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The ADIGE (Italian pronunciation: ; German : Etsch ; Venetian : Àdexe; Romansh : Adisch (help ·info ); Ladin : Adesc; Latin : Athesis; Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
: Ἄθεσις) is the second longest river in Italy
Italy
after the Po , rising in the Alps
Alps
in the province of South Tyrol near the Italian border with Austria
Austria
and Switzerland
Switzerland
, flowing 410 kilometres (250 mi) through most of North-East Italy
Italy
to the Adriatic Sea .

CONTENTS

* 1 Description

* 2 Ecology

* 2.1 Fauna

* 3 Gallery * 4 References * 5 External links

DESCRIPTION

The river sources near the Reschen Pass (1,504 metres (4,934 ft)) close to the borders with Austria
Austria
and Switzerland
Switzerland
above the Inn valley. It flows through the artificial alpine Lake Reschen . The lake is known for the church tower that marks the site of the former village of Alt Graun ("Old Graun"); it was evacuated and flooded in 1953 after the dam was finished. Near Glurns , the Rom river joins from the Swiss Val Müstair
Val Müstair
.

The Adige
Adige
runs eastbound through the Vinschgau to Merano
Merano
, where it is met by the Passer river from the north. The section between Merano and Bolzano
Bolzano
, is called Etschtal , meaning Adige
Adige
Valley. South of Bolzano, the river is joined by the Eisack and turns south through a valley which has always been one of the major routes through the Alps, connecting the Reschen and the Brenner passes, at 1,370 metres (4,490 ft) considered the easiest of the main Alpine passes.

The Chiusa di Salorno narrows at Salorno mark the southernmost part of the predominantly German-speaking province of South Tyrol. The Adige
Adige
was mentioned in the "Lied der Deutschen " of 1841 as the southern border of the German language
German language
area (which it still is). In 1922 Germany adopted the song as its national anthem, although by that time Italy
Italy
had taken control of all of the Adige.

Near Trento
Trento
, the Avisio , Noce, and Fersina rivers join. The Adige crosses Trentino
Trentino
and later Veneto , flowing past the town of Rovereto , the Lagarina Valley , the cities of Verona
Verona
and Adria
Adria
and the north-eastern part of the Po Plain into the Adriatic Sea
Adriatic Sea
. The Adige and the Po run parallel in the river delta without properly joining.

The Adige
Adige
is connected to Lake Garda
Lake Garda
by the Mori-Torbole tunnel , an artificial underground canal built for flood prevention.

ECOLOGY

FAUNA

The Adige
Adige
is a home to the Marble trout