The Info List - Adjuntas

Adjuntas (Spanish pronunciation: [aðˈxuntas]) is a small mountainside municipality in Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
located central midwest of the island on the Cordillera Central, north of Yauco, Guayanilla and Peñuelas; southeast of Utuado; east of Lares and Yauco; and west of Ponce. Adjuntas is spread over 16 wards and Adjuntas Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the city). Adjuntas is about two hours by car westward from the capital, San Juan. It is the principal city of and comprises the Adjuntas Micropolitan Statistical Area. Adjuntas is nicknamed "the Switzerland
of Puerto Rico", because of its relatively chilly weather. Many Puerto Rican mountain towns have cooler weather than the rest of the island; Adjuntas is no exception: the average yearly weather is 21  °C
(70 °F) (High: 28 °C/83 °F; Low: 14 °C/58 °F).[2] Its mild climate attracts a good number of islanders tourists during the summer months. The town has a small hotel named Monte Rio and a good size parador, or country inn, called Villa Sotomayor. Adjuntas' Zip Code
Zip Code
00601 is the lowest in the United States.


1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Barrios 2.2 Climate

3 Demographics 4 Economy

4.1 Agriculture 4.2 Industry 4.3 Tourism

5 Human resources

5.1 Education 5.2 Public health 5.3 Public safety

6 Culture

6.1 Sports

7 Transportation 8 Government 9 Symbols

9.1 Coat of Arms 9.2 Flag 9.3 Anthem 9.4 Nicknames

10 Notable Adjunteños 11 See also 12 References 13 Further reading 14 External links

History[edit] Although there are petroglyphs and traces of Taíno people
Taíno people
in Adjuntas, there is no proof that the region was dominated by a specific cacique. Nearby caciques like Guarionex and Urayoán could have had some control over the area. According to historian Aurelio Tió, during the Spanish colonization of Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
in the 16th Century, it is believed that a Spanish interpreter called Juan González settled in the region. Also, historian Cayetano Coll y Toste
Cayetano Coll y Toste
wrote a legend about Spanish people looking for gold in the region of Adjuntas. As colonization progressed, Adjuntas became part of the San Blas de Illescas de Coamo village, which was founded in 1579 and became the most important settlement in the south. It is believed that the name "Adjuntas" derives from the term of "being close" to Coamo. As population shifted to Ponce, Adjuntas became more linked to that town, and then to Utuado, being a ward of this municipality in 1739. With 20 families established in the region, the residents of Adjuntas vouched for the settlement to be officially recognized. The town of Adjuntas was then founded in August 11, 1815, with Diego Maldonado being elected as its representative. A city hall and public square were built shortly after.[3]

Adjuntas in the early 20th Century

Adjuntas was one of the main cities where the Anusim, Maranos, and other Sephardi
settled. Many of these families were of the Torres, Perez or Peretz, and Bennazar families among others. Berberena and Mozarabes
settled there too.[citation needed] Taíno families from neighboring Utuado can also be found in this area, along with escaped cimarrones, or African slaves, who intermarried with the Taíno. DNA genetic evidence shows that many Africans fled up the Camino Real into the mountains to escape the sugar plantations of Ponce. The Mandinka, Wolof & Fulani
mtDNA African haplotype, L1b, is present here. Taíno haplogroups A & C can also be found in this area.[citation needed]

Postcard of President Theodore Roosevelt
Theodore Roosevelt
during his visit to Adjuntas

After the mid-19th century, Adjuntas welcomed many immigrants from the Mediterranean islands Corsica
and Majorca. Some of them established coffee plantations. During the last decades of the 19th Century, the coffee produced in Adjuntas was exported to Europe, United States
United States
and even the Vatican.[citation needed] Adjuntas was proclaimed a "villa", or a first order municipality, by the Spanish Government
Spanish Government
Monarchy in 1894.[4] Several years after, the town was occupied by the United States
United States
Army forces during the Spanish–American War
Spanish–American War
of 1898 and was visited by President Theodore Roosevelt in 1906.[5] The discovery of rich deposits of copper, gold and other minerals during the 1960s motivated some local community and environmental leaders to oppose the mining. Casa Pueblo, a local community organization settled in Adjuntas, opposed to the mining and advocates for the preservation of natural resources in Puerto Rico.[6][7][8] Geography[edit] The terrain in Adjuntas is very mountainous, due to its location in the Cordillera Central. It borders Utuado in the north and east, Lares and Yauco to the west, and Guayanilla, Peñuelas, and Ponce to the south. Historian Pedro Tomás de Córdova described the terrain as "high, and mountainous, and very healthy". He also praised the quality of the terrain for agriculture.[9] Adjuntas' highest peak is Monte Guilarte (3,773 ft; 1,150 m),[10] followed by Vaquiñas (3,346 ft; 1,020 m). Guilarte itself is the sixth highest peak in Puerto Rico, and is located in Guilarte State Forest. Córdova also mentioned the water features, describing 26 rivers and 16 creeks that ran through the region. Barrios[edit]

Adjuntas[2] (Climate - Tropical Rainforest (Af))

Climate chart (explanation)


    2.5     80 54

    2.5     80 53

    3.8     81 54

    7.2     82 57

    9.5     83 60

    5     85 61

    6     85 61

    8.4     85 61

    13     85 61

    11     84 60

    6.7     82 59

    3.2     80 56

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F

Precipitation totals in inches

Source: [11]

Metric conversion


    64     26 12

    64     27 12

    96     27 12

    184     28 14

    242     28 15

    127     29 16

    152     29 16

    212     30 16

    318     29 16

    290     29 15

    170     28 15

    81     27 13

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C

Precipitation totals in mm

The municipality of Adjuntas is made up of 17 barrios (wards/districts).

Adjuntas Pueblo Capáez Garzas Guayabo Dulce Guayo Guilarte Pellejas Limaní Juan Gonzalez Portillo Portuguez Saltillo Tanamá Vegas Abajo Vegas Arriba Yahuecas Yayales

Climate[edit] Adjuntas features a tropical rainforest climate that borders on a subtropical highland climate. While the town technically features a tropical rainforest climate, due to its high elevation, the climate is noticeably cooler than the norm for this climate category. Summers are warm (83°-85 °F) in the daytime and mild at nighttime (60°-63 °F). Meanwhile, winters are moderately warm with cool temperatures at night. During daytime, high temperatures are around 79  °F
(26 °C) in the town and 68  °F
(20 °C) in the nearby mountains. Winter night temperatures are between in the 55  °F
(13 °C) and 60  °F
(16 °C) range, but after cold fronts temperatures can drop down to 45 °F (7 °C).[2]


Historical population

Census Pop.

1900 19,484

1910 16,954


1920 17,988


1930 18,075


1940 22,556


1950 22,424


1960 19,658


1970 18,691


1980 18,786


1990 19,451


2000 19,143


2010 19,483


Est. 2016 18,314 [12] −6.0%

U.S. Decennial Census[13] 1899 (shown as 1900)[14] 1910-1930[15] 1930-1950[16] 1960-2000[17] 2010-2016[12]

Racial - (self-defined) Adjuntas, Puerto Rico - 2010 Census[18]

Race Population % of Total

White 18,146 93.1%

Black/African American 603 3.1%

American Indian and Alaska Native 68 0.4%

Asian 5 0.0%

Native Hawaiian Pacific Islander 1 0.0%

Some other race 411 2.1%

Two or more races 249 1.3%

Adjuntas currently has a population of 19,483. This represents a growth of 340, from 19,143 in 2000. Throughout the years, it hasn't shown significant changes, with the highest being 22,556 (1940) and the lowest in the last century being 18,075 (1930).[19][20] 80% of the Per capita income of Adjuntas is a product of agriculture. In 2010, unemployment hit 20.2%. According to mayor, Jaime Barlucea, it decreased to 18.7 in 2011. However, according to the Department of Employment of Puerto Rico, it increased to 21.3.[21] Economy[edit] Agriculture[edit]

A coffee and bananas farm in Adjuntas

Since its foundation in the 19th Century, the production of coffee, sugarcane, small fruits, and cattle have formed the foundation of the economy of Adjuntas. During the middle of the 20th Century, however, the production of sugar declined with the arrival of manufacturing industries. Adjuntas is still considered one of the main producers of coffee in the island, producing 32% of the coffee consumed in the island.[21] Other products produced in Adjuntas are tropical crops such as bananas, citron and peaches. Industry[edit] During the middle of the 20th Century, some manufacturing industries established themselves in town as part of Operation Bootstrap. However, as of 2012, most of them have already closed. One of the last manufacturing companies in town, a military uniforms company, closed in March 2012.[22] Tourism[edit] Although tourism hasn't been an integral part of the economy of Adjuntas, according to historic records, it has been present since the 19th Century. Historian Lidio Cruz Monclóva noted that around 1871, some doctors requested patients to travel to Adjuntas to stay in a hotel called "La Adjunteña". The hotel was the property of C.L. Ginestre, and served both tourists and the sick. Cruz noted that doctors believed the colder temperatures of the town were beneficial to health.[23]

Castillo de los Niños

Nowadays, Adjuntas receives approximately 700 tourists per weekend, according to mayor Jaime Barlucea.[22] Most of them want to visit the haciendas established there during past centuries. Some of them are: Hacienda
Bareal, Hacienda
El Muerto, Hacienda
Arbela, and Hacienda Pietri. Other landmarks are Monte Guilarte, and the Inabón waterfall. Another known tourist stop in Adjuntas is Casa Pueblo, a local museum and cultural institution founded by a group of activists that fought against the copper mine exploitation of the area for decades. Casa Pueblo is responsible for many environmental projects, namely the preservation of hundreds of acres of woods and bodies of water. However, some residents and businesspeople from Adjuntas maintain that the government has not taken advantage of the many tourist attractions in town, which include three forests, waterfalls, lakes, and many renowned restaurants.[22] One of the projects that has received media coverage is the Castillo de los Niños, built during the mayoralty of Barlucea. Castillo de los Niños is a recreational park resembling a castle, with gazebos.[24][25] Human resources[edit] Education[edit] Prior to the U.S. invasion of Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
in 1898, there were already six public schools established in Adjuntas. Historian Cayetano Coll y Toste offered a detailed account of each of them, including the number of students, which at the time totaled 402.[26] As of 2017, there are about a dozen public schools in the town, most of them in the elementary level. Like all other municipalities in the island, public education is overseen by the Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
Department of Education. Public health[edit] Although there are no hospitals in Adjuntas, the town does have a small treatment and diagnostic center located in Adjuntas Pueblo. Also, Castañer Hospital, which is located in the border between Adjuntas, Lares, and Maricao, offers services to the municipality.[27] Public safety[edit] According to sources, there has not been a murder in Adjuntas since 2009.[21] However, burglary and theft have increased. Some residents attribute the rise in crime to unemployment and the lack of activities for the youth.[22] Culture[edit] Like most municipalities, Adjuntas celebrates its fiestas patronales annually. They begin in August 21 and are dedicated to Saint Joachim and Saint Anne.[28] Sports[edit] The town has a professional volleyball team called Gigantes de Adjuntas that plays on the LVSM in Puerto Rico.[29][30] The team won a title in 1973.[citation needed] Transportation[edit]

The Ponce–Adjuntas Road (PR-123) c. 1920

In 1874, General José Laureano Sanz, Governor of Puerto Rico, sponsored a road from Ponce to Arecibo, going across Adjuntas and Utuado. In 1885, it is believed that the road was under construction.[31] Nowadays, the main road to Adjuntas is PR-10, that connects the cities of Ponce in the south and Arecibo
in the north, going across Adjuntas in the center. Before the PR-10
was built, roads like the PR-123, and other small roads were used to reach town. There is also a small airport in Adjuntas that caters to private airplanes.[32] Government[edit]

Central Square in Adjuntas town

Main article: Mayoralty in Puerto Rico All municipalities in Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
are administered by a mayor, elected every four years. The current mayor of Adjuntas is Jaime H. Barlucea, of the New Progressive Party (PNP). He was elected at the 2004 general elections in a close election against incumbent Roberto Vera Monroig.[33] Barlucea has been reelected three times since (2008, 2012, and 2016).[34] The city belongs to the Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
Senatorial district V, which is represented by two Senators. In 2016, Luis A. Berdiel Rivera and Nelson Cruz, from the New Progressive Party, were elected as District Senators.[35] Symbols[edit]

Coat of arms
Coat of arms
of Adjuntas

Coat of Arms[edit] The coat of arms of Adjuntas is divided in two. The left side features a shepherd's staff crossed with a yarnwinder in a purple field. They symbolize the Old Testament
Old Testament
patriarchs, representing Saint Joachim
Saint Joachim
and Saint Anne, parents of the Virgin Mary. An eight-pointed star sits above them representing the Virgin. The right side of the coat of arms is divided in three fields. The upper and lower field have green crosses in white fields. The crosses, known as "flory or fleury" are also present in the symbols of Coamo, because of the relationship between both towns. Two bells lie in the middle field, also a representation of the name of "Adjuntas". Two coffee branches surround the coat of arms, representing Adjuntas location and its importance in the coffee industry of the island. The castle at the top represents the title of village given to Adjuntas by Spain
in 1894.[36] Flag[edit] The flag of Adjuntas has similar symbolisms. A white diagonal stripe divides the flag in two triangles. The upper one is purple, while the lower one is green. In the middle of each triangle lies a white "cross fleury". The white color symbolizes purity, while purple represents Saint Joachim's cloth and green the nature of the town.[36] Anthem[edit] The anthem of Adjuntas was written by José Nieves Pérez and is called "Adjuntas, mi amor".[37] Nicknames[edit] Adjuntas has several nicknames. One is "La ciudad del gigante dormido" ("The city of the sleeping giant"). This is a reference to one of the mountains of the city, which is compared to a "sleeping giant".[38] Another nickname is "La Suiza de Puerto Rico" ("The Switzerland
of Puerto Rico") which is a reference to Adjuntas' relatively low temperatures. Adjuntas has an average yearly weather of 70 degrees Fahrenheit.[2] Finally, Adjuntas is also called "La tierra de lagos" ("The land of lakes") because of its many waterholes. Notable Adjunteños[edit] Among the notable Adjunteños are the following:

Aristides A. Moll Boscana - Poet, writer, translator and politician. He was the first Puerto Rican to write a complete modernista poetry book: Mi misa rosa (1905).[39] In United States
United States
he worked as a technical writer for the federal government, as a translator of the first Spanish-language edition of the Journal of the American Medical Association, and as Secretary of the Pan American Sanitary Bureau in Washington, DC, where he edited the Latin American edition of its bulletin. He participated of many Latin American public health conferences, the first World Health Organization conference in Paris, France, and represented El Salvador during the WHO constitutional conference in New York. He wrote many public health related essays and prepared two bilingual (Spanish - English) medical dictionaries and a Spanish medical manual for physicians. He published Aesculapius in Latin America, a history of medicine in the Americas. César Luis González - The first Puerto Rican pilot in the United States Army Air Forces and the first Puerto Rican pilot to die in World War II. His name is listed on the "Roll of Honor" of the 314th Troop Carrier Group World War II[40] and Adjuntas has honored his memory by naming a street "Calle Cesar González" after him. Norman Maldonado - One of Puerto Rico's leading hematologists, former president of the University of Puerto Rico, and advocate for Puerto Rican statehood.[41]

See also[edit]

Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
portal Geography portal

List of Puerto Ricans History of Puerto Rico


^ "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved November 19, 2015.  ^ a b c d "Adjuntas Normals". srh.noaa.gov. Retrieved November 19, 2015.  ^ Orígenes y Fundación on Historia de Adjuntas ^ El Impacto de la Real Cédula de Gracia en Adjuntas en 1815 on Interamerican University of Puerto Rico; Martínez Román, José A. ^ Roosevelt in Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
on Historia de Adjuntas ^ "Casa Pueblo". Retrieved December 5, 2014.  ^ Bauzá, Nydia (October 27, 2014). "Legislatura aprobará proyecto del Bosque Modelo esta semana". El Nuevo Día. Retrieved December 5, 2014.  ^ "Inauguran la Escuela Bosque en Adjuntas". El Nuevo Día. August 17, 2013. Retrieved December 5, 2014.  ^ "Pasajes Históricos del Siglo XIX". Historia de Adjuntas.  ^ Calvo Almodóvar, Damarich M. (15 July 2009). "En las entrañas de la Cordillera Central". La Perla del Sur. p. 22. Retrieved November 2, 2011.  ^ "Adjuntas Normals". San Juan, PR: National Weather Service Weather Forecast Office. Retrieved April 18, 2011.  ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States
United States
Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2017.  ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States
United States
Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2017.  ^ "Report of the Census of Porto Rico 1899". War Department, Office Director Census of Porto Rico. Retrieved September 21, 2017.  ^ "Table 3-Population of Municipalities: 1930, 1920, and 1910" (PDF). United States
United States
Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2017.  ^ "Table 4-Area and Population of Municipalities, Urban and Rural: 1930 to 1950" (PDF). United States
United States
Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2014.  ^ "Table 2 Population and Housing Units: 1960 to 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2017.  ^ "American FactFinder - Results U.S. Census Bureau". factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved November 19, 2015.  ^ Población de Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
por Municipios on CEEPUR ^ Censo 2010 on ElectionsPuertoRico ^ a b c "Radiografía 2012 - Adjuntas". El Nuevo Día.  ^ a b c d Ruíz Kuilan, Gloria (2012). "Dormida la economía de Adjuntas". El Nuevo Día.  ^ "Pasajes Históricos del Siglo XIX - Turismo". Historia de Adjuntas.  ^ Castillo de los Niños en Adjuntas on NotasBreves ^ Adjuntas contará con su propio castillo infantil on Primera Hora ^ "Adjuntas - Educación antes del 1898". Historia de Adjuntas.  ^ "Hospital Castañer". Hospital Castañer.  ^ Patron Saint Festivals on Welcome to Puerto Rico ^ Con vida los Gigantes de Adjuntas on Primera Hora; Ayala Gordián, José (November 22, 2011) ^ Standing Temporada Regular 2012 on Federacion Puertorriqueña de Volibol ^ Pasajes Históricos del Siglo XIX - Sobre Caminos on Historia de Adjuntas ^ Adjuntas Airport on Google Maps ^ Elecciones Generales 2004 - Alcalde de Adjuntas Archived 2012-11-11 at the Wayback Machine. on CEEPUR.org ^ Elecciones Generales 2008 - Alcalde de Adjuntas Archived 2011-11-20 at the Wayback Machine. on CEEPUR ^ Elecciones Generales 2016: Escrutinio General on CEEPUR ^ a b "Adjuntas - Himno, Bandera y Escudo". adjuntas1.tripod.com. Retrieved November 19, 2015.  ^ Adjuntas on SalonHogar.com ^ Adjuntas on PRFrogui ^ https://www.amazon.com/misa-rosa-Spanish-Aristides-Boscana/dp/1935163515/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1376361151&sr=1-1&keywords=moll+boscana ^ "ROLL OF HONOR of the 314th Troop Carrier Group" (PDF). worldwar2pilots.net. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 25, 2012. Retrieved November 19, 2015.  ^ Wintrobe, Maxwell Myer (1985). Hematology, the blossoming of a science: a story of inspiration and effort. Lea & Febiger. p. 236. ISBN 978-0-8121-0961-0. 

Further reading[edit]

Mi Pueblo Adjuntas, 1992, by Rafael J. Mirabal-Linares Entre Fotos y Palabras, 2005 by Rafael J. Mirabal-Linares A Gringocua Travels Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
Adjuntas, 2012 by Greg Boudonck Mi misa rosa, 2013, by Arístides A. Moll Boscana, with a preliminary essay by Ramón Luis Acevedo Marrero

External links[edit]

Welcome to Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
Adjuntas AdjuntasPR.com "Adjuntas, Puerto Rico". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved April 24, 2008.  Welcome to Puerto Rico! Adjuntas l

v t e

 Commonwealth of Puerto Rico

San Juan (capital)

Metropolitan areas

Aguadilla–Isabela–San Sebastián Fajardo Guayama Mayagüez Ponce San Germán–Cabo Rojo San Juan–Caguas–Guaynabo Yauco


Adjuntas Aguada Aguadilla Aguas Buenas Aibonito Añasco Arecibo Arroyo Barceloneta Barranquitas Bayamón Cabo Rojo Caguas Camuy Canóvanas Carolina Cataño Cayey Ceiba Ciales Cidra Coamo Comerío Corozal Culebra Dorado Fajardo Florida Guánica Guayama Guayanilla Guaynabo Gurabo Hatillo Hormigueros Humacao Isabela Jayuya Juana Díaz Juncos Lajas Lares Las Marías Las Piedras Loíza Luquillo Manatí Maricao Maunabo Mayagüez Moca Morovis Naguabo Naranjito Orocovis Patillas Peñuelas Ponce Quebradillas Rincón Río Grande Sabana Grande Salinas San Germán San Juan San Lorenzo San Sebastián Santa Isabel Toa Alta Toa Baja Trujillo Alto Utuado Vega Alta Vega Baja Vieques Villalba Yabucoa Yauco


Cardona Culebra Desecheo Gatas Cayo Icacos Caja de Muertos Isla de Cabras Isla de Jueyes Isla de Ratones, Cabo Rojo Isla de Ratones, Ponce Isleta de San Juan Isla del Frío Isla de Mona Monito Morrillito Puerto Rico Vieques


Flamenco Beach Mayagüez Bay San Juan B