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In Indian religions
Indian religions
and society, an acharya (IAST: ācārya) is a preceptor or instructor in religious matters; founder, or leader of a sect; or a highly learned man or a title affixed to the names of learned men.[1] The designation has different meanings in Hinduism, Buddhism
Buddhism
and secular contexts. It is also a vishwabrahmin/Brahmin surname found in Nepal and across India, including Odisha, Karnataka, West Bengal
West Bengal
and Maharashtra.[citation needed] Acharya
Acharya
is sometimes used to address a teacher or a scholar in any discipline, e.g.: Bhaskaracharya, the mathematician.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 In Hinduism 3 Buddhism 4 In Jainism 5 In scientific/mathematical scholarship 6 Acharya
Acharya
(degree) 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

Etymology[edit] The term "acharya" is most often said to include the root "char" or "charya" (conduct). Thus it literally connotes "one who teaches by conduct (example)," i.e. an exemplar.[citation needed] In Hinduism[edit] In Hinduism, an acharya (आचार्य) is a formal title of a teacher or guru, who has attained a degree in Veda and Vedanga.[citation needed] Six of the prominent acharyas in the Hindu
Hindu
tradition are:

Adi Sankaracharya[2] Ramanujacharya[3] Madhvacharya[4] Nimbarkacharya[5][citation needed] Vallabhacharya Sadhu Bhadreshdas - BAPS Swaminarayan Sanstha

Buddhism[edit] In Buddhism, acharya is a senior teacher. Notable acharyas:

Pema Chödrön
Pema Chödrön
(b. 1936) acharya at Gampo Abbey[6]

In Jainism[edit] Main article: Acharya
Acharya
(Jainism)

Image of Āchārya Kundakunda, author of Jain texts
Jain texts
like Pancastikayasara, Niyamasara

In Jainism, an acharya is the highest leader of a Jain order. Acharya is one of the Pañca-Parameṣṭhi
Pañca-Parameṣṭhi
(five supreme beings) and thus worthy of worship. They are the final authority in the monastic order and has the authority to ordain new monks and nuns. They are also authorized to consecrate new idols, although this authority is sometimes delegated to scholars designated by them. An acharya, like any other Jain monk, is expected to wander except for the Chaturmas. Bhaṭṭārakas, who head institutions, are technically junior monks, and thus permitted to stay in the same place. In scientific/mathematical scholarship[edit]

Bhaskaracharya Mahaviracharya Bhaskaracharya I

Acharya
Acharya
(degree)[edit] In Sanskrit
Sanskrit
institutions, acharya is a post-graduate degree.[7] See also[edit]

A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada ISKCON Srikanta Acharya

References[edit]

^ Platts, John T. (1884). A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English. London: W. H. Allen & Co.  ^ [viswakarma community] Although famous for being the proponent of advaita vad, he established the supremecy of bhakti to Krishn. ^ He propagated the bhakti of Bhagwan
Bhagwan
Vishnu. Source: Ramanujacharya Archived 26 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine. ^ His philosophy is called dvaita vad. His primary teaching is that "the only goal of a soul is to selflessly and wholeheartedly love and surrender to God" Source: [1] ^ His writings say that Radha Krishn
Krishn
are the supreme form of God. ^ "Ani Pema Chödrön". Gampo Abbey. Archived from the original on 24 March 2013. Retrieved 2014-10-21.  ^ "Nandan Mishra vs University Of Delhi & Ors on 12 May, 2015". indiankanoon.org. Retrieved 2017-09-18. 

External links[edit]

[2] Scriptural References to 'acarya' Jain Monks, Statesmen and Aryikas Dr. K. C. Jain

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