Aidoneus (Ancient Greek: Ἀїδωνεύς) was a mythical king of the
Molossians in Epirus, who is represented as the husband of Persephone.
After Theseus, with the assistance of Pirithous, concealed Helen at
Aphidnae, he went to
Epirus to procure for
Pirithous Kore, the
daughter of Aidoneus, as a reward. When
Aidoneus discovered that they
had come with the intention of carrying off his daughter, he had
Pirithous killed by Cerberus, and kept
Theseus in captivity, who was
afterwards released at the request of Heracles. Eusebius calls the
Aidoneus a daughter of queen Demeter, with whom he had
eloped. Thus the story of
Aidoneus is the legend of Hades' kidnapp
of Persephone, in the form of a real-world history, and is undoubtedly
the work of a late interpreter of ancient myths.
Theseus 31, 35
^ Eusebius of Caesarea, Chronicon p. 27
^ Schmitz, Leonhard (1867), "Aidoneus", in Smith, William, Dictionary
of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, 1, Boston: Little, Brown
and Company, p. 88
This article incorporates text from a publication now in
the public domain: Smith, William, ed. (1870). "Aidoneus".
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.
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