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AEROLíNEAS ARGENTINAS (English: ARGENTINE AIRLINES), formally Aerolíneas Argentinas
Aerolíneas Argentinas
S.A., is Argentina's largest airline and the country's flag carrier . The airline was created in 1949 from the merger of four companies, and started operations in December 1950 (1950-12). A consortium led by Iberia took control of the airline in 1990, and Grupo Marsans
Grupo Marsans
acquired the company and its subsidiaries in 2001, following a period of severe financial difficulties that put the airline on the brink of closure. The company has been run by the Argentine government
Argentine government
since late 2008, when the country regained control of the airline after it was taken over from the Spanish owners. As of December 2014 , Aerolíneas Argentinas
Aerolíneas Argentinas
was state-owned. It has its headquarters in Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
.

Aerolíneas Argentinas
Aerolíneas Argentinas
and its sister company Austral Líneas Aéreas operates from two hubs , both located in Buenos Aires: Aeroparque Jorge Newbery and Ministro Pistarini International Airport
Ministro Pistarini International Airport
. Aerolíneas has a fleet of Boeing
Boeing
737-700s and -800s for serving domestic and regional routes, whereas intercontinental services are flown with Airbus A330s and -340s . SkyTeam membership was achieved in late August 2012 (2012-08); the airline's cargo division became a member of SkyTeam Cargo in November 2013 (2013-11).

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Early years to privatisation * 1.2 Privatisation: 1990-2008 * 1.3 Renationalisation: 2008-onwards

* 2 Corporate affairs

* 2.1 Ownership and subsidiaries * 2.2 Key people * 2.3 Headquarters

* 3 Destinations

* 3.1 Alliances * 3.2 Codeshare agreements

* 4 Fleet

* 4.1 Current * 4.2 Retired * 4.3 Recent developments * 4.4 Livery

* 5 Accidents and incidents * 6 See also * 7 Notes * 8 Citations * 9 External links

HISTORY

EARLY YEARS TO PRIVATISATION

An Aerolíneas Argentinas
Aerolíneas Argentinas
DC-4 at Ministro Pistarini International Airport, c. 1958.

The history of the airline began in 1929, when Compagnie Générale Aéropostale (Aéropostale) started airmail operations between Buenos Aires and Asunción
Asunción
using Laté-25 equipment, later expanding its network to cities located in the Patagonia
Patagonia
. Many French pilots (including aviator and author Antoine de Saint-Exupéry
Antoine de Saint-Exupéry
) flew for the company in its beginnings. Argentine
Argentine
personnel replaced the Frenchmen as they gradually withdrew from the airline, and shortly after Aéropostale's Argentine
Argentine
subsidiary Aeroposta Argentina
Argentina
was formed. In 1947, this airline became a mixed-stock company in which the Government had a 20% stake and private investors held the balance. As Aeroposta expanded its network southwards and incorporated the Douglas DC-3 into its fleet, another three mixed-stock companies were in operation at the time: ALFA (Aviación del Litoral Fluvial Argentino) mainly operated flying boats northwards to the Mesopotamia , FAMA (Flota Aérea Mercante Argentina) operated overseas services with DC-4s as its mainstay equipment, and ZONDA (Zonas Oeste y Norte de Aerolíneas Argentinas) was mainly concerned with operations in the northwest region. These carriers became unprofitable and President Juan Perón
Juan Perón
had them amalgamated into a single state-owned company on 14 May 1949 (1949-05-14). The state holding was officially rebranded as Aerolíneas Argentinas-Empresa del Estado. The four companies comprising the state holding ceased independent operations on 31 December 1949 (1949-12-31). An Aerolíneas Argentinas
Aerolíneas Argentinas
de Havilland Comet 4 at Idlewild Airport in 1965.

Aerolíneas Argentinas
Aerolíneas Argentinas
started operations on its own on 7 December 1950 (1950-12-07). In February 1950 (1950-02), almost ten months prior to the start of operations, five new Convairs were already acquired. As early as 1950 the Douglas DC-6 was added to the fleet, and was used to launch a weekly Buenos Aires– Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
–Natal – Dakar
Dakar
Lisbon
Lisbon
Paris
Paris
Frankfurt
Frankfurt
flight in late 1950. Soon afterwards, Douglas DC-4s joined the fleet and services were inaugurated to Santiago de Chile
Santiago de Chile
, Lima , Santa Cruz , and São Paulo . By March 1953 (1953-03), the airline's network was 35,000 miles (56,000 km) long, flown with DC-3s, DC-4s, DC-6s , Convair-Liner 240s and Short Sandringhams . The company carried 291,988 passengers in 1954, and 327,808 in 1955. On 8 February 1957 (1957-02-08), it was reported that Aerolíneas Argentinas
Aerolíneas Argentinas
had ordered ten F-27 Friendships . The Comet had begun commercial jet services in the 1950s, and the carrier once again set the pace among the South American airlines, when Aerolíneas' president A. Cdre. Juan José Güiraldes persuaded Argentina\'s President Arturo Frondizi
Arturo Frondizi
to buy six of them, becoming the first overseas airline in ordering the type. The first of these aircraft departed Hatfield Aerodrome on 2 March 1959 (1959-03-02); it took over 18 hours for it to cover a distance of 7,075 miles (11,386 km) between Hatfield and Buenos Aires. On 7 March, she was christened Las Tres Marías by Frondizi's wife Elena Faggionato at Ezeiza Airport . Comet flights to New York began in May 1959. :589 Aerolíneas Sud Caravelle
Sud Caravelle
at Aeroparque Jorge Newbery Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
in 1972

In the early 1960s the fleet consisted of four Comet 4s , four Convair 240s, 15 DC-3s, six DC-4s, five DC-6s and six Sandringhams, whereas the ten F-27s ordered in 1957 were still pending delivery. The 1960s saw the carrier ordering the Avro 748 turboprop airliner. The aircraft started services on 15 February 1962 between Buenos Aires and Punta del Este . The first flight for the Caravelle in Aerolíneas colours was Buenos Aires– Santiago de Chile
Santiago de Chile
on 1 April 1962. At April 1965 (1965-04) the carrier had 5,960 employees, and the fleet consisted of three Comet 4s, one Comet 4 C, three Caravelles , 12 DC-3s (three of them freighters), six DC-4s, three DC-6s and 12 HS-748s . In 1966, loans granted by the Ex-Im Bank and Boeing permitted the purchase of a number of Boeing
Boeing
707-320Bs in a deal worth US$ 37,000,000 (equivalent to $273,116,923 in 2016). In November 1969 (1969-11), the carrier entered a pool agreement with Lufthansa covering services between Germany and Argentina. A Boeing 707-320B at Frankfurt
Frankfurt
am Main Airport in 1976

By March 1970 (1970-03), Aerolíneas Argentinas
Aerolíneas Argentinas
had a fleet of six Boeing
Boeing
707s that served routes to Europe and the United States, three Caravelles 6Rs and four Comet 4s that flew regional services, and 12 HS-748s that flew domestically, whereas six Boeing
Boeing
737-200s were on order. During the decade, the fleet saw the arrival of three different aircraft types from Boeing
Boeing
: the 727 —the first example entered the fleet in December 1977 (1977-12) on lease from Hughes AirWest and three more were ordered directly from Boeing
Boeing
—, the 737 , and the 747 . The incorporation of the Fokker F-28 into the fleet in the mid-1970s prompted the withdrawal of the last HS-748s, making the company to be the first South American airline in operating an all-jet aircraft park. Frankfurt, Madrid
Madrid
and Rome
Rome
became the first destinations to be served with the brand new 747s, starting January 1977 (1977-01). Another milestone for the company took place in June 1980 (1980-06) with the first south polar scheduled service, linking Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
with Hong Kong
Hong Kong
via Auckland
Auckland
. Late that year, a second-hand Boeing
Boeing
747SP was acquired from Braniff
Braniff
for US$51,000,000 (equivalent to $148,241,922 in 2016). An Aerolíneas Argentinas Boeing
Boeing
747-200B on approach to London Heathrow Airport in 1979.

The airline was assigned by law the monopoly of international operations from Argentina
Argentina
in 1971. This meant no other Argentine airline was able to operate international flights, let alone the already created Austral . The carrier therefore became the flag carrier of the country. The same law also assigned Aerolíneas Argentinas a 50% of the domestic market share. Following the acquisition of Austral by the Argentine government
Argentine government
in 1980, both Aerolíneas Argentinas
Aerolíneas Argentinas
and Austral became government-owned , to the extent that some routes were simultaneously operated, even using similar equipment. However, there existed a state of continuous tension over salary differences between both companies that eventually led the Aerolíneas Argentinas' pilots to a three-week-long strike that started on 1 July 1986. During this strike, the government leased pilots from the Argentine
Argentine
Air Force to operate some aircraft. Other companies took advantage from this situation and gained the market share Aerolíneas Argentinas
Aerolíneas Argentinas
lost, as domestic routes were operated by Austral, LADE and LAPA , and the government temporarily authorised foreign carriers to exploit the company's international routes.

During and shortly after the Falklands War in 1982, the company was banned from British airspace. There used to be a flight from London-Gatwick
London-Gatwick
to Argentina's capital; however, because of the ban, passengers bound to Argentina
Argentina
had to change planes at Madrid-Barajas .

At March 1985 (1985-03), Aerolíneas Argentinas
Aerolíneas Argentinas
had 9,822 employees. At this time, the fleet comprised one Boeing
Boeing
707-320B , one Boeing 707-320C , seven Boeing
Boeing
727-200s , ten Boeing
Boeing
737-200s , two Boeing 737-200Cs , five Boeing
Boeing
747-200Bs , one Boeing
Boeing
747SP, two Fokker F28-1000s and a Fokker F28-4000 . The international network radiated from Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
and served Asuncion , Auckland, Bogota , Cape Town , Caracas , Frankfurt, Guayaquil , Hong Kong, La Paz
La Paz
, Lima, Los Angeles , Madrid, Mexico City
Mexico City
, Miami
Miami
, Montevideo
Montevideo
, Montreal
Montreal
, New York, Paris, Rio de Janeiro, Rome, Sao Paulo
Sao Paulo
, Santiago
Santiago
, Porto Alegre and Zurich
Zurich
. Sydney
Sydney
was first served in 1989 and flights to London resumed in January 1990 (1990-01).

PRIVATISATION: 1990-2008

The privatisation of the company started being considered under the government of Raúl Alfonsín , when SAS was proposed to become a 40% shareholder of the state company. This was firmly resisted by the Peronist opposition. The staff had grown to 10,372 by March 1990 (1990-03).

Position of the company upon the acquisition by Iberia and when it was sold in 2001 ITEM 1991 2001

Assets (without routes, brand, etc., US$ mil.) 636 -776 ?

Annual Balance (US$ mil.) 18 –390

Debt (US$ mil.) 0 900

Aircraft (owned/leased) 28 /1 1 /43

Flight simulators 3 2

Number of employees 10,372 6,734

In 1990, a consortium led by Iberia and Austral's owner Cielos del Sur S.A. acquired an 85% stake in Aerolíneas Argentinas
Aerolíneas Argentinas
for US$130,000,000 (equivalent to $238,311,258 in 2016) in cash, the same amount to be injected within a ten-month period, and a debt-equity exchange worth US$2.01 billion. Another consortium led by Alitalia
Alitalia
, American Airlines
American Airlines
, KLM
KLM
and Varig
Varig
had earlier pulled out from the process. Paradoxically, one of the first actions taken by the new Peronist government was to privatise the carrier, after airily opposing to the privatisation propositions of its predecessor. The sale of the airline followed the divestiture of the government shareholding in the national telephone company , which took place earlier that month during the Carlos Menem
Carlos Menem
presidency's privatisation wave, intended to divest the participation of the State in a number of enterprises in order to reduce the debt to foreign banks from US$40 billion to US$7 billion. Aimed at favouring the privatisation process, the government absorbed a US$741 million debt the company took between 1981 and 1982 for capitalisation purposes. Despite the carrier being regarded as overstaffed and bureaucratic , it was debt-free at that time, having an average profitability of US$ 90 million a year; it actually had US$719 million in revenues for the year prior to the privatisation. The privatisation contract, which specified the buyer should pay US$260 million in cash and US$1,610 million in external debt bonds , was ratified by the Supreme Court . Furthermore, a clause enabled the buyer to indebt Aerolíneas Argentinas for the buyout process; this was reflected in the airline's 1991 balance , which included debts worth US$390 millions for its own acquisition. It was not until 2009 that this privatisation process would be ruled as illegal.

Revenue Passenger-Kilometers, scheduled flights only Year Millions

1950 253

1955 353

1960 592

1965 948

1969 1615

1971 2069

1975 3441

1980 6927

1989 8254

2000 11111

2008 12107

2009 11477

2010 13640

2011 13649

2012 14150

2013 17753 (projected)

source * ICAO Digest of Statistics for 1950-55 * IATA World Air Transport Statistics, 1960-2000

Austral's owner Cielos del Sur S.A. was sold to Iberia in March 1991 (1991-03), further increasing the Spanish flag carrier's stake in the Argentine
Argentine
air market. Aerolíneas Argentinas
Aerolíneas Argentinas
and Austral never merged throughout the private era, and remained as separate companies with the same shareholder. Iberia subsequently boosted its stake in the airline to 85% in April 1994 (1994-04) after a US$500,000,000 (equivalent to $807,925,460 in 2016) cash injection. Out of the remaining 15%, the Argentine Government
Argentine Government
held the 5% stake it was initially assigned, while 10% belonged to the employees. Furthermore, at this stage the Argentine Government
Argentine Government
resigned to the voting privilege it had in the Directory of the airline. Iberia was subsequently obliged by the European Commission
European Commission
to cut its stake in Aerolíneas Argentinas
Aerolíneas Argentinas
as a condition for receiving state aid. It thence reduced its participation to 20%, transferring the remaining 65% to Interinvest/Andes holding, a consortium comprising the Spanish Government holding company (SEPI ) –the actual owner of Iberia before it was privatised in 2001– and banks Merrill Lynch and Bankers Trust
Bankers Trust
, among others. In July 1997 (1997-07), Iberia cut again its stake in Aerolíneas Argentinas
Aerolíneas Argentinas
from 20% to 10%, while American Airlines
American Airlines
's parent company AMR acquired a 10% stake of Aerolineas Argentinas/Austral's major stockholder Interinvest, equivalent to a participation of 8.5% in both Argentine
Argentine
companies, with the commitment of finding investors for Aerolíneas Argentinas. AMR's 8.5% operation was finally cleared by the United States Department of Justice in early July 1998. By that time, the Argentine Government still owned a 5% stake in Aerolíneas Argentinas. Losses had mounted to US$927 million since 1992, totalling US$150 million only for 1999. The restructuring plan presented by AMR, mainly aimed at reverting these losses, was rejected by the SEPI. Furthermore, given that the AMR Corporation
AMR Corporation
did not find purchasers for the company, the SEPI put the control of the airline back into Spanish hands. The vacancy left in the management positions that followed the departure of the AMR holding from Aerolíneas was soon filled in by the SEPI. In order to protect the interests of the Argentine
Argentine
national carrier, the government suspended an open skies agreement between Argentina
Argentina
and the United States that would come into force in September 2000 (2000-09).

The airline had 5,384 employees at March 2000 (2000-03). At this time, the aircraft park consisted of two Airbus A310-300s , four Airbus A340-200s , four Boeing
Boeing
737-200s, Boeing
Boeing
737-200 Advanced , one Boeing
Boeing
737-200C and nine Boeing
Boeing
747-200Bs , whereas six Airbus A340-600s were on order. The list of international destinations served at the time was Asunción
Asunción
, Auckland, Bogotá
Bogotá
, Cancún
Cancún
, Caracas, Florianopolis
Florianopolis
, Lima, Madrid, Mexico City, Miami, Montevideo, New York, Orlando
Orlando
, Paris, Punta del Este, Rio de Janeiro, Rome, Santiago, São Paulo and Sydney
Sydney
; domestic services to Catamarca , Comodoro Rivadavia
Comodoro Rivadavia
, Cordoba , Corrientes
Corrientes
, Esquel
Esquel
, Iguazu , Jujuy
Jujuy
, La Rioja , Mar del Plata , Mendoza , Neuquen , Posadas , President Roque Saenz Pena , Resistencia , Rio Gallegos
Rio Gallegos
, Rio Grande , Rosario
Rosario
, Salta
Salta
, San Carlos de Bariloche
San Carlos de Bariloche
, Santa Cruz , Santa Fe , Santiago
Santiago
del Estero , Trelew
Trelew
, Tucuman , Ushuaia
Ushuaia
and Villa Gesell
Villa Gesell
were also operated. An Aerolíneas Argentinas
Aerolíneas Argentinas
MD-88 on short final to London Gatwick Airport in 2002.

Allegations of corruption were made on the basis of the price paid by Iberia and the Spanish firm's ulterior conduct (including some convoluted lease-back operations), with the airline paying the price for its own purchase with its assets. Subsequent management by American Airlines
American Airlines
and SEPI drove Aerolíneas Argentinas
Aerolíneas Argentinas
into an almost terminal crisis in 2001. In June 2001 (2001-06), the aftermath began after the airline filed for bankruptcy protection from creditors, and went into administration ; the salaries were paid by the Argentine Government, instead of using money coming from the SEPI. The payment of salaries for the upcoming months was suspended, as the mechanics union refused to accept the reorganisation plan raised by the SEPI to keep the company afloat. On 6 June, flights to Auckland, Los Angeles, Miami, New York, São Paulo, Sydney
Sydney
and Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
were halted. Owing to a US$15 million debt with the fuel supplier, the suspension of the daily flight to Madrid, which also served Rome
Rome
and was the last connection with Europe, followed a week later. After this, most of the fleet was grounded, and only 30% and 10% of domestic and international flights, respectively, were operating.

Marsans group acquired a 92% stake through its subsidiary Air Comet from the SEPI in late 2001, and committed to inject US$50 million capital with the intention of resuming short– as well as long–haul services. The resumption of international flights started in early November 2001 (2001-11). At July 2002 (2002-07), the airline and its subsidiaries employed 7,090. The company exited bankruptcy in January 2003 (2003-01) and emerged from administration a month later. That year, the first profit in five years was announced, along with an important increase in market share.

RENATIONALISATION: 2008-ONWARDS

In May 2008 (2008-05), an initial agreement between the Argentine government and Grupo Marsans
Grupo Marsans
in which the latter would decrease its participation in the airline to 35% was announced; in reducing their holding, Marsans would make room for new private investors as well as for the government of Argentina
Argentina
to increase its stake in the airline from 5% to 20%. Amid accusations from Marsans and following the disclosure of an agreement, the Argentine Government
Argentine Government
took the airline back into state control in July 2008 (2008-07) after acquiring 99.4% of the stake for an undisclosed price; the remaining 0.6% continued being owned by the company's employees. At this time, the company had 40% of its fleet grounded. The Act renationalising Aerolíneas Argentinas
Aerolíneas Argentinas
and its subsidiary Austral Líneas Aéreas
Austral Líneas Aéreas
was passed by the Chamber of Deputies in August 2008, and became law in September 2008 (2008-09) following the 46-21 vote in the Argentine Senate. There were disagreements regarding the value to be paid by Grupo Marsans
Grupo Marsans
to the government. Negotiations fell through, and an administrator was appointed by an Argentine
Argentine
court in November that year in order to oversee the running of the company. A vote by both the lower and the upper houses of the Argentine
Argentine
congress in support of taking over the company and its subsidiaries took place in December, when the Chamber of Deputies voted 152-84 in favor of the expropriation, and the Senate approved the bill by a 42-20 vote.

In March 2011 (2011-03), the different unions that affiliate the airline staff demonstrated over concerns the government was looking for local private investors to participate in ownership of the company. In September that year, the airline emerged from the reorganisation proceedings it had filed in 2001. In late November 2011 (2011-11), the government announced an austerity plan for the company in order to reduce the deficit it has been incurring since being taken over from Marsans; the plan included the revision of unprofitable routes, the reduction of pilot/aircraft pay rates, and the abandonment of obsolete equipment, among others.

Passenger traffic for the group reached a record 8.5 million in 2013, a 57% increase from the time of its renationalization in 2008. Revenues rose to a record of USD2 billion in 2013, an 85% increase from 2008 levels; losses likewise declined from USD 860 million (78% of revenues) to USD250 million (12% of revenues). Corporate assets as of 2012 had tripled to over USD1.6 billion, as the group's fleet grew from 26 to 63 planes and the average age of same was reduced from 20 years to 7.5.

CORPORATE AFFAIRS

OWNERSHIP AND SUBSIDIARIES

Austral Líneas Aéreas
Austral Líneas Aéreas
is a subsidiary of Aerolíneas Argentinas.

Aerolíneas Argentinas
Aerolíneas Argentinas
was completely owned by the government of Argentina, as of December 2014 . As of December 2013 , Aerolíneas Argentinas Cargo, domestic airline Austral Líneas Aéreas
Austral Líneas Aéreas
, ramp service provider Aerohandling, cargo division JetPaq S.A., and tourism operator Optar S.A. are listed as Aerolíneas Argentinas
Aerolíneas Argentinas
subsidiaries. The airline and its subsidiaries operates from two hubs , both located in Buenos Aires. Operations of domestic and regional flights by the smaller aircraft types in the fleet are concentrated at Aeroparque Jorge Newbery , which also serves as its operating base, whereas Ministro Pistarini International Airport
Ministro Pistarini International Airport
is mainly used for international services, although some regional and a few domestic services are operated as well. The company provides free-of-charge transportation to those passengers that need to change from one airport to the other.

As of April 2014 , the airline and its subsidiaries employ 11,515.

KEY PEOPLE

As of July 2017 , Mario Dell'Acqua is the president of the company.

HEADQUARTERS

Aerolíneas Argentinas
Aerolíneas Argentinas
is headquartered at Aeroparque Jorge Newbery , located in Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
city.

DESTINATIONS

Main article: Aerolíneas Argentinas destinations

ALLIANCES

With the mentoring of Delta Air Lines , the company signed an agreement to begin the process of joining SkyTeam in late November 2010 (2010-11). It became the first South American and the second Latin American carrier in joining the alliance in August 2012 (2012-08), as well as its 18th overall member. The airline's cargo division, Aerolíneas Argentinas
Aerolíneas Argentinas
Cargo, joined SkyTeam Cargo in November 2013 (2013-11), becoming the 12th member airline of the alliance.

CODESHARE AGREEMENTS

As of October 2017 , Aerolíneas Argentinas
Aerolíneas Argentinas
has codeshare agreements with the following airlines:

* Aeroméxico * Air Europa * Air France * Air New Zealand * Alitalia
Alitalia
* Delta Air Lines * El Al * Etihad Airways
Etihad Airways
* Gol Transportes Aéreos
Gol Transportes Aéreos
* KLM
KLM
* Korean Air

FLEET

CURRENT

An Aerolíneas Argentinas
Aerolíneas Argentinas
Airbus A340-300
Airbus A340-300
on short final to Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport in 2012.

Aircraft in Aerolíneas Argentinas' fleet, as of August 2017 .

AEROLíNEAS ARGENTINAS FLEET AIRCRAFT IN SERVICE ORDERS PASSENGERS NOTES

C Y TOTAL

Airbus A330-200 10 — 24 248 272

Airbus A340-300
Airbus A340-300
4 — 32 252 284 To be retired by 2018

Boeing 737-700 9 — 8 120 128 To be retired by 2018

Boeing 737-800 31 — 8 162 170

Boeing
Boeing
737 MAX 8 — 11 TBA Deliveries begin in 2017

TOTAL 54 11

RETIRED

Aerolíneas Argentinas
Aerolíneas Argentinas
historic fleet A Boeing
Boeing
747-400 on short finals to Madrid-Barajas Airport in 2009 A Boeing
Boeing
737-200 at Aeroparque Jorge Newbery in 2009. A number of aircraft of this type had been leased from Pegasus Aviation in 1999. An HS 748 at Aeroparque Jorge Newbery in 1972.

Aerolíneas Argentinas
Aerolíneas Argentinas
previously operated the following aircraft:

* Airbus A310-300 * Airbus A320-200 * Airbus A340-200 * Avro York
Avro York
* Boeing
Boeing
707-320B * Boeing
Boeing
707-320C * Boeing
Boeing
727-100 * Boeing
Boeing
727-200 * Boeing
Boeing
737-200 * Boeing
Boeing
737-200 Advanced * Boeing
Boeing
737-200C * Boeing
Boeing
737-300F * Boeing
Boeing
737-500 * Boeing
Boeing
747SP * Boeing
Boeing
747-200B * Boeing
Boeing
747-400 * * Caravelle III * Caravelle VI-N * Caravelle VI-R * Convair CV-240 * Comet 4 * Comet 4 C * Douglas C-47 * Douglas C-47A * Douglas C-47B * Douglas C-54A * Douglas DC-3 * Douglas DC-4 * Douglas DC-6 * Fokker F28 Mk-1000 * Fokker F28 Mk-4000 * Hawker Siddeley 748 * Lockheed Constellation * McDonnell Douglas MD-83 * McDonnell Douglas MD-88 * Short Sandringham
Short Sandringham
* YS-11-100 * Vickers Viking

RECENT DEVELOPMENTS

Aerolíneas Argentinas
Aerolíneas Argentinas
began to modernise its fleet in 2009, when it agreed to lease ten Boeing
Boeing
737-700s and to purchase two more of these aircraft that would act as a replacement for the ageing Boeing 737-200s and MD-80s . Along with the first leased ones, the two brand new aircraft —which became the first ones acquired by the company in 17 years— were incorporated into the fleet in mid-2009. In November, the Boeing
Boeing
737-200 made its last flight on a scheduled Buenos Aires–Catamarca –La Rioja – Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
passenger service.

It had been announced in October 2009 (2009-10) that the carrier was looking for about six Boeing 737-800 aircraft, both to complement the 12 Boeing
Boeing
737-700s and to replace the ageing Boeing
Boeing
737-500s . In late November 2010 (2010-11), the airline agreed to lease a further ten aircraft of the –700 series from ILFC , which started being delivered in April 2011. As of November 2012 , the airline was considering both the Airbus A350-900 and the Boeing
Boeing
787-9 as replacement aircraft for the long-haul fleet. The incorporation of leased Airbus A330-200s in 2013 for serving routes to Bogotá
Bogotá
, Cancún
Cancún
, Caracas and Miami
Miami
was also planned, whereas an increased maximum takeoff weight version of the same type was also under consideration to partly replace the Airbus A340-200s by 2016.

In April 2013 (2013-04), Air Lease Corporation announced the lease of six Boeing
Boeing
737-800s to the company, with deliveries starting in November 2014 (2014-11); in May 2013 (2013-05), CIT Aerospace announced the lease of four additional aircraft of the same type, with deliveries starting in January 2014 (2014-01). In October the same year, an agreement for the acquisition of 20 more aircraft of the type, worth US$1.8 billion, was announced. In addition to the lease of four used Airbus A330-200s from ILFC —the first of them delivered in September 2013 (2013-09)— Aerolíneas Argentinas
Aerolíneas Argentinas
signed in November a memorandum of understanding with Airbus, aimed at acquiring four more aircraft of the type. In a transaction worth US$887 million, the order was firmed up in February 2014 (2014-02). These aircraft will be fitted with GE Aviation CF6-80E1 engines. The first Airbus A330-200 directly purchased from Airbus was delivered in March 2015 (2015-03).

LIVERY

An Aerolíneas Argentinas
Aerolíneas Argentinas
Boeing 737-800 wearing the new livery.

In June 2010 (2010-06), Aerolíneas Argentinas
Aerolíneas Argentinas
revamped its image to give the airline a more modern appearance. The new logo is a combination of light blue and grey colours. Likewise, the previous eurowhite livery is replaced with a combination of the Argentine
Argentine
flag colours plus grey. Subsidiary airline Austral also adopted this new livery, additionally including a red cheatline.

ACCIDENTS AND INCIDENTS

Main article: Aerolíneas Argentinas accidents and incidents

According to the Aviation Safety Network database, the last accident involving a company's aircraft that yielded fatalities was in 1970, as of October 2011 ; Aviation Safety Network records 43 accidents or incidents for Aerolíneas Argentinas
Aerolíneas Argentinas
since it started operations in 1950. The company ranks among the safest airlines in the world.

SEE ALSO

* List of airlines of Argentina
Argentina
* Transport in Argentina
Argentina

NOTES

* ^ The figures for this particular year are discrepant as Flight also informed the total number of carried passengers for 1954 to be 280,683. * ^ Despite Flight confirming the order a week later, the carrier never operated the type. * ^ There is a discrepancy regarding the precise date of the award, as it was informed to be in July 1990 and in November the same year. * ^ The airline never operated the type. * ^ Information concerning seat configuration is accurate for most of the fleet; nevertheless, on some equipment this information differs from the one shown in the table. * ^ These figures include firm orders placed directly by the carrier and those by lessors assigned to the carrier.

CITATIONS

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Buenos Aires
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* ^ A B C D

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* ^ "World Airline Survey – Aerolineas Argentinas". Flight International : 551. 13 April 1967. Archived from the original on 3 May 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2012. * ^ A B C D "World airline survey... Aerolineas Argentinas-Empresa del Estado". Flight International : 507. 11 April 1963. Archived from the original on 3 May 2012. * ^ "World Airline Directory – Aerolineas Argentinas". Flight International: 48. 20–26 March 2001. Archived from the original on 5 October 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2012. * ^ "Civil aviation news.." Flight : 268. 23 February 1950. Archived from the original on 1 June 2013. The Argentine
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* ^

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Boeing
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South America
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: Flightglobal . Archived from the original on 19 November 2012. Retrieved 19 November 2012. * ^ "Aerolineas Argentinas attempts unlikely turnaround following acquisition of A330s". Centre for Aviation. 6 December 2012. Archived from the original on 6 December 2012. Retrieved 6 December 2012. * ^ " Air Lease Corporation Announces the Placement of Six New Boeing
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737-800s with Aerolíneas Argentinas" (PDF) (Press release). Air Lease Corporation . 10 April 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 April 2013. * ^ "Aircraft News". Air Transport World . 31 May 2013. Archived from the original on 31 May 2013. Aerolíneas Argentinas
Aerolíneas Argentinas
will lease four CFM56-7B26-powered Boeing
Boeing
737-800s from CIT Aerospace. Deliveries will begin in January. * ^ " CIT Aerospace Signs Leases With Aerolineas Argentinas For Four 737-800s" (Press release). CIT Group . 16 May 2013. Archived from the original on 21 May 2013. * ^ Mutzabaugh, Ben (23 October 2013). "Aerolineas Argentinas orders 20 new Boeing
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737s". USA Today . Archived from the original on 22 June 2014. * ^ Toh, Mavis (22 October 2013). "Aerolineas signs for 20 737-800s". Flightglobal . Singapore
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. Archived from the original on 19 March 2014. * ^ "Boeing, Aerolineas Argentinas Complete Agreement for 20 Next-Generation 737s" (Press release). Boeing
Boeing
. 21 October 2013. Archived from the original on 22 June 2014. * ^ Russell, Edward (19 June 2013). "PARIS: Aerolineas leases four A330s from ILFC". Flightglobal . Paris
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. Archived from the original on 19 March 2014. * ^ "Aircraft News". Air Transport World . 18 November 2013. Archived from the original on 2 December 2013. Aerolíneas Argentinas has signed an MOU with Airbus to acquire four A330-200s, as part of its international fleet consolidation. Two of the aircraft are to be delivered in the first half of 2015 and two in 2016. * ^ Kaminski-Morrow, David (13 November 2013). "Aerolineas tentatively signs for four A330s". Flightglobal . Archived from the original on 19 March 2014. * ^ Landauro, Inti (13 February 2014). "Airbus: Aerolineas Argentinas Orders Four A330-200 Aircraft". The Wall Street Journal
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Argentina
carrier orders four A330-200s worth $887 million". The Economic Times . AFP . 13 February 2014. Archived from the original on 14 February 2014. * ^ Kaminski-Morrow, David (13 February 2014). "Airbus confirms Aerolineas A330 purchase". Flightglobal . Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. * ^ " Aerolíneas Argentinas
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places order for four A330-200s" (Press release). Airbus. 13 February 2014. Archived from the original on 14 February 2014. * ^ Walker, Karen (13 February 2014). "Aerolineas to buy four more A330s". Air Transport World . Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. * ^ "Aerolineas Argentinas receives first of four new A330-200s on order". CAPA Centre for Aviation. 3 March 2015. Archived from the original on 8 March 2015. * ^ Blachly, Linda (2 March 2015). " Aerolíneas Argentinas
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takes delivery of first A330-200". Air Transport World . Archived from the original on 2 March 2015. * ^ "Aerolineas Argentinas receives first of four new A330-200s on order" (Press release). Airbus. 2 March 2015. Archived from the original on 2 March 2015. * ^ "Aerolineas Argentinas announces rebranding". Air Transport World. 18 June 2010. Archived from the original on 25 August 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2012. * ^ "PHOTOS: Aerolíneas Argentinas
Aerolíneas Argentinas
reveals new corporate image". Flightglobal.com. 11 June 2010. Archived from the original on 24 April 2012. Retrieved 24 April 2012. * ^ A B "New directions, new image" (PDF). p. 10. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 April 2012. Retrieved 24 April 2012. * ^ Uphoff, Rainer (24 June 2010). "PICTURE: Austral\'s first E-190". Flightglobal.com. Archived from the original on 25 August 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2012. * ^ "Accident record for Aerolíneas Argentinas". Aviation Safety Network. 1 October 2011. Retrieved 2 October 2011. * ^ "World\'s safest airlines – Aerolineas Argentinas". news.com.au. Archived from the original on 25 March 2012. Retrieved 25 March 2012.

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