African Regroupment Party (French: Parti du Regroupement Africain,
PRA) was a political party in the French African colonies.
The PRA came into being at a meeting in
Paris on March 26, 1958,
months before the
French Community would replace the French Union. The
main founding organizations were the
African Convention and the
African Socialist Movement. Other parties that assisted the Paris
meeting included the African Bloc of Guinea, Social Party of the
Republican Union of Côte des Somalis (Djibouti),
Dahomeyan Democratic Rally
Dahomeyan Democratic Rally and the Voltaic Democratic Movement.
Initially there was hope that the
African Democratic Rally
African Democratic Rally (RDA) would
join the project and
Sékou Touré had signed the appeal on behalf of
RDA calling for the formation of the party, but Félix
Houphouët-Boigny intervened to keep his party outside. The African
Independence Party (PAI) attended the
Paris meeting, but declined to
merge into PRA. PAI advocated full independence, a demand that PRA at
that point was not willing to raise.
PRA held its constitutive congress in
Cotonou July 25–27 1958. PRA
strove to create an independent federation out of the French colonies
1958 Referendum and after
During the referendum of 1958 PRA advocated full independence. This
led to a collision course between PRA and its Senegalese section, the
Senegalese Progressive Union (UPS). The result was a split in UPS, and
the formation of African Regroupment Party-
Côte d'Ivoire the party came into conflict with the Democratic
Côte d'Ivoire (PDCI), and the PRA leadership was exiled to
Conakry. There it became the nucleus of Ivorian opposition, such as
the National Liberation Committee of
Côte d'Ivoire (CNLCI).
In Upper Volta the
Voltaic Solidarity group (PSEMA, MDV and MPA)
joined PRA. The PRA section disappeared as the country became a
single-party state in 1960, but the
African Regroupment Party of Upper
Volta, a group claiming to be the inheritors of PRA, emerged following
the coup in 1966.
Gbagbo, Laurent: Côte d'Ivoire, Pour une alternative démocratique.
Paris: L'Harmattan, 1983.
Englebert, Pierre. La Revolution Burkinabè. Paris: L'Harmattan, 1986.
Zuccarelli, François. La vie politique sénégalaise (1940-1988).
Paris: CHEAM, 1988.
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