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Aigeira (Greek: Αιγείρα) (IPA: [eˈʝira]) is a town and a former municipality in northeastern Achaea, West Greece, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Aigialeia, of which it is a municipal unit.[2] The municipal unit has an area of 103.646 km2.[3] The municipal unit stretches from the Gulf of Corinth, where the town Aigeira is located, to the mountains in the south. The town Aigeira is 26 km (16 mi) southeast of Aigio, 55 km (34 mi) northwest of Corinth and 55 km (34 mi) east of Patras. The Greek National Road 8A (E65 Corinth - Patras) and the railway Corinth - Patras run through the town.

Contents

1 Subdivisions 2 Historical population 3 History 4 Archaeology 5 Sport 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Subdivisions[edit] The municipal unit Aigeira is subdivided into the following communities:

Aigeira Aiges Ampelokipoi Chrysanthio Exochi Monastiri Oasi Perithori Seliana Sinevro Vella

Historical population[edit]

Year Community Municipality

1981 1,320 -

1991 1,696 4,211

2001 1,673 4,503

2011 1,462 2,626

History[edit]

Theatre in Aigeira.

The area was settled in the 3rd millennium BC. The city was known as Hyperesia (Greek: Υπερησία, Hyperesia) during Homeric times. According to Pausanias, in 688 BC Hyperesia was threatened by a hostile army from Sicyon. The locals defended their city by placing burning torches on their goats' (aiges in Greek) horns. As a result, the invaders left in fear while the Hyperesians renamed their town Αigeira to honor the goats.[4] The city was prosperous and was one of the twelve most important cities in the Achaean League. The city consisted of two parts: a port on the Gulf of Corinth and the upper town, 12 stadia (2 km (1.2 mi)) from the port. According to Pausanias, there were sanctuaries of Zeus and Athena as well as a temple of Artemis Agrotera in the upper town.[4] Archaeology[edit] The Austrian Archaeological Institute made excavations in Aigeira in 1916. The team with Otto Walter found the head of the statue of Zeus, which according to Pausanias was a work by the Athenian sculptor Euclid.[4] Walter also found the left arm, the finger at the right hand later. From 1972, excavations led by Wilhelm Alzinger excavated the Mycenaean acropolis, the ancient theatre and several naiskoi next to the theatre (naiskos (small temple)). The floor of one of them is decorated with a pebble mosaic representing an eagle with a serpent. Also, the Tycheio (sanctuary of Tyche) described by Pausanias was uncovered next to the theatre. Further to the north, foundations of two small temples were explored by Anton Bammer. On the terrace north of the acropolis, a presumably public building with banqueting rooms and bathing facilities was located and excavated by Georg Ladstätter. Sport[edit] The town is home to the Aigeira Municipal Stadium. Its major soccer team is Thyella Aigeira. Aigeira is also home to non-league amateur football club Panaigeiratikos. See also[edit]

List of settlements in Achaea

References[edit]

^ a b "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.  ^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (in Greek) ^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-21.  ^ a b c Pausanias, Description of Greece, 7.26

External links[edit]

Austrian Archaeological Institute, Research in Aigeira Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften The Mycenian settlement in Aigeira (in German) GTP - Ancient Aigeira GTP - Aigeira GTP - Municipal unit of Aigeira SC Panaigeiratikos

Places adjacent to Aigeira

Akrata Gulf of Corinth Evrostina

Akrata

Aigeira

Evrostina

Akrata Feneos Feneos

v t e

Subdivisions of the municipality of Aigialeia

Municipal unit of Aigeira

Aigeira Aiges Ampelokipoi Chrysanthio Exochi Monastiri Oasi Perithori Seliana Sinevro Vela

Municipal unit of Aigio

Aigio Chatzis Dafnes Digeliotika Kouloura Koumari Kounina Mavriki Melissia Paraskevi Pteri Selinountas Temeni Valimitika

Municipal unit of Akrata

Agia Varvara Akrata Ampelos Kalamias Krathio Mesorrougi Paralia Platanou Peristera Platanos Porovitsa Sylivainiotika Valimi Voutsimos Zarouchla

Municipal unit of Diakopto

Ano Diakopto Diakopto Elaionas Eliki Katholiko Keryneia Mamousia Nikolaiika Rizomylos Rodia Trapeza Zachloritika

Municipal unit of Erineos

Arravonitsa Damakini Kamares Neos Erineos Salmeniko Ziria

Municipal unit of Sympoliteia

Agios Konstantinos Alsos Dimitropoulo Doukanaiika Gkraika Grigori Krini Aigaleias Lakka Longos Mageiras Myrovrysi Nerantzies Rododafni Selianitika T

.