Agusta was an Italian helicopter manufacturer. It was based in
Samarate, Northern Italy. The company was founded by Count Giovanni
Agusta in 1923, who flew his first airplane in 1907. The MV Agusta
motorcycle manufacturer began as an offshoot of the
company at the end of the Second World War as a means to save the jobs
of employees of the
In July 2000
Agusta merged with
Westland Helicopters to form
AgustaWestland S.p.A., a multinational helicopter design and
manufacturing company, and a wholly owned subsidiary of
2.2 Aircraft engines
3 See also
5 External links
From 1952 the company got involved in helicopter manufacturing, first
building Bell helicopters under licence, but later Sikorsky, Boeing
McDonnell Douglas products as well. The company also had ambitions
to design and build its own helicopters. The
Agusta A.101 and the
Agusta A.106 can be considered the best of its earlier attempts.
Others included the AB.102, A.103, A.104, and A.115. It also produced
a small line of aero engines such as the GA.70 and GA.140.
Developed in the 1970s, the
Agusta A109 has undoubtedly been the
company's biggest success. The A109 is a commercial and military twin
turbine helicopter, of which the latest variants are still in
production, hundreds having already been sold.
In 1983 the
Agusta A129 Mangusta
Agusta A129 Mangusta anti-tank helicopter partook in its
first official flight engagement. It was the first attack helicopter
to be designed and produced in Western Europe. However, this
helicopter has been a limited commercial success so far, seeing
service with the Italian Army, and only now has a modernized variant
being developed for the Turkish Army.
The 1980s saw the start of several collaborative projects for Agusta.
Agusta and Westland of Britain started the EH101 medium-lift
naval helicopter project in order to satisfy the requirements of the
Royal Navy and the Italian Navy. In 1985 the company started a
collaborative programme with the aeronautic industries of France,
Germany and the Netherlands in order to develop and produce the NHI
NH90, a nine-ton twin engine multi-role medium helicopter in order to
satisfy the requirements of their respective countries’ armed
1990s projects include the
Agusta A109 Power, an improved version of
the A109 (1994) and the
Agusta A119 Koala (1997), a single-engine
design based on the A109.
Agusta became involved in a notorious Belgian bribery scandal when it
was revealed that the company had paid the two Belgian socialist
parties who were then (1988/1989) in the government to assist the
company in getting the contract for attack helicopters for the Belgian
Agusta formed a joint venture with Bell
called the Bell/
Agusta Aerospace Company. Its aim was to develop the
Agusta AB139 helicopter and the
Bell/Agusta BA609 tiltrotor
aircraft. Bell later withdrew from the AW609 project, which is now
known as the
In July 2000
GKN plc agreed to merge their respective
helicopter subsidiaries (
Agusta and GKN-Westland Helicopters), forming
It was reported on 12 February 2013 that the chief executive, Giuseppe
Orsi, was arrested on corruption charges. Prosecutors allege he paid
bribes to ensure the sale of 12 helicopters to the Indian government,
when he was head of the group's
On 13 February 2013 Finmeccanica’s Board of Directors named Mr
Alessandro Pansa chief executive officer and resolves to confer the
role of vice chairman to Admiral Guido Venturoni.
Shortly after Pansa's appointment, Italian investigators discovered a
case of bribery by
Finmeccanica in its deal with India following which
the government of India issued a show cause notice to the company.
A complaint has been filed seeking an investigation into the sale of
21 civil helicopters worth over Rs 7,000 crore (US$1.6 billion) by
AgustaWestland between 2005-2013 in India. As per the complaint Agusta
Westland has been selling civil helicopters in India through. Tax
authorities in India have been asked to probe the possibility of tax
evasion by Sharp Ocean on the commission received for the sale of
helicopters and foreign exchange deprivation to the country by
off-shoring payments for the sale of helicopters in India.
Separately, the comptroller and auditor general, in its latest report,
has indicted the Chhattisgarh government for overpaying Rs.65 lakh
(US$120,000) for the purchase of a VVIP chopper -an
Agusta A-109 Power
helicopter. Both companies are promoted by twin brothers Nayan
Jagjivan and Nakul Jagjivan.
A.101 prototype transport helicopter
A.103 prototype single-seat light helicopter
A.104 Helicar prototype light helicopter
A.105 prototype light helicopter
A.106 light ASW helicopter
A109/AW109 multi-purpose helicopter
A.115 prototype light helicopter
AW119 Koala utility helicopter
A129 Mangusta attack helicopter
AZ8-L prototype propliner/airliner
EMA 124 prototype light utility helicopter
CP-110 prototype light propeller aircraft
Bell/Agusta BA609 (50% share)
EHI Industries EH101
NH90 (32% share)
AB206 Jet Ranger
List of Italian companies
2013 Indian helicopter bribery scandal
^ Key, Peter (30 April 2013). "Philly factory to begin producing new
chopper". Philadelphia Business Journal. Retrieved May 3, 2013.
^ "Finmeccanica's Giuseppe Orsi held on corruption charges". BBC News.
Retrieved 28 July 2015.
^ Emilio Parodi and Stephen Jewkes (12 February 2013). "Finmeccanica
head arrested over India bribe allegations". Reuters.
Finmeccanica names Pansa as CEO ahead of board review". Reuters
India. Retrieved 28 July 2015.
^ "India scraps chopper deal, adds 7 years to IAF's wait".
hindustantimes.com/. Archived from the original on 31 May 2013.
Retrieved 28 July 2015.
^ Administrator2. "Probe sought into the other
Agusta deal". Retrieved
28 July 2015.
^ "Home". theweek.in. Retrieved 28 July 2015.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Agusta.
Agusta Museum—(in Italian)
Subsidiaries and joint ventures
Agusta Aerospace Company
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