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Adolph Green
Adolph Green
(December 2, 1914  – October 23, 2002) was an American lyricist and playwright who, with long-time collaborator Betty Comden, penned the screenplays and songs for some of the most beloved movie musicals, particularly as part of Arthur Freed's production unit at Metro Goldwyn Mayer, during the genre's heyday. Many people thought the pair were married, but in fact they were not a romantic couple at all. Nevertheless, they shared a unique comic genius and sophisticated wit that enabled them to forge a six-decade-long partnership that produced some of Hollywood
Hollywood
and Broadway's greatest hits.

Contents

1 Biography 2 Broadway credits 3 Film credits 4 Acting credits 5 Awards and nominations 6 Notes 7 References 8 External links

Biography[edit] Green was born in the Bronx to Hungarian Jewish
Jewish
immigrants Helen (née Weiss) and Daniel Green. After high school, he worked as a runner on Wall Street
Wall Street
while he tried to make it as an actor. He met Comden through mutual friends in 1938 while she was studying drama at New York University. They formed a troupe called the Revuers, which performed at the Village Vanguard, a club in Greenwich Village. Among the members of the company was a young comedian named Judy Tuvim, who later changed her name to Judy Holliday, and Green's good friend, a young musician named Leonard Bernstein, who he had met in 1937 at a summer camp where Bernstein was the music counselor, frequently accompanied them on the piano. The act's success earned them a movie offer and the Revuers traveled west in hopes of finding fame in Greenwich Village, a 1944 movie starring Carmen Miranda
Carmen Miranda
and Don Ameche, but their roles were so small they barely were noticed, and they quickly returned to New York. Their first Broadway effort teamed them with Bernstein for On the Town, a musical romp about three sailors on leave in New York City that was an expansion of a ballet entitled Fancy Free on which Bernstein had been working with choreographer Jerome Robbins. Comden and Green wrote the lyrics and book, which included sizeable parts for themselves. Their next two musicals, Billion Dollar Baby (1945) and Bonanza Bound (1947) were not successful, and once again they headed to California, where they immediately found work at MGM. They wrote the screenplay for Good News, starring June Allyson
June Allyson
and Peter Lawford, The Barkleys of Broadway
The Barkleys of Broadway
for Ginger Rogers
Ginger Rogers
and Fred Astaire, and then adapted On the Town for Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
and Gene Kelly, scrapping much of Bernstein's music at the request of Arthur Freed, who did not care for the Bernstein score. They reunited with Kelly for their most successful project, the classic Singin' in the Rain, about Hollywood
Hollywood
in the final days of the silent film era. Considered by many film historians to be the best movie musical of all time, it ranked #10 on the list of the 100 Best American Movies of the 20th Century, compiled by the American Film Institute in 1998. They followed this with another hit, The Band Wagon, in which the characters of Lester and Lily, a husband-and-wife team that writes the play for the show-within-a-show, were patterned after themselves. They were Oscar-nominated twice, for their screenplays for The Band Wagon
The Band Wagon
and It's Always Fair Weather, both of which earned them a Screen Writers Guild Award, as did On the Town. Their stage work during the next few years included the revue Two on the Aisle, starring Bert Lahr
Bert Lahr
and Dolores Gray, Wonderful Town, an adaptation of the comedy hit My Sister Eileen, with Rosalind Russell and Edie Adams
Edie Adams
as two sisters from Ohio trying to make it in the Big Apple, and Bells Are Ringing, which reunited them with Judy Holliday as an operator at a telephone answering service. The score, including the standards "Just in Time", "Long Before I Knew You," and "The Party’s Over" proved to be one of their richest. In 1958, they appeared on Broadway in A Party with Betty Comden
Betty Comden
and Adolph Green, a revue that included some of their early sketches. It was a critical and commercial success, and they brought an updated version back to Broadway in 1977. Among their other credits are the Mary Martin
Mary Martin
version of Peter Pan for both Broadway and television, a streamlined Die Fledermaus
Die Fledermaus
for the Metropolitan Opera, and stage musicals for Carol Burnett, Leslie Uggams, and Lauren Bacall, among others. Their many collaborators included Garson Kanin, Cy Coleman, Jule Styne, and André Previn. The team was not without its failures. In 1982, A Doll's Life, an exploration of what Nora did after she abandoned her husband in Henrik Ibsen's A Doll's House, ran for only five performances, although they received Tony Award
Tony Award
nominations for its book and score. In 1980, Green was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame.[1] And, in 1981, he was inducted into the American Theatre Hall of Fame.[2] In 1989 he appeared as Dr. Pangloss in Bernstein's Candide. Comden and Green received Kennedy Center Honors
Kennedy Center Honors
in 1991. Green's third wife was actress Phyllis Newman, who had understudied Holliday in Bells Are Ringing. They had two children, Adam and Amanda, both of whom are songwriters.[3] His Broadway memorial, with such luminaries as Lauren Bacall, Kevin Kline, Joel Grey, Kristin Chenoweth, Arthur Laurents, Peter Stone, and, of course, Betty Comden
Betty Comden
in attendance was held at the Shubert Theater on December 4, 2002.[4] Broadway credits[edit]

On the Town (1944) Billion Dollar Baby (1945) Two on the Aisle (1951) Wonderful Town
Wonderful Town
(1953) Peter Pan (1954) Bells Are Ringing (1956) Say, Darling (1958) A Party with Betty Comden
Betty Comden
and Adolph Green
Adolph Green
(1958) Do Re Mi (1960) Subways Are for Sleeping
Subways Are for Sleeping
(1961) Fade Out – Fade In
Fade Out – Fade In
(1964) Hallelujah, Baby!
Hallelujah, Baby!
(1967) Applause (1970) Lorelei (1974) On the Twentieth Century (1978) The Madwoman of Central Park West
The Madwoman of Central Park West
(1979) A Doll's Life
A Doll's Life
(1982) Singin' in the Rain
Singin' in the Rain
(1985) The Will Rogers Follies (1991)

Film credits[edit]

Good News (1947) The Barkleys of Broadway
The Barkleys of Broadway
(1949) On the Town (1949) Singin' in the Rain
Singin' in the Rain
(1952) The Band Wagon
The Band Wagon
(1953) It's Always Fair Weather
It's Always Fair Weather
(1955) Auntie Mame (1958) Bells Are Ringing (1960) What a Way to Go! (1964)

Acting credits[edit]

Greenwich Village
Greenwich Village
(1944) as Revuer (uncredited) Simon (1980) as Commune Leader My Favorite Year
My Favorite Year
(1982) as Leo Silver Lily in Love
Lily in Love
(1984) as Jerry Silber I Want to Go Home (1989) as Joey Wellman Candide (1991) (TV) as Dr. Pangloss / Martin Frasier
Frasier
(1994) (TV) as Walter (episode: Burying a Grudge) The Substance of Fire (1996) as Mr. Musselblatt

Awards and nominations[edit]

Year Award Category Work Result

1950 WGA Award Best Written American Musical The Barkleys of Broadway Nominated

On the Town Won

1953 Singin' in the Rain Won

New York Drama Critics' Circle
New York Drama Critics' Circle
Award Best Musical Wonderful Town Won

1954 Academy Awards Best Writing, Story and Screenplay The Band Wagon Nominated

WGA Award Best Written American Musical Nominated

1956 Academy Awards Best Writing, Story and Screenplay It's Always Fair Weather Nominated

WGA Award Best Written American Musical Nominated

1961 Bells Are Ringing Won

Grammy Award Best Soundtrack Album or Recording of Original Cast from a Motion Picture or TV Nominated

1968 Tony Award Best Composer and Lyricist Hallelujah, Baby! Won

1978 Best Book of a Musical On the Twentieth Century Won

Best Original Score Won

1983 Best Book of a Musical A Doll's House Nominated

Best Original Score Nominated

1986 Best Book of a Musical Singin' in the Rain Nominated

1991 Best Original Score The Will Rogers Follies Won

New York Drama Critics' Circle
New York Drama Critics' Circle
Award Best Musical Won

1995 National Board of Review
National Board of Review
Award Distinction in Screenwriting Won

2001 WGA Award Laurel Award for Screen Writing Achievement Won

Notes[edit]

^ Adolph Green
Adolph Green
at the Songwriters Hall of Fame ^ The New York Times, March 3, 1981 – 26 Elected to the Theater Hall of Fame ^ "Adolph Green, Playwright
Playwright
and Lyricist Who Teamed With Comden, Dies at 87"The New York Times, October 25, 2002 ^ "A Broadway Memorial? That's Entertainment"The New York Times, December 4, 2002

References[edit]

Off Stage, a memoir by Betty Comden
Betty Comden
published in 1995

External links[edit]

Biography portal

Adolph Green
Adolph Green
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Adolph Green
Adolph Green
on IMDb Adolph Green
Adolph Green
at the Internet Off-Broadway Database Adolph Green
Adolph Green
papers, 1944–2002, held by the Billy Rose Theatre Division, New York Public Library for the Performing Arts Comden and Green papers, 1933–2003, held by the Billy Rose Theatre Division, New York Public Library for the Performing Arts New York Public Library Blog on Comden and Green's Unproduced Screenplay Wonderland

v t e

Musicals by Betty Comden
Betty Comden
and Adolph Green

On the Town Billion Dollar Baby Two on the Aisle Wonderful Town Peter Pan It's Always Fair Weather Bells Are Ringing Say, Darling A Party with Betty Comden
Betty Comden
and Adolph Green Do Re Mi Subways Are for Sleeping Fade Out - Fade In Hallelujah, Baby! Lorelei On the Twentieth Century A Doll's Life The Will Rogers Follies

v t e

Kennedy Center Honorees (1990s)

1990

Dizzy Gillespie Katharine Hepburn Risë Stevens Jule Styne Billy Wilder

1991

Roy Acuff Betty Comden
Betty Comden
and Adolph Green Fayard and Harold Nicholas Gregory Peck Robert Shaw

1992

Lionel Hampton Paul Newman
Paul Newman
and Joanne Woodward Ginger Rogers Mstislav Rostropovich Paul Taylor

1993

Johnny Carson Arthur Mitchell Sir Georg Solti Stephen Sondheim Marion Williams

1994

Kirk Douglas Aretha Franklin Morton Gould Harold Prince Pete Seeger

1995

Jacques d'Amboise Marilyn Horne B.B. King Sidney Poitier Neil Simon

1996

Edward Albee Benny Carter Johnny Cash Jack Lemmon Maria Tallchief

1997

Lauren Bacall Bob Dylan Charlton Heston Jessye Norman Edward Villella

1998

Bill Cosby Fred Ebb
Fred Ebb
and John Kander Willie Nelson André Previn Shirley Temple
Shirley Temple
Black

1999

Victor Borge Sean Connery Judith Jamison Jason Robards Stevie Wonder

Complete list 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s

v t e

Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Original Score

1947-1975

Street Scene by Kurt Weill
Kurt Weill
(1947) Kiss Me, Kate
Kiss Me, Kate
by Cole Porter
Cole Porter
(1949) South Pacific by Richard Rodgers
Richard Rodgers
(1950) Call Me Madam
Call Me Madam
by Irving Berlin
Irving Berlin
(1951) No Strings
No Strings
by Richard Rodgers
Richard Rodgers
(1962) Oliver!
Oliver!
by Lionel Bart
Lionel Bart
(1963) Hello, Dolly! by Jerry Herman
Jerry Herman
(1964) Fiddler on the Roof
Fiddler on the Roof
by Jerry Bock
Jerry Bock
and Sheldon Harnick
Sheldon Harnick
(1965) Man of La Mancha
Man of La Mancha
by Mitch Leigh
Mitch Leigh
and Joe Darion (1966) Cabaret by John Kander and Fred Ebb
Fred Ebb
(1967) Hallelujah, Baby!
Hallelujah, Baby!
by Jule Styne, Betty Comden, and Adolph Green
Adolph Green
(1968) Company by Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1971) Follies
Follies
by Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1972) A Little Night Music
A Little Night Music
by Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1973) Gigi by Frederick Loewe and Alan Jay Lerner
Alan Jay Lerner
(1974) The Wiz
The Wiz
by Charlie Smalls
Charlie Smalls
(1975)

1976-2000

A Chorus Line
A Chorus Line
by Marvin Hamlisch
Marvin Hamlisch
and Edward Kleban (1976) Annie by Charles Strouse
Charles Strouse
and Martin Charnin (1977) On the Twentieth Century by Cy Coleman, Betty Comden, and Adolph Green (1978) Sweeney Todd
Sweeney Todd
by Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1979) Evita by Andrew Lloyd Webber
Andrew Lloyd Webber
and Tim Rice
Tim Rice
(1980) Woman of the Year by John Kander and Fred Ebb
Fred Ebb
(1981) Nine by Maury Yeston (1982) Cats by Andrew Lloyd Webber
Andrew Lloyd Webber
and T. S. Eliot
T. S. Eliot
(1983) La Cage aux Folles by Jerry Herman
Jerry Herman
(1984) Big River by Roger Miller
Roger Miller
(1985) Drood
Drood
by Rupert Holmes (1986) Les Misérables by Claude-Michel Schönberg, Herbert Kretzmer, and Alain Boublil (1987) Into the Woods
Into the Woods
by Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1988) City of Angels by Cy Coleman
Cy Coleman
and David Zippel (1990) The Will Rogers Follies by Cy Coleman, Betty Comden, and Adolph Green (1991) Falsettos by William Finn
William Finn
(1992) Kiss of the Spider Woman by John Kander and Fred Ebb
Fred Ebb
/ The Who's Tommy by Pete Townshend
Pete Townshend
(1993) Passion by Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1994) Sunset Boulevard by Andrew Lloyd Webber, Don Black, and Christopher Hampton (1995) Rent by Jonathan Larson (1996) Titanic by Maury Yeston (1997) Ragtime by Stephen Flaherty and Lynn Ahrens (1998) Parade by Jason Robert Brown
Jason Robert Brown
(1999) Aida by Elton John
Elton John
and Tim Rice
Tim Rice
(2000)

2001-present

The Producers by Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(2001) Urinetown
Urinetown
by Mark Hollmann and Greg Kotis (2002) Hairspray by Marc Shaiman
Marc Shaiman
and Scott Wittman (2003) Avenue Q
Avenue Q
by Robert Lopez
Robert Lopez
and Jeff Marx
Jeff Marx
(2004) The Light in the Piazza by Adam Guettel
Adam Guettel
(2005) The Drowsy Chaperone
The Drowsy Chaperone
by Lisa Lambert and Greg Morrison (2006) Spring Awakening by Duncan Sheik
Duncan Sheik
and Steven Sater (2007) In the Heights
In the Heights
by Lin-Manuel Miranda
Lin-Manuel Miranda
(2008) Next to Normal
Next to Normal
by Tom Kitt and Brian Yorkey (2009) Memphis by David Bryan
David Bryan
and Joe DiPietro (2010) The Book of Mormon by Trey Parker, Robert Lopez
Robert Lopez
and Matt Stone
Matt Stone
(2011) Newsies by Alan Menken
Alan Menken
and Jack Feldman (2012) Kinky Boots by Cyndi Lauper
Cyndi Lauper
(2013) The Bridges of Madison County by Jason Robert Brown
Jason Robert Brown
(2014) Fun Home by Jeanine Tesori and Lisa Kron (2015) Hamilton by Lin-Manuel Miranda
Lin-Manuel Miranda
(2016) Dear Evan Hansen
Dear Evan Hansen
by Benj Pasek and Justin Paul (2017)

v t e

Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Original Score

1947-1975

Street Scene by Kurt Weill
Kurt Weill
(1947) Kiss Me, Kate
Kiss Me, Kate
by Cole Porter
Cole Porter
(1949) South Pacific by Richard Rodgers
Richard Rodgers
(1950) Call Me Madam
Call Me Madam
by Irving Berlin
Irving Berlin
(1951) No Strings
No Strings
by Richard Rodgers
Richard Rodgers
(1962) Oliver!
Oliver!
by Lionel Bart
Lionel Bart
(1963) Hello, Dolly! by Jerry Herman
Jerry Herman
(1964) Fiddler on the Roof
Fiddler on the Roof
by Jerry Bock
Jerry Bock
and Sheldon Harnick
Sheldon Harnick
(1965) Man of La Mancha
Man of La Mancha
by Mitch Leigh
Mitch Leigh
and Joe Darion (1966) Cabaret by John Kander and Fred Ebb
Fred Ebb
(1967) Hallelujah, Baby!
Hallelujah, Baby!
by Jule Styne, Betty Comden, and Adolph Green
Adolph Green
(1968) Company by Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1971) Follies
Follies
by Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1972) A Little Night Music
A Little Night Music
by Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1973) Gigi by Frederick Loewe and Alan Jay Lerner
Alan Jay Lerner
(1974) The Wiz
The Wiz
by Charlie Smalls
Charlie Smalls
(1975)

1976-2000

A Chorus Line
A Chorus Line
by Marvin Hamlisch
Marvin Hamlisch
and Edward Kleban (1976) Annie by Charles Strouse
Charles Strouse
and Martin Charnin (1977) On the Twentieth Century by Cy Coleman, Betty Comden, and Adolph Green (1978) Sweeney Todd
Sweeney Todd
by Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1979) Evita by Andrew Lloyd Webber
Andrew Lloyd Webber
and Tim Rice
Tim Rice
(1980) Woman of the Year by John Kander and Fred Ebb
Fred Ebb
(1981) Nine by Maury Yeston (1982) Cats by Andrew Lloyd Webber
Andrew Lloyd Webber
and T. S. Eliot
T. S. Eliot
(1983) La Cage aux Folles by Jerry Herman
Jerry Herman
(1984) Big River by Roger Miller
Roger Miller
(1985) Drood
Drood
by Rupert Holmes (1986) Les Misérables by Claude-Michel Schönberg, Herbert Kretzmer, and Alain Boublil (1987) Into the Woods
Into the Woods
by Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1988) City of Angels by Cy Coleman
Cy Coleman
and David Zippel (1990) The Will Rogers Follies by Cy Coleman, Betty Comden, and Adolph Green (1991) Falsettos by William Finn
William Finn
(1992) Kiss of the Spider Woman by John Kander and Fred Ebb
Fred Ebb
/ The Who's Tommy by Pete Townshend
Pete Townshend
(1993) Passion by Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1994) Sunset Boulevard by Andrew Lloyd Webber, Don Black, and Christopher Hampton (1995) Rent by Jonathan Larson (1996) Titanic by Maury Yeston (1997) Ragtime by Stephen Flaherty and Lynn Ahrens (1998) Parade by Jason Robert Brown
Jason Robert Brown
(1999) Aida by Elton John
Elton John
and Tim Rice
Tim Rice
(2000)

2001-present

The Producers by Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(2001) Urinetown
Urinetown
by Mark Hollmann and Greg Kotis (2002) Hairspray by Marc Shaiman
Marc Shaiman
and Scott Wittman (2003) Avenue Q
Avenue Q
by Robert Lopez
Robert Lopez
and Jeff Marx
Jeff Marx
(2004) The Light in the Piazza by Adam Guettel
Adam Guettel
(2005) The Drowsy Chaperone
The Drowsy Chaperone
by Lisa Lambert and Greg Morrison (2006) Spring Awakening by Duncan Sheik
Duncan Sheik
and Steven Sater (2007) In the Heights
In the Heights
by Lin-Manuel Miranda
Lin-Manuel Miranda
(2008) Next to Normal
Next to Normal
by Tom Kitt and Brian Yorkey (2009) Memphis by David Bryan
David Bryan
and Joe DiPietro (2010) The Book of Mormon by Trey Parker, Robert Lopez
Robert Lopez
and Matt Stone
Matt Stone
(2011) Newsies by Alan Menken
Alan Menken
and Jack Feldman (2012) Kinky Boots by Cyndi Lauper
Cyndi Lauper
(2013) The Bridges of Madison County by Jason Robert Brown
Jason Robert Brown
(2014) Fun Home by Jeanine Tesori and Lisa Kron (2015) Hamilton by Lin-Manuel Miranda
Lin-Manuel Miranda
(2016) Dear Evan Hansen
Dear Evan Hansen
by Benj Pasek and Justin Paul (2017)

v t e

Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Book of a Musical

1950–1975

South Pacific by Oscar Hammerstein II
Oscar Hammerstein II
and Joshua Logan (1950) Hello, Dolly! by Michael Stewart (1964) Fiddler on the Roof
Fiddler on the Roof
by Joseph Stein (1965) Company by George Furth (1971) Two Gentlemen of Verona by John Guare
John Guare
and Mel Shapiro (1972) A Little Night Music
A Little Night Music
by Hugh Wheeler (1973) Candide by Hugh Wheeler (1974) Shenandoah by James Lee Barrett, Peter Udell and Philip Rose (1975)

1976–2000

A Chorus Line
A Chorus Line
by James Kirkwood Jr. and Nicholas Dante (1976) Annie by Thomas Meehan (1977) On the Twentieth Century by Betty Comden
Betty Comden
and Adolph Green
Adolph Green
(1978) Sweeney Todd
Sweeney Todd
by Hugh Wheeler (1979) Evita by Tim Rice
Tim Rice
(1980) Woman of the Year by Peter Stone (1981) Dreamgirls by Tom Eyen (1982) Cats by T. S. Eliot
T. S. Eliot
(1983) La Cage aux Folles by Harvey Fierstein
Harvey Fierstein
(1984) Big River by William Hauptman (1985) Drood
Drood
by Rupert Holmes (1986) Les Misérables by Alain Boublil and Claude-Michel Schönberg (1987) Into the Woods
Into the Woods
by James Lapine
James Lapine
(1988) No Award (1989) City of Angels by Larry Gelbart
Larry Gelbart
(1990) The Secret Garden by Marsha Norman
Marsha Norman
(1991) Falsettos by William Finn
William Finn
and James Lapine
James Lapine
(1992) Kiss of the Spider Woman by Terrence McNally
Terrence McNally
(1993) Passion by James Lapine
James Lapine
(1994) Sunset Boulevard by Don Black and Christopher Hampton
Christopher Hampton
(1995) Rent by Jonathan Larson (1996) Titanic by Peter Stone (1997) Ragtime by Terrence McNally
Terrence McNally
(1998) Parade by Alfred Uhry
Alfred Uhry
(1999) James Joyce's The Dead
James Joyce's The Dead
by Richard Nelson (2000)

2001–present

The Producers by Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
and Thomas Meehan (2001) Urinetown
Urinetown
by Greg Kotis (2002) Hairspray by Thomas Meehan and Mark O'Donnell
Mark O'Donnell
(2003) Avenue Q
Avenue Q
by Jeff Whitty (2004) The 25th Annual Putnam County Spelling Bee
The 25th Annual Putnam County Spelling Bee
by Rachel Sheinkin (2005) The Drowsy Chaperone
The Drowsy Chaperone
by Bob Martin and Don McKellar
Don McKellar
(2006) Spring Awakening by Steven Sater (2007) Passing Strange by Stew (2008) Billy Elliot the Musical
Billy Elliot the Musical
by Lee Hall (2009) Memphis by Joe DiPietro (2010) The Book of Mormon by Trey Parker, Robert Lopez
Robert Lopez
and Matt Stone
Matt Stone
(2011) Once by Enda Walsh
Enda Walsh
(2012) Matilda the Musical
Matilda the Musical
by Dennis Kelly (2013) A Gentleman's Guide to Love and Murder
A Gentleman's Guide to Love and Murder
by Robert L. Freedman (2014) Fun Home by Lisa Kron (2015) Hamilton by Lin-Manuel Miranda
Lin-Manuel Miranda
(2016) Dear Evan Hansen
Dear Evan Hansen
by Steven Levenson (2017)

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 59273596 LCCN: n84007715 ISNI: 0000 0001 1652 1335 GND: 119236435 SUDOC: 034793372 BNF: cb13938549d (data) MusicBrainz: f717fab6-b501-4cc9-91cd-6740dea46511 BNE: XX1176084 SN

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