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The Info List - Adnexa Of Uterus





The uterine appendages (or adnexa of uterus) are the structures most closely related structurally and functionally to the uterus.

Contents

1 Terminology 2 Clinical significance 3 Additional images 4 References 5 See also

Terminology[edit] They can be defined in slightly different ways:

Some sources define the adnexa as the fallopian tubes and ovaries.[1] Others include the supporting tissues".[2] Another source defines the appendages as the "regions of the true pelvis posterior to the broad ligaments".[3] One dictionary includes the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and ligaments (without specifying precisely which ligaments are included).[4]

Clinical significance[edit] The term "adnexitis" is sometimes used to describe an inflammation of the uterine appendages (adnexa).[5] In this context, it replaces the terms oophoritis and salpingitis. The term adnexal mass is sometimes used when the location of a uterine mass is not yet more precisely known. 63% of ectopic pregnancies present with an adnexal mass. Depending on the size of the mass, it could be a medical emergency. Term "Adnexectomy" in Gynaecology
Gynaecology
is often used for Salpingo- Oophorectomy (removal of both: fallopian tubes and ovaries). Additional images[edit]

Ovary

References[edit]

^ Abele, H (2014). Atlas of gynecologic surgery. Stuttgart: Thieme. ISBN 9783136507049; Access provided by the University of Pittsburgh  ^ Ramsden, Ian; Philip Welsby (2002). Clinical history taking and examination: an illustrated color text. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone. p. 65. ISBN 0-443-07088-1.  ^ Reva Arnez Curry; Tempkin, Betty Bates (1995). Ultrasonography: an introduction to normal structure and functional anatomy. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Co. p. 222. ISBN 0-7216-4585-2.  ^ "uterine appendages" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary ^ "Adnexitis - Definition and More from Merriam-Webster's Free Medical Dictionary". Archived from the original on 21 February 2010. Retrieved 2010-03-09. 

See also[edit]

Adnexa (other)

v t e

Female reproductive system

Internal

Adnexa

Ovaries

Follicles

corpus

hemorrhagicum luteum albicans

Theca of follicle

externa interna

Follicular antrum

Follicular fluid

Corona radiata Zona pellucida Membrana granulosa Perivitelline space

Other

Germinal epithelium Tunica albuginea cortex

Cumulus oophorus Stroma

Medulla

Fallopian tubes

Isthmus Ampulla Infundibulum Fimbria Ostium

Ligaments

Ovarian ligament Suspensory ligament

Wolffian vestiges

Gartner's duct Epoophoron

Vesicular appendages of epoophoron

Paroophoron

Uterus

Regions

Body

Uterine cavity Fundus

Cervix

External orifice Cervical canal Internal orifice Supravaginal portion Vaginal portion

Uterine horns

Layers

Endometrium

epithelium

Myometrium Perimetrium Parametrium

Ligaments

Round ligament Broad ligament Cardinal ligament Uterosacral ligament Pubocervical ligament

General

Uterine glands

Vagina

Fossa of vestibule of vagina Vaginal fornix Hymen Vaginal rugae Support structures Vaginal epithelium

External

Vulva

Labia

Mons pubis Labia
Labia
majora

Anterior commissure Posterior commissure

Pudendal cleft Labia
Labia
minora

Frenulum of labia minora Frenulum of clitoris

Vulval vestibule Interlabial sulci Bulb of vestibule Vaginal orifice vestibular glands/ducts

Bartholin's glands/Bartholin's ducts Skene's glands/Skene's ducts

Clitoris

Crus of clitoris Corpus cavernosum Clitoral glans

Hood

Urethra

Urethral crest

Other

G-spot Urethral sponge Per

.