1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Aincille (Basque: Aintzilla) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aintzildars.[1]


A Wayside Cross in Aincille


The town is part of Cize Country in the former Basque province of Lower Navarre.

It is located some 50 km south-east of Bayonne and 5 km southeast of Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port.


The commune can be accessed by the D401 road from Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port in the northwest to the village. From the village the D118 road goes north to join the D18 highway.[2]


Located in the drainage basin of the Adour, the northeastern border of the commune is marked by the Laurhibar river, which flows north to join the Nive north of Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port. A stream rises near the village and flows to the Laurhibar in the north-east. The Urtchipea rises in the south of the commune and flows northwest gathering many tributaries and joins the Nive de Beherobie at Saint-Michel. The Sassitako erreka rises southwest of the village and flows northwest joining the Laurhibar east of Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port.

Localities and hamlets

  • Ahadoa
  • Aïntzilsarria
  • Bassaburua
  • Bentaberria
  • Berho
  • Chiramberroa
  • Esconda
  • Etcheverrigaraya
  • Gamaberria
  • Goyhenetchéa
  • Handiague
  • Harchilo
  • Jaureguia
  • Oilloquy
  • Pagola
  • Sahaby
  • Sotalda


The commune name in basque is Ahintzila meaning "hill of mud",[3] Aintzila[4] or Aintzil-Harrieta.[5]

Jean-Baptiste Orpustan wrote the name of the commune in the form Aïncille. He also indicated that in Basque the inhabitants are referred to as Aintzildar.[4]

The following table details the origins of the commune name.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Aincille Aincibiu 1264 Mérimée Village
Aincibiu 1309 Orpustan
Ancivil 1291 Orpustan
Ancivil 1292 Mérimée
Ancil 1304 Mérimée
Ancil 1344 Orpustan
Ançill 1307 Mérimée
Ançill 1307 Orpustan
Ancibiu 1350 Mérimée
Ancibiu 1350 Orpustan
Aincile 18th century Raymond
Ancille 1801 Cassini Bulletin des lois



  • Intendance: Intendance of Pau[7]


Part of Aincille territory next to the communes of Ahaxe-Alciette-Bascassan, Bustince-Iriberry, Çaro, Lecumberry, Mendive, Saint-Jean-le-Vieux, and Saint-Michel, was taken on 11 June 1842 to form of the commune of Estérençuby.[8]


Arms of Aincille

Quarterly, first Azure a bridge of Or masoned in sable debruised over a wave of argent in base, in chief 3 stars the same arranged in fesse; second of Or with an eagle displayed in sable; three vert a cow of Or collared and belled in azure posed in base surmounted by a sheep of argent horned in Or; fourth azure with a church in Or in profile roofed the same extended at dexter with a porch abased and surmounted at dexter by a belltower and steeple the same supporting a cross in sable, windows and doors the same..


The Town Hall

List of Successive Mayors of Aincille[9]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2008 Jean Françaistéguy
2008 2020 Gilbert Ocafrain

(Not all data is known)


The commune belongs to six intercommunal structures:

  • the Community of communes of Garazi-Baigorri
  • the AEP association of Ainhice
  • the energy association for Pyrenees-Atlantiques
  • the intercommunal association for the development and management of the slaughterhouse at Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port
  • the joint association for the watershed of the Nive
  • the association to support Basque culture.


In 2010 the commune had 135 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
416 297 413 344 558 590 423 362 341
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
336 303 301 320 307 270 260 241 227
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
217 232 211 191 187 193 183 176 168
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
146 123 136 113 110 103 118 135 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

Aincille War Memorial
Population of Aincille


The town is part of the production area of Irouléguy AOC and the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zone of Ossau-iraty.

Economic activity is mainly agricultural.

Aincille had long received saline (saline of Ugarré) since the 17th century and had the distinction of being a corporation with ownership of twenty-nine old houses of the town[10] and was reunited with the royal domain in 1683.

Culture and heritage


According to the Map of the Seven Basque Provinces published in 1863 by Prince Louis-Lucien Bonaparte, the dialect of Basque spoken in Aincille is Eastern Low Navarrese.

Civil heritage

Aincille Cemetery Cross

The commune has several sites that are registered as historical monuments:

  • Houses and Farms (18th-19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[11]
  • The Idiondoa Farmhouse (1617)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[12]
  • The Ahadoberria Farmhouse (1768)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[13]

Religious Heritage

Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint John the Baptist

The commune has several religious sites that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Croix de Carrefour (Crossroads Cross) Wayside CrossLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[14]
  • A Cemetery Cross (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[15]
  • The Parish Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint John the Baptist (Middle Ages)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[16] The church contains two items that are registered as historical objects:
    • A Processional Cross (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[17]
    • A Statue: Virgin and child (13th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[18]
Church Picture Gallery
Stained Glass

See also


  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1] Archived 2016-03-06 at the Wayback Machine., the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.


  1. ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  2. ^ Google Maps
  3. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000872 Presentation of Aincille Commune (in French)
  4. ^ a b c Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy, Presses universitaires de Bordeaux, 2006, ISBN 2 86781 396 4 (in French)
  5. ^ Pierre Lhande, Dictionary basque-French, Éditions Beauchène, 1 April 1997, ISBN 2-7010-0532-9 (in French)
  6. ^ Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (in French)
  7. ^ Titles of the intendance of Pau - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  8. ^ (in Spanish) Article on Estérençuby in the Encyclopedia Auñamendi
  9. ^ List of Mayors of France
  10. ^ Philippe Veyrin, The Basques, Arthaud, 1975, ISBN 2 7003 0038 6, page 23. (in French)
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000966 Houses and Farms (in French)
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000861 Idiondoa Farmhouse (in French)
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000860 Ahadoberria Farmhouse (in French)
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00084306 Croix de Carrefour (in French)
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00084307 Cemetery Cross (in French)
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000857 Parish Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint John the Baptist (in French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000025 Processional Cross (in French)
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000024 Statue: Virgin and child (in French)

External links