Aharon Ibn Hayyim
(Hebrew: אהרן אבן חיים 1545–1632)
was a biblical and Talmudic commentator. Born in Fez, Morocco, he
served on the bet din and studied at the yeshivot of his father,
Vidal ha-Zarefati and Joseph Almosnino. In 1606 he left Fez for Egypt,
and made his way to
in 1608 where he printed his numerous
manuscripts. While in Venice, Ibn Hayyim gave lectures in several
congregations, and was well known by famous rabbis at the time. He
in 1632, and is well known for his publications Leb
Aharon, Korban Aharon (commentary on the Sifra), and Middot Aharon.
Leb Aharon (Aaron's Heart) is a commentary on Joshua and the Judges,
and contains both simple explanations of the words (peshat), as well
as a more in depth analysis of the text at large (derush). While
Ibn Hayyim wrote commentaries to the Mekhilta[disambiguation needed],
Sifrei, Pentateuch, Prophets, and Song of Songs, Leb Aharon was his
only commentary of this type to be published.
Middot Aharon (Aaron's Rules) is Aharon ibn Hayyim's most well-known
publication, and serves as one of the only compositions that
adequately discusses the thirteen hermeneutic principles as laid out
by R. Ishmael. This work focuses on the development and application of
the thirteen hermeneutical principles, and was largely responsible for
becoming a subject of study. Ibn Hayyim's main objective is
to search for and explain the plain meaning of the text, and seeks to
interpret the literal meaning, despite his often-wordy
^ a b c Aharon ibn Hayyim at JewishEncyclopedia.com
^ a b c "Aaron Ibn Hayyim". Encyclopaedia Judaica. Detroit: Macmillan.
2007. p. 679.
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