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The Adige
Adige
(Italian pronunciation: [ˈaːdidʒe]; German: Etsch [ɛtʃ]; Venetian: Àdexe; Romansh:  Adisch (help·info); Ladin: Adesc; Latin: Athesis; Ancient Greek: Ἄθεσις) is the second longest river in Italy
Italy
after the Po, rising in the Alps
Alps
in the province of South Tyrol
South Tyrol
near the Italian border with Austria
Austria
and Switzerland, flowing 410 kilometres (250 mi) through most of North-East Italy
Italy
to the Adriatic Sea.

Contents

1 Description 2 Ecology

2.1 Fauna

3 Gallery 4 References 5 External links

Description[edit] The river sources near the Reschen Pass
Reschen Pass
(1,504 metres (4,934 ft)) close to the borders with Austria
Austria
and Switzerland
Switzerland
above the Inn valley. It flows through the artificial alpine Lake Reschen. The lake is known for the church tower that marks the site of the former village of Alt Graun ("Old Graun"); it was evacuated and flooded in 1953 after the dam was finished. Near Glurns, the Rom river joins from the Swiss Val Müstair. The Adige
Adige
runs eastbound through the Vinschgau
Vinschgau
to Merano, where it is met by the Passer river from the north. The section between Merano
Merano
and Bolzano, is called Etschtal, meaning Adige
Adige
Valley. South of Bolzano, the river is joined by the Eisack
Eisack
and turns south through a valley which has always been one of the major routes through the Alps, connecting the Reschen and the Brenner passes, at 1,370 metres (4,490 ft) considered the easiest of the main Alpine passes. The Chiusa di Salorno
Salorno
narrows at Salorno
Salorno
mark the southernmost part of the predominantly German-speaking province of South Tyrol. The Adige was mentioned in the "Lied der Deutschen" of 1841 as the southern border of the German language
German language
area (which it still is). In 1922 Germany adopted the song as its national anthem, although by that time Italy
Italy
had taken control of all of the Adige. Near Trento, the Avisio, Noce, and Fersina rivers join. The Adige crosses Trentino
Trentino
and later Veneto, flowing past the town of Rovereto, the Lagarina Valley, the cities of Verona
Verona
and Adria
Adria
and the north-eastern part of the Po Plain into the Adriatic Sea. The Adige and the Po run parallel in the river delta without properly joining. The Adige
Adige
is connected to Lake Garda
Lake Garda
by the Mori-Torbole tunnel, an artificial underground canal built for flood prevention. Ecology[edit] Fauna[edit]

The Adige
Adige
is a home to the marble trout (Salmo marmoratus), but at far lower populations than in the past. Fish stocking is one of the most significant causes of the sharp reduction in the original (indigenous) fish population of this subspecies. It will spawn with and interbreed with brown trout, which are regularly stocked in the river and its tributaries.[1]

Gallery[edit]

The true source of Adige
Adige
inside a bunker of the Alpine Wall

The false source

Graun, the bell tower in the Reschensee.

The Adige
Adige
between Laas and Göflan in the Vinschgau.

The Adige
Adige
flowing through Vallagarina.

The Adige
Adige
flowing through Verona.

The Adige
Adige
flowing through Verona.

The Adige
Adige
flowing through Verona
Verona
seen from Castel San Pietro.

Adige
Adige
river and Ponte Pietra in Verona.

The mouth of the Adige
Adige
at Rosolina
Rosolina
Mare

References[edit]

^ Karel Kovar "Hydrology, Water Resources and Ecology in Headwaters". p. 505

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Adige.

Encyclopædia Britannica

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 233668530 GND: 4015629-1 BNF:

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