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In Indian religions and society, an ACHARYA ( IAST : _ācārya_) is a preceptor or instructor in religious matters; founder, or leader of a sect; or a highly learned man or a title affixed to the names of learned men. The designation has different meanings in Hinduism , Buddhism and secular contexts. It is also a Brahmin surname found in Nepal and across India, including Odisha , Karnataka , West Bengal and Maharashtra .

Acharya is sometimes used to address a teacher or a scholar in any discipline, e.g.: Bhaskaracharya , the mathematician. It is also a common suffix in Viswabrahmin/vishwakarma names, e.g.: sankaracharya . In South India, this suffix is sometimes shortened to Achar, e.g., TKV Desikachar.They follows pranaava veda the fifth veda.

CONTENTS

* 1 Etymology

* 2 In Hinduism

* 2.1 Modern acharyas

* 3 Buddhism * 4 In Jainism * 5 In scientific/mathematical scholarship * 6 Acharya (degree) * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links

ETYMOLOGY

The term "acharya" is most often said to include the root "char" or "charya" (conduct). Thus it literally connotes "one who teaches by conduct (example)," i.e. an exemplar.

IN HINDUISM

In Hinduism , an _acharya_ (आचार्य) is a formal title of a teacher or guru, who has attained a degree in Vedanga.

The Five Main Acharyas in the Hindu tradition are:

* Adi Sankaracharya * Ramanujacharya * Madhvacharya * Nimbarkacharya * Vallabhacharya

MODERN ACHARYAS

* Sri Ramakrishna * Swami Vivekananda * Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura * Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura * Srila A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada , founder-acharya of ISKCON

BUDDHISM

In Buddhism, acharya is a senior teacher. Notable acharyas:

* Pema Chödrön (b. 1936) acharya at Gampo Abbey

IN JAINISM

Main article: Acharya (Jainism) _ Image of Āchārya Kundakunda , author of Jain texts like Pancastikayasara , Niyamasara _

In Jainism , an _acharya_ is the highest leader of a Jain order. _Acharya_ is one of the Pañca-Parameṣṭhi (five supreme beings) and thus worthy of worship. They are the final authority in the monastic order and has the authority to ordain new monks and nuns. They are also authorized to consecrate new idols, although this authority is sometimes delegated to scholars designated by them.

An acharya, like any other Jain monk, is expected to wander except for the Chaturmas . Bhaṭṭārakas , who head institutions, are technically junior monks, and thus permitted to stay in the same place.

IN SCIENTIFIC/MATHEMATICAL SCHOLARSHIP

* Bhaskaracharya * Mahaviracharya * Bhaskaracharya I

ACHARYA (DEGREE)

In Sanskrit institutions, acharya is a post-graduate degree.

SEE ALSO

* A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada * ISKCON * Srikanta Acharya

REFERENCES

* ^ Platts, John T. (1884). _A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English_. London: W. H. Allen & Co. * ^ Although famous for being the proponent of _advaita vad_, he established the supremecy of _bhakti _ to Krishn . * ^ He propagated the _bhakti _ of _ Bhagwan _ _ Vishnu _. Source: Ramanujacharya Archived 26 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ His philosophy is called _dvaita vad_. His primary teaching is that "the only goal of a soul is to selflessly and wholeheartedly love and surrender to God" Source: * ^ His writings say that Radha Krishn are the supreme form of God. * ^ "Ani Pema Chödrön". _Gampo Abbey_. Archived from the original on 24 March 2013. Retrieved 2014-10-21.

EXTERNAL LINKS

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