AFTENPOSTEN (Norwegian for "The Evening Post") is
Norway 's largest
printed newspaper by circulation. It is based in
Oslo . It had a
circulation of 211,769 in 2015 (172,029 printed copies according to
University of Bergen ) and estimated 1.2 million readers. It
converted from broadsheet to compact format in March 2005.
Aftenposten's online edition is at Aftenposten.no.
Aftenposten is a private company wholly owned by the public company
Schibsted ASA . Norway's second largest newspaper, VG , is also owned
by Schibsted. At least 30% of
Schibsted is owned by English and
American investment banks such as
Goldman Sachs and
Northern Trust .
The paper has around 740 employees. Espen Egil Hansen is
CEO as of 2016.
* 1 History and profile
* 2 Editions
* 3 Controversies
* 4 Editorial line
* 5 Language
* 6 Circulation
Aftenposten (morning paper)
* 6.2 Aften (evening paper) - now defunct
* 6.3 Aftenposten.no, online newspaper
* 7 See also
* 8 References
* 9 Further reading
* 10 External links
HISTORY AND PROFILE
Aftenposten was founded by Christian
Schibsted on 14 May 1860 under
the name Christiania Adresseblad. The following year, it was renamed
Aftenposten. Since 1885, the paper has printed two daily editions. A
Sunday edition was published until 1919, and was reintroduced in 1990.
The Friday-morning edition carries the A-magasinet supplement,
featuring articles on science, politics, and the arts. In 1886,
Aftenposten bought a rotary press , being the first Norwegian
newspaper in this regard.
Aftenposten labelled itself as "independent,
conservative ", most closely aligning their editorial platform with
the Norwegian Conservative Party . This manifested itself in blunt
anticommunism during the interwar era. During World War II,
Aftenposten, due to its large circulation, was put under the
directives of the German occupational authorities, and a Nazi
editorial management was imposed.
Aftenposten is based in Oslo. In the late 1980s, Egil Sundar served
as the editor-in-chief and attempted to transform the paper into a
nationally distributed newspaper. However, he was forced to resign
from his post due to his attempt.
In addition to the morning edition,
Aftenposten publishes a separate
evening edition called Aften (previously
Aftenposten Aften). This
edition was published on weekdays and Saturdays until the Sunday
morning edition was reintroduced in 1990. The evening edition is only
circulated in the central eastern part of Norway, i.e.
Akershus counties. Thus, it focuses on news related to this area, in
contrast with the morning edition, which focuses on national and
international news. The evening edition was converted to tabloid
format in 1997. From April 2006, the Thursday edition of Aften also
includes a special edition with news specific to a part of
Akershus, called Lokal Aften ("Local Evening"). This edition has eight
versions, with each subscriber receives the version which is most
relevant to the area in which he or she lives. In areas not covered by
any of the eight versions (for example
Follo ), the
version for central
Oslo is distributed. From May 2009, Aften is only
printed and distributed Tuesday through Thursday. The publication of
Aften ended on 20 December 2012.
Aftenposten started its online edition in 1995.
Aftenposten opposed the
Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize to German pacifist Carl von
Ossietzky in 1935.
Aftenposten published an obituary of Adolf Hitler in which
the 86-year-old Nobel-laureate novelist
Knut Hamsun referred to Hitler
as “a warrior for humankind and a preacher of the gospel of justice
for all nations”. However,
Aftenposten was at the time under the
censorship of the German occupying forces.
Aftenposten did not receive the same number of lawsuits
and amount of attention from the Norwegian Press Complaints Commission
as some of the larger tabloids. However, exceptions exist. In 2007,
Aftenposten alleged that Julia Svetlichnaja , the last person to
interview the murdered Russian national
Alexander Litvinenko , was a
Kremlin agent. London correspondent Hilde Harbo admitted to have let
herself be fed disinformation from the Russian emigrant community,
without investigating the matter properly.
Aftenposten eventually had
to apologize, and pay Svetlichnaja's legal costs.
Aftenposten has a conservative stance and supported the political
Høyre until the breakdown of party press system in the
country. Following this, the paper redefined itself as an independent
Right-leaning critics have often pointed out that the paper has
become mainstream social-democratic after the end of the
Cold War ,
thus in essence politically aligned with a large majority of Norway's
From its establishment in 1860 until 1923,
Aftenposten was published
in the common Dano-Norwegian written language used in both
Denmark, which was generally known as Danish in Denmark and as
Norwegian in Norway, and which only occasionally included minor
differences from each other in vocabulary or idiom. In 1923
Aftenposten adopted the Norwegian spelling standard of 1907, which
mainly replaced the "soft" consonants (e.g. d, b) characteristic of
Danish pronunciation (but also used in some Norwegian dialects) with
"hard" consonants (e.g. t, p) characteristic of Eastern Central
Norwegian pronunciation, but which was otherwise mostly identical with
Danish. In 1928
Aftenposten adopted the most conservative variant of
the spelling standard of 1917, which is largely similar to the
"moderate Bokmål" or "Riksmål" standard used today.
Norwegian language struggle from the early 1950s,
Aftenposten was the main newspaper of the
Riksmål variety of
Norwegian, and maintained close ties to the
institutions, recognising the Norwegian Academy for Language and
Literature as the sole authoritative body for regulating the Norwegian
language as used by the newspaper. Due to its status as the country's
largest and most influential newspaper,
Aftenposten therefore had a
significant influence on the developments that took place during the
Norwegian language struggle. The "moderate" or "conservative" Riksmål
language used by
Aftenposten was mainly associated with a conservative
stance in Norwegian politics, and was contrasted with the "radical"
Samnorsk language, an attempt to merge
Nynorsk which was
promoted by socialist governments in the 1950s. By 1960 it had become
apparent that the
Samnorsk attempt had failed, and as a result,
Riksmål standard and the government-promoted Bokmål
standard have in the following decades become almost identical as the
Bokmål standard has incorporated nearly all of Riksmål. As a
Aftenposten decided to describe its language as "Moderate
Bokmål" from 2006, and published its own dictionary, based on
Riksmål and Moderate Bokmål, but excluding "radical" (i.e. similar
to Nynorsk) variants of Bokmål.
The online version of the paper for some years during the early 2000s
had an English section. To cut costs,
Aftenposten stopped publishing
English-language articles in early November 2008. Archives of past
material are still available online.
AFTENPOSTEN (MORNING PAPER)
Numbers from the Norwegian Media Businesses' Association,
Mediebedriftenes Landsforening 1980–2009:
* 1980: 223,925
* 1981: 227,122
* 1982: 230,205
* 1983: 232,459
* 1984: 233,998
* 1985: 240,600
* 1986: 252,093
* 1987: 260,915
* 1988: 264,469
* 1989: 267,278
* 1990: 265,558
* 1991: 269,278
* 1992: 274,870
* 1993: 278,669
* 1994: 279,965
* 1995: 282,018
* 1996: 283,915
* 1997: 286,163
* 1998: 288,078
* 1999: 284,251
* 2000: 276,429
* 2001: 262,632
* 2002: 263,026
* 2003: 256,639
* 2004: 249,861
* 2005: 252,716
* 2006: 248,503
* 2007: 250,179
* 2008: 247,556
* 2009: 243,188
* 2010: 239,831
* 2011: 235,795
* 2012: 225,981
* 2013: 214,026
* 2014: 221,659
* 2015: 211,769
AFTEN (EVENING PAPER) - NOW DEFUNCT
Numbers from the Norwegian Media Businesses' Association,
Mediebedriftenes Landsforening : 1989–2009: Aften 1989–2009.
* 1939: 78,700
* 1989: 193,932
* 1990: 192,896
* 1991: 195,022
* 1992: 197,738
* 1993: 198,647
* 1994: 188,544
* 1995: 186,003
* 1996: 188,635
* 1997: 191,269
* 1998: 186,417
* 1999: 180,497
* 2000: 175,783
* 2001: 167,671
* 2002: 163,924
* 2003: 155,366
* 2004: 148,067
* 2005: 141,612
* 2006: 137,141
* 2007: 131,089
* 2008: 124,807
* 2009: 111,566
AFTENPOSTEN.NO, ONLINE NEWSPAPER
The online newspaper Aftenposten.no had an average of 827,000 daily
readers in 2015, an increase from 620.000 in 2010.
Alexa Internet , the global traffic ranking of the site
Aftenposten.no was 3,000 in April 2015. By April 2016, however, the
ranking had dropped below 6,000.
List of Norwegian newspapers
* List of non-English newspapers with
English language subsections
* ^ "
Aftenposten AS -
Oslo - Roller og kunngjøringer".
* ^ "medienorge". medienorge. Retrieved 2016-12-13.
* ^ "
Aftenposten har det høyeste avisopplaget i Norge".
Aftenposten. 3 March 2016. Retrieved 2016-12-13.
* ^ Brekke, Ingrid (May 4, 2013). "Tabloid i form, men ikke i sjel"
(in Norwegian). Aftenposten. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
* ^ "Norway: leading daily\'s successful switch to compact".
Editors Weblog. 22 March 2005. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
* ^ A B C Stig A. Nohrstedt et. al. (2000). "From the Persian Gulf
to Kosovo — War Journalism and Propaganda" (PDF). European Journal
of Communication. 15 (3). Retrieved 8 January 2015.
* ^ "
Schibsted ASA -
Oslo - Roller og kunngjøringer".
* ^ A B C Bernard A. Cook (2001). Europe Since 1945: An
Encyclopedia. Taylor & Francis. p. 935. ISBN 978-0-8153-4058-4 .
Retrieved 25 November 2014.
* ^ Svennik Hoyer . "The Political Economy of the Norwegian Press"
(PDF). Tidsskrift. Retrieved 30 December 2014.
* ^ "Annual report 2012" (PDF).
Schibsted Media Group. Retrieved 26
* ^ A B Sigurd Allern (2002). "Journalistic and Commercial News
Values. News Organizations as Patrons of an Institution and Market
Actors" (PDF). Nordicom Review. 2 (2). Retrieved 30 December 2014.
* ^ "Online Journalism Atlas: Norway". Online Journalism. 25
January 2008. Retrieved 13 January 2015.
* ^ Gibbs, Walter (27 February 2009). "Norwegian Nobel Laureate,
Once Shunned, Is Now Celebrated". The New York Times. p. C1. ISSN
0362-4331 . Archived from the original on 8 December 2014. n
week . . . at the National Library was the 7 May 1945, edition of a .
. . newspaper whose lead article on Hitler’s death was by Knut
Hamsun. As most collaborators lay low, preparing alibis, Hamsun wrote,
‘He was a warrior, a warrior for mankind, and a prophet of the
gospel of justice for all nations’.
* ^ "Svetlichnaja and Litvinenko: Clarifications". Aftenposten. 9
December 2006. Archived from the original on 14 February 2008.
Retrieved 1 February 2009.
* ^ Rolf Werenskjold (2008). "The Dailies in Revolt". Scandinavian
Journal of History. 33 (4): 417. doi :10.1080/03468750802423094 .
Retrieved 17 April 2015.
* ^ "So long, farewell ...". Aftenposten. 5 November 2008. Archived
from the original on 8 December 2008. Retrieved 20 November 2008.
* ^ "medienorge".
* ^ "aftenposten.no Site Overview".
* Merrill, John C. and Harold A. Fisher. The world's great dailies:
profiles of fifty newspapers (1980) pp 37–43
* Official website