Academic Performance Index (California public schools)
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The Academic Performance Index (API) was a measurement of
academic performance Academic achievement or academic performance is the extent to which a student, teacher or institution has attained their short or long-term educational goals. Completion of educational benchmarks such as secondary school diplomas and bachelor's deg ...
and progress of individual schools in
California California is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper i ...

California
,
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United States
. The API was one of the main components of the
Public Schools Accountability Act The Public Schools Accountability Act (PSAA) was passed in California in 1999 as the first step in developing a comprehensive system to hold students, schools, and districts accountable for improving student performance. The system establishes a c ...
passed by the
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in 1999. It was last updated for the 2012–2013 school year, an on March 15, 2017, the
California State Board of Education The California State Board of Education is the governing and policy-making body of the California Department of Education The California Department of Education is an agency within the Government of California that oversees Public school (governme ...
and the
California Department of Education The California Department of Education is an agency within the Government of California that oversees Public school (government funded), public education. The department oversees funding and testing, and holds local educational agencies accountab ...
launched a new accountability system to replace the Academic Performance Index to better measure California's education goals. The replacement reporting interface is the California School Dashboard.


API scores


Numeric Index

A numeric API score ranged from a low of 200 to a high of 1000. The interim statewide API performance target for all schools was 800. A school's growth was measured by how well it was moving toward or past that goal. An API score was calculated for all students in a school as well as numerous API scores for each subgroup at the school (such as by race, English Learner Status, students with disabilities, and socioeconomically disadvantaged pupils).


Rankings

The API Statewide Rank score ranked a school with all schools in California based on API score, while the API Similar Schools score ranked a school with 100 other schools in the state with similar demographic profiles (including parent education level, poverty level, student mobility, student ethnicity). Each rank ranged from 1 to 10, with a score of 10 meaning that the school's API fell into the top 10%.


Indicator of performance

A school's score or placement on the API was designed to be an indicator of a school's performance level and was calculated annually by the
California Department of Education The California Department of Education is an agency within the Government of California that oversees Public school (government funded), public education. The department oversees funding and testing, and holds local educational agencies accountab ...
, primarily based on CST and
CAHSEEThe California High School Exit Examination (CAHSEE) was an examination created by the California Department of Education, that was previously mandated to administer in High Schools statewide in order to graduate. The examination was suspended in 20 ...
tests. Due to the API's heavy reliance on
standardized testing A standardized test is a test Test(s), testing, or TEST may refer to: * Test (assessment), an educational assessment intended to measure the respondents' knowledge or other abilities Arts and entertainment * Test (2013 film), ''Test'' (2013 f ...
(although some factors such as attendance and graduation rates were considered), many criticisms of standardized testing could also be leveled at the reliability and accuracy of API scores as an indicator of a school's level of "academic achievement."


Accountability

The API was closely tied to monetary and incentive awards by setting Annual Percent Growth Targets for each school and whether the school met or exceeded this goal. The
Public Schools Accountability Act The Public Schools Accountability Act (PSAA) was passed in California in 1999 as the first step in developing a comprehensive system to hold students, schools, and districts accountable for improving student performance. The system establishes a c ...
also established The Immediate Intervention/Underperforming Schools Program and the Governor's High Achieving/Improving Schools Program. In addition, the API was used to determine Adequate Yearly Progress as a part of the
No Child Left Behind The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) was a U.S. Act of Congress An Act of Congress is a statute enacted by United States Congress, Congress. Acts can affect only individual entities (called private laws), or the general public (p ...
Act.


References


External links

{{Portal, California, Schools
Academic Performance Index (API)Understanding the APIPublic Schools Accountability Act (PSAA)Google - public data
Education Statistics of California: Academic Performance Index (API) Standardized tests in the United States Public education in California