AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE (AFP) is an international news agency
Founded in 1944, AFP is the third largest news agency in the world,
Associated Press (AP) and
Reuters . Journalists of the
French Resistance established the AFP in the headquarters of the
former "Office Français d\'Information", a Vichy news agency,
following the liberation of
Currently, the CEO is Emmanuel Hoog (fr) and the News Director is
Michèle Léridon. AFP has regional offices in
* 1 History
* 2 Statutes * 3 Copyright violation * 4 Investments * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links
The _Agence Havas_ was founded in 1835 by a Parisian translator and
Charles-Louis Havas as _Agence
Havas _. Two of
Paul Reuter and
Bernhard Wolff , later set up rival
news agencies in
In 1940, when German forces occupied
Established as a state enterprise , AFP devoted the post-war years to developing its network of international correspondents. One of them was the first Western journalist to report the death of the Soviet leader Joseph Stalin on March 6, 1953. AFP was keen to shake off its semi-official status, and on January 10, 1957 the French Parliament passed a law establishing its independence. Since that date, the proportion of the agency's revenues generated by subscriptions from government departments has steadily declined. Such subscriptions represented 115 million Euros in 2011.
In 1982, the agency began to decentralize its editorial decision-making by setting up the first of its five autonomous regional centres, in Hong Kong, then a British Crown colony . Each region has its own budget, administrative director and chief editor . In September 2007, the AFP Foundation was launched to promote higher standards of journalism worldwide. The mission of the AFP "... is' 'defined by its statutes: to report events, free of « all influences or considerations likely to impair the exactitude » of its news and « under no circumstances to pass under the legal or actual control of an ideological, political or economic group."_ _
In October 2008, the Government of
On December 10, 2009, the French Culture Minister Frédéric
Mitterrand announced that he was setting up a Committee of Experts
under former AFP CEO Henri Pigeat to study plans for the agency's
future status. On February 24, 2010, Pierre Louette unexpectedly
announced his intention to resign as CEO by the end of March, and move
to a job with
AFP headquarters in
AFP is a government-chartered public corporation operating under a 1957 law, but is officially a commercial business independent of the French government . AFP is administered by a CEO and a board comprising 15 members:
* Eight representatives of the French press ; * Two representatives of the AFP personnel; * Two representatives of the government-owned radio and television; * Three representatives of the government. One is named by the prime minister , another by the minister of finance , and a third by the minister of foreign affairs .
The board elects the CEO for a renewable term of three years. The AFP also has a council charged with ensuring that the agency operates according to its statutes, which mandate absolute independence and neutrality. Editorially, AFP is governed by a network of senior journalists.
The primary client of AFP is the French government, which purchases subscriptions for its various services. In practice, those subscriptions are an indirect subsidy to AFP. The statutes of the agency prohibit direct government subsidies.
In November 2013, AFP and Getty Images were ordered to pay $1.2 million compensation to freelance photojournalist Daniel Morel for using his images posted on Twitter related to the 2010 Haiti earthquake without his permission, in violation of copyright and Twitter's terms of service.
Notable investments include:
* AFP GMBH:
AFP GmbH is the subsidiary of AFP in
Sport-Informations-Dienst (SID) is producing a German-language sports service.
In November 2007, AFP announced its investment in Scooplive, a news
photo and video agency online, created in
* ^ Delcambre, Alexis (July 11, 2015). "La grève à l\'AFP se poursuit ("AFP strike goes on")". _Le Monde_. Retrieved July 13, 2015.
* ^ "Fondation AFP" . Retrieved 25 November 2010. Successor of the oldest international news agency – founded in 1835 by a Parisian translator and publicist, Charles-Louis Havas – Agence France-Presse was reborn on August 20, 1944 during the liberation of Paris. * ^ James F. Broderick; Darren W. Miller (2007). _Consider the source: A Critical Guide to 100 Prominent News and Information Sites on the Web_. Information Today, Inc. p. 1. ISBN 0-910965-77-3 . * ^ "AFP: Michèle Léridon appointed Global News Director". _AFP_ (Press release). 23 June 2014. Retrieved 13 January 2015. * ^ "Daily Newspapers: First in a Series on the French Media". _Wikileaks_. 6 November 2006. Archived from the original on 7 February 2015. Retrieved 7 February 2015. * ^ L\'Office Français d\'Information (1940–1944) (in French) Revue d'histoire de la Deuxième Guerre mondiale n°101, January 1976 * ^ "N° 3806 tome VII – Avis de M. Michel Françaix sur le projet de loi de finances pour 2012 (n°3775)". Retrieved 19 January 2016. * ^ "Accueil – Fondation AFP". Retrieved 19 January 2016. * ^ Andrew, Christopher, Vasili Mitrokhin (2000). The Sword and the Shield: The Mitrokhin Archive and the Secret History of the KGB. Basic Books. ISBN 0-465-00312-5 . p. 169-171 * ^ AFP and Financial Wires Encroach on Original Market : Reuters News: Clients Defect By Erik Ipsen Published: February 13, 1992 nytimes.com * ^ Thomson Financial acquires AFX. Publication: Information World Review Publish date: July 10, 2006, highbeam.com * ^ "Bienvenue sur le site du SNJ". Retrieved 19 January 2016. * ^ "Actualités". Retrieved 19 January 2016. * ^ "December 2009: Government Sets up Committee to Study Agency\'s Future". Retrieved 19 January 2016. * ^ Translation of AFP's statutes into English (Sept. 2011): http://www.sos-afp.org/en/statutes * ^ Ax, Joseph (November 22, 2013). "Photographer wins $1.2 million from companies that took pictures off Twitter". _Reuters_. Retrieved November 25, 2013. * ^ Laurent, Olivier (November 24, 2013). "Getty Images disappointed at $1.2m Morel verdict". _British Journal of Photography_. Incisive Media. Archived from the original on November 26, 2013. Retrieved November 25, 2013.