Afghan Civil War (1996–2001)
Afghan Civil War (1996–2001) War in Afghanistan (2001–2014)
War in North-West Pakistan
Adam Yahiye Gadahn (Arabic: آدم يحيى غدن, Ādam Yaḥyā
Ghadan; born Adam Pearlman; September 1, 1978 – January 19,
2015) was an American senior operative, cultural interpreter,
spokesman and media advisor for the Islamist group al-Qaeda.
Since 2004, he had appeared in a number of videos produced by al-Qaeda
as "Azzam the American" ('Azzām al-Amrīki, عزام
الأمريكي, sometimes transcribed as Ezzam Al-Amerikee). Gadahn,
who converted to
Islam from Christianity in 1995 at a California
mosque, was described as "homegrown," meaning that he had converted to
a religion he believed in so firmly that he was willing to harm his
country of origin. American intelligence officials allege that he
inspired the 2007
Osama bin Laden
Osama bin Laden video.
In 2004, he was added to the FBI Seeking Information – War on
Terrorism list. On October 11, 2006 he was removed from that list,
and placed on the
Bureau of Diplomatic Security
Bureau of Diplomatic Security Rewards for Justice
Program list of wanted criminals. On the same day, Gadahn was
indicted based on the testimony of the FBI case agent E. J.
Hilbert II, in the Southern Division of the
United States District
Court for the Central District of California by a federal grand jury
for the capital crime of treason for aiding an enemy of the United
States, i.e., al-Qaeda. On January 19, 2015, Gadahn was killed in one
of a series of unmanned aircraft strikes in Waziristan, Pakistan.
Al-Qaeda confirmed Gadahn's death on June 25, 2015.
1 Background and childhood
2 Conversion to Islam
4 Appearances in al-Qaeda videos
4.4 Reports of capture
4.5 Reports of death
5 See also
7 External links
Background and childhood
Gadahn was born Adam Pearlman in 1978, in Oregon, United States.
Gadahn's paternal grandfather, Carl Pearlman, was a prominent Jewish
activist, urologist and on the Board of Directors of the
Anti-Defamation League. Gadahn's paternal grandmother, Agnes Branch, a
Christian, was an editor for The Christian Family Chronicles (a
genealogical publication for people with the surname "Christian").
Gadahn's father is Philip, a musician who grew up in Orange County,
California. Philip and his wife Jennifer legally changed their last
name to Gadahn in the mid-1970s, after the Biblical warrior Gideon.
Philip Gadahn was involved in the counterculture movement at the
University of California at Irvine, and before Adam's birth became a
Christian. Gadahn described his father as having been "raised agnostic
or atheist, but he became a believer in One God when he picked up a
Bible left on the beach." His father's religious perspective was
flexible and based upon his own spiritual needs and as a new convert
to Islam, Gadahn portrayed his father in a manner sympathetic to his
religion of conversion.
Gadahn was raised a Protestant Christian, and homeschooled through
high school by his parents on an isolated farm in western Riverside
County, California. He played Little League baseball and
participated in Christian homeschool support groups. As an adolescent
he became very involved in the death metal community, making contact
with fans and musicians through alternative magazines. During the
summer of 1993, he formed his own one-man band called Aphasia.
Gadahn contributed music reviews and artwork to a zine called
Xenocide. In 1995, at age 16, Gadahn moved in with his grandparents
in the West Floral Park neighborhood of Santa Ana, California. Not
long after, he converted to
Islam and lamented the estrangement his
musical interest caused between him and his family writing, "My
relationship with my parents became strained, although only
intermittently so. I am sorry even as I write this."
Conversion to Islam
While living with his grandparents in West Floral Park, Santa Ana,
Gadahn described himself as having a "yawning emptiness", and he
sought ways "to fill that void". He explored Christianity on the
Internet, radio, and locally, but later said that he found evangelical
Christianity's "apocalyptic ramblings" to be "paranoid" and
hollow. In 1995, at age 17, Gadahn began studying
Islam at the
Islamic Society of Orange County. Members of Gadahn's study group were
young fundamentalists who "targeted the mosque's chairman, Haitham
Bundakji", for his practice of "wearing Western clothes and being
friendly with Jews".
Gadahn converted to
Islam later that year, and shortly thereafter
posted an essay to the
University of Southern California
University of Southern California Web site
describing his conversion, titled "Becoming a Muslim". According
to his parents, Adam was "arrested and convicted of assaulting his
former mentor Haitham Bundakji in May 1997." He served two days in
jail, but his failure to perform 40 hours of community service left a
warrant for his arrest active.
Gadahn reportedly moved to
Pakistan in 1998, where he married an
Afghan refugee and maintained intermittent contact with his family
until March 2001, when all contact with his family stopped. He
told his parents he had been working as a journalist while in
Pakistan — spending time in both
Karachi and Peshawar —
presumably a euphemism for his media propaganda efforts for
al-Qaeda. He began supporting jihadi causes in the late
In a short period of time, Gadahn became a senior advisor to bin Laden
and was assumed to be playing the role of "translator, video producer,
and cultural interpreter." Gadahn declared his animosity towards
United States by declaring it "enemy soil" and praising the
individuals responsible for the September 11 attacks. The first
production of al-Qaeda's media division, As-Sahab, was believed to
have been in 2001 with the involvement of Gadahn. United States
and British intelligence officials believe it to have been run by
Gadahn, although it was reported that the media production of
these messages had a notable decrease in quality, possibly due to
Gadahn's involvement in other tasks for Al Qaeda.
Federal Bureau of Investigation
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) announced that it wanted
Gadahn for questioning in 2004, and on May 26, 2004, United States
John Ashcroft and FBI Director Robert Mueller
announced that reports indicated that Gadahn was one of seven al-Qaeda
members who were planning terrorist actions for the summer or fall of
2004. Gadahn's name was the only new name released by Mueller in this
warning. Two of the other alleged terrorists named on that date were
Ahmed Khalfan Ghailani and Fazul Abdullah Mohammed. Those two had been
FBI Most Wanted Terrorists
FBI Most Wanted Terrorists since 2001, indicted for their
roles in the 1998 U.S. embassy bombings. The others, Amer el-Maati,
Aafia Siddiqui, Abderraouf Jdey, and
Adnan Gulshair el Shukrijumah had
all been on FBI wanted lists for some time. Jdey had been on the FBI's
"Seeking Information" wanted list since January 17, 2002, to which
Gadahn was added with the other three as well.
In a 2005 video, Gadahn threatened to attack Los Angeles, for which
United States Department of Justice
United States Department of Justice "indicted him under seal for
providing material support to Al Qaeda". As an introduction to the
"An Invitation to Islam" video in 2006, Zawahiri encouraged westerners
to heed Gadahn's message and praised Gadahn as "a perceptive person
who wants to lead his people out of darkness into the light"; "Al
Qaeda had never before given one of its members, let alone an
American, an endorsement so intimate and direct." As a result of
the contents of the "Invitation" video, he was charged with treason
because "[h]e chose to join our enemy and to provide it with aid and
comfort by acting as a propagandist for Al Qaeda," as Deputy Attorney
General Paul McNulty explained. He was also placed on the FBI's
most wanted list and a million dollar reward was offered for his
capture. McNulty explained the severity of Gadahn's crimes:
"Terrorists create fear and intimidation through extreme violence.
They want Americans to live and walk in fear. They want to demoralize
us. That’s why propaganda is so important to them, and why
facilitating that propaganda is such an egregious crime."
On propaganda and terrorism, Gadahn criticized specific "jihadi"
groups, such as Tehrik-i-Taliban, al-Shabaab, and the Islamic State,
for the killing of Muslim non-combatant civilians, which he believed
undermined Al-Qaeda's media strategy and objectives.
Appearances in al-Qaeda videos
In late October 2004,
ABC News broadcast a 75-minute videotape of a
man who identified himself as "Azzam the American" threatening the
United States with terrorist attacks. After the network played
excerpts of the video, someone from one of Gadahn's mosques told law
enforcement officials that he believed the man in the video was
In 2005, on the fourth anniversary of the September 11, 2001, attacks,
an eleven-minute videotape message purportedly from al-Qaeda was
broadcast on the
ABC News program Good Morning America. The American
English-accented speaker, a man whose face was partially concealed,
was identified by U.S. intelligence officials as Gadahn. The speaker
praised the "echo of explosions and the slitting of the throats of the
infidels" and attacked U.S. foreign policy and military activity,
particularly in Iraq and Afghanistan. He predicted that there would be
future attacks in Los Angeles and Melbourne: "Yesterday, London and
Madrid. Tomorrow, Los Angeles and Melbourne, God willing. At this
time, don't count on us demonstrating restraint or compassion."
Around the same time, he appeared in an al-Qaeda-produced American
documentary film "Knowledge is for Acting Upon — The Manhattan
Raid," a film which traces the organization from its genesis among
Mujahideen in Afghanistan through its establishment of
training camps around the world to its defining moment, the September
11, 2001, attacks on New York and Washington. Gadahn provides Western
viewers with an expository look at the group's ideals, philosophy and
goals as well as a retrospective look at their perspective on the
geopolitical situations which led to their decision to execute the
attack. The film culminates with Gadahn's description of the events'
aftermath, pre-attack martyrdom videos filmed by the hijackers, and
finally a montage of videos portraying the attacks themselves. The
high production-value film, completely captioned for both English and
Arabic-speaking audiences, is widely regarded as a tool intended to
motivate and attract other Western-born Muslims.
On July 7, 2006, Gadahn appeared unmasked on an al-Qaeda tape made
public on the Internet. On the tape he denounced the United States
military presence in Iraq as well as rapes and murders committed by
American soldiers. Gadahn's family, who had previously said that they
could not tell whether or not it was Gadahn who appeared in the
al-Qaeda videos, did not respond to the new tape.
On September 2, 2006 a video called "An Invitation to Islam", features
a lecture by Adam Gadahn for approximately 44 minutes of its 48
minutes with a lesser part given to al-Qaeda theorist Ayman
al-Zawahiri. In the video, Gadahn stated "If the Zionist crusader
missionaries of hate and counter-
Islam consultants like Daniel Pipes,
Robert Spencer, Michael Scheuer, Steven Emerson, and yes, even the
George W. Bush
George W. Bush were to abandon their unbelief and
repent and enter into the light of
Islam and turn their swords against
the enemies of God, it would be accepted of them and they would be our
brothers in Islam." Both Pipes and Spencer have publicly declined to
accept Gadahn's invitation to convert to Islam. Gadahn praised
George Galloway and journalist
Robert Fisk for
expressing their "respect and admiration for Islam" and for
"acknowledging that it is the truth" and for "demonstrating their
sympathy for Muslims their causes", but added "I say to them, isn't it
time you stopped sitting on the fence and came over to the side of
truth?" Gadahn urged American soldiers to "surrender to the truth",
"escape from the unbelieving Army", and "join the winning side."
On May 29, 2007 Gadahn again made headlines when another video
"al-Qaeda Video Warning to US by American Adam Gadahn" was
released on the Internet. In this video Adam Gadahn listed five
actions that Bush and America must take in order to prevent future
"Pull every last one of your soldiers, spies, security advisors,
trainers, attachés, … out of every Muslim land from Afghanistan to
End "all support and aid, military, political, economic, or otherwise,
to the 56-plus apostate regimes of the Muslim world, and abandon them
to their well-deserved fate ..."
"End all support, moral, military, economic, political, or otherwise,
to the bastard state of Israel, and ban your citizens, Zionist Jews,
Zionist Christians, and the rest from traveling to occupied Palestine
or settling there. Even one penny of aid will be considered sufficient
justification to continue the fight."
"... impose a blanket ban on all broadcasts to our
"Free all Muslim captives from your prisons, detention facilities, and
concentration camps, regardless of whether they have been recipients
of what you call a fair trial or not."
Gadahn then warned that "your failure to heed our demands and the
demands of reason means that you and your people will — Allah
willing — experience things which will make you forget all
about the horrors of September 11th, Afghanistan and Iraq".
American intelligence officials allege that Gadahn inspired bin
Laden's September 2007 video, in which bin Laden, among other things,
made reference to the subprime mortgage crisis. M.J. Gohel, chief
executive of the Asia-Pacific Foundation, a London-based
security-studies organization, found bin Laden's video "very
reminiscent of [Gadahn's] messages in terms of style and content."
Officials told reporters that the "high quality" of the English
subtitles and the "references to Malcolm X" in al-Qaeda's 2008
post-presidential election video "reflect the influence" of
Gadahn. In that video,
Barack Obama is attacked as a "House
On October 4, 2008 a video featuring Gadahn was posted on Laura
Mansfield's Web site. The 32-minute video primarily focused on
Pakistan, but referenced economic woes in the United States: "The
Islam are facing a crushing defeat, which is beginning to
manifest itself in the extending crisis their economy is experiencing.
The crisis, whose primary cause, in addition to the abortive and
unsustainable crusades they are waging in Afghanistan,
Iraq, is they are turning their backs on Allah's revealed laws, which
forbid interest-bearing transactions, exploitation, greed and
injustice in all its forms and demand the worship of Allah alone to
the exclusion of all false gods, including money and power."
In May 2009, Gadahn appeared in a new al-Qaeda video. On December
12, 2009, Gadahn, in another English-language video titled "The
Mujahideen Don't Target Muslims", claimed that the organization was
being framed by the
United States and
Pakistan and blamed the media
for helping implicate al-Qaeda in a recent deadly string of attacks in
Pakistan that killed hundreds of civilians.
In a video released on March 7, 2010, Adam Gadahn called on Muslims in
the West to follow in the footsteps of Nidal Malik Hasan, the Fort
Hood shooter. In the video, titled "A Call to Arms," Gadahn encouraged
Americans and other Muslims in the West to "prepare to play his due
role in responding to and repelling the aggression of the enemies of
Islam."  Gadahn also provided advice on choosing high-value
targets for potential terrorist attacks in America and the West, such
as military installations and mass transportation systems, as well as
symbols of capitalism whose ruin could cripple the Western economy.
Gadahn urged his followers to take action as soon as possible and
explained that "now" is the "golden, once in a lifetime opportunity to
reap the rewards of jihad and martyrdom…so unsheath your sharpened
sword and rush to take your rightful place among defiant champions of
On June 21, 2010, a video press release was made in which Gadahn
delivered guidelines for al-Qaeda/American peace. Some of the demands
contained within the 24 minute message included withdrawal of troops
from Muslim lands and removal of support for Israel. This video
also includes clips of Matthew Hoh and several other U.S. military
veteran antiwar activists.
On September 29, 2010, in another video tape Gadahn urged Muslims in
Pakistan to join Islamist militants fighting their nation's rulers,
saying that Islamabad's "sluggish and halfhearted" response to the
recent floods underscored the government's indifference for its
constituents. Gadahn's remarks in the video echoed those of al-Qaida's
second-in-command, Ayman al-Zawahri, in a similar posting on militant
websites earlier that month, suggesting the terror organization had
decided on a single, simple message to promote following the floods
that affected as many as 20 million people in Pakistan.
On October 23, 2010, in a 48-minute video posted on militant Web
sites, Adam Gadahn directed his appeal to Muslim immigrants in what he
called the "miserable suburbs" of Paris, London and Detroit, as well
as those traveling to the West to study or work.
On June 4, 2011, Gadahn called on American Muslims to buy weapons from
gun shows and carry out random, lone-wolf attacks. The video, called
'Do Not Rely on Others, Take the Task Upon Yourself', was produced by
al Qaeda's as Sahab media team and showed 32-year-old Gadahn speaking
alongside old clips of
Ayman al-Zawahiri and Osama Bin laden. In a
calm voice, California-native Gadahn told Muslims it is easy to get
weapons from gun shows and carry out random attacks. He said: 'America
is absolutely awash with easily obtainable firearms. In one section of
the video the logos of Exxon, Merrill Lynch and Bank of America are
shown as possible targets.
On September 11, 2012, Gadahn appeared in a video marking the 11th
anniversary of the 9/11 attacks.
On December 1, 2013, Gadahn denounced the capture of al-Qaeda
Abu Anas al-Libi in an audio recording.
Reports of capture
On March 7, 2010, it was reported that Gadahn had been captured in
Pakistan in late February 2010 shortly after another
video came out in which he called on Muslims serving in the U.S. armed
forces to emulate the actions of
Nidal Malik Hasan
Nidal Malik Hasan in the Fort Hood
shooting. His arrest was not immediately confirmed by United
States officials. Gadahn was said to have been arrested in Karachi
by Pakistani intelligence officers during the course of a raid on
a house located by the Super Highway. Pakistan's DawnNews reported
on March 7 that this likely occurred in Sohrab Goth, a major Pashtun
area in northern Karachi.
Senior American officials informed
The New York Times
The New York Times that the
individual arrested was not Gadahn. Subsequent reports
indicated the individual arrested was Abu Yahya Mujahdeen Al-Adam, who
was born in
Pennsylvania and may have been confused with Gadahn.
The confusion was apparently caused by an alias of Gadahn's that is
similar to the name of the arrested individual. An unnamed
Pakistani intelligence officer explained, "The resemblance of the name
initially caused confusion but now they have concluded he is not
Gadahn." Al-Adam, the arrested individual, was described by an
American official as "fair-skinned" and able to speak both English and
Pashto and is believed to be connected to the operations division of
al-Qaeda. While a Pakistani security official said "he was
apparently an American al Qaeda operative", it is unknown whether
al-Adam is an American citizen. The Pakistani intelligence
officer described the arrested individual as "proud to be a member of
al-Qaida." The BBC reported an additional identification of the
arrested as Egyptian-American Abu Yahya Azam.
Reports of death
In February 2008, Pakistani news sources reported rumors that Gadahn
was killed by a missile fired by a
General Atomics MQ-1 Predator
General Atomics MQ-1 Predator drone
in the strike that killed al-Qaeda leader Abu Laith
al-Libi. On March 2, an al-Qaeda spokesperson
claimed that Gadahn was alive, but the rumor was fueled by a
considerable drop in quality of recent al-Qaeda videos from
On May 18, 2008, Counterterrorism Blog surmised that Adam Gadahn was
dead based on the latest al-Qaeda missive. Mansfield wrote:
"Normally important messages from Zawahiri contain linguistic
indications that they were translated by Adam Gadahn. Gadahn’s
translation style is noticeably absent from this video, giving more
credence to open source reports from
Pakistan regarding the possible
death of Gadahn in an American air strike. (There are other plausible
explanations for Gadahn's absence from the scene—including his quip
in his January video tape that ripping up his passport would not
hinder his ability to travel.)"
On September 7, 2008, the Sunday Telegraph reported that Gadahn may
have been killed by a Predator attack in January 2008 in
Waziristan. This was reported by The Orange County Register,
KABC TV in Los Angeles, and other news agencies.
On October 4, 2008, a video appeared on the Internet by the As-Sahab
Foundation for Media Production by Gadahn titled The Believer
isn't Stung from the Same Hole Twice. Mansfield posted a video of
Gadahn speaking about current affairs including the economic crisis in
United States and the resignation of the President of Pakistan
As-Sahab released a video titled, Gaza, Not Again and, in the
same year, another video where Gadahn is speaking Arabic in an
As-Sahab release titled Let's continue our Jihad and Sacrifice.
This is his first video speaking only in Arabic.
On April 23, 2015,
White House Press Secretary
White House Press Secretary
Josh Earnest released a
statement announcing that Gadahn had been killed, alongside fellow
American combatant Ahmed Farouq, in a CIA drone strike in
January 19, 2015. President
Barack Obama announced that in the same
series of drone strikes, hostage aid workers
Giovanni Lo Porto and
Warren Weinstein were killed as collateral damage.
United States portal
Americans in Pakistan
D.C. Five — Detention of five Americans in
Pakistan (Dec. 2009)
Michael Finton, American convert to Islam, attempted September 2009
bombing of U.S. target with FBI agent he thought was al-Qaeda member
Sharif Mobley, American suspected al-Qaeda member, arrested in Yemen
in 2010 and suspected of killing guard in escape attempt
Aafia Siddiqui, alleged al-Qaeda member, former U.S. resident,
convicted in 2010 of attempting to kill U.S. personnel
Bryant Neal Vinas, American convert to Islam, convicted in 2009 of
participating in/supporting al-Qaeda plots in Afghanistan and the U.S.
Najibullah Zazi, al-Qaeda member, U.S. resident, pleaded guilty in
2010 of planning suicide bombings on New York City subway system
Naser Jason Abdo, allegedly attempted to bomb a Fort Hood restaurant
Anwar al-Awlaki, American born Islamist cleric.
Hasan K. Akbar, American Muslim convert convicted of the double-murder
of two U.S. Army officers.
Nidal Malik Hasan, American Fort Hood Major, turned shooter; 2009,
with 13 U.S. service personnel killed in his attack, and dozens
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Al-Qaeda spokesman from O.C. may have been killed". abc7.com.
^ "American Qaeda figure says U.S. still runs Pakistan". Reuters.
^ "American al-Qaeda figure says U.S. still runs Pakistan".
Forums.IslamicAwakening.com. Archived from the original on December 4,
^ YouTube – 1–4 [HD] We Will Continue Our Jihad and Our Sacrifice
Warren Weinstein and Adam Gadahn Killed in U.S. Drone
Strikes". NBC News. April 23, 2015. Retrieved April 23, 2015.
Wikiquote has quotations related to: Adam Yahiye Gadahn
Adam Yahiye Gadahn – profile at FBI Most Wanted Terrorists
'Azzam the American – FBI "seeking information" page 2004-10-30
Caruso, Michelle and Siemaszko, Corky (May 27, 2004) "A long way from
Calif. goat farm", New York Daily News
Argetsinger, Amy (December 2, 2004) "Muslim Teen Made Conversion to
Fury", Washington Post
"New Tape, Old Threats From American al Qaeda". ABC News, The Blotter.
May 29, 2007.
"Adam Gadahn and Al-Qaeda's Internet Strategy", by George Michael,
Middle East Policy, vol 16 issue 3, pp. 135–152, Middle East
Policy Council, September 14, 2009,
Breaking: Adam Gadahn indicted for terrorism September 7, 2006
Breaking: Adam Gadahn to be charged with treason October 11, 2006
Video: Al Qaeda tells U.S. to convert or die September 2, 2006
Alleged militants in the
War on Terror
War on Terror who have lived in United
People listed in italics have died.
September 11 attacks
Khalid Sheikh Mohammed1
Jaber A. Elbaneh
Adam Yahiye Gadahn
Khaled Abu el-Dahab
Bryant Neal Vinas1
Boston cab drivers
Muhammad Ibrahim Bilal2
Patrice Lumumba Ford1
Habis Abdulla al Saoub
Arrested in 2005
Rafiq Abdus Sabir1
Liberty City Seven
2007 Fort Dix plot
Mohamad Ibrahim Shnewer1
Ahmed Abdullah Minni1
Aman Hassan Yasir1
Held at Guantanamo Bay
Khalid Sheikh Mohammed
Mohamed Mahmood Alessa / Carlos Eduardo Almonte1
Daniel Patrick Boyd1 / Raleigh jihad group1
Adnan Gulshair el Shukrijumah
Ahmed Omar Abu Ali
Joshua Ryne Goldberg
John Walker Lindh
Tahawwur Hussain Rana
Michael Curtis Reynolds
Hosam Maher Husein Smadi
Detroit Sleeper Cell
Virginia jihad network
2005 Los Angeles bomb plot
2009 Little Rock recruiting office shooting
2010 Portland car bomb plot
2011 Manhattan plot
1 Currently imprisoned. 2 Released after serving
Abdullah Ahmed Abdullah
Hamza bin Laden
Abu Mohammad al-Julani
Ezedin Abdel Aziz Khalil
Osama bin Laden
Osama bin Laden (killed)
Abu Yahya al-Libi (killed)
Khalid Sheikh Mohammed
Khalid Sheikh Mohammed (captured)
Mamdouh Mahmud Salim
Mamdouh Mahmud Salim (captured)
Anwar al-Awlaki (killed)
Samir Khan (killed)
Younis al-Mauritani (captured)
Mohammed Atef (killed)
Fazul Abdullah Mohammed (killed)
Abu Faraj al-Libbi (captured)
Atiyah Abd al-Rahman (killed)
Abu Laith al-Libi
Abu Laith al-Libi (killed)
Fahd al-Quso (killed)
Ilyas Kashmiri (killed)
Abu Hamza Rabia (killed)
Haitham al-Yemeni (killed)
Abdullah Said al Libi (killed)
Abu Sulayman Al-Jazairi (killed)
Saleh al-Somali (killed)
Abu Ubaidah al-Masri (died)
Saad bin Laden (killed)
Fahid Mohammed Ally Msalam (killed)
Sheikh Ahmed Salim Swedan (killed)
Ahmed Mohammed Hamed Ali (killed)
Mohammad Hasan Khalil al-Hakim (killed)
Mushin Musa Matwalli Atwah (killed)
Midhat Mursi (killed)
Saeed al-Masri (killed)
Hassan Ghul (killed)
Abu Ubaidah al-Banshiri (died)
Walid bin Attash
Walid bin Attash (captured)
Abd al-Rahim al-Nashiri
Abd al-Rahim al-Nashiri (captured)
Mustafa Setmariam Nasar (captured)
Qaed Salim Sinan al-Harethi (killed)
Khalid Habib (killed)
Abdul Hadi al Iraqi (captured)
Mustafa Mohamed Fadhil
Mustafa Mohamed Fadhil (killed)
Mohamed Abul-Khair (killed)
Mahfouz Ould al-Walid (left)
Sulaiman Abu Ghaith (captured)
Abu Anas al-Libi (captured and died)
Abu Musab al-Zarqawi
Abu Musab al-Zarqawi (killed)
Abu Ayyub al-Masri (killed)
Abu Omar al-Baghdadi (killed)
Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi
Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi (expelled)
Abu-Zaid al Kuwaiti
Abu-Zaid al Kuwaiti (killed)
Omar al-Faruq (killed)
Said Ali al-Shihri
Said Ali al-Shihri (killed)
Ahmed Abdi Godane (killed)
Adnan Gulshair el Shukrijumah (killed)
Adam Yahiye Gadahn (killed)
Harith bin Ghazi al-Nadhari
Harith bin Ghazi al-Nadhari (killed)
Ibrahim Sulayman Muhammad Arbaysh
Ibrahim Sulayman Muhammad Arbaysh (killed)
Nasser bin Ali al-Ansi
Nasser bin Ali al-Ansi (killed)
Nasir al-Wuhayshi (killed)
Muhsin al-Fadhli (killed)
Abu Khalil al-Madani (killed)
Abu Khayr al-Masri (killed)
United States embassy bombings
2000 USS Cole bombing
2001 September 11 attacks
2002 Bali bombings
2007 Algiers bombings
2008 Islamabad Danish embassy bombing
2008 Islamabad Marriott Hotel bombing
2012 Benghazi attack
2013 In Amenas hostage crisis
2013 Westgate shopping mall attack
2015 Charlie Hebdo shooting
2015 Garissa University College attack
2015 Bamako hotel attack
2016 Ouagadougou attacks
2016 Grand-Bassam shootings
2016 Bamako attack
Afghan Civil War (1989–92)
Afghan Civil War (1992–96)
First Chechen War
Afghan Civil War (1996–2001)
Second Chechen War
War in Afghanistan (2001–2014)
Somali Civil War
War in North-West
Pakistan (Drone strikes)
Insurgency in the Maghreb (2002–present)
War in Afghanistan (2015–present)
Syrian Civil War
Yemeni Civil War
al-Qaeda insurgency in Yemen
Houthi insurgency in Yemen
al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (Yemen)
al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (North Africa)
Egyptian Islamic Jihad (Egypt)
al-Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent (Indian Subcontinent)
Tahrir al-Sham (Syria)
Benevolence International Foundation
Al Qaeda Handbook
Fatawā of Osama bin Laden
Kuala Lumpur al-Qaeda Summit
Management of Savagery
Voice of Jihad
Global Islamic Media Front
Video and audio
Videos and audio recordings of Osama bin Laden
Videos and audio recordings of Ayman al-Zawahir