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Afeni Shakur
Afeni Shakur
Davis[1] (born Alice Faye Williams; January 22, 1947 – May 2, 2016[2]) was an American activist and businesswoman. Shakur was the mother of American rapper and actor, Tupac
Tupac
Shakur.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Activism

2.1 The Panther 21

3 Involvement in the music industry and philanthropy

3.1 Injunction
Injunction
against Death Row Records 3.2 Guest appearances and lectures

4 Death 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Early life[edit] Shakur was born Alice Faye Williams on January 22, 1947, in Lumberton, North Carolina,[2] the daughter of Rosa Belle, a homemaker, and Walter Williams, a trucker.[3] Activism[edit] In 1968 at the age of twenty-one, she changed her name to Afeni Shakur, Afeni meaning "lover of people" and Shakur being Arabic for "thankful to god", respectively.[4] She was then living in Harlem, New York, where she joined the far-left Black Panther Party.[5] She became a section leader of the Harlem
Harlem
chapter[6] and a mentor to new members, including Jamal Joseph, Cleo Silvers and Dhoruba Bin-Wahad.[5] She also worked with Billy Garland (who is Tupac's biological father) and Geronimo Pratt (who became Tupac's baptismal sponsor).[7] The Panther 21[edit] Main article: Panther 21 In April 1969, Shakur was arrested on charges of conspiring with other Black Panther members to carry out bombings in New York.[2] With bail set at $100,000 each for the 21 suspects, the Black Panthers decided to raise bail money first for Joseph and Shakur so that those two could work on raising bail for the others.[5] Shakur had been effective in raising bail funds for jailed Panthers.[7] After reading Fidel Castro's History Will Absolve Me, Shakur chose to represent herself in court, telling other accused Panthers that if they were convicted, they would be the ones serving jail time, not the lawyers.[5] Pregnant while on trial and facing a thirty-year prison sentence, Shakur interviewed witnesses and argued in court.[5] She and the others in the "Panther 21" were acquitted in May 1971 after an eight-month trial.[7] Her son Lesane Parish Crooks was born on June 16, 1971 (he would be renamed Tupac
Tupac
Amaru Shakur the following year, in 1972).[7][8] Involvement in the music industry and philanthropy[edit] Exactly one year following her son's death, with revenue from his albums released posthumously, Afeni Shakur
Afeni Shakur
founded the Georgia-based Tupac
Tupac
Amaru Shakur Foundation, which provides art programs for young people, and Amaru Entertainment, the holding company for all Tupac's unreleased material. She also launched a fashion clothing line, Makaveli Branded; all proceeds go to his charity, the Tupac
Tupac
Amaru Shakur Foundation.[citation needed] Injunction
Injunction
against Death Row Records[edit] Shakur was reportedly in federal court on July 20, 2007, to file an injunction to prevent Death Row Records
Death Row Records
from selling any unreleased material from Tupac
Tupac
after the company failed to prove that the unreleased songs were not part of its bankruptcy settlement.[9] She created a record label named Amaru Records to release Tupac's unreleased recordings. She won her court case against Death Row Record to receive 150 unreleased songs by her son.[citation needed] Guest appearances and lectures[edit] Shakur traveled across the U.S., making guest appearances and delivering lectures. On February 6, 2009, she gave the keynote address for Vanderbilt University's Commemoration for Black History Month.[10] Death[edit] On May 2, 2016, police and paramedics responded to Shakur's home in Sausalito, California. She was transported to a nearby hospital, where she was pronounced dead of a suspected heart attack.[11][12] Her body was cremated.[13] See also[edit]

Assata Shakur Mopreme Shakur Mutulu Shakur

References[edit]

^ Guy, Jasmine (2004). Afeni Shakur: Evolution of a Revolutionary. New York: Atria Books. p. 5.  ^ a b c Kaufman, Gil (May 3, 2016). "Tupac's Mother, Afeni Shakur, Dead at 69". Billboard. Retrieved February 22, 2017.  ^ "Shakur, Afeni - Dictionary definition of Shakur, Afeni - Encyclopedia.com: FREE online dictionary". www.Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved July 1, 2017.  ^ Thompson, Desire (May 5, 2016). "The Black Panther Party
Black Panther Party
Releases Statement On Afeni Shakur's Passing". Vibe. Retrieved February 22, 2017.  ^ a b c d e Hall, Mia (May 3, 2016). "Afeni Shakur, Tupac's Mom, Legacy Remembered by Fellow Panthers". NBC News. Retrieved February 22, 2017.  ^ Akindele, Toni (May 6, 2016). "The Black Panther Party
Black Panther Party
Releases Statement on Afeni Shakur's Passing". Essence. Retrieved February 22, 2017.  ^ a b c d Kreps, Daniel (May 3, 2016). "Afeni Shakur, Activist
Activist
and Tupac
Tupac
Shakur's Mother, Dead at 69". Rolling Stone. Retrieved February 22, 2017.  ^ Afeni Shakur, mother of rapper Tupac, dies at 69, RichmondFreePress.com; accessed May 15, 2016. ^ Moscow-Pullman Daily News (July 26, 2007) "Tupac's mother tries to stop Death Row sale of unreleased tracks"; retrieved May 17, 2010. ^ "Lecture: Afeni Shakur
Afeni Shakur
delivers keynote address of Vanderbilt University's Black History Month Commemoration". Discoverer Archive. Jean and Alexander Heard Library. Retrieved May 4, 2016.  ^ Kimble, Lindsay (May 3, 2016). " Tupac
Tupac
Shakur's Mother Afeni Shakur Davis Dies at 69: Police". People Magazine. Retrieved May 3, 2016.  ^ Dillion, Nancy; Niemietz, Brian; Wagner, Meg (May 4, 2016). "Afeni Shakur, mother of hip-hop legend Tupac, dead at 69". New York Daily News. Retrieved May 4, 2016.  ^ "Private memorial for Tupac's mom Afeni Shakur
Afeni Shakur
to be held in N.C." Retrieved February 23, 2017. 

External links[edit]

Afeni Shakur
Afeni Shakur
on IMDb

v t e

Black Panther Party

Founders

Huey P. Newton Bobby Seale

Other members

Ashanti Alston Richard Aoki Charles Barron William Lee Brent Elaine Brown Safiya Bukhari Stokely Carmichael Bunchy Carter Eldridge Cleaver Kathleen Cleaver Donald Cox Angela Davis Aaron Dixon Lorenzo Kom'boa Ervin James Forman David Hilliard Ericka Huggins John Huggins George Jackson Jamal Joseph Chaka Khan Robert Hillary King Pete O'Neal Geronimo Pratt Larry Pinkney Alex Rackley Malik Rahim Nile Rodgers Bobby Rush Afeni Shakur Robert Trivers Mumia Abu-Jamal H. Rap Brown Marshall "Eddie" Conway Warren Kimbro Lonnie McLucas George W. Sams Jr. Assata Shakur Russell Melvin Shoats Veronza Bowers, Jr. Robert Hillary King Geronimo Pratt Dhoruba bin Wahad Herman Wallace Albert Woodfox Mark Clark Fred Hampton Bobby Hutton George Jackson

Influences

Black Power Deacons for Defense and Justice Frantz Fanon Lowndes County Freedom Organization Maoism Socialism Malcolm X Robert F. Williams

Inspired groups

American Indian Movement Black Guerrilla Family Black Liberation Army Black Panthers (Israel) Black Riders Liberation Party British Black Panthers George Jackson Brigade Gray Panthers Huey P. Newton
Huey P. Newton
Gun Club New Afrikan Black Panther Party Polynesian Panthers The Pink Panthers The Revolutionary Black Panther Party White Panther Party

Related articles

1968 Olympics Black Power
Black Power
salute The Black Panthers: Vanguard of the Revolution COINTELPRO Eldridge Cleaver, Black Panther Free Breakfast for Children Murder of Betty Van Patter The Murder of Fred Hampton New Haven Black Panther trials Panther Revolutionary Suicide Rice/Poindexter case Robert Templeton

Publications

The Portland Black Panthers: Empowering Albina and Remaking a City

v t e

Tupac
Tupac
Shakur

Studio albums

2Pacalypse Now Strictly 4 My N.I.G.G.A.Z... Thug Life: Volume 1 Me Against the World All Eyez on Me The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory

Posthumous albums

R U Still Down? (Remember Me) Still I Rise Until the End of Time Better Dayz Loyal to the Game Pac's Life

Live albums

2Pac Live Live at the House of Blues

Compilation albums

Greatest Hits The Rose That Grew from Concrete The Prophet: The Best of the Works Nu-Mixx Klazzics Tupac: Resurrection The Rose, Vol. 2 The Prophet Returns Beginnings: The Lost Tapes 1988–1991 Nu-Mixx Klazzics
Nu-Mixx Klazzics
Vol. 2 Best of 2Pac

Related albums

Nothing but Trouble (soundtrack) Sons of the P Juice (soundtrack) Poetic Justice (soundtrack) Above the Rim
Above the Rim
(soundtrack) Gridlock'd
Gridlock'd
(soundtrack) Gang Related
Gang Related
(soundtrack) A 2Pac Tribute: Dare 2 Struggle

Extended plays

Makaveli & Dillinger Don't Go 2 Sleep

Singles

"Brenda's Got a Baby" "If My Homie Calls" "Trapped" "Holler If Ya Hear Me" "I Get Around" "Keep Ya Head Up" "Papa'z Song" "Cradle to the Grave" "Dear Mama" "So Many Tears" "Temptations" "California Love" "2 of Amerikaz Most Wanted" "How Do U Want It" "All Bout U" "I Ain't Mad at Cha" "Life Goes On" "Toss It Up" "To Live & Die in LA" "Hail Mary" "Wanted Dead or Alive" "Made Niggaz"

Posthumous singles

"I Wonder If Heaven Got a Ghetto" "Do for Love" "Changes" "Unconditional Love" "Baby Don't Cry ( Keep Ya Head Up
Keep Ya Head Up
II)" "Who Do U Believe In" "Until the End of Time" "Letter 2 My Unborn" "Thugz Mansion" "Still Ballin'" "Runnin' (Dying to Live)" "One Day at a Time (Em's Version)" "Thugs Get Lonely Too" "Ghetto Gospel" "Untouchable" "Pac's Life" "Playa Cardz Right"

Other songs

"I Don't Give a Fuck" "Runnin' (From tha Police)" "Hit 'Em Up" "Are U Still Down" "Panther Power"

Featured singles

"Smile" "Playa Cardz Right"

Books

The Rose That Grew from Concrete

Stage

Holler If Ya Hear Me

Filmography

Nothing but Trouble Juice Poetic Justice Above the Rim Bullet Gridlock'd Gang Related

Documentaries

Biggie & Tupac Tupac: Resurrection Tupac: Assassination

Outlawz

Yaki Kadafi Kastro Napoleon E.D.I. Mean Hussein Fatal Mussolini Komani Young Noble

Related articles

Discography List of songs Outlawz Digital Underground Afeni Shakur Assata Shakur Mopreme Shakur Mutulu Shakur East Coast-West Coast hip hop rivalry Makaveli Branded Clothing Niccolò Machiavelli Orlando Anderson Tupac
Tupac
Amaru Shakur Center for the Arts Billy Garland Kadafi List of awards and nominations received by Tupac
Tupac
Shakur Murder of Tupac
Tupac
Shakur All Eyez on Me

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 18323810 LCCN: no2003107302 ISNI: 0000 0001 1602 2

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