Accession Day is usually the anniversary of the date on which a
monarch or executive takes office. The earliest records of accession
celebrations date from the reign of Queen Elizabeth I of England, and
the custom is now observed in many nations.
Accession Day in India's
Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir commemorates the day in
1947 when the area joined the Dominion of India.
2 Indian subcontinent
4 United Arab Emirates
5 United Kingdom
6 Vatican City
7 See also
In Belgium there are local celebrations of the reigning monarch's
accession, but the anniversary of the accession of the first King of
modern Belgium, Leopold I, on 21 July 1831, is celebrated as a full
national holiday, known as "Belgian National Day".
Accession Day is a state holiday in India's northernmost state, Jammu
and Kashmir, commemorating 26 October 1947, when Maharaja Hari Singh
signed off the Instrument of Accession, in which Jammu and Kashmir
joined the Dominion of India. This was part of the series of events in
1947 by which rule the Indian Empire was converted into the two new
Dominions of India and Pakistan, the latter having two territories
separated by the whole of northern India. As a Hindu ruler of a state
with both Hindu and Muslim subjects, the Maharaja's decision was
Festivities of the day include holding rallies, lighting firecrackers,
singing India's national anthem, and raising the flag of
Main article: Koningsdag
Koninginnedag (Queen's Day) was, during the reign of Queen Beatrix,
celebrated on 30 April, the date of her accession in 1980 upon the
abdication of her mother, Queen Juliana, whose birthday fell on 30
April). Beatrix abdicated on Koninginnedag 2013 which, led to the
accession of King Willem-Alexander. As a result, the holiday became
Koningsdag (King's Day) from 2014 and the celebration was
moved three days ahead to 27 April, to instead mark the birthday of
United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates is unusual in celebrating the accession of
its President, although the President is elected from amongst the
seven hereditary Emirs (ruling Princes) of the constituent states of
the UAE, and is therefore also a hereditary and monarchical leader.
Accession Day is a national holiday in the UAE.
The custom of marking this day was inaugurated during the reign of
Queen Elizabeth I of England. Her accession day was celebrated in
England and Wales during her reign and also, according to the
19th-century historian Thomas Lathbury, during the reigns of her
successors. A "Form of Prayer and Thanksgiving" to be used in
churches on the anniversary of the queen's accession was published in
1576 and used until 1602.
In 1568, the tenth anniversary of Queen Elizabeth's accession was
marked with the ringing of bells and 17 November became known as
"Queen Elizabeth's Day" or "Queene's Day". As her reign progressed,
it was celebrated with increased fervour and, long after her death, it
continued to be observed as a day of Protestant rejoicing and
expression of anti-Catholic feeling. The observances included
triumphal parades and processions, sermons against populism and the
burning of the Pope in effigy. After the Great Fire of London
(1666), "these rejoicings were converted into a satirical saturnalia
of the most turbulent kind"; the greatest excesses occurred in the
years 1679–81 when wealthy members of political clubs paid for
processions and bonfires to arouse the populace to political
fervour. The inhabitants of
Berry Pomeroy in south
the tradition of
Queene's Day in 2005 with a special church service
On the accession of King James I of England, a form of prayer and
thanksgiving was issued for use in all churches "upon his entry to
this kingdom". In 1625, a new service was issued which was
Convocation in 1640 but set aside by Parliament at the
Restoration when certain parts of it were included in the special
service for 29 May. When King James II acceded the throne, he ordered
the preparation of a special form of prayer and thanksgiving for the
anniversary of his accession day and a revised version of the old
service was prepared and set forth by authority in 1685. The form of
words "the day on which His Majesty began his happy reign" was first
used in this service and has been retained ever since. After falling
out of use during the reigns of William III and Mary II, the service
was revised and used again during the reign of Queen Anne. King
George V's accession day (reigned 1910–36) was 6 May.
The present monarch, Elizabeth II's accession day is 6 February and is
observed in the United Kingdom by the flying of specific flags and
various official functions. In London, a Royal Salute is fired by the
guns of the
King's Troop, Royal Horse Artillery
King's Troop, Royal Horse Artillery in
Green Park and by
Honourable Artillery Company
Honourable Artillery Company at the Tower of London. Salutes
are also fired at Woolwich, Colchester, Edinburgh Castle, Stirling
Castle, Cardiff, Belfast, York, Portsmouth,
Plymouth and Dover
Special services are required by canon in all cathedrals, churches,
and chapels of the Church of England. The Book of Common Prayer
provides options for a stand-alone
Accession Day service, or for
special propers by which any or all of the services of Matins,
Evensong and Holy Communion may be altered for the day. The
Church's more recent prayer book
Common Worship does not provide a
full form of service, but refers the user to the Book of Common
Prayer; it does, however, provide propers for the Eucharist on 6
February. Although not a legal requirement, special services are
also held in some churches of other denominations.
The Vatican counts the Anniversario dell'Elezione del Santo Padre, or
the anniversary of the election of the reigning pontiff, among its
statutory public holidays. Since 2014, the city-state has observed
this holiday on March 13, the anniversary of Pope Francis' election in
Accession Day tilt
^ See page 9 of this Archived 21 April 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
document from the Belgian Federal Government website.
Accession day is our national day: Jammu BAR". Greater Kashmir.
Archived from the original on 28 October 2010. Retrieved 31 December
^ "Jammu all set to celebrate Accession Day". Sify. Retrieved 31
Accession Day celebrations in Jammu & Kashmir".
GroundReport. Archived from the original on 29 October 2010. Retrieved
31 December 2007.
^ Details of the celebration on 6 August.
^ "According to Lathbury, the 17th day of November, the day of the
Queen's accession, was observed even after Elizabeth's death as a day
of thanksgiving to Almighty God for the gracious deliverance wrought
out for the Church by her instrumentality." (Evan Daniel, The
Prayer-Book; its history, language and contents; 26th ed. Redhill:
Wells Gardner (1948), p. 535.)
^ a b c Chambers Book of Days, Edinburgh: Chambers, 2004
(ISBN 0-550-10083-0) p.553 ff.
^ "Queene's day revival continues". Western Morning News. Plymouth,
Devon. 13 November 2006. Retrieved 23 June 2012. (subscription
^ Daniel Prayer-Book, p. 535.
^ Daniel Prayer-Book, p. 536.
^ Hoe & Co's Travellers' Diary for 1927. Madras: Hoe & Co,
^ "Gun Salutes". The official website of the British Monarchy.
Archived from the original on 17 March 2015.
^ "Honour of Royal Salute switches to
Colchester town centre".
Colchester Borough Council. [dead link]
^ All these options are available on-line at here.
^ See "
Common Worship – Festivals", Church House Publishing, 2008,
page 367, which may be viewed on-line here.
Canadian royal symbols
Royal Arms of Canada
Great Seal of Canada
St. Edward's Crown
Postage stamps: Victoria, Edward VII, Edward VIII, George VI,
Jubilees: Golden Jubilee of Victoria, Diamond Jubilee of Victoria,
Silver Jubilee of Elizabeth II, Golden Jubilee of Elizabeth II,
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