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Abu al-Fida (Arabic: أبو الفداء‎; November 1273 – October 27, 1331), fully Abu Al-fida' Isma'il Ibn 'ali ibn Mahmud Al-malik Al-mu'ayyad 'imad Ad-din and better known in English as Abulfeda,[a] was a Kurdish[1] historian, geographer and local governor of Hama.[2][3] He was a prince of the Ayyubid dynasty and the author of The memoirs of a Syrian prince: Abu'l-Fidāʼ, Sultan of Ḥamāh. The crater Abulfeda on the Moon, is named after him.

Contents

1 Life 2 Works 3 See also 4 Notes 5 References

5.1 Citations 5.2 Sources

6 Further reading 7 External links

Life[edit] Abu'l-Fida was born in Damascus,[4] where his father Malik ul-Afdal, brother of Emir Al-Mansur Muhammad II of Hama, had fled from the Mongols. In his boyhood he devoted himself to the study of the Qur'an and the sciences, but from his twelfth year onward, he was almost constantly engaged in military expeditions, chiefly against the crusaders.[5] In 1285 he was present at the assault of a stronghold of the Knights of St. John, and took part in the sieges of Tripoli, Acre and Qal'at ar-Rum. In 1298 he entered the service of the Mamluk Sultan Malik al-Nasir and after twelve years was invested by him with the governorship of Hama. In 1312 he became prince with the title Malik us-Salhn, and in 1320 received the hereditary rank of sultan with the title Malik ul-Mu'ayyad.[5] For more than twenty years all together he reigned in tranquillity and splendour, devoting himself to the duties of government and to the composition of the works to which he is chiefly indebted for his fame. He was a munificent patron of men of letters, who came in large numbers to his court. He died in 1331.[5] Works[edit]

The Concise History of Humanity or Chronicles (Arabic: المختصر في أخبار البشر - تاريخ أبى الفداء‎) (History of Abu al-Fida); his chief historical work is An Abridgment of the History at the Human Race, in the form of annals extending from the creation of the world to the year 1329 (Constantinople, 2 vols. 1869).[5] A Sketch of the Countries (Arabic: تقويم البلدان‎). His Geography is, like much of the history, founded on the works of his predecessors, including the works of Ptolemy and Muhammad al-Idrisi. A long introduction on various geographical matters is followed by twenty-eight sections dealing in tabular form with the chief towns of the world. After each name are given the longitude, latitude, climate, spelling, and then observations generally taken from earlier authors. Parts of the work were published and translated as early as 1650 in Europe.[5] In his works Abu'l-Fida correctly mentions the latitude and longitude of the city of Quanzhou in China.[6] A book about medicine named Kunash (Arabic: الكُنّاش‎) Abu'l-Fida Mosque

See also[edit]

List of Muslim historians

Notes[edit]

^ Other forms of his name include Abul-Fida' al-Ḥamawi, Abul Fida Ismail Hamvi, and Abu Alfida.[citation needed]

References[edit] Citations[edit]

^ The Kurds: A Concise Handbook, p. 45, at Google Books ^ Encyclopedia of the History of Science, Technology and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures, (edited by) Helaine Selin, pp. 7-8, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands, 1997 ^ Identifiants et Référentiels Sudoc Pour L'Enseignement Supérieur et la Recherche - Abū al-Fidā (1273-1331) (in French) ^ Chambers Biographical Dictionary, ISBN 0-550-18022-2, page 5 ^ a b c d e  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Abulfeda". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 80.  ^ The Travels of Ibn Batūta: With Notes, Illustrative of the History, p. 211, at Google Books

Sources[edit]

Gibb, H.A.R. (1986). "Abu'l Fidā". The Encyclopaedia of Islam. Volume 1: A-B. Leiden: Brill. pp. 118–119.  Studies on Abul-Fida' al-Ḥamawi (1273-1331 A.D.) by Farid Ibn Faghül, Carl Ehrig-Eggert, E. Neubauer. Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science (Institut für Geschichte der Arabisch-Islamischen Wissenschaften) at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, 1992. Encyclopedie de l'Islam, 2nd ed. E.J. Brill, Leiden and G.P. Maisonneuve, Paris, 1960. (in French)

Further reading[edit]

de Slane, Baron (1872). "Autobiographie d'Abou 'L-Fedā: Extraite de sa chronicle". Recueil des Historiens des Croisades: Historiens Orientaux (in French). 1. Paris: Imprimerie Nationale. pp. 166–186, 745–751. 

External links[edit]

Vernet, J. (2008) [1970-80]. "Abu'l-Fidāʾ Ismāʿīl Ibn ʿAlī Ibn Maḥmūd Ibn … Ayyūb, ʿImād Al-Dīn". Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. Encyclopedia.com.  Abulfedae tabulae quaedam geographicae, nunc primum Arab. ed., Lat. vertit, notis illustr. H.F ... (1835) http://www.salaam.co.uk/knowledge/biography/viewentry.php?id=153 https://web.archive.org/web/20060613024309/http://www.renaissance.com.pk/myletfor95.html http://muslimheritage.com/topics/default.cfm?TaxonomyTypeID=25&TaxonomySubTypeID=-1&TaxonomyThirdLevelID=-1&ArticleID=505

v t e

Rulers of the Ayyubid dynasty

Sultans of Egypt (1171–1250)

Salah ad-Din al-Aziz Uthman al-Mansur Nasir al-Din al-Adil I al-Kamil al-Adil II as-Salih Ayyub al-Muazzam Turanshah Shajar al-Durr al-Ashraf Musa

Emirs of Damascus (1174–1260)

Salah ad-Din al-Afdal al-Adil I al-Mu'azzam Isa an-Nasir Dawud al-Ashraf Musa as-Salih Ismail as-Salih Ayyub al-Muazzam Turanshah an-Nasir Yusuf

Emirs of Aleppo (1177–1260)

Az-Zahir Ghazi al-Aziz Muhammad Dayfa Khatun (regent) an-Nasir Yusuf

Emirs of Hims (1175–1262)

Asad ad-Din Shirkuh Muhammad ibn Shirkuh al-Mujahid al-Mansur Ibrahim al-Ashraf Musa

Emirs of Hama (1175–1341)

Al-Muzaffar Umar al-Mansur Muhammad Nasir Kilij-Arslan al-Muzaffar Mahmud al-Mansur Muhammad II al-Muzaffar Mahmud II al-Mu'ayyad Abu al-Fida al-Afdal Muhammad

Emirs of Jazira (1180–1260)

Al-Awhad Ayyub al-Ashraf Musa al-Muzaffar Ghazi al-Kamil Muhammad

Emirs of Yemen (1173–1228)

Turan-Shah Tughtakin ibn Ayyub al-Mu'izz Ismail an-Nasir Ayyub Muzaffar Sulayman Mas'ud Yusuf

Emirs of Baalbek (1175–1260)

Ibn al-Muqaddam Turan-Shah Farrukhshah Bahramshah Al-Ashraf Musa as-Salih Ismail as-Salih Ayyub Saʿd al-Din al-Humaidi an-Nasir Yusuf

v t e

Geography and cartography in medieval Islam

Geographers

9th century

Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī Abū Ḥanīfa Dīnawarī Ya'qubi Sulaiman al-Tajir

10th century

Ibn Khordadbeh Ahmad ibn Rustah Ahmad ibn Fadlan Abu Zayd al-Balkhi Abū Muhammad al-Hasan al-Hamdānī Al-Masudi Istakhri Khashkhash Ibn Saeed Ibn Aswad Ibn Hawqal Ibn al-Faqih Al-Muqaddasi Al-Ramhormuzi

11th century

Abū Rayḥān al-Bīrūnī Abu Saʿīd Gardēzī Al-Bakri Mahmud al-Kashgari Domiyat

12th century

Al-Zuhri Muhammad al-Idrisi Abu'l Abbas al-Hijazi

13th century

Ibn Jubayr Saadi Shirazi Yaqut al-Hamawi Ibn Said al-Maghribi Ibn al-Nafis

14th century

Al-Dimashqi Abu'l-Fida Ibn al-Wardi Hamdollah Mostowfi Ibn Battuta Lin Nu

15th century

Abd-al-Razzāq Samarqandī Ghiyāth al-dīn Naqqāsh Ahmad ibn Mājid Zheng He Ma Huan Fei Xin

16th century

Sulaiman Al Mahri Piri Reis Mir Ahmed Nasrallah Thattvi Amīn Rāzī

17th century

Evliya Çelebi

Works

Book of Roads and Kingdoms (al-Bakrī) Book of Roads and Kingdoms (ibn Khordadbeh) Tabula Rogeriana Kitab al-Rawd al-Mitar Mu'jam Al-Buldan Rihla The Meadows of Gold Piri Reis map

Influences

Geography (Ptolemy)

v t e

Historians of Islam

Historians

7th century

Aban bin Uthman Urwah ibn Zubayr Ibn Shihab al-Zuhri

8th century

Hisham ibn al-Kalbi Ibn Ishaq Al-Waqidi Abu Mikhnaf Sayf ibn Umar Al-Mada'ini

9th century

Ibn 'Abd al-Hakam Khalifah ibn Khayyat Ibn Hisham Ya'qubi Al-Tabari Al-Baladhuri Ibn Sa'd Al-Zubayr ibn Bakkar Al-Azraqi Abu Hanifa Dinawari Ibn Qutaybah

10th century

Ibn al-Nadim Ibn Duraid Ibn al-Qūṭiyya Al-Masudi Miskawayh al-Suli Al-Qadi al-Nu'man Abu Muhammad al-Hamdani Al-Musabbihi

11th century

Arabic

Ibn Faradi Ibn Hayyan Said al-Andalusi Al-Udri Al-Bakri Ibn Hazm Hilal al-Sabi' Al-Khatib al-Baghdadi Al-Quda'i Ibn Bassam

Persian

Abu'l-Fadl Bayhaqi Abu Sa'id Gardezi

12th century

Arabic

Mohammed al-Baydhaq Ibn al-Jawzi Abd al-Latif al-Baghdadi Ibn al-Qalanisi Ibn `Asakir Usama ibn Munqidh Imad ad-Din al-Isfahani Baha ad-Din ibn Shaddad Ibn Hammad

Persian

Muhammad bin Ali Rawandi

13th century

Arabic

Yaqut al-Hamawi Abdelwahid al-Marrakushi Ibn Amira Ibn Jubayr Ibn al-Kardabūs Ibn al-Adim Ibn al-Athir Sibt ibn al-Jawzi Ibn Khallikan Al-Qifti Ibn Abi Zar

Persian

Ibn Bibi Muhammad Aufi Ibn Isfandiyar Minhaj-i-Siraj Ata-Malik Juvayni Rashid-al-Din Hamadani

14th century

Arabic

Abu'l-Fida Ibn Idhari Al-Dhahabi Ibn Battuta Ibn al-Khatib Shihab al-Umari Ibn Kathir Ibn al-Tiqtaqa Ibn al-Furat Al-Mufaddal Ibn Khaldun al-`Asqalani

Persian

Hamdallah Mustawfi Wassaf Ziauddin Barani Hafiz-i Abru

15th century

Arabic

al-Maqrizi Ibn Taghribirdi Al-Sakhawi Al-Suyuti Ibn Ghazi al-Miknasi

Persian

Sharaf ad-Din Ali Yazdi Mīr-Khvānd Mullah Nadiri Zahir al-Din Mar'ashi Fazlallah Khunji Isfahani Idris Bitlisi

16th century

Arabic

Ibn Iyas Mujir al-Din Abd al-Aziz al-Fishtali Ibn al-Qadi

Persian

Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak Muhammad Khwandamir `Abd al-Qadir Bada'uni Nizamuddin Ahmad Firishta Iskandar Beg Munshi

17th century

Arabic

Ahmed Mohammed al-Maqqari Kâtip Çelebi

Persian

Shaikh Inayat Allah Kamboh Muhammad Saleh Kamboh Abd al-Fattah Fumani Mohsin Fani

18th century

Arabic

Mohammed al-Ifrani Mohammed al-Qadiri Khalil al-Muradi al-Zayyani al-Jabarti

Persian

Mirza Mehdi Khan Astarabadi

19th century

Arabic

Ahmad ibn Khalid al-Nasiri Ibn Bishr Mohammad Farid Ahmad ibn Abi Diyaf Jurji Zaydan

Persian

Jalal al-Din Mirza Qajar

Notable works

The Meadows of Gold History of the Prophets and Kings Mu'jam al-Buldan Concise History of Humanity The Complete History Al-Bidaya wa'l-Nihaya The Remaining Signs of Past Centuries Futuh al-Buldan Kitab al-I'tibar Al-Milal wa al-Nihal History of the Caliphs Kitab al-Rawd al-Mitar Tarikh al-Yaqubi Muqaddimah Book of Idols Rihla

Concepts

Isnad Islamic calendar Biographical evaluation Biographical dictionary Hadith studies Tabaqat Isra'iliyyat

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 49358074 LCCN: n80057411 ISNI: 0000 0001 2132 1143 GND: 118500333 SELIBR: 176116 SUDOC: 026676869 BNF: cb13015615p (da

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