Adam Asnyk (11 September 1838 – 2 August 1897), was a Polish poet
and dramatist of the Positivist era. Born in
Kalisz to a noble
szlachta family, he was educated to become an heir of his family's
estate. As such he received education at the Institute of Agriculture
and Forestry in
Marymont and then the Medical Surgeon School in
Warsaw. He continued his studies abroad in Breslau,
Heidelberg. In 1862 he returned to
Congress Poland and took part in
January Uprising against Russian rule. Because of that he had to
flee his country and settled in Heidelberg, where in 1866 he received
a doctorate of philosophy. Soon afterwards he returned to
settled in the Austrian-held part of the country, initially in Lwów
and then in Kraków.
1 Life and work
2 Mastery of Verse
3 Books of poetry
4 See also
6 External links
Life and work
Adam Asnyk and the Muse, painting by Jacek Malczewski
In 1875 Asnyk married Zofia née Kaczorowska, with whom he had a son,
Włodzimierz, and around that time started his career as a journalist.
An editor of a Kraków-based Reforma daily, in 1884 he was also chosen
to the city council of Kraków. Five years later he was elected to the
Diet of Galicia and Lodomeria.
Around that time he became one of the most prominent men of culture in
partitioned Poland. Among his initiatives was the creation of the
Society of Popular Schools and bringing the ashes of Adam Mickiewicz
to Poland. He was also among the first members of the Tatra Society.
He died on 2 August 1897 in
Kraków and was buried at the Skałka
church, a burial place for some of the most distinguished Poles,
particularly those who lived in Kraków.
Mastery of Verse
Adam Asnyk was a master of verse. Some of his poems, for example Ulewa
(The Heavy Rain) or Daremne żale (The Vain regrets), are among the
best examples of iambic metre in all of Polish literature. He also
used sophisticated strophes, for instance ottava rima. The poem
Wśród przełomu (At the breakthrough) is perhaps the first use of
rhyme royal in original Polish poetry. His versification was often
discussed by prominent Polish scholars, among others by Maria Dłuska
and Lucylla Pszczołowska.
Books of poetry
Nad głębiami (Over the Depths) (1883–1894)
Poezje (Poetries) (1869)
Poezje (Poetries) (1872)
Poezje (Poetries) (1880)
Poezje (Poetries) (1894)
Positivism in Poland
^ Original Text
^ See also: Wiktor Jarosław Darasz, Mały przewodnik po wierszu
Kraków 2003 (in Polish).
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Adam Asnyk.
Wikisource has original text related to this article:
Adam Asnyk at Find a Grave
Polish Literature in English Translation: Adam Asnyk
Adam Asnyk at Project Gutenberg
Works by or about
Adam Asnyk at Internet Archive
Adam Asnyk at
LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
ISNI: 0000 0000 7975 8738
BNF: cb12780623m (data)