Adam's Peak (Sinhalese: Sri Pada or "Sri Paadaya" (ශ්රී පාදය) and Samanalakanda, සමනළ කන්ද; Lit. "Butterfly Mountain"; Tamil: சிவனொளி பாதமலை, Sivanolipatha Malai; Arabic: Al-Rohun) is a 2,243 m (7,359 ft) tall conical mountain located in central Sri Lanka. It is well known for the Sri Pada, i.e., "sacred footprint", a 1.8 m (5 ft 11 in) rock formation near the summit, which in Buddhist
Buddhist tradition is held to be the footprint of the Buddha, in Hindu tradition that of Shiva
Shiva and in Islamic
Islamic and Christian
Christian tradition that of Adam, or that of St. Thomas.
1 Geography 2 Trails 3 Nomenclature 4 History 5 The Sacred Mountain
6 See also 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External links
The mountain is located in the southern reaches of the Central
Highlands in the
The Holy peak viewed at Adiyamalatenna Ambalama - Kuruwita-Erathna trail
Access to the mountain is possible by 6 trails: Ratnapura-Palabaddala,
Hatton-Nallathanni, Kuruwita-Erathna, Murraywatte, Mookuwatte and
Malimboda. The Nallathanni & Palabaddala routes are most favored
by those undertaking the climb, while the Kuruwita-Erathna trail is
used less often; these trails are linked to major cities or town by
bus, accounting for their popular use. The Murraywatte, Mookuwatte and
Malimboda routes are hardly used, but do intersect with the
Palabaddala road midway through the ascent. The usual route taken by
most pilgrims is ascent via Hatton and descent via Ratnapura; although
the Hatton trail is the steepest, it is also shorter than any of the
other trails by approximately five kilometers.
Once one of the starting 'nodes' of Palabadalla, Nallathanni or
Erathna are reached, the rest of the ascent is done on foot through
the forested mountainside on the steps built into it. The greater part
of the track leading from the base to the summit consists of thousands
of steps built in cement or rough stones. The trails are illuminated
with electric light, making night-time ascent possible and safe to do
even when accompanied by children. Rest stops and wayside shops along
the trails serve refreshments and supplies.
Whilst there are many ancient monuments on the mountain, there is an
Due to its significance to the various people that inhabit the
country, the mountain is referred to by a variety of names.
The often used Sri Pada is derived from Sanskrit, used by the
The village of Nallathanniya at the feet of the mountain, where the stairs begin
It is revered as a holy site by Buddhists, Hindus, some Muslims and
Christians. It has specific qualities that cause it to stand out and
be noticed; including its dominant and outstanding profile, and the
boulder at the peak that contains an indentation resembling a
footprint. As the 1910,
"For a long period Sri Pada was supposed to be the highest mountain in Ceylon, but actual survey makes it only 7353 ft. above sea-level. This elevation is chiefly remarkable as the resort of pilgrims from all parts of the East. The hollow in the lofty rock that crowns the summit is said by the Buddhists of Buddha, by the Hindus to be the footstep of Siva, by some Muslims of Adam, whilst the Portuguese Christians were divided between the conflicting claims of St Thomas and the eunuch of Candace, queen of Ethiopia. The footstep is covered by a handsome roof, and is guarded by the priests of a rich monastery half-way up the mountain, who maintain a shrine on the summit of the peak."
It is an important pilgrimage site, especially for Buddhists. Pilgrims walk up the mountain, following a variety of difficult routes up thousands of steps. The journey takes several hours at least. The mountain is most often scaled from December to May. During other months it is hard to climb the mountain due to very heavy rain, extreme wind, and thick mist.The peak pilgrimage season is in April, and the goal is to be on top of the mountain at sunrise, when the distinctive shape of the mountain casts a triangular shadow on the surrounding plain and can be seen to move quickly downward as the sun rises. Legends
A view of Adam's peak from
For Buddhists, the footprint mark is the left foot of the Buddha, left
behind when Buddha visited Sri Lanka, as a symbol for worship at the
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Adam's Peak.
Saman (deity) Petrosomatoglyph Trikuta
^ "Seruwila to Sri Pada (Sacred Foot Print Shrine)". UNESCO.org.
^ Ricci, Ronit (2011). LITERATURE, CONVERSION, AND THE ARABIC
COSMOPOLIS OF SOUTH AND SOUTHEAST ASIA. University of Chicago Press.
p. 136. ISBN 978-0-226-71088-4.
^ Palihapitiya. "P.G.G." Retrieved 28 September 2012.
^ Yule, Henry; Cordier, Henri (1903). The Book of Ser Marco Polo
(Volume 2) (3rd ed.). London: John Murray. pp. 316–330.
^ Defrémery, C.; Sanguinetti, B.R. trans. and eds. (1858). Voyages
d'Ibn Batoutah (Volume 4) (in French and Arabic). Paris: Société
Asiatic. pp. 179–182. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list
^ Gibb, H.A.R.; Beckingham, C.F. trans. and eds. (1994). The Travels
of Ibn Baṭṭūṭa, A.D. 1325–1354 (Volume 4). London: Hakluyt
Society. pp. 853–854. ISBN 978-0-904180-37-4. CS1
maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
^ Dunn, Ross E. (2005) . The Adventures of Ibn Battuta.
University of California Press. pp. 242–243.
^ Davy, John (1818). "A description of Adam's Peak. By John Davy, M.D.
F.R.S. In a letter addressed to Sir Humphrey Davy F.R.S. LL.D. Colombo
May 1st 1817". The Journal of Science and the Arts. 5: 25–30.
^ Chisolm, Hugh (1910). The
Skeen, William (1870). Adam's Peak: Legendary, Traditional, and Historic Notices of the Samanala and Srí Páda. Colombo, Ceylon: W.L.H. Skeen.
Sri pada: Buddhism's most sac