The ACADEMY OF THE HEBREW LANGUAGE (Hebrew :
הָעִבְרִית, Ha-Akademya la-Lashon ha-Ivrit) was
established by the Israeli government in 1953 as the "supreme
institution for scholarship on the
* 1 History * 2 Organization * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links
Academy of the Hebrew Language
The Academy replaced the Hebrew Language Committee (Vaʻad ha-lashon ha-ʻIvrit) established in 1890 by Eliezer Ben-Yehuda , who was its first president. As Hebrew became the spoken language in Palestine and was adopted by the educational system , the Hebrew Language Committee published bulletins and dictionaries. It coined thousands of words that are in everyday use today.
Its successor, the Academy of the Hebrew Language, has continued this mission of creating new Hebrew words to keep up modern usage.
Although the academy's business is creating new words from Hebrew roots and structures to replace loanwords derived from other languages, its own name is a loanword, "akademya." It addresses this irony on its English website.
The Academy's mission, as defined in its constitution, is "to direct the development of Hebrew in light of its nature" (לכוון את דרכי התפתחותה של הלשון העברית לפי טבעה). The Academy sets standards for modern Hebrew grammar, orthography, transliteration, and punctuation based on the historical development of the language. It also writes a Hebrew Historical Dictionary.
The plenum consists of 23 members. In addition, the academy employs 15 academic advisors, among them respected scholars of language, linguistics, Judaic studies, and Bible. The Academy’s decisions are binding on all governmental agencies, including the Israel Broadcasting Authority .
* ^ Minority Languages and Language Policy: The Case of Arabic in