Agnos is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Agnosiens or Agnosiennes[1]

Access door to the Castle


Agnos is located just 2 km south of Oloron-Sainte-Marie and some 25 km southwest of Pau. It can be accessed on the D155 road from Bidos in the northeast coming southwest to the village then continuing southeast to Gurmençon. The D555 road also passes through the commune from the north and joins the D155 northeast of the village.[2] The commune is mixed farmland and forests with the forests scattered throughout the commune.

Located in the Adour basin,[3] the Mielle river flows from south of the commune forming part of the southern border then continuing north through the village and together with several tributaries rising in the commune joins the Gave d'Oloron north of Oloron-Sainte-Marie.

Places and hamlets

  • La Baig[4]
  • Candalot
  • Dufau
  • Fontaine Anglade
  • Laborde-Boy
  • Lasserre
  • Ledorré
  • Logecoop
  • Mirande
  • Le Plouts
  • Sayette
  • Sentin

Neighbouring communes and villages


The commune name in béarnais is Anhos. Michel Grosclaude suggested that Agnos came from a Latin man's name Annius with an Aqitaine suffix -ossum the whole meaning "domain of Annius".[5]

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Agnos Anhos 1364 Raymond
Fors de Béarn Village
Aynhos 14th century Raymond
Aignos 1675 Raymond
Agnos 18th century Grosclaude
Agnos 1750 Cassini
La Baig La Baig 1863 Raymond




Paul Raymond noted on page 3 of his 1863 dictionary that in 1385 Agnos had seventeen fires and depended on the bailiwick of Oloron.[4]

The commune was merged with Gurmençon on 1 February 1973 to form the commune called Val-du-Gave d'Aspe. It was restored to its previous status on 1 January 1983.


List of Successive Mayors of Agnos[9]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2020 André Bernos PS

(Not all data is known)


The town is part of five inter-communal organisations:

  • the Community of communes of Piedmont Oloronais
  • the SIVU to limit floods in Agnos
  • the AEP Union for Agnos-Gurmençon
  • the Inter-communal Union for Sanitisation for the Aspe gateway
  • the energy union for Pyrénées-Atlantiques


In 2010 the commune had 880 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
346 301 328 375 421 479 473 482 461
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
431 431 419 407 372 402 384 405 405
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
412 406 403 401 374 373 368 351 390
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2007 2008
372 353 465 478 645 751 824 834 842
2009 2010 - - - - - - -
864 880 - - - - - - -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

Population of Agnos

Agnos is part of the urban area of Oloron-Sainte-Marie.


The activity of the commune is mainly agricultural (farming, polyculture). The town is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) of ossau-iraty.

The 2006 classification by INSEE showed the median household incomes for each commune with more than 50 households (30,687 communes out of 36,681 communes identified).[10] It classed Agnos at the rank of 6,323, for an average income of €18,420.

Culture and heritage

Religious Heritage

Church from the 19th century

The Church has a Trinitarian steeple (the presence of a Bell-gable or campenard). It contains many items which are registered as historical objects (although some were destroyed by fire in 1968):

Environmental heritage

The Forests of Bugangue[18] and Labaigt are inter-association woods managed by the National Office of Forests (ONF)[19] which provide valuable shelter for preserving local flora and fauna. Many species are protected. An arboretum is a result of collaboration with the ONF.[20]

The Mielle, a small stream that rises in Agnos, is listed in the Natura 2000 program for three rare species: white-clawed crayfish, European pond turtles, and the rare European mink which does not exist anywhere in France except in the south-west.

The Pyrenees are rich in scenery and the village of Agnos is the starting point of one of the most attractive routes for cycling across the foothills: From Agnos to Mail Arrouil and back (four hours of cycling or seven hours of walking) in a variety of environments, moors, rocks, meadows with views of the Pyrenees. This route, like many others, is managed by the local hiking plan of the Community of communes of Piémont Oloronais (CCPO).[21]


Primary school

The model aircraft club[22] welcomes its members in the Sayette neighborhood.


The town has a primary school.

Multi-Media Library

The Multi-media library project of the CCPO identified the municipal library of Agnos as a relay point.

Sports and sports equipment

The basketball club merged with that of Asasp in 2006 to form BCHB (Basketball Club of Haut-Bearn).

Notable People linked to the commune

  • Catherine Capdevielle, born in 1938 in Agnos, is an athlete specialising in ordeal sprinting.

See also


  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1] Archived 2016-03-06 at the Wayback Machine., the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.


  1. ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  2. ^ Google Maps
  3. ^ Notice of Sandre on Agnos Archived 2007-10-15 at the Wayback Machine., consulted on 27 September 2009 (in French)
  4. ^ a b c Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (in French)
  5. ^ a b Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2-35068-005-3 (in French)
  6. ^ Cassini Map 1750 – Agnos
  7. ^ a b Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  8. ^ Manuscript from the 16th to 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  9. ^ List of Mayors of France (in French)
  10. ^ Statistical Summary by commune, department, and sector of employment, consulted on 9 September 2009 (in French)
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000537 Altar (in French)
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000536 6 Candlesticks (in French)
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000535 Cross (in French)
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000534 Tabernacle (in French)
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000006 Chalice (in French)
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000005 Ciborium (in French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000003 Retable (in French)
  18. ^ Friends of Bugangue website (in French)
  19. ^ National Office of Forests website (in French)
  20. ^ The arboretum is mentioned on the commune website (in French)
  21. ^ CCPO website (in French)
  22. ^ Model Aircraft Club website (in French)

External links