-ground & Ground-to-air Communication". AT&T Labs. Retrieved 2011-11-07. ^ Ennis, E.E. Wireless Telegraphy from an Aeroplane, Journal of Electricity, Power and Gas, April 1, 1911, pp. 279–280 ^ a b Harris 2001, p. 4.
Harris, Tom. How
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