Agence France-Presse (AFP) is an international news agency
headquartered in Paris, France.
Founded in 1835, AFP is the third largest news agency in the
world, after the
Associated Press (AP) and Reuters. Journalists of the
French Resistance established the AFP in the headquarters of the
former Office français d'information, a Vichy news agency, following
the liberation of Paris.
Currently, the CEO is Emmanuel Hoog (fr) and the News Director is
Michèle Léridon. AFP has regional offices in Nicosia, Montevideo,
Hong Kong, and Washington, D.C., and bureaux in 150 countries. AFP
transmits news in French, English, Arabic, Portuguese, Spanish, and
1.1 Agence Havas
1.2 Agence France-Presse
3 Copyright violation
5 See also
7 External links
Havas was founded in 1835 by a Parisian translator and
advertising agent, Charles-Louis Havas as Agence Havas. Two of his
Paul Reuter and Bernhard Wolff, later set up rival news
Berlin respectively, starting 1848.[citation
needed] In order to reduce overhead and develop the lucrative
advertising side of the business, Havas's sons, who had succeeded him
in 1852, signed agreements with Reuter and Wolff, giving each news
agency an exclusive reporting zone in different parts of
Europe. This arrangement lasted until the 1930s, when
the invention of short-wave wireless improved and cut communications
costs. To help
Havas extend the scope of its reporting at a time of
great international tension, the French government financed up to 47%
of its investments.
In 1940, when German forces occupied
France during World War II, the
news agency was taken over by the authorities and renamed "Office
français d'information" (French Information Office); only the private
advertising company retained the name Havas. On August 20, 1944, as
Allied forces moved on Paris, a group of journalists in the French
Resistance seized the offices of the FIO and issued the first news
dispatch from the liberated city under the name of Agence
Established as a state enterprise, AFP devoted the post-war years to
developing its network of international correspondents. One of them
was the first Western journalist to report the death of the Soviet
Joseph Stalin on March 6, 1953. AFP was keen to shake off its
semi-official status, and on January 10, 1957, the French Parliament
passed a law establishing its independence. Since that date, the
proportion of the agency's revenues generated by subscriptions from
government departments has steadily declined. Such subscriptions
represented 115 million Euros in 2011.
In 1982, the agency began to decentralize its editorial
decision-making by setting up the first of its five autonomous
regional centres, in Hong Kong, then a British Crown colony. Each
region has its own budget, administrative director and chief editor.
In September 2007, the AFP Foundation was launched to promote higher
standards of journalism worldwide. The mission of the AFP "... is'
'defined by its statutes: to report events, free of « all
influences or considerations likely to impair the exactitude »
of its news and « under no circumstances to pass under the legal
or actual control of an ideological, political or economic group."
Mitrokhin archive identified six agents and two confidential KGB
Agence France-Presse who were used in Soviet
operations in France.
In 1991, AFP set up a joint venture with
Extel to create a financial
news service, AFX News. It was sold in 2006 to Thomson
In October 2008, the Government of
France announced moves to change
AFP's status, including the involvement of outside investors. On
November 27 of that year, the main trade unions represented in the
company's home base of
France – the CGT, Force Ouvrière, Syndicat
national des journalistes, Union syndicale des journalistes
CFDT and SUD, launched an online petition to oppose what they saw
as an attempt to privatise the agency.
On December 10, 2009, the French Culture Minister Frédéric
Mitterrand announced that he was setting up a Committee of Experts
under former AFP CEO Henri Pigeat to study plans for the agency's
future status. On February 24, 2010, Pierre Louette unexpectedly
announced his intention to resign as CEO by the end of March, and move
to a job with
AFP headquarters in Paris.
AFP is a state-owned enterprise operating under a 1957 law,
but is officially a commercial business independent of the French
government. AFP is administered by a CEO and a board comprising 15
Eight representatives of the French press;
Two representatives of the AFP personnel;
Two representatives of the government-owned radio and television;
Three representatives of the government. One is named by the prime
minister, another by the minister of finance, and a third by the
minister of foreign affairs.
The board elects the CEO for a renewable term of three years. The AFP
also has a council charged with ensuring that the agency operates
according to its statutes, which mandate absolute independence and
neutrality. Editorially, AFP is governed by a network of senior
The primary client of AFP is the French government, which purchases
subscriptions for its various services. In practice, those
subscriptions are an indirect subsidy to AFP. The statutes of the
agency prohibit direct government subsidies.
In November 2013, AFP and
Getty Images were ordered to pay $1.2
million compensation to freelance photojournalist Daniel Morel for
using his images posted on
Twitter related to the 2010 Haiti
earthquake without his permission, in violation of copyright and
Twitter's terms of service.
Notable investments include:
AFP GmbH is the subsidiary of AFP in Germany, producing
German-language services for local press, internet and corporate
Sport-Informations-Dienst (SID) is producing a German-language sports
In November 2007, AFP announced its investment in Scooplive, a news
photo and video agency online, created in
France in 2006. Scooplive
became Citizenside after this investment. Citizenside is now named
List of news agencies
^ Delcambre, Alexis (July 11, 2015). "La grève à l'AFP se poursuit
("AFP strike goes on")". Le Monde. Retrieved July 13, 2015.
^ "Fondation AFP" [AFP Foundation]. Retrieved 25 November 2010.
Successor of the oldest international news agency – founded in 1835
by a Parisian translator and publicist,
Charles-Louis Havas – Agence
France-Presse was reborn on August 20, 1944, during the liberation of
^ James F. Broderick; Darren W. Miller (2007). Consider the source: A
Critical Guide to 100 Prominent News and Information Sites on the Web.
Information Today, Inc. p. 1. ISBN 0-910965-77-3.
^ "AFP: Michèle Léridon appointed Global News Director". AFP (Press
release). 23 June 2014. Retrieved 13 January 2015.
^ "Daily Newspapers: First in a Series on the French Media".
Wikileaks. 6 November 2006. Archived from the original on 7 February
2015. Retrieved 7 February 2015.
^ L'Office Français d'Information (1940–1944) (in French) Revue
d'histoire de la Deuxième Guerre mondiale n°101, January 1976
^ "N° 3806 tome VII – Avis de M. Michel Françaix sur le projet de
loi de finances pour 2012 (n°3775)". Retrieved 19 January 2016.
^ "Accueil – Fondation AFP". Retrieved 19 January 2016.
^ Andrew, Christopher, Vasili Mitrokhin (2000). The Sword and the
Shield: The Mitrokhin Archive and the Secret History of the KGB. Basic
Books. ISBN 0-465-00312-5. p. 169-171
^ AFP and Financial Wires Encroach on Original Market : Reuters
News: Clients Defect By Erik Ipsen Published: February 13, 1992
Thomson Financial acquires AFX. Publication: Information World
Review Publish date: July 10, 2006, highbeam.com
^ "Bienvenue sur le site du SNJ". Retrieved 19 January 2016.
^ "Actualités". Retrieved 19 January 2016.
^ "December 2009: Government Sets up Committee to Study Agency's
Future". Retrieved 19 January 2016.
Agence France-Presse - Company Profile, Information, Business
Description, History, Background Information on Agence France-Presse".
Reference for Business.
^ Translation of AFP's statutes into English (Sept. 2011):
^ Ax, Joseph (November 22, 2013). "Photographer wins $1.2 million from
companies that took pictures off Twitter". Reuters. Retrieved November
^ Laurent, Olivier (November 24, 2013). "
Getty Images disappointed at
$1.2m Morel verdict". British Journal of Photography. Incisive Media.
Archived from the original on November 26, 2013. Retrieved November
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Agence France-Presse.
AFP Correspondents' blog
SOS-AFP trade union website
List of news agencies
Agence France-Presse (Paris)
Associated Press (New York)
Agencia Boliviana de Información (La Paz)
Agência Brasil (Brasília)
Agenzia Fides (Vatican City)
Agenzia Nazionale Stampa Associata (Rome)
Anadolu Agency (Ankara)
Austria Press Agency (Vienna)
Asian News International (New Delhi)
Asia News Network (Bangkok)
Athens-Macedonian News Agency (Athens)
Algeria Press Service (Algiers)
Bloomberg (New York)
Bolpress (La Paz)
Catalan News Agency (Barcelona)
Canadian Press (Toronto)
Catholic News Agency (Denver)
Catholic News Service (America)
Central News Agency (Taipei)
Deutsche Presse-Agentur (Hamburg)
Kenya News Agency (Nairobi)
Kyodo News (Tokyo)
Integrated Regional Information Networks (Nairobi)
Inter Press Service (Rome)
Islamic Republic News Agency (Tehran)
News Agency of Nigeria (Abuja)
Pakistan Television (Islamabad)
Maghreb Arabe Press (Rabat)
Press Association (London)
Press Trust of India (Delhi)
RIA Novosti (Moscow)
Swiss Telegraphic Agency (Bern)
Télam (Buenos Aires)
Tunis Afrique Presse (Tunis)
United Press International (Washington, DC)
United News of India (New Delhi)
Vietnam News Agency (Hanoi)
Zee Media Pvt (Mumbai)
European Alliance of News Agencies (Geneva)
James S. Brady Press Briefing Room
James S. Brady Press Briefing Room seating chart
Wall Street Journal
Dallas Morning News
Fox News Radio
HuffPost/NY Daily News
The seating chart as of June 30, 2017.
White House Correspondents' Association
ISNI: 0000 0001 2294 1547
BNF: cb118687254 (data)
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^ Carter, Brandon (30 June 2017). "Conservative media outlets gain
White House briefing room", The Hill. Retrieved