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The Info List - African Diasporic Religions


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Variations of African Religions in the Americas (also known as African diasporic religions or New World traditions) are a number of related religions that developed in the Americas in various nations of Latin America, the Caribbean, and the southern United States. They derive from traditional African religions of Africa with some influence from Christianity.

Contents

1 Characteristics 2 List of traditions 3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Characteristics[edit] Afro-American religions involve veneration of the dead, and include a creator deity along with a pantheon of divine spirits such as the Orisha, Loa, Nkisi, and Alusi, among others. In addition to the religious syncretism of these various African traditions, many also incorporate elements of Indigenous American religion, Spiritism, Spiritualism and Christianity. List of traditions[edit]

Variations of African Religions in the Americas

Religion Location Ancestral roots Also practiced in Remarks

Candomblé Brazil Yoruba religion, Kongo Argentina, Colombia, Uruguay, Venezuela, United States

Umbanda Brazil Yoruba religion Argentina, Uruguay, Venezuela, United States

Quimbanda Brazil Kongo Argentina, Uruguay, United States

Santería Cuba Yoruba religion Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Mexico, Panama, Belize, Puerto Rico, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela

Cuban Vodú Cuba Dahomean religion Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, United States

Palo Cuba[1] Kongo Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, United States

Abakuá Cuba Ekpe United States Secret society of the Anaang, Efik, Ibibio, Ekoi, and Igbo peoples.

Dominican Vudú Dominican Republic Dahomean religion United States

Haitian Vodou Haiti Dahomean religion, Fon Canada, Dominican Republic, United States, France

Obeah Jamaica Akan religion, Odinani, Yoruba religion the Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Virgin Islands, United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Australia Similar to Hoodoo folk magic. Derives from the Igbo 'obia' (or dibia, Igbo: doctoring) traditions.[2]

Kumina Jamaica Kongo United States

Winti Suriname Akan religion Guyana, Netherlands, United States, United Kingdom, Canada

Spiritual Baptist Trinidad and Tobago Yoruba religion the Bahamas, Barbados, Guyana, Suriname, Canada, Jamaica, Belize, United States, United Kingdom, Australia

Trinidad Orisha Trinidad and Tobago[3] Yoruba religion United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Australia

Louisiana Voodoo Southern United States Dahomean religion United States

Other closely related regional faiths include:

Puerto Rican Vudú or Sanse (Dahomean religion, Puerto Rico) Comfa (mixture of Odinani, Akan religion, Kongo, and Yoruba religion and knowledge traditions, along with Indigenous American, Asian, and European elements, Guyana) Xangô de Recife (Yoruba religion, Brazil)[4] Xangô do Nordeste (Yoruba religion, Brazil) Santo Daime (folk Catholicism and Spiritism, Brazil) Espiritismo (mixture of Indigenous American, African, European, and Asian beliefs, Puerto Rico) Hoodoo (mixture of West African, Indigenous American, and European traditions, Mississippi Delta) Santa Muerte (The veneration of Saint Death. A mixture of Aztec mythology, Santeria, and folk Catholicism) Primarily in Mexico, and the United States Kélé (derived from Yoruba religion, St. Lucia) Rastifarianism, Jamaica

See also[edit]

Black theology

References[edit]

^ For an extended discussion on Palo's history, see: Dodson, Jualynne E. (2008). Sacred spaces and Religious Traditions in Oriente Cuba. UNM Press. ^ Eltis, David; Richardson, David (1997). Routes to slavery: direction, ethnicity, and mortality in the transatlantic slave trade. Routledge. p. 88. ISBN 0-7146-4820-5.  ^ Houk, James (1995). Spirits, Blood, and Drums: The Orisha Religion in Trinidad. Temple University Press.  ^ Xango de Recife[permanent dead link]

External links[edit]

Roots and Rooted

v t e

Afro-American religion

Religions

Abakuá Brazilian Macumba Candomblé (Bantu Jejé Ketu) Cuban Vodú Dominican Vudú Haitian Vodou Kumina Louisiana Voodoo Obeah Palo Quimbanda Santería Spiritual Baptist Umbanda Winti

Diverse roots

Ifá Orisha (Yoruba) Loa (Fon and Ewe) Alusi (Igbo) Winti (Akan) Nkisi (Kongo) Christianity

Catholicism Protestantism

Native American religion

v t e

African diaspora

By geography

Americas1

Anglophone

Antigua and Barbuda Bahamas Barbados Belize British dependencies

Anguilla Bermuda Cayman Islands Turks and Caicos

Canada

Nova Scotia

Dominica Grenada Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Black Carib

Guyana Jamaica

Coromantee Jamaican Maroons

Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Trinidad and Tobago

Dougla

United States

Black Hispanic Black Indians

Black Seminoles

Creoles of Color Gullah Multiracial Americans

Francophone

Canada French Guiana

Aluku Ndyuka Saramaka

Haiti

Marron Marabou

Hispanophone

Argentina Bolivia Colombia (Raizal) Chile Costa Rica Cuba

Arará Lucumí

Dominican Republic

Samaná Americans Cocolo

Ecuador El Salvador Guatemala Honduras Mexico

Mascogos

Nicaragua Panama

Cimarrón

Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico

Arará

Uruguay Venezuela

Lusophone

Brazil

Kalunga Quilombola

Batavophone

Aruba Curaçao Suriname

Kwinti Ndyuka Paramaccan Saramaka

Europe

Abkhazia Belgium France

Paris

Germany Ireland Italy Netherlands Portugal Romania Russia Spain Ukraine United Kingdom

Liverpool Scotland

Middle East

Iran Iraq Israel Jordan Syria Turkey West Bank Yemen

Asia and Oceania

Australia China

Guangzhou Hong Kong

India and Pakistan

Siddi

Karnataka

Malaysia New Zealand Sri Lanka

Kaffirs

Atlantic

Saint Helena

Secondary Afro-American diaspora

Settlement in Africa

Ghana

African-Americans Afro Brazilians

Liberia

Afro-Americans

Nigeria

Saro Afro-Brazilian

Sierra Leone

Afro-Americans

Settlement in Europe

France

African Americans and Haitians

United Kingdom

Afro-Caribbeans

Wide issues

Yoruba people Igbo people

Afro-American religion Garifuna people

in the United States

Maroons Black Power Civil rights movement

1An Afro-Latin American is any person from Latin America with origins in Africa. They can be Afro-South Americans, Afro-Central Americans, or Afro-Mexicans. An Afro-Caribbean is any person from the Caribbean with origins in Africa.

v t e

Religion

Major religious groups and religious denominations

Abrahamic

Judaism

Orthodox

Haredi Hasidic Modern

Conservative Reform Karaite Reconstructionist Renewal Humanistic Haymanot

Christianity

Catholicism

Eastern Catholic Churches

Eastern Christianity

Church of the East

Assyrian Church of the East

Eastern Orthodoxy Oriental Orthodoxy

Ethiopian Orthodoxy

Independent Catholicism

Old Catholicism

Protestantism

Adventism Anabaptism Anglicanism Baptists Calvinism

Presbyterianism Congregationalism Continental Reformed

Lutheranism Methodism Pentecostalism Evangelicalism

Nontrinitarianism

Jehovah's Witnesses Mormonism Jesuism

Nondenominational

Islam

Sunni

Hanafi Maliki Hanbali Shafi'i

Shia

Twelver Isma'ilism Zaidiyyah

Ahmadi Ibadi Non-denominational Quranism Zahirism Salafism

Wahhabism Ahl al-Hadith

Mahdavia European Islam Nation of Islam

Others

Bábism

Azáli Bábism Bahá'í Faith

Druze Mandaeism Rastafari Samaritanism

Dharmic

Hinduism

Vaishnavism Shaktism Shaivism Ayyavazhi Smartism Balinese

Buddhism

Mahayana

Chan

Zen Thiền Seon

Pure Land Nichiren Madhyamaka Tiantai

Theravada Vajrayana

Tibetan Shingon Newar Bon

Navayana

Others

Dravidian Jainism

Digambara Śvētāmbara

Sikhism Gurung shamanism Bon Lamaism Kirant Mundhum

Persian

Manichaeism Yazdânism

Yazidism Ishikism Ali-Illahism Yarsanism

Zoroastrianism

European

Armenian Baltic

Dievturība Druwi Romuva

Caucasian Celtic

Druidry

Germanic Hellenism Italo-Roman Romanian Slavic

Uralic

Finnish Hungarian Uralic

Mari Mordvin Udmurt

Central and Northern Asian

Burkhanism Chuvash Manchu Mongolian Siberian Tengrism

East Asian

Benzhuism Bimoism Bon Cheondoism Confucianism Dongbaism Faism Hmongism Jeungsanism Luoism Meishanism Mileism Muism Neo-Confucianism Ryukyuan religion Shenism Shigongism Shinto Taoism Tenrikyo Wuism Yiguandao

Southeast Asian

Burmese Satsana Phi Malaysian Indonesian

Marapu Kaharingan Kebatinan

Philippine Vietnamese

Caodaism Đạo Mẫu Hoahaoism

African

Traditional

Akan Akamba Baluba Bantu Berber Bushongo Cushitic Dinka Efik Fon and Ewe Guanche Igbo Isoko Lotuko Lozi Lugbara Maasai Mbuti San Serer Tumbuka Waaq Yoruba Zulu

Diasporic

Candomblé Kumina Obeah Quimbanda Palo Santería Umbanda Vodou Voodoo Winti

Other groups

Bathouism Bongthingism Donyi-Polo Kiratism Sanamahism Sarnaism Aboriginal Australian Native American Mesoamerican Hawaiian Polynesian

Recent

Discordianism Eckankar Jediism New Age New Thought Pastafarianism Raëlism Satanism Scientology Thelema Unitarian Universalism Wicca

Historical religions

Prehistoric

Paleolithic

Near East

Arabian Egyptian Mesopotamian Semitic

Canaanite Yahwism

Indo-European

Asia

Proto-Indo-Iranian Armenian Ossetian Vedic Zoroastrianism

Mithraism Zurvanism

Gnosticism

Manichaeism

Europe

Celtic Germanic

Anglo-Saxon Continental Norse

Greek

Gnosticism Neoplatonism

Manichaeism Balkan Roman Slavic

Topics

Aspects

Apostasy / Disaffiliation Behaviour Beliefs Clergy Conversion Deities Entheogens Ethnic religion Denomination Faith Fire Folk religion God Meditation Monasticism

monk nun

Mysticism Mythology Nature Ordination Orthodoxy Orthopraxy Prayer Prophesy Religious experience Ritual

liturgy sacrifice

Spirituality Supernatural Symbols Truth Water Worship

Theism

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Religious studies

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Religion and society

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monasticism ordination

Conversion

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Education Fanaticism Freedom

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Wealth

Secularism and irreligion

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Overviews and lists

Index Outline Timeline Abrahamic prophets Deification Deities Founders Mass gatherings New religious movements Organizations Religions and spiritual traditions Scholars

.