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In Greco-Roman
Greco-Roman
mythology, Aeneas
Aeneas
(/ɪˈniːəs/;[1] Greek: Αἰνείας, Aineías, possibly derived from Greek αἰνή meaning "praised") was a Trojan hero, the son of the prince Anchises and the goddess Aphrodite
Aphrodite
(Venus). His father was a first cousin of King Priam
Priam
of Troy
Troy
(both being grandsons of Ilus, founder of Troy), making Aeneas
Aeneas
a second cousin to Priam's children (such as Hector
Hector
and Paris). He is a character in Greek mythology
Greek mythology
and is mentioned in Homer's Iliad. Aeneas
Aeneas
receives full treatment in Roman mythology, most extensively in Virgil's Aeneid, where he is an ancestor of Romulus
Romulus
and Remus. He became the first true hero of Rome. Snorri Sturluson identifies him with the Norse Æsir
Æsir
Vidarr.[citation needed]

Contents

1 Name

1.1 Epithets

2 Greek myth and epos

2.1 Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite 2.2 Homer's Iliad 2.3 Other sources

3 Roman myth and literature

3.1 Virgil's Aeneid 3.2 Other sources

4 Medieval accounts 5 Family and legendary descendants 6 Character and physical appearance 7 Modern portrayals

7.1 Literature 7.2 Opera, film and other media

8 Depictions in art

8.1 Villa Valmarana 8.2 Aeneas
Aeneas
flees Troy 8.3 Aeneas
Aeneas
with Dido

9 Family tree 10 See also 11 References 12 Further reading 13 Sources 14 External links

Name[edit] Aeneas
Aeneas
is the Latin spelling of Greek Αἰνείας (Aineías). In the Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite, Aeneas
Aeneas
is first introduced with Aphrodite
Aphrodite
naming him Αἰνείας (Aineías) for the αὶνóν ἄχος ("terrible grief") he caused her, where Aineías derives from the adjective αὶνóν (ainon, meaning "terrible").[2] It is a popular etymology for the name, apparently exploited by Homer
Homer
in the Iliad.[3] Later in the Medieval period there were writers who held that, because the Aeneid
Aeneid
was written by a philosopher it is meant to be read philosophically.[4] As such, in the "natural order", the meaning of Aeneas' name combines Greek ennos ("dweller") and demas ("body"), which becomes ennaios, meaning "in-dweller" (i.e. as a god inhabiting a mortal body).[5] However, there is no certainty regarding the origin of his name. Epithets[edit] In imitation of the Iliad, Virgil
Virgil
borrows epithets of Homer, including; Anchisiades, magnanimum, magnus, heros, and bonus. Though he borrows many, Virgil
Virgil
gives Aeneas
Aeneas
two epithets of his own in the Aeneid: pater and pius. The epithets applied by Virgil
Virgil
are an example of an attitude different from that of Homer, for whilst Odysseus
Odysseus
is poikilios ("wily"), Aeneas
Aeneas
is described as pius ("pious"), which conveys a strong moral tone. The purpose of these epithets seem to enforce the notion of Aeneas' divine hand as father and founder of the Roman race, and their use seem circumstantial: when Aeneas
Aeneas
is praying he refers to himself as pius, and is referred to as such by the author only when the character is acting on behalf of the gods to fulfill his divine mission. Likewise, Aeneas
Aeneas
is called pater when acting in the interest of his men.[6] Greek myth and epos[edit] Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite[edit]

Painting Venus and Anchises
Anchises
by William Blake Richmond
William Blake Richmond
(1889 or 90)

The story of the birth of Aeneas
Aeneas
is told in the "Hymn to Aphrodite", one of the major Homeric Hymns. Aphrodite
Aphrodite
has caused the other god Zeus, to fall in love with mortal women. In retaliation, Zeus
Zeus
puts desire in her heart for Anchises, who is tending his cattle among the hills near Mount Ida. When Aphrodite
Aphrodite
sees him she is smitten. She adorns herself as if for a wedding among the gods and appears before him. He is overcome by her beauty, believing that she is a goddess, but Aphrodite
Aphrodite
identifies herself as a Phrygian princess. After they make love, Aphrodite
Aphrodite
reveals her true identity to him and Anchises fears what might happen to him as a result of their liaison. Aphrodite assures him that he will be protected, and tells him that she will bear him a son to be called Aeneas. However, she warns him that he must never tell anyone that he has lain with a goddess. When Aeneas
Aeneas
is born, Aphrodite
Aphrodite
takes him to the nymphs of Mount Ida. She directs them to raise the child to age five, then take him to Anchises.[7] According to other sources, Anchises
Anchises
later brags about his encounter with Aphrodite, and as a result is struck in the foot with a thunderbolt by Zeus. Thereafter he is lame in that foot, so that Aeneas
Aeneas
has to carry him from the flames of Troy.[8] Homer's Iliad[edit]

Aeneas
Aeneas
carrying Anchises, black-figured oinochoe, ca. 520–510 BC, Louvre (F 118)

Aeneas
Aeneas
is a minor character in the Iliad, where he is twice saved from death by the gods as if for an as-yet-unknown destiny, but is an honorable warrior in his own right. Having held back from the fighting, aggrieved with Priam
Priam
because in spite of his brave deeds he was not given his due share of honour, he leads an attack against Idomeneus
Idomeneus
to recover the body of his brother-in-law Alcathous at the urging of Deiphobus.[9] He is the leader of the Trojans' Dardanian allies, as well as a second cousin and principal lieutenant of Hector, son of the Trojan king Priam. Aeneas's mother Aphrodite
Aphrodite
frequently comes to his aid on the battlefield, and he is a favorite of Apollo. Aphrodite
Aphrodite
and Apollo
Apollo
rescue Aeneas
Aeneas
from combat with Diomedes
Diomedes
of Argos, who nearly kills him, and carry him away to Pergamos
Pergamos
for healing. Even Poseidon, who normally favors the Greeks, comes to Aeneas's rescue after he falls under the assault of Achilles, noting that Aeneas, though from a junior branch of the royal family, is destined to become king of the Trojan people. Bruce Louden presents Aeneas
Aeneas
as a "type" in the tradition of Utnapishtim, Baucis and Philemon, and Lot; the just man spared the general destruction.[10] Apollodorus explains that "...the Greeks let him alone on account of his piety".[11] Other sources[edit] The Roman mythographer Gaius Julius Hyginus (c. 64 BCE – CE 17) in his Fabulae[12] credits Aeneas
Aeneas
with killing 28 enemies in the Trojan War. Aeneas
Aeneas
also appears in the Trojan narratives attributed to Dares Phrygius and Dictys of Crete Roman myth and literature[edit]

Aeneas
Aeneas
and Anchises

The history of Aeneas
Aeneas
was continued by Roman authors. One influential source was the account of Rome's founding in Cato the Elder's Origines.[13] The Aeneas
Aeneas
legend was well known in Virgil's day and appeared in various historical works, including the Roman Antiquities of the Greek historian Dionysius of Halicarnassus
Dionysius of Halicarnassus
(relying on Marcus Terentius Varro), Ab Urbe Condita by Livy
Livy
(probably dependent on Quintus Fabius Pictor, fl. 200 BCE), and Gnaeus Pompeius Trogus (now extant only in an epitome by Justin). Virgil's Aeneid[edit]

Venus as Huntress Appears to Aeneas, by Pietro da Cortona

The Aeneid
Aeneid
explains that Aeneas
Aeneas
is one of the few Trojans who were not killed or enslaved when Troy
Troy
fell. Aeneas, after being commanded by the gods to flee, gathered a group, collectively known as the Aeneads, who then traveled to Italy
Italy
and became progenitors of Romans. The Aeneads included Aeneas's trumpeter Misenus, his father Anchises, his friends Achates, Sergestus, and Acmon, the healer Iapyx, the helmsman Palinurus, and his son Ascanius
Ascanius
(also known as Iulus, Julus, or Ascanius
Ascanius
Julius). He carried with him the Lares
Lares
and Penates, the statues of the household gods of Troy, and transplanted them to Italy. Several attempts to find a new home failed; one such stop was on Sicily, where in Drepanum, on the island's western coast, his father, Anchises, died peacefully.

Aeneas
Aeneas
tells Dido
Dido
about the fall of Troy, by Pierre-Narcisse Guérin

After a brief but fierce storm sent up against the group at Juno's request, Aeneas
Aeneas
and his fleet made landfall at Carthage
Carthage
after six years of wanderings. Aeneas
Aeneas
had a year-long affair with the Carthaginian queen Dido
Dido
(also known as Elissa), who proposed that the Trojans settle in her land and that she and Aeneas
Aeneas
reign jointly over their peoples. A marriage of sorts was arranged between Dido
Dido
and Aeneas
Aeneas
at the instigation of Juno, who was told that her favorite city would eventually be defeated by the Trojans' descendants. Aeneas's mother Venus (the Roman adaptation of Aphrodite) realized that her son and his company needed a temporary respite to reinforce themselves for the journey to come. However, the messenger god Mercury was sent by Jupiter and Venus to remind Aeneas
Aeneas
of his journey and his purpose, compelling him to leave secretly. When Dido
Dido
learned of this, she uttered a curse that would forever pit Carthage
Carthage
against Rome, an enmity that would culminate in the Punic Wars. She then committed suicide by stabbing herself with the same sword she gave Aeneas
Aeneas
when they first met. After the sojourn in Carthage, the Trojans returned to Sicily
Sicily
where Aeneas
Aeneas
organized funeral games to honor his father, who had died a year before. The company traveled on and landed on the western coast of Italy. Aeneas
Aeneas
descended into the underworld where he met Dido
Dido
(who turned away from him to return to her husband) and his father, who showed him the future of his descendants and thus the history of Rome.

Aeneas
Aeneas
defeats Turnus, by Luca Giordano, 1634–1705. The genius of Aeneas
Aeneas
is shown ascendant, looking into the light of the future, while that of Turnus
Turnus
is setting, shrouded in darkness

Latinus, king of the Latins, welcomed Aeneas's army of exiled Trojans and let them reorganize their lives in Latium. His daughter Lavinia had been promised to Turnus, king of the Rutuli, but Latinus
Latinus
received a prophecy that Lavinia
Lavinia
would be betrothed to one from another land — namely, Aeneas. Latinus
Latinus
heeded the prophecy, and Turnus consequently declared war on Aeneas
Aeneas
at the urging of Juno, who was aligned with King Mezentius
Mezentius
of the Etruscans and Queen Amata of the Latins. Aeneas's forces prevailed. Turnus
Turnus
was killed, and Virgil's account ends abruptly. Other sources[edit] The rest of Aeneas's biography is gleaned from other ancient sources, including Livy
Livy
and Ovid's Metamorphoses. According to Livy, Aeneas
Aeneas
was victorious but Latinus
Latinus
died in the war. Aeneas
Aeneas
founded the city of Lavinium, named after his wife. He later welcomed Dido's sister, Anna Perenna, who then committed suicide after learning of Lavinia's jealousy. After Aeneas's death, Venus asked Jupiter to make her son immortal. Jupiter agreed. The river god Numicus cleansed Aeneas
Aeneas
of all his mortal parts and Venus anointed him with ambrosia and nectar, making him a god. Aeneas
Aeneas
was recognized as the god Jupiter Indiges.[14] Medieval accounts[edit] Snorri Sturlason
Snorri Sturlason
in the Prologue of The Edda, tells of the world as parted in three continents: Africa, Asia
Asia
and the third part called Europe
Europe
or Enea [15] [16]. Snorri also tells of a Trojan named Munon or Menon, who marries the daughter of the High King
High King
(Yfirkonungr) Priam called Troan and travels to distant lands, marries the Sybil and got a son, Tror, who, as Snorri tells, is identical to Thor. This tale resemble some episodes of the Aeneid
Aeneid
[17]. Continuations of Trojan matter in the Middle Ages had their effects on the character of Aeneas as well. The 12th-century French Roman d'Enéas
Roman d'Enéas
addresses Aeneas's sexuality. Though Virgil
Virgil
appears to deflect all homoeroticism onto Nisus and Euryalus, making his Aeneas
Aeneas
a purely heterosexual character, in the Middle Ages there was at least a suspicion of homoeroticism in Aeneas. The Roman d'Enéas
Roman d'Enéas
addresses that charge, when Queen Amata opposes Aeneas's marrying Lavinia, claiming that Aeneas
Aeneas
loved boys.[18] Medieval interpretations of Aeneas
Aeneas
were greatly influenced by both Virgil
Virgil
and other Latin sources. Specifically, the accounts by Dares and Dictys, which were reworked by 13th-century Italian writer Guido delle Colonne (in Historia destructionis Troiae), colored many later readings. From Guido, for instance, the Pearl Poet
Pearl Poet
and other English writers get the suggestion[19] that Aeneas's safe departure from Troy with his possessions and family was a reward for treason, for which he was chastised by Hecuba.[20] In Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
(late 14th century) the Pearl Poet, like many other English writers, employed Aeneas
Aeneas
to establish a genealogy for the foundation of Britain,[19] and explains that Aeneas
Aeneas
was "impeached for his perfidy, proven most true" (line 4).[21] Family and legendary descendants[edit]

Aeneas
Aeneas
and the god Tiber, by Bartolomeo Pinelli

Aeneas
Aeneas
had an extensive family tree. His wet-nurse was Caieta,[22] and he is the father of Ascanius
Ascanius
with Creusa, and of Silvius with Lavinia. Ascanius, also known as Iulus
Iulus
(or Julius),[23] founded Alba Longa
Alba Longa
and was the first in a long series of kings. According to the mythology outlined by Virgil
Virgil
in the Aeneid, Romulus and Remus
Romulus and Remus
were both descendants of Aeneas
Aeneas
through their mother Rhea Silvia, making Aeneas the progenitor of the Roman people.[24] Some early sources call him their father or grandfather,[25] but considering the commonly accepted dates of the fall of Troy
Troy
(1184 BC) and the founding of Rome
Rome
(753 BC), this seems unlikely. The Julian family of Rome, most notably Julius Cæsar and Augustus, traced their lineage to Ascanius
Ascanius
and Aeneas,[26] thus to the goddess Venus. Through the Julians, the Palemonids make this claim. The legendary kings of Britain – including King Arthur – trace their family through a grandson of Aeneas, Brutus.[27] Character and physical appearance[edit]

Dido
Dido
and Aeneas, from a Roman fresco, Pompeian Third Style (10 BC - 45 AD), Pompeii, Italy

Aeneas's consistent epithet in Virgil
Virgil
and other Latin authors is pius, a term that connotes reverence toward the gods and familial dutifulness. In the Aeneid, Aeneas
Aeneas
is described as strong and handsome, but neither his hair colour nor complexion are described.[28] In late antiquity however sources add further physical descriptions. The De excidio Troiae of Dares Phrygius describes Aeneas
Aeneas
as ‘‘auburn-haired, stocky, eloquent, courteous, prudent, pious, and charming.’’[29] There is also a brief physical description found in John Malalas' Chronographia: ‘‘Aeneas: short, fat, with a good chest, powerful, with a ruddy complexion, a broad face, a good nose, fair skin, bald on the forehead, a good beard, grey eyes.’’[30] Modern portrayals[edit] Literature[edit] Aeneas
Aeneas
and Dido
Dido
are the main characters of a 17th-century broadside ballad called "The Wandering Prince of Troy." The ballad ultimately alters Aeneas's fate from traveling on years after Dido's death to joining her as a spirit soon after her suicide.[31] In modern literature, Aeneas
Aeneas
is the speaker in two poems by Allen Tate, " Aeneas
Aeneas
at Washington" and " Aeneas
Aeneas
at New York." He is a main character in Ursula K. Le Guin's Lavinia, a re-telling of the last six books of the Aeneid
Aeneid
told from the point of view of Lavinia, daughter of King Latinus
Latinus
of Latium. Aeneas
Aeneas
appears in David Gemmell's Troy
Troy
series as a main heroic character who goes by the name Helikaon. In Rick Riordan's book series, The Heroes of Olympus, Aeneas
Aeneas
is regarded as the first Roman demigod, son of Venus rather than Aphrodite. Opera, film and other media[edit] Aeneas
Aeneas
is a title character in Henry Purcell's opera Dido
Dido
and Aeneas (c. 1688), and one of the principal roles in Hector
Hector
Berlioz' opera Les Troyens (c. 1857). Canadian composer James Rolfe composed his opera Aeneas
Aeneas
and Dido
Dido
(2007; to a libretto by André Alexis) as a companion piece to Purcell's opera. Despite its many dramatic elements, Aeneas's story has generated little interest from the film industry. Portrayed by Steve Reeves, he was the main character in the 1961 sword and sandal film Guerra di Troia (The Trojan War). Reeves reprised the role the following year in the film The Avenger, about Aeneas's arrival in Latium
Latium
and his conflicts with local tribes as he tries to settle his fellow Trojan refugees there. The most recent cinematic portrayal of Aeneas
Aeneas
was in the film Troy, in which he appears as a youth charged by Paris to protect the Trojan refugees, and to continue the ideals of the city and its people. Paris gives Aeneas
Aeneas
Priam's sword, in order to give legitimacy and continuity to the royal line of Troy
Troy
– and lay the foundations of Roman culture. In this film, he is not a member of the royal family and does not appear to fight in the war. In the role-playing game Vampire: The Requiem by White Wolf Game Studios, Aeneas
Aeneas
figures as one of the mythical founders of the Ventrue Clan. in the action game Warriors: Legends of Troy, Aeneas
Aeneas
is a playable character. The game ends with him and the Aeneans fleeing Troy's destruction and, spurned by the words of a prophetess thought crazed, goes to a new country (Italy) where he will start an empire greater than Greece and Troy
Troy
combined that shall rule the world for 1000 years, never to be outdone in the tale of men (The Roman Empire). In the 2018 TV miniseries Troy: Fall of a City, Aeneas
Aeneas
will be portrayed by Alfred Enoch.[32] Depictions in art[edit] Scenes depicting Aeneas, especially from the Aeneid, have been the focus of study for centuries. They have been the frequent subject of art and literature since their debut in the 1st century. Villa Valmarana[edit] The artist Giovanni Battista Tiepolo
Giovanni Battista Tiepolo
was commissioned by Gaetano Valmarana in 1757
1757
to fresco several rooms in the Villa Valmarana, the family villa situated outside Vicenza. Tiepolo decorated the palazzina with scenes from epics such as Homer's Iliad
Iliad
and Virgil's Aeneid.[33]

Aeneas
Aeneas
Introducing Cupid
Cupid
Dressed as Ascanius
Ascanius
to Dido, by Tiepolo (1757).

Venus Appearing to Aeneas
Aeneas
on the Shores of Carthage, by Tiepolo (1757).

Mercury Appearing to Aeneas, by Tiepolo (1757).

Venus and Vulcan, by Tiepolo (between 1762 and 1766).

Aeneas
Aeneas
flees Troy[edit]

Flight of Aeneas
Aeneas
from Troy, by Girolamo Genga
Girolamo Genga
(between 1507 and 1510).

Aeneas
Aeneas
and his Father Fleeing Troy, by Simon Vouet
Simon Vouet
(c. 1635).

Aeneas
Aeneas
& Anchises, by Pierre Lepautre (c. 1697).

Aeneas
Aeneas
fleeing from Troy, by Pompeo Batoni
Pompeo Batoni
(c. 1750).

Aeneas
Aeneas
with Dido[edit]

Dido
Dido
and Aeneas, by Rutilio Manetti
Rutilio Manetti
(c. 1630)

The Meeting of Dido
Dido
and Aeneas, by Nathaniel Dance-Holland

Landscape with Dido
Dido
and Aeneas, by Thomas Jones (1769)

Dido
Dido
meeting Aeneas, by Johann Heinrich the Elder Tischbein (3 January 1780)

Family tree[edit]

v t e

Family tree of Aeneas

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oceanus

 

Tethys

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Atlas

 

Pleione

 

Scamander

 

Idaea

 

Simoeis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Zeus/Jupiter

 

Electra

 

 

Teucer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dardanus

 

 

 

 

Batea

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Idaea

 

Ilus

 

Erichthonius

 

Astyoche

 

 

Hieromneme

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Callirrhoe

 

 

 

 

 

Tros

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ilus

 

 

 

Assaracus

 

 

 

 

Ganymede

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Laomedon

 

Themiste

 

Capys

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Priam

 

 

 

Anchises

 

Aphrodite/Venus

 

Latinus

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Creusa

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aeneas

 

 

 

Lavinia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ascanius

 

 

 

 

 

Silvius

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Silvius

 

 

 

 

 

Aeneas
Aeneas
Silvius

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Brutus of Britain

 

 

 

 

 

Latinus
Latinus
Silvius

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alba

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Atys

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capys

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capetus

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tiberinus Silvius

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Agrippa

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Romulus
Romulus
Silvius

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aventinus

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Procas

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Numitor

 

Amulius

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rhea Silvia

 

Ares/Mars

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hersilia

 

Romulus

 

Remus

 

See also[edit]

Cumaean Sibyl Lacrimae rerum The Golden Bough Latin kings of Alba Longa

References[edit]

^ "Aeneas". Merriam-Webster. 2015. Retrieved 2015-07-14.  ^ Gregory Nagy (Translator), Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite
Aphrodite
198-199: "His name will be Aineias [Aeneas], since it was an unspeakable [ainos] akhos that took hold of me—grief that I had fallen into the bed of a mortal man." ^ Andrew Faulkner, The Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite: Introduction, Text, and Commentary (2008) p.257 ^ Marilynn Desmond, Reading Dido: Gender, Textuality, and Medieval Aeneid
Aeneid
(1994) pp. 85-86 ^ John of Salisbury, Polycraticus 8.24-25; Bernard Sylvestris of Tours, Commentum supra sex libros Eneidos Vergilii ^ Milman Parry (Author), Adam Parry (Editor), The Making of Homeric Verse: The Collected Papers of Milman Parry (1971) p.169 ^ "Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite." trans by Gregory Nagy, University of Houston. ^ Virgil, The Aeneid ^ Homer, The Iliad, Book XIII, (Samuel Butler, trans.) ^ Louden, Bruce. " Aeneas
Aeneas
in the Iliad: the One Just Man", 102nd Annual Meeting of CAMWS, Classical Association of the Middle West and South, 2006 ^ Apollodorus, Epitome, (James G. Frazer ed.), Chap.V, 21 ^ Hyginus, Fabulae 115. ^ Stout, S.E. (1924). "How Vergil
Vergil
Established for Aeneas
Aeneas
a Legal Claim to a Home and a Throne in Italy". The Classical Journal. 20 (3): 152–60. JSTOR 3288552.  ^ Titus Livius. The History of Rome, (Rev. Canon Roberts, trans.), Vol. I, J. M. Dent & Sons, Ltd., London, 1905 ^ The Prose Edda
The Prose Edda
of Snorri Sturlson Translated by Arthur Gilchrist Brodeur [1916] Prologue II at Internet Sacred Texts Archive. Accesed 11/14/17 ^ Edda Snorra Sturlusonar GUÐNI JÓNSSON bjó til prentunar. Prologus 2 ^ The Prose Edda
The Prose Edda
of Snorri Sturlson Translated by Arthur Gilchrist Brodeur [1916] Prologue III at Internet Sacred Texts Archive. Accesed 11/14/17 ^ Eldevik, Randi (1991). "Negotiations of Homoerotic Tradition". PMLA. 106 (5): 1177–78. doi:10.2307/462692. JSTOR 462692.  ^ a b Tolkien, J. R. R.; E. V. Gordon; Norman Davis, eds. (1967). Sir Gawain and the Green Knight (2 ed.). Oxford: Oxford UP. p. 70. ISBN 9780198114864.  ^ Colonne, Guido delle (1936). Griffin, N. E., ed. Historia destructionis Troiae. Medieval Academy Books. 26. Cambridge: Medieval Academy of America. pp. 218, 234.  ^ Laura Howes, ed. (2010). Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. Marie Boroff (trans.). New York: Norton. p. 3. ISBN 9780393930252.  In Marie Boroff's translation, edited by Laura Howes, the treacherous knight of line 3 is identified as Antenor, incorrectly, as Tolkien argues. ^ Vergil
Vergil
Aeneid
Aeneid
7.1-4 ^ Vergil, Aeneid
Aeneid
1983 1.267 ^ C. F. L'Homond Selections from Viri Romae p.1 ^ Romulus
Romulus
by Plutarch ^ Dionysius of Halicarnassus
Dionysius of Halicarnassus
Roman Antiquities I.70.4 ^ Charles Selby Events to be Remembered in the History of Britain p.1-2 ^ What Does Aeneas
Aeneas
Look like?, Mark Griffith, Classical Philology, Vol. 80, No. 4 (Oct., 1985), p. 309. ^ "Classical E-Text: Dares Phrygius, The Fall Of Troy". Theoi.com. Retrieved 2012-08-28.  ^ Lowden, John. Illuminated prophet books: a study of Byzantine manuscripts of the major and minor prophets Penn State Press, 1988, p. 62 ^ English Broadside Ballad
Ballad
Archive, ballad facsimile and full text ^ "'Troy: Fall Of A City': Bella Dayne, Louis Hunter & More Join BBC/Netflix Epic". Deadline. March 30, 2017. Retrieved April 1, 2017.  ^ Michael Collins, Elise K. Kirk ed. Opera and Vivaldi p. 150

Further reading[edit]

Cramer, D. “Wrath of Aeneas.” Syllecta Classica, vol. 11, 2000, pp. 16-33. De Vasconcellos, P. S. “A Sound Play on Aeneas' Name in the Aeneid: A Brief Note on VII.69.” Vergilius (1959-), vol. 61, 2015, pp. 125–129. Farron, S. “The Aeneas- Dido
Dido
Episode as an Attack on Aeneas' Mission and Rome.” Greece & Rome, vol. 27, no. 1, 1980, pp. 34–47. Gowers, E. “Trees and Family Trees in the Aeneid.” Classical Antiquity, vol. 30, no. 1, 2011, pp. 87–118. Grillo, L. “Leaving Troy
Troy
and Creusa: Reflections on Aeneas’ Flight.” The Classical Journal, vol. 106, no. 1, 2010, pp. 43–68. Noonan, J. “Sum Pius Aeneas: Aeneas
Aeneas
and the Leader as Conservator/Σωτήρ” The Classical Bulletin. vol. 83, no. 1, 2007, pp. 65-91. Putnam, M. C. J. The Humanness of Heroes: Studies in the Conclusion of Virgil’s Aeneid. The Amsterdam Vergil
Vergil
lectures, 1. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2011. Starr, R. J. “ Aeneas
Aeneas
the Rhetorician : ‘ Aeneid
Aeneid
IV’, 279-295.” Latomus, vol. 62, no. 1, 2003, pp. 36–46. Scafoglio, G. “Betrayal of Aeneas.” Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies, vol. 53 no. 1, 2013, pp. 1-14. Schauer, M. Aeneas
Aeneas
dux in Vergils Aeneis. Eine literarische Fiktion in augusteischer Zeit. Zetemata vol. 128. Munich: C.H. Beck, 2007.

Sources[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aeneas.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Aeneas.

Homer, Iliad
Iliad
II. 819–21; V. 217–575; XIII. 455–544; XX. 75–352. Apollodorus, Bibliotheca III. xii. 2; Epitome III. 32–IV. 2; V. 21. Virgil, Aeneid. Ovid, Metamorphoses
Metamorphoses
XIII. 623-715; XIV. 75-153; 581–608. Ovid, Heroides, VII. Livy, Book 1.1-2. Dictys Cretensis. Dares Phrygius.

Library resources about Aeneas

Online books Resources in your library Resources in other libraries

External links[edit]

Warburg Institute Iconographic Database (about 900 images related to the Aeneid)

Legendary titles

Preceded by Latinus Latin king Succeeded by Ascanius

v t e

Roman mythology
Roman mythology
series

Major deities

Apollo Ceres Diana Juno Jupiter Mars Mercury Minerva Venus Vulcan Divus Augustus Divus Julius Fortuna Lares Pluto Quirinus Sol Vesta

Heroes and legendary mortals

Aeneas Hercules Romulus
Romulus
and Remus Seven Kings of Rome

v t e

Ancient Roman religion and mythology

Deities

Apollo Bellona Bona Dea Castor and Pollux Ceres Cupid Diana Dīs Pater Egeria Fauna Faunus Flora Genius Hercules Janus Juno Jupiter Lares Liber Libertas Lucina Mars Mercury Minerva Orcus Neptune Penates Pluto Pomona Priapus Proserpina Quirinus Saturn Silvanus Sol Venus Vesta Vulcan

Abstract deities

Abundantia Aequitas Concordia Fides Fortuna Pietas Roma Salus Securitas Spes Victoria Terra

Legendary figures

Aeneas Rhea Silvia Romulus
Romulus
and Remus Numa Pompilius Tullus Hostilius Servius Tullius Ancus Marcius Lucius Tarquinius Priscus Lucius Tarquinius Superbus

Texts

Virgil

Aeneid

Ovid

Metamorphoses Fasti

Propertius Apuleius

The Golden Ass

Varro

Concepts and practices

Religion in ancient Rome Festivals Interpretatio graeca Imperial cult Temples

See also

Glossary of ancient Roman religion Greek mythology Myth and ritual Classical mythology Conversion to Christianity Decline of Greco-Roman
Greco-Roman
polytheism

v t e

Characters in the Iliad

Achaeans

Acamas Achilles Agamemnon Agapenor Ajax the Greater Ajax the Lesser Alcimus Anticlus Antilochus Arcesilaus Ascalaphus Automedon Balius and Xanthus Bias Calchas Diomedes Elephenor Epeius Eudoros Euryalus Eurybates Eurydamas Eurypylus Guneus Helen Ialmenus Idomeneus Leitus Leonteus Lycomedes Machaon Medon Meges Menelaus Menestheus Meriones Neoptolemus Nestor Nireus Odysseus Palamedes Patroclus Peneleos Philoctetes Phoenix Podalirius Podarces Polites Polypoetes Promachus Protesilaus Prothoenor Schedius Stentor Sthenelus Talthybius Teucer Thersites Thoas Thrasymedes Tlepolemus

Trojans

Aeneas Aesepus Agenor Alcathous Amphimachus Anchises Andromache Antenor Antiphates Antiphus Archelochus Asius Asteropaios Astyanax Atymnius Axylus Briseis Calesius Caletor Cassandra Chryseis Chryses Clytius Coön Dares Phrygius Deiphobus Dolon Epistrophus Euphemus Euphorbus Glaucus Gorgythion Hector Hecuba Helenus Hyperenor Hypsenor Ilioneus Imbrius Iphidamas Kebriones Laocoön Lycaon Melanippus Mentes Mydon Mygdon of Phrygia Othryoneus Pandarus Panthous Paris Pedasus Peirous Phorcys Polites Polydamas Polybus Polydorus Priam Pylaemenes Pylaeus Pyraechmes Rhesus of Thrace Sarpedon Theano Ucalegon

v t e

" Dido
Dido
and Aeneas" from Virgil's Aeneid

Characters

Dido Aeneas

Operas

Didone (1641, Cavalli) Dido
Dido
and Aeneas
Aeneas
(1688, Purcell)

discography "Dido's Lament"

Didon (1693, Desmarets) Didone abbandonata
Didone abbandonata
(1724, Metastasio) Didone abbandonata
Didone abbandonata
(1724, Sarro) Didone abbandonata
Didone abbandonata
(1724, Albinoni) Didone abbandonata
Didone abbandonata
(1762, Sarti) Didon (1783, Piccinni) Dido, Queen of Carthage
Carthage
(1792, Storace) Les Troyens
Les Troyens
(1863, Berlioz)

Plays

Dido, Queen of Carthage
Carthage
(c. 1593)

Poetry

Roman d'Enéas
Roman d'Enéas
(1160)

Music

Simple Man

Art

Dido
Dido
building Carthage

Related

Low Ham Roman Villa Amelia

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 62339660 LCCN: no2014109

.