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Abuja
Abuja
(/əˈbuːdʒə/)[4] is the capital city of Nigeria
Nigeria
located in the centre of the country within the Federal Capital Territory (FCT). It is a planned city and was built mainly in the 1980s,[5] replacing the country's most populous city of Lagos
Lagos
as the capital on 12 December 1991. Abuja's geography is defined by Aso Rock, a 400-metre (1,300 ft) monolith left by water erosion. The Presidential Complex, National Assembly, Supreme Court and much of the city extend to the south of the rock. Zuma Rock, a 792-metre (2,598 ft) monolith, lies just north of the city on the expressway to Kaduna. At the 2006 census, the city of Abuja
Abuja
had a population of 776,298,[6] making it one of the ten most populous cities in Nigeria. According to the United Nations, Abuja
Abuja
grew by 139.7% between 2000 and 2010, making it the fastest growing city in the world.[7] As of 2015[update], the city is experiencing an annual growth of at least 35%, retaining its position as the fastest-growing city on the African continent and one of the fastest-growing in the world.[8] Abuja
Abuja
has witnessed a huge influx of people into the city; the growth has led to the emergence of satellite towns, such as Karu Urban Area, Suleja, Gwagwalada, Lugbe, Kuje
Kuje
and smaller settlements towards which the planned city is sprawling. The unofficial metropolitan area of Abuja
Abuja
has a population of over three million, making it the fourth largest metropolitan area in Nigeria, surpassed by Lagos, Kano
Kano
and Ibadan. As at 2016, the metropolitan area of Abuja
Abuja
is estimated at six million persons, placing it behind Lagos, as the most populous metro area.[2] The city has a large and growing immigrant community comprising mainly of nationals from the ECOWAS
ECOWAS
sub-region. The city has been undergoing a rapid pace of physical development over the last fifteen years. Major religious sites include the Nigerian National Mosque
Nigerian National Mosque
and the Nigerian National Christian Centre. The city is served by the Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport. Abuja
Abuja
is known for being one of the few purpose-built capital cities in Africa, as well as being one of the wealthiest.[9] Abuja
Abuja
is Nigeria's administrative and political centre. It is also a key capital on the African continent due to Nigeria's geo-political influence in regional affairs. Abuja
Abuja
is also a conference centre and hosts various meetings annually, such as the 2003 Commonwealth Heads of Government meeting and the 2014 World Economic Forum (Africa) meetings.[citation needed]

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Climate 2.2 Vegetation 2.3 Districts

2.3.1 Central Business District 2.3.2 Garki District 2.3.3 Wuse District 2.3.4 Maitama District 2.3.5 Asokoro District 2.3.6 Gwarimpa District 2.3.7 Durumi District

2.4 Skyline and landmarks 2.5 Parks and open areas

2.5.1 Bush Bars

3 Economy and infrastructure

3.1 Postal system 3.2 Transportation

3.2.1 Airport 3.2.2 Highways 3.2.3 Rail

4 Education

4.1 Universities 4.2 International schools

5 Twin towns – sister cities 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

History[edit]

Nigeria's National Assembly in Abuja

"Abuja" was in the earlier 20th century the name of the nearby town now called Suleja. The indigenous inhabitants of Abuja
Abuja
are the Gbagyi
Gbagyi
(Gwari) as the major language, Bassa, Gwandara, Gade, Ganagana, Koro etc. In light of the ethnic and religious divisions of Nigeria, plans had been devised since Nigeria's independence to have its capital in a place deemed neutral to all major ethnic parties, and also in close proximity to all the regions of Nigeria. The location was eventually designated in the centre of the country in the early 1970s as it signified neutrality and national unity. Another impetus for Abuja
Abuja
came because of Lagos' population boom that made that city overcrowded and conditions squalid. As Lagos
Lagos
was already undergoing rapid economic development, the Nigerian regime felt the need to expand the economy towards the inner part of the country, and hence decided to move its capital to Abuja.[10] The logic used was similar to the way Brazil planned its capital, Brasília. Construction broke ground and was dedicated in the late 1970s but, due to economic and political instability, the initial stages of the city were not complete until the late 1980s. The master plan for Abuja
Abuja
and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) was developed by International Planning Associates (IPA), a consortium of three American firms: Planning Research Corporation; Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd;[11] and Archisystems, a division of the Hughes Organization. The master plan for Abuja
Abuja
defined the general structure and major design elements of the city that are visible in its current form. More detailed design of the central areas of the capital, particularly its monumental core, was accomplished by Japanese architect Kenzo Tange, with his team of city planners at Kenzo Tange and Urtec company. Most countries relocated their embassies to Abuja, and many maintain their former embassies as consulates in Lagos, the commercial capital of Nigeria. Abuja
Abuja
is the headquarters of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the regional headquarters of OPEC. Abuja
Abuja
and the FCT have experienced huge population growth; it has been reported that some areas around Abuja
Abuja
have been growing at 20% to 30% per year.[12] Squatter settlements and towns have spread rapidly in and outside the city limits.[5][13] Tens of thousands of people have been evicted since former FCT minister Nasir Ahmad el-Rufai started a demolition campaign in 2003.[14] The FCT's ministers have been as follows:

Mobolaji Ajose-Adeogun 1976–1979[15] John Jatau Kadiya, 1979–1982 Iro Abubakar Dan Musa, 1982–1983 Haliru Dantoro, 1983–1984 Mamman Jiya Vatsa, 1984–December 1985 Hamza Abdullahi, 1986–1989 Gado Nasko, 1989–1993 Jeremiah Timbut Useni, 1993–1998 Mamman Kontagora, 1998–1999 Ibrahim Bunu, 1999–2001 Mohammed Abba Gana, 2001–2003 Nasir Ahmad el-Rufai, 2003–May 2007 Aliyu Modibo, 2007–2008 Adamu Aliero, 2008–2010 Bala Abdulkadir Mohammed, 2010–2015 Mohammed Bello, 2015–Present

Geography[edit] Climate[edit] Abuja
Abuja
under Köppen climate classification
Köppen climate classification
features a tropical wet and dry climate (Köppen: Aw). The FCT experiences three weather conditions annually. This includes a warm, humid rainy season and a blistering dry season. In between the two, there is a brief interlude of harmattan occasioned by the northeast trade wind, with the main feature of dust haze and dryness. The rainy season begins from April and ends in October, when daytime temperatures reach 28 °C (82.4 °F) to 30 °C (86.0 °F) and nighttime lows hover around 22 °C (71.6 °F) to 23 °C (73.4 °F). In the dry season, daytime temperatures can soar as high as 40 °C (104.0 °F) and nighttime temperatures can dip to 12 °C (53.6 °F). Even the chilliest nights can be followed by daytime temperatures well above 30 °C (86.0 °F). The high altitudes and undulating terrain of the FCT act as a moderating influence on the weather of the territory. Rainfall in the FCT reflects the territory's location on the windward side of the Jos Plateau
Jos Plateau
and the zone of rising air masses with the city receiving frequent rainfall during the rainy season from April to October every year.[16]

Climate data for Abuja

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 34.7 (94.5) 36.8 (98.2) 36.9 (98.4) 35.6 (96.1) 32.7 (90.9) 30.6 (87.1) 29.1 (84.4) 28.9 (84) 30.0 (86) 32.0 (89.6) 34.4 (93.9) 34.6 (94.3) 33.03 (91.45)

Average low °C (°F) 20.4 (68.7) 25.5 (77.9) 24.3 (75.7) 24.7 (76.5) 19.5 (67.1) 18.3 (64.9) 21.9 (71.4) 17.7 (63.9) 17.5 (63.5) 21.4 (70.5) 15.7 (60.3) 15.5 (59.9) 20.2 (68.36)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 1.7 (0.067) 5.4 (0.213) 11.3 (0.445) 62.8 (2.472) 134.1 (5.28) 164.2 (6.465) 217.5 (8.563) 262.7 (10.343) 253.4 (9.976) 103.2 (4.063) 3.7 (0.146) 1.2 (0.047) 1,221.2 (48.08)

Average rainy days 0.1 0.2 1.3 4.2 9.4 12.3 14.0 16.2 15.9 8.0 0.3 0.1 82

Source: World Meteorological Organization.[17]

Vegetation[edit]

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The FCT falls within the Guinean forest-savanna mosaic
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic
zone of the West African sub-region. Patches of rain forest, however, occur in the Gwagwa plains, especially in the rugged terrain to the south southeastern parts of the territory, where a landscape of gullies and rough terrain is found. These areas of the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) form one of the few surviving occurrences of the mature forest vegetation in Nigeria. Districts[edit]

The Millennium tower is still under construction.

A view of the Central Bank of Nigeria
Central Bank of Nigeria
headquarters

Ceddi Plaza is one of the shopping malls in the Abuja
Abuja
Central Area.

Grand Square is another shopping centre in the Central Area .

Sahad Stores is a large department store popular with shoppers.

National Christian Centre

For ease and co-ordination of developmental efforts, the city was divided into ‘Phases’ by its planners, with the city’s development taking a concentric form with Phase 1, which consists of the city’s inner districts-Central Area, Maitama, Asokoro, Wuse, Wuse II, Garki, Garki II, Guzape and Guzape II-at its core spreading out from the foot of Aso Rock, while Phase 5, consisting of the newly created Kyami District covering the vicinity of the Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport and the permanent campus of the University of Abuja, over 40 kilometres west of Aso Rock. Each Phase is separated from the other by an expressway (some still under construction); for example, Phases 1 and 2 are separated from each other by the Nnamdi Azikiwe expressway, while the entirety of the city proper (Phases 1-5) are enclosed by the Murtala Muhammed (Outer Northern-ONEX and Outer Southern-OSEX) expressways as well as the Federal A2 highway which traverses the Federal Capital Territory on its way to Kaduna (north-bound) and Lokoja
Lokoja
(south-bound). Thus there is an integration of the city’s road network with the Federal highway network, providing access to the immediate outlying countryside and the surrounding states of the country i.e. Niger
Niger
State to the west, Kaduna State to the north, Nasarawa State to the east and Kogi State to the south.[citation needed] The Phase 1 area of the city is divided into ten districts known as cadastral zones.[18]

Central Cadastral Zone A00 Garki I District Cadastral Zone A01 Wuse 1 District Cadastral Zone A02 Garki II District Cadastral Zone A03 Asokoro Cadastral Zone A04 Maitama District Cadastral Zone A05 & A06 Wuse II Districts (Cadastral Zone A07 & Cadastral Zone A08) Guzape District Cadastral Zone A09

There are also sixteen districts in Phase 2.[18]

Kukwuaba Cadastral Zone B00 Gudu Cadastral Zone B01 Durumi Cadastral Zone B02 Wuye Cadastral Zone B03 Jabi Cadastral Zone B04 Utako Cadastral Zone B05 Mabuchi Cadastral Zone B06 Jahi Cadastral Zone B08 Kado Cadastral Zone B09 Dakibiyu Cadastral Zone B10 Kaura Cadastral Zone B11 Duboyi Cadastral Zone B12 Gaduwa Cadastral Zone B13 Dutse
Dutse
Cadastral Zone B14 Katampe Ext Cadastral Zone B19

A street in the Katampe (Diplomatic) extension neighbourhood.

There are eleven districts in Phase 3.[18]

Institution and Research Cadastral Zone C00 Karmo Cadastral Zone C01 Gwarimpa Cadastral Zone C02 Dape Cadastral Zone C04 Kafe Cadastral Zone C05 Nbora Cadastral Zone C06 Galadimawa Cadastral Zone C07 Dakwo Cadastral Zone C08 Lokogoma Cadastral Zone C09 Wumba Cadastral Zone C10 Idu Industrial Cadastral Zone C16

There are five suburban districts: Nyanya, Karu, Gwagwalada, Kubwa, and Jukwoyi. Along the Airport Road (Now Umaru Musa Yar'Adua
Umaru Musa Yar'Adua
Express Way) are clusters of satellite settlements, namely Lugbe, Chika, Kuchigworo and Pyakassa. Other satellite settlements are Idu (the main industrial zone), Mpape, Karimu, Gwagwa, Dei-Dei (housing the International Livestock market and also International Building materials market).[citation needed] Central Business District[edit] Abuja's Central District, also called Central Area, is a strip of land stretching from Aso Rock
Aso Rock
in the east to the National stadium and the Old City gate in the West.It is like the city's spinal cord, dividing it into the northern sector with Maitama and Wuse, and the southern sector with Garki and Asokoro. While each district has its own clearly demarcated commercial and residential sectors, the Central District is the city's principal Business Zone, where practically all parastatals and multinational corporations have their offices. An attractive area in the Central District is the region known as the Three Arms Zone, so called because it houses the administrative offices of the executive, legislative and judicial arms of the federal government. A few of the other sites worth seeing in the area are the federal secretariats alongside Shehu Shagari Way, Aso Hill, the Abuja
Abuja
Plant Nursery, Eagle Square (which has important historic significance, as it was in this grounds that the present democratic dispensation had its origin on 29 May 1999) and in which all subsequent Presidential Inauguration ceremonies have taken place. The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier is situated across Shehu Shagari Way facing the Eagle Square. This section is usually closed to traffic during the annual Armed Forces Remembrance Day ceremonies that is observed on 15 January. The National Mosque and National Church of Nigeria
Nigeria
are opposite each other on either side of Independence Avenue.[19] A well-known government office is the Ministry of Defense, colloquially nicknamed "Ship House".[20] Also located here is the yet-to-be-completed National Square, Millennium tower and Nigeria
Nigeria
Cultural Centre multi-functional complex. Garki District[edit]

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The NICON Luxury hotel is located in Area 11.

The Garki District is the area in the southwest corner of the city, having the Central District to the north and the Asokoro District to the east. The district is subdivided into units called "Areas". Garki uses a distinctive naming convention of "Area" to refer to parts of Garki. These are designated as Areas 1 to 11. Garki II is used to differentiate the area from Garki Area 2. Visitors may find this system confusing. Garki is presently the principal business and administrative district of Abuja. Numerous buildings of interest are in this area. Some of them include the General Post Office, Abuja
Abuja
International Conference Centre along the busy Herbert Maculay Way, Nicon Luxury Hotel (formally known as Abuja
Abuja
Sofitel Hotel and Le Meridian), Agura Hotel and Old Federal Secretariat Complex Buildings (Area 1). A new five-star hotel, Hawthorn Suites Abuja, is in Garki. Area 2 is mainly used for residential purposes, although a zoological garden as well as a small shopping Centre are to be found here as well. Several banks and other commercial offices are located along Moshood Abiola Way in Area 7. The headquarters of the Nigerian Armed Forces – Army, Airforce and Navy – is located on Muhammadu Buhari Way in the Garki District. The tallest building in this district is the Radio House located at the Area 11 sector, which houses the Federal Ministry of Information and Communications, the Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria
Nigeria
(FRCN) and Voice of Nigeria
Nigeria
(VON). The Nigerian Television Authority
Nigerian Television Authority
(NTA) stations and corporate headquarters are also in Garki. The Federal Capital Development Authority (FCDA) which oversees and runs the Administration of the Federal Capital Territory has its offices in Garki. The Office of the Minister of the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja
Abuja
is in Area 11. This is the location of the Federal Capital Development Authority and other administrative buildings. A popular sub-neighbourhood here is found in the vicinity of Gimbiya street, because it has the unique characteristic of being a purely administrative zone on weekdays, while transforming into a purely entertainment zone on weeknights and weekends.[citation needed]

A view of Gimbiya Street in Area 11 of Garki

The 'City Centre' is a new community mall located along Gimbiya street in Area 11.

Other places of note include the Cyprian Ekwensi Arts & Culture Centre and The Nigerian Police Mobile Force CID (Criminal Investigation Department) headquarters in Area 10. The Abuja
Abuja
Municipal Area Council, which is the local government administration has its headquarters in Area 10. The new United States
United States
Embassy
Embassy
is in the Diplomatic Zone which adjoins Garki. Wuse District[edit]

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Wuse District is the northwestern part of the city, with the Maitama District to its north and the Central District to its south. The District is numbered Zones 1–6. The Wuse Market is Abuja's principal market. The second most important post office in the city is here. This district houses the Sheraton Hotel and Towers (Zone 4), Grand Ibro International hotel, the Federal Road Safety Corps Headquarters (Zone 3), Nigerian Customs Services Headquarters, Federal Civil Service Commission (Zone 3), National Agency for Food and Drugs Administration (NAFDAC) (Zone 7), Wuse General Hospital, and the Nigerian Tourism Development Corporation. Just as Garki District has Garki II, Wuse has Wuse II. This is distinct from Wuse Zone 2. Maitama District[edit]

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Millennium Park in Maitama District

Maitama District is to the north of the city, with the Wuse and Central Districts lying to its southwest and southeast respectively. This area is home to the top bracket sections of society and business, and has the reputation of being very exclusive and very expensive. Interesting buildings include the Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Nigerian Communications Commission Headquarters (NCC), National Universities Commission (NUC), Soil Conservation Complex, and Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC). The British High Commission is located along Aguiyi Ironsi
Aguiyi Ironsi
Way, in Maitama. Also, the Maitama District Hospital is another notable building in Maitama. Maitama District is home to many of the European and Asian embassies. Asokoro District[edit]

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Asokoro District, the doyen of the districts, houses all of the state's lodges/guest houses. The ECOWAS
ECOWAS
secretariat is a focal point of interest. Asokoro is to the east of Garki District and south of Central District. It is one of the most exclusive districts of Abuja and houses virtually all of the federal cabinet ministers as well as most of the diplomatic community in the city; in addition, the Presidential Palace (commonly referred to as the Aso Rock) is in Asokoro District. By virtue of this fact, Asokoro is the most secure area of the city. Gwarimpa District[edit] Gwarimpa is the last district in the Abuja
Abuja
Municipal Area Council. It is a 20-kilometre (12 mi) drive from the central district and contains the largest single housing estate in Nigeria, the Gwarimpa Housing Estate. The estate was built by the administration of General Sani Abacha
Sani Abacha
and is the largest of its kind in Africa. It provides residence for the majority of the civil servants in federal ministries and government parastatals. The ECOWAS
ECOWAS
Court has an official quarters for the President and Members of the Court in Gwarimpa. Durumi District[edit] Durumi District is located southwest of Abuja
Abuja
and is bordered by Garki Districts I and II to the northeast. Its borders are the Oladipo Diya Road to the southwest, the Nnamdi Azikiwe
Nnamdi Azikiwe
Express Way to the northeast, and Ahmadu Bello Way to the southeast.[21][22] The American International School of Abuja
American International School of Abuja
is located in the Durumi District.[23][24] Skyline and landmarks[edit]

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Spectators at a football match held in the Abuja
Abuja
National Stadium

The Abuja
Abuja
skyline is made up of mostly mid-range and a few tall buildings. Only recently have tall buildings begun to appear. Most of the buildings are modern, reflecting that it is a new city. Plans were made to build skyscrapers such as the Millennium Tower which is partly completed as work has stalled for the last few years. This structure looms 170 metres (560 ft) above the city. The tower is part of a huge cultural development complex called the Nigeria
Nigeria
National Complex including the Nigeria
Nigeria
Cultural Centre, a 120,000 m2 (1,300,000 sq ft) structure dedicated to the art and culture of Nigeria. The Cultural Centre and the Millennium Tower have been designed by the Italian architect Manfredi Nicoletti. Landmarks include the Millennium Tower, the Central Bank of Nigeria headquarters, the Nigerian Presidential Complex, the Ship House, the National Stadium,which was the main venue of the 2003 All Africa Games and some games, including the final, of the 2009 FIFA Under-17 World Cup, National Mosque, the National Church, Aso Rock
Aso Rock
and Zuma Rock.

Abuja
Abuja
City Gate

Zuma rock

Abuja
Abuja
National Mosque

The National Cenotaph houses the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier and hosts Armed Forces Remembrance Day ceremonies on 15 January annually.

The Federal Ministry of Transportation headquarters.

The grounds of Eagle Square shown here being readied for a church event.

A view of the Millenium tower as seen from the Federal Secretariat just before sunset.

The Federal Ministry of Finance Headquarters.

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Headquarters of the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC).

INCAR Plaza.

SEC Tower, home of the Securities and Exchange Commission.

Parks and open areas[edit]

Jabi lake

Abuja
Abuja
is home to several parks and green areas with the largest one being Millennium Park. Millennium Park was designed by architect Manfredi Nicoletti
Manfredi Nicoletti
and was officially opened by the United Kingdom's Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
in December 2003. Another open area park is located in Lifecamp Gwarimpa; near the residence of the Minister of the Federal Capital Territory. The park is located on a slightly raised hilltop which contains sport facilities like Basketball and Badminton courts another park is the city park, it is located in wuse 2 and is home to numerous outdoor and indoor attractions such as a 4D cinema, astro-turf, lawn tennis court, paintball arena and a variety of restaurants. Bush Bars[edit] Abuja
Abuja
has a variety of informal spaces known as "Bush Bars" that usually, though not always, include a covered area with tables and chairs where people can sit and have drinks (alcoholic and non-alcoholic) and sometimes there are snacks such as suya, grilled catfish, pounded yam, egusi soup and other small items available for purchase and they are located all over Abuja.[25][26] Economy and infrastructure[edit] Postal system[edit] Abuja
Abuja
is served by the Nigerian Postal Service which maintains postal codes, street names and zones.[27] Transportation[edit] Airport[edit] Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport
Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport
is the main airport serving Abuja and the surrounding capital region. It was named after Nigeria's first president, Nnamdi Azikiwe. The airport has international and domestic terminals. Highways[edit]

A view of a section of the Outer Northern Expressway, ONEX (Maitama Avenue intersection), with the IBB International Golf course to the right and the Nigerian Army Resource centre and Aso Rock
Aso Rock
to the left.

Abuja
Abuja
is also linked to Nasarawa, Plateau, Benue and Northeast Nigeria by the A234 Federal Highway, which starts from the city as the Goodluck Jonathan expressway, some portions of which are still under construction. A direct highway link to Minna
Minna
in Niger
Niger
State is still under construction. The A2 expressway links Abuja
Abuja
with Kaduna
Kaduna
in the north and Lokoja
Lokoja
in the south. There are also other highway links with the outlying region, such as that linking the suburb of Dutse
Dutse
Alhaji with the Lower Usuma and Gurara Dams, which supply water to the city.[citation needed] Rail[edit] Abuja
Abuja
is on the route of the planned Lagos– Kano
Kano
Standard Gauge Railway, which has been completed between Abuja
Abuja
and Kaduna. Trains for Kaduna
Kaduna
depart from the Idu Railway Station in Abuja. There is a car park at the train station for passengers traveling to the city centre.[28] A light rail system is now under construction, including a station at Idu. Education[edit] Universities[edit]

African Institute of Science and Technology Baze University Nigerian Turkish Nile University University of Abuja Veritas University National Open University of Nigeria Nile University

International schools[edit]

Whiteplains British School, Jabi American International School of Abuja

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Toronto, Canada Buffalo, United States

See also[edit]

Centenary City

Nigeria
Nigeria
portal

References[edit]

^ a b "Federal Capital Territory (Nigeria)". City Population. Retrieved 26 October 2015.  ^ a b Jaiyeola, Andrews. "FCT Minister Harps on Development of Satellite Towns".  ^ Demographia (January 2015). Demographia World Urban Areas (PDF) (11th ed.). Retrieved 2 March 2015.  ^ "Define Abuja's at Dictionary.com". dictionary.com. Random House, Inc. Retrieved 14 April 2015.  ^ a b "Life of poverty in Abuja's wealth". news.bbc.co.uk. BBC
BBC
News, Tuesday, 13 February 2007. 2007-02-13. Retrieved 2007-08-10.  ^ "Legal Notice on Publication of 2006 Census Final Results" (PDF). Policy and Legal Advocacy Centre. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 March 2013. Retrieved 10 June 2012.  ^ "World's Fastest Growing Cities are in Asia and Africa". Euromonitor. 2 March 2010. Archived from the original on October 2015. Retrieved 26 October 2015.  ^ "Top 5 Cities To Do Business In Nigeria. ABUJA Is 2nd". Abuja
Abuja
Facts. 22 April 2015. Archived from the original on 4 February 2016. Retrieved 26 October 2015.  ^ Murray, Senan. "Life of poverty in Abuja's wealth." BBC. Tuesday 13 February 2007. Retrieved on 12 September 2011. ^ https://www.naij.com/574434-nigeriaat55-top-5-reasons-nigerias-capital-moved-lagos-abuja-photos.html ^ Elleh, Nnamdi. Abuja, the single most ambitious urban design project of the 20th century.  ^ "World Bank Conference: African Regional Roundtable on Upgrading Low-income Settlements" (PDF). www.citiesalliance.org. World Bank, 3–5 October 2000, Johannesburg, South Africa, p. 16. Archived (PDF) from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-10.  ^ "Resettlement Issues, Squatter Settlements and the Problems of Land Administration in Abuja, Nigeria's Federal Capital" (PDF). fig.net. 5th FIG Regional Conference Accra, Ghana, 8–11 March 2006. Retrieved 2007-08-10.  ^ Polgreen, Lydia (13 December 2006). "In a Dream City, a Nightmare for the Common Man". nyt.com. New York Times, 13 December 2006. Retrieved 2007-08-10.  ^ "How Nigeria
Nigeria
is shared under Jonathan". Vanguard News. Retrieved 25 May 2015.  ^ " Abuja
Abuja
Nigeria
Nigeria
Tourist Information". Touristlink.com. Retrieved 2013-08-30.  ^ World Weather Information Service-Abuja, World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 1 October 2012. ^ a b c "Contact Us". Retrieved 25 May 2015.  ^ "Independence Avenue". Wikimapia.org. 2012-11-18. Retrieved 2013-08-30.  ^ "Ship House". Wikimapia.org. 2012-11-18. Retrieved 2013-08-30.  ^ "Durumi (Abuja) Nigeria
Nigeria
/ Abuja
Abuja
Federal Capital Territory / Zubo / Abuja". wikimapia.org/. Retrieved 22 November 2013.  ^ " Abuja
Abuja
F.C.C. Developed Districts". Nairaland.com. Retrieved 22 November 2013.  ^ "American International School". Google+. Retrieved 22 November 2013.  ^ "American International School, Abuja". American International School of Abuja. Retrieved 22 November 2013.  ^ Jeremy. "Sunday, August 27, 2006 Abuja
Abuja
bush bars". Retrieved 22 November 2013.  ^ "Nigerian Suya Recipe: For Nigerians in Diaspora". Copyright © 2013 allnigerianrecipes.com – All Rights Reserved. Retrieved 22 November 2013.  ^ "Welcome To Nigerian Postal Service !". Nipost.gov.ng. Retrieved 2013-08-30.  ^ Agabi, Chris (23 June 2016). "NRC begins Abuja- Kaduna
Kaduna
daily free train service". Daily Trust. 

External links[edit] Media related to Abuja
Abuja
at Wikimedia Commons

Abuja
Abuja
official website

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Abuja.

Articles related to Abuja

v t e

Abuja

Districts

Central District Garki District Wuse District Maitama District Asokoro District Gwarimpa DIstrict

Phase 1: Central Garki I Wuse I Wuse II Garki II Asokoro Maitama Guzape

Phase 2: Kukwuaba Gudu Durumi Wuye Jabi Utako Mabuchi Jahi Kado Dakibiyu Kaura Duboyi Gaduwa Dutse Katampe

Phase 3: Institution and Research Karmo Gwarimpa Dape Kafe Nbora Galadimawa Dakwo Lokogoma Wumba Idu Industrial

Suburban districts: Nyanya Karu Gwagwalada Kubwa Jukwoyi

Landmarks

Aso Rock Presidential Complex National Assembly Supreme Court Abuja
Abuja
National Mosque Nigerian National Christian Centre Nnamdi Azikiwe
Nnamdi Azikiwe
International Airport Zuma Rock Millennium Tower CBN headquarters, NNPC towers Abuja
Abuja
International Conference Centre Nigerian Communications Commission building National Library of Nigeria Castle of Law National Ecumenical Centre of Nigeria Abuja
Abuja
Stadium Ecowas Secretariat Ladi Kwali
Kwali
Pottery Centre National Arbotetum I.B.B. Golf Club Pedam Dam The World Trade Centre

Schools

University of Abuja Nigerian Turkish Nile University Baze University The African University of Science and Technology

v t e

Capitals of Africa

Dependent territories and states with limited recognition are in italics

Abuja, Nigeria Accra, Ghana Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Algiers, Algeria Antananarivo, Madagascar Asmara, Eritrea Bamako, Mali Bangui, Central African Republic Banjul, Gambia Bissau, Guinea-Bissau Brazzaville, Rep. of the Congo Bujumbura, Burundi Cairo, Egypt Conakry, Guinea Dakar, Senegal Djibouti, Djibouti Dodoma, Tanzania El Aaiún(claimed)/Tifariti(factual), Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic1 Freetown, Sierra Leone Funchal, Madeira4 Gaborone, Botswana Harare, Zimbabwe Hargeisa, Somaliland1 Jamestown, St Helena, Ascension & Tristan da Cunha2 Juba, South Sudan Kampala, Uganda Khartoum, Sudan Kigali, Rwanda Kinshasa, D.R. Congo Libreville, Gabon Lilongwe, Malawi Lomé, Togo Luanda, Angola Lusaka, Zambia Malabo, Equatorial Guinea Mamoudzou, Mayotte3 Maputo, Mozambique Maseru, Lesotho

Mbabane
Mbabane
(executive)   Lobamba
Lobamba
(legislative), Swaziland

Mogadishu, Somalia Monrovia, Liberia Moroni, Comoros Nairobi, Kenya N'Djamena, Chad Niamey, Niger Nouakchott, Mauritania Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso Port Louis, Mauritius Porto-Novo, Benin Praia, Cape Verde

Pretoria
Pretoria
(executive)   Cape Town
Cape Town
(legislative)   Bloemfontein
Bloemfontein
(judicial), South Africa

Rabat, Morocco Saint-Denis, Réunion3 Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Santa Cruz de Tenerife
and Las Palmas, Canary Islands5 São Tomé, São Tomé
São Tomé
and Príncipe Tripoli, Libya Tunis, Tunisia Victoria, Seychelles Windhoek, Namibia

Yamoussoukro
Yamoussoukro
(political)   Abidjan
Abidjan
(economic), Ivory Coast

Yaoundé, Cameroon

1 An unrecognised or partially-recognised nation 2 British Overseas Territory 3 Overseas region
Overseas region
of France 4 Autonomous region of Portugal 5 Autonomous community of Spain

v t e

All-Africa Games
All-Africa Games
host cities

   

1965: Brazzaville 1973: Lagos 1978: Algiers 1987: Nairobi

1991: Cairo 1995: Harare 1999: Johannesburg 2003: Abuja

2007: Algiers 2011: Maputo 2015: Brazzaville 2019: Luanda

v t e

Federal Capital Territory

Territory capital: Abuja

Local Government Areas

Abaji Abuja
Abuja
Municipal Bwari Gwagwalada Kuje Kwali

v t e

Largest cities in Nigeria

Aba Abakaliki Abeokuta Abuja Ado Ekiti Akure Asaba Awka Bauchi Benin
Benin
City Birnin Kebbi Calabar Dutse Eket Enugu Gombe Gusau Ibadan Ife Ikeja Ikot-Abasi Ikot Ekpene Ikoyi Ilorin Iseyin Iwo Jalingo Jimeta Jos Kaduna Kano Katsina Lafia Lagos Lokoja Maiduguri Makurdi Minna Nnewi Nsukka Ogbomosho Okene Onitsha Ondo City Oron Osogbo Owerri Owo Oyo Port Harcourt Potiskum Sokoto Suleja Umuahia Uyo Warri Wukari Yenagoa Yola Zaria

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 243839696 LCCN: n82129

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