Acarnania (Greek: Ακαρνανία) is a region of west-central
Greece that lies along the Ionian Sea, west of Aetolia, with the
Achelous River for a boundary, and north of the gulf of Calydon, which
is the entrance to the Gulf of Corinth. Today it forms the western
part of the regional unit of Aetolia-Acarnania. The capital and
principal city in ancient times was Stratos. The north side of
Acarnania of the
Corinthian Gulf was considered part of the region of
Acarnania's foundation in
Greek mythology was traditionally ascribed
to Acarnan, son of Alcmaeon.
Ancient Greek Northern regions
3 List of Acarnanians
4 See also
Map of ancient Acarnania.
In the 7th century BC, Greek influence in the region became
Corinth settled Anactorium, Sollium and Leucas, and
Kefalonia settled Astacus. Settlements in Alyzeia, Coronta, Limnaia,
Medion, Oeniadae, Palaerus,
Phoitiai and Stratus are also mentioned by
Thucydides, this latter city being the seat of a loose confederation
of Acarnanian powers that was maintained until the late 1st century
Because it is located strategically on the maritime route to Italy,
Acarnania was involved in many wars. In the 5th century BC, the
Corinthians were forced out of their Acarnanian settlements by Athens.
Acarnanian League came into existence as a loose federation of the
Acarnanian cities. In the 4th century BC, c. 390 BC, the cities of
Acarnania surrendered to the Spartans under King Agesilaus, and
continued to be Spartan allies until joining the Second Athenian
Empire in 375 BC. The Acarnanians later sided with the Boeotians in
their fight against Sparta, and with
Athens against Philip II of
Macedon at Chaeronea.
Ancient coin of Acarnania, c. 300–167 BC
Acarnania thereafter came under Macedonian rule. In 314 BC, at the
behest of the Macedonian king Cassander, the settlements of Acarnania
lying near the Aetolian border were conglomerated into fewer, larger
settlements. Still, border conflicts with the Aetolians were frequent,
and led to Acarnania's territory being partitioned between
Epirus, c. 250 BC. After the fall of the king of Epirus, the
Acarnanian territory that had been given to
Epirus regained its
independence, and Leucas became the capital of the region.
Acarnania allied itself with
Philip V of Macedon
Philip V of Macedon against Rome in 200
BC, although it lost Leucas because of this, and the city of Thyrreion
was appointed the new capital.
In the 1st century BC,
Acarnania suffered greatly at the hands of
pirates, and in Rome's civil wars. Afterwards, the towns and
Acarnania fell under the rule of Nicopolis.
Byzantine Empire was attacked by Western powers in the Fourth
Acarnania passed to the Despotate of
Epirus and in
1348 it was conquered by Serbia. Then in 1480 it fell to the Ottoman
Empire. Since 1832 it has been part of Greece.
Main article: Aetolia-Acarnania
Acarnania is composed of three main regions: 1) a rocky coastline, 2)
a rugged strip of mountain range that follows the coastline, and 3)
plains lying between these mountains and the
List of Acarnanians
Carnus, seer of Apollo who established the cult of Apollo Carneus
among the Dorians; see also Carnea.
Amphilytus, seer of Peisistratos (Athens).
Megistias, seer at the battle of Thermopylae.
Lysimachus of Acarnania one of the tutors of Alexander the Great
Philip of Acarnania, one of the physicians of Alexander the Great
Aristomenes of Acarnania, guardian and regent of Ptolemy III Euergetes
Alexander of Acarnania, general of Antiochus the Great
List of cities in ancient Acarnania.
List of cities in Acarnania
List of traditional Greek place names
^ Adages III iv 1 to IV ii 100 by Desiderius
Erasmus,2005,ISBN 0802036430,page 538,"
Acarnania on the northern
side of the Corinthian gulf was part of Epirus"
^ Encyclopedia of ancient Greece
Hornblower, Simon (1996). "Acarnania". The Oxford Classical
Dictionary. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 2–3.
Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Acarnania". Encyclopædia
Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
Coordinates: 38°45′N 21°05′E / 38.750°N 21.083°E /