The Info List - Aerial Bomb

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An aerial bomb is a type of explosive weapon intended to travel through the air with predictable trajectories, usually designed to be dropped from an aircraft. Aerial bombs include a vast range and complexity of designs, from unguided gravity bombs to guided bombs, hand tossed from a vehicle, to needing a large specially built delivery vehicle; or perhaps be the vehicle itself such as a glide bomb, instant detonation or delay-action bomb. The act is termed aerial bombing. As with other types of explosive weapons, aerial bombs are designed to kill and injure people and destroy materiel through the projection of blast and fragmentation outwards from the point of detonation.


1 Early bombs 2 Technical description 3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Early bombs[edit] The first bombs delivered to their targets by air were launched on unmanned balloons, carrying a single bomb, by the Austrians against Venice
in 1849.[1] The first bombs dropped from a heavier-than-air aircraft were grenades or grenade-like devices. Historically, the first use was by Giulio Gavotti on 1 November 1911, during the Italo-Turkish War.[2]

Albatros F-2, the first aircraft used as a bomber

Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
"Grand Slam" bomb, early 1945

An F-100 Super Sabre of the 308th TFS, being loaded with Mk 117 750 lb bombs, Tuy Hoa Air Base, South Vietnam (1966)

Modern JDAM guided GBU-31 bombs

In 1912, during the First Balkan War, Bulgarian Air Force
Bulgarian Air Force
pilot Christo Toprakchiev suggested the use of aircraft to drop "bombs" (called grenades in the Bulgarian army at this time) on Turkish positions.[citation needed] Captain Simeon Petrov developed the idea and created several prototypes by adapting different types of grenades and increasing their payload.[3] On 16 October 1912, observer Prodan Tarakchiev dropped two of those bombs on the Turkish railway station of Karağaç (near the besieged Edirne) from an Albatros F.2 aircraft piloted by Radul Milkov, for the first time in this campaign.[3][4][5][6] Technical description[edit] Aerial bombs typically use a contact fuze to detonate the bomb upon impact. See also[edit]

Aerial bombing of cities Area bombardment Bomber Explosive weapons Strategic bombing Tactical bombing

Types of aerial bomb:

Cluster bomb Concrete
bomb Incendiary bomb General-purpose bomb Gravity bomb
Gravity bomb
(dumb bomb) Guided bomb
Guided bomb
(smart bomb)


^ Millbrooke, Anne (2006). Aviation History. Jeppesen. pp. 1–20. ISBN 0-88487-235-1.  ^ Grant, R.G. (2004). Flight - 100 Years of Aviation. Dorling-Kindersley Limited. p. 59. ISBN 9780751337327.  ^ a b Who was the first to use an aircraft as a bomber?[permanent dead link] (in Bulgarian; photographs of 1912 Bulgarian air-dropped bombs) ^ A Brief History of Air Force Scientific and Technical Intelligence Archived December 30, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "The Balkan Wars: Scenes from the Front Lines". TIME. 8 October 2012. Retrieved 28 July 2015.  ^ I.Borislavov, R.Kirilov: The Bulgarian Aircraft, Vol.I: From Bleriot to Messerschmitt. Litera Prima, Sofia, 1996 (in Bulgarian)

External links[edit]

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