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The Academy of the Hebrew Language
Academy of the Hebrew Language
(Hebrew: הָאָקָדֶמְיָה לַלָּשׁוֹן הָעִבְרִית‬, Ha-Akademya la-Lashon ha-Ivrit) was established by the Israeli government in 1953 as the "supreme institution for scholarship on the Hebrew language
Hebrew language
in the Hebrew University
Hebrew University
of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
of Givat Ram
Givat Ram
campus."[1] It is an educational institution with the mission of creating new Hebrew words to ensure that the language does not die out.

Contents

1 History 2 Organization 3 See also 4 References 5 External links

History[edit]

The Academy of the Hebrew Language
Academy of the Hebrew Language
building at the Hebrew University
Hebrew University
- Givat Ram
Givat Ram
campus

The Academy replaced the Hebrew Language Committee (Vaʻad ha-lashon ha-ʻIvrit) established in 1890 by Eliezer Ben-Yehuda, who was its first president. As Hebrew became the spoken language in Palestine and was adopted by the educational system, the Hebrew Language Committee published bulletins and dictionaries. It coined thousands of words that are in everyday use today.[2] Its successor, the Academy of the Hebrew Language, has continued this mission of creating new Hebrew words to keep up modern usage. Although the academy's business is creating new words from Hebrew roots and structures to replace loanwords derived from other languages, its own name is a loanword, "akademya."[3] It addresses this irony on its English website.[4] The Academy's mission, as defined in its constitution, is "to direct the development of Hebrew in light of its nature" (לכוון את דרכי התפתחותה של הלשון העברית לפי טבעה).[5] The Academy sets standards for modern Hebrew grammar, orthography, transliteration, and punctuation based on the historical development of the language. It also writes a Hebrew Historical Dictionary.[6] Organization[edit] The plenum consists of 23 members. In addition, the academy employs 15 academic advisors, among them respected scholars of language, linguistics, Judaic studies, and Bible. The Academy’s decisions are binding on all governmental agencies, including the Israel Broadcasting Authority.[3] See also[edit]

Hebrew University
Hebrew University
of Jerusalem Study of the Hebrew language List of language regulators Revival of the Hebrew language Moshe Bar-Asher Historical Dictionary Project of the Hebrew Language Autoridad Nasionala del Ladino, a language regulator for Ladino YIVO
YIVO
(Yidisher Visnshaftlekher Institut), a language regulator for Yiddish

References[edit]

^ Minority Languages and Language Policy: The Case of Arabic in Israel Archived April 26, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. ^ The New Jewish Encyclopedia, ed. David Bridger ^ a b Hebrew Academy ^ When Should Foreign Words Be Replaced By Hebrew Words? ^ Ghil'ad Zuckermann
Ghil'ad Zuckermann
argues that this is an "oxymoronic" mission impossible: "If the nature of a language is to evolve in a specific direction, why direct it by language policing?", see Zuckermann, Ghil'ad (2008), Realistic Prescriptivism: The Academy of the Hebrew Language, its Campaign of "Good Grammar" and Lexpionage, and the Native Israeli Speakers. Israel
Israel
Studies in Language and Society 1, pp. 135–154. ^ According to Zuckermann, "the Historical Dictionary Project is the Academy's most important contribution", see Zuckermann, Ghil'ad (2008), Realistic Prescriptivism: The Academy of the Hebrew Language, its Campaign of "Good Grammar" and Lexpionage, and the Native Israeli Speakers. Israel
Israel
Studies in Language and Society 1, pp. 135–154.

External links[edit]

Academy of the Hebrew Language
Academy of the Hebrew Language
- Official Website

v t e

Hebrew language

Overviews

Language Alphabet History Transliteration to English / from English Numerology

Eras

Biblical (northern dialect) Mishnaic Medieval Modern

Reading traditions

Ashkenazi Sephardi Italian Mizrahi (Syrian) Yemenite Samaritan Tiberian (extinct) Palestinian (extinct) Babylonian (extinct)

Orthography

Eras

Biblical

Scripts

Rashi Braille Ashuri Cursive Crowning Paleo-Hebrew

Alphabet

Alef Bet Gimel Dalet Hei Vav Zayin Het Tet Yud Kaf Lamed Mem Nun Samech Ayin Pei Tsadi Kuf Reish Shin Taw

Niqqud

Tiberian Babylonian Palestinian Samaritan

Shva Hiriq Tzere Segol Patach Kamatz Holam Kubutz and Shuruk Dagesh Mappiq Maqaf Rafe Sin/Shin Dot

Spelling

with Niqqud
Niqqud
/ missing / full Mater lectionis Abbreviations

Punctuation

Diacritics Meteg Cantillation Geresh Gershayim Inverted nun Shekel sign Numerals

Phonology

Biblical Hebrew Modern Hebrew Philippi's law

Law of attenuation

Grammar

Biblical Modern

Verbal morphology Semitic roots Prefixes Suffixes Segolate Waw-consecutive

Academic

Revival Academy Study Ulpan Keyboard Hebrew / ancient / modern Israeli literature Names Surnames Unicode and HTML

Reference works

Brown–Driver–Briggs Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of

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