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ABUJA (/əˈbuːdʒə/ ) is the capital city of Nigeria
Nigeria
located in the centre of the country within the Federal Capital Territory (FCT). It is a planned city and was built mainly in the 1980s, replacing the country's most populous city of Lagos
Lagos
as the capital on 12 December 1991. Abuja's geography is defined by Aso Rock
Aso Rock
, a 400-metre (1,300 ft) monolith left by water erosion . The Presidential Complex , National Assembly , Supreme Court and much of the city extend to the south of the rock. Zuma Rock
Zuma Rock
, a 792-metre (2,598 ft) monolith, lies just north of the city on the road to Kaduna State
Kaduna State
.

At the 2006 census, the city of Abuja
Abuja
had a population of 776,298, making it one of the ten most populous cities in Nigeria
Nigeria
. According to the United Nations
United Nations
, Abuja
Abuja
grew by 139.7% between 2000 and 2010, making it the fastest growing city in the world. As of 2015 , the city is still experiencing an annual growth of at least 35%, still retaining its position as the fastest-growing city on the African continent and one of the fastest-growing in the world. Abuja
Abuja
has witnessed a huge influx of people into the city; the growth has led to the emergence of satellite towns, such as Karu Urban Area , Suleja , Gwagwalada, Lugbe, Kuje and smaller settlements towards which the planned city is sprawling. The unofficial metropolitan area of Abuja has a population of well over three million, making it the fourth largest metropolitan area in Nigeria, surpassed only by Lagos
Lagos
, Kano and Ibadan
Ibadan
. As at 2016, the metropolitan area of Abuja
Abuja
is estimated at 6 million persons, placing it behind only Lagos, as the most populous metro area.

Major religious sites include the Nigerian National Mosque and the Nigerian National Christian Centre
Nigerian National Christian Centre
. The city is served by the Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport . Abuja
Abuja
is known for being one of the few purpose-built capital cities in Africa, as well as being one of the wealthiest.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 Districts

* 2.1 Central Business District * 2.2 Garki District * 2.3 Wuse District * 2.4 Maitama District * 2.5 Asokoro District * 2.6 Gwarinpa District * 2.7 Durumi District

* 3 Radio stations

* 4 Climate

* 4.1 Vegetation

* 5 Skyline and landmarks * 6 Universities in Abuja
Abuja
* 7 International Schools in Abuja
Abuja

* 8 Transportation

* 8.1 Airport * 8.2 Rail

* 9 Parks and open areas

* 9.1 Bush Bars

* 10 Postal system * 11 Twin towns – Sister cities * 12 See also * 13 References * 14 External links

HISTORY

Nigeria\'s National Assembly in Abuja
Abuja

"Abuja" was in the earlier 20th century the name of the nearby town now called Suleja .

The indigenous inhabitants of Abuja
Abuja
are the Gbagyi (Gwari) as the major language, Bassa, Gwandara, Gade, Ganagana, Koro etc. In light of the ethnic and religious divisions of Nigeria
Nigeria
, plans had been devised since Nigeria's independence to have its capital in a place deemed neutral to all major ethnic parties, and also in close proximity to all the regions of Nigeria. The location was eventually designated in the centre of the country in the early 1970s as it signified neutrality and national unity. Another impetus for Abuja
Abuja
came because of Lagos
Lagos
' population boom that made that city overcrowded and conditions squalid. As Lagos
Lagos
was already undergoing rapid economic development, the Nigerian regime felt the need to expand the economy towards the inner part of the country, and hence decided to move its capital to Abuja. The logic used was similar to the way Brazil planned its capital, Brasília . Construction broke ground and was dedicated in the late 1970s but, due to economic and political instability, the initial stages of the city were not complete until the late 1980s.

The master plan for Abuja
Abuja
and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) was developed by International Planning Associates (IPA), a consortium of three American firms: Planning Research Corporation; Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd ; and Archisystems, a division of the Hughes Organization. The master plan for Abuja
Abuja
defined the general structure and major design elements of the city that are visible in its current form. More detailed design of the central areas of the capital, particularly its monumental core, was accomplished by Kenzo Tange , a renowned Japanese architect, with his team of city planners at Kenzo Tange and Urtec company.

Most countries relocated their embassies to Abuja, and many maintain their former embassies as consulates in Lagos
Lagos
, the commercial capital of Nigeria. Abuja
Abuja
is the headquarters of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the regional headquarters of OPEC
OPEC
. Abuja
Abuja
and the FCT have experienced huge population growth; it has been reported that some areas around Abuja
Abuja
have been growing at 20% to 30% per year. Squatter settlements and towns have spread rapidly in and outside the city limits. Tens of thousands of people have been evicted since former FCT minister Nasir Ahmad el-Rufai started a demolition campaign in 2003.

The FCT's ministers have been as follows:

* Mobolaji Ajose-Adeogun 1976–1979 * John Jatau Kadiya, 1979–1982 * Iro Abubakar Dan Musa, 1982–1983 * Haliru Dantoro, 1983–1984 * Mamman Jiya Vatsa , 1984–December 1985 * Hamza Abdullahi , 1986–1989 * Gado Nasko , 1989–1993 * Jeremiah Timbut Useni , 1993–1998 * Mamman Kontagora , 1998–1999 * Ibrahim Bunu, 1999–2001 * Mohammed Abba Gana , 2001–2003 * Nasir Ahmad el-Rufai , 2003–May 2007 * Aliyu Modibo , 2007–2008 * Adamu Aliero , 2008–2010 * Bala Abdulkadir Mohammed , 2010–2015 * Mohammed Bello, 2015–Present

DISTRICTS

The Phase 1 area of the city is divided into ten districts known as cadastral zones.

* Central Cadastral Zone A00 * Garki I District Cadastral Zone A01 * Wuse 1 District Cadastral Zone A02 * Garki II District Cadastral Zone A03 * Asokoro Cadastral Zone A04 * Maitama District Cadastral Zone A05 & A06 * Wuse II Districts (Cadastral Zone A07 "> National Christian Centre

Abuja's Central District , also called Central Area, spans from the foot of Aso Rock
Aso Rock
, across the Three Arms Zone, to the southern base of the inner ring road. It is like the city's spinal cord, dividing it into the northern sector with Maitama and Wuse, and the southern sector with Garki and Asokoro. While each district has its own clearly demarcated commercial and residential sectors, the Central District is the city's principal Business Zone, where practically all parastatals and multinational corporations have their offices. An attractive area in the Central District is the region known as the THREE ARMS ZONE, so called because it houses the administrative offices of the executive, legislative and judicial arms of the federal government. A few of the other sites worth seeing in the area are the federal secretariats alongside Shehu Shagari Way, Aso Hill, the Abuja
Abuja
Plant Nursery, Eagle Square (which has important historic significance, as it was in this grounds that the present democratic dispensation had its origin on 29 May 1999) and the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier across the road facing it. The National Mosque and National Church of Nigeria
Nigeria
are opposite each other on either side of Independence Avenue. A well-known government office is the Ministry of Defense, colloquially nicknamed "Ship House".

GARKI DISTRICT

The Garki District is the area in the southwest corner of the city, having the Central District to the north and the Asokoro District to the east. The district is subdivided into units called "Areas". Garki uses a distinctive naming convention of "Area" to refer to parts of Garki. These are designated as Areas 1 to 11. Garki II is used to differentiate the area from Garki Area 2. Visitors may find this system confusing.

Garki is presently the principal business district of Abuja. Numerous buildings of interest are in this area. Some of them include the General Post Office, Abuja
Abuja
International Conference Centre along the busy Herbert Maculay Way, Nicon Luxury Hotel (formally known as Abuja Sofitel Hotel and Le Meridian), Agura Hotel and Old Federal Secretariat Complex Buildings (Area 1). A new five-star hotel, Hawthorn Suites Abuja, is in Garki.

Area 2 is mainly used for residential purposes, although a zoological garden as well as Garki Shopping Centre are in Area 2. Several banks and other commercial offices are located along Moshood Abiola Way in Area 7. The headquarters of the Nigerian Armed Forces – Army, Airforce and Navy – are all in the Garki District.

The tallest building in this district is the Radio House, which houses the Federal Ministry of Information and Communications, the Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria
Nigeria
(FRCN) and Voice of Nigeria (VON). The Nigerian Television Authority (NTA) stations and corporate headquarters are in Garki. The Federal Capital Development Authority (FCDA) which oversees and runs the Administration of the Federal Capital Territory has its offices in Garki.

The Office of the Minister of the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja
Abuja
is in Area 10. Other places of note include the Arts and Culture Centre and The Nigerian Police Mobile Force headquarters in Area 10. The Abuja
Abuja
Municipal Area Council, which is the local government administration has its headquarters in Area 10. The new United States Embassy is in the Garki District.

WUSE DISTRICT

Wuse District is the northwestern part of the city, with the Maitama District to its north and the Central District to its south. The District is numbered Zones 1–8. The Wuse Market is Abuja's principal market (Zone 5). The second most important post office in the city is here. This district houses the Sheraton Hotel and Towers (Zone 4), Ibro International hotel, the Foreign Affairs Ministry Headquarters (Zone 3) and Nigerian Customs Services Headquarters, Federal Civil Service Commission (Zone 3), Federal Road Safety Commission (FRSC), National Agency for Food and Drugs Administration (NAFDAC) (Zone 7), Wuse General Hospital, and the Nigerian Tourism Development Corporation. Just as Garki District has Garki II, Wuse has Wuse II. This is distinct from Wuse Zone 2.

MAITAMA DISTRICT

Millennium Park in Maitama District

Maitama District is to the north of the city, with the Wuse and Central Districts lying to its southwest and southeast respectively. This area is home to the top bracket sections of society and business, and has the reputation of being very exclusive and very expensive. Interesting buildings include the Transcorp Hilton Hotel , Nigerian Communications Commission Headquarters (NCC), National Universities Commission (NUC), Soil Conservation Complex, and Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC). The British High Commission is located along Aguiyi Ironsi Way, in Maitama. Also, the Maitama District Hospital is another notable building in Maitama. Maitama District is home to many of the European and Asian embassies.

ASOKORO DISTRICT

Asokoro District , the doyen of the districts, houses all of the state's lodges/guest houses. The ECOWAS
ECOWAS
secretariat is a focal point of interest. Asokoro is to the east of Garki District and south of Central District. It is one of the most exclusive districts of Abuja and houses virtually all of the federal cabinet ministers; in addition, the Presidential Palace (commonly referred to as the Aso Rock) is in Asokoro District. By virtue of this fact, Asokoro is the most secure area of the city.

GWARINPA DISTRICT

Gwarinpa is the last district in the Abuja
Abuja
Municipal Area Council. It is a 20-kilometre (12 mi) drive from the central district and contains the largest single housing estate in Nigeria, the Gwarinpa Housing Estate. The estate was built by the administration of General Sani Abacha and is the largest of its kind in Africa. It provides residence for the majority of the civil servants in federal ministries and government parastatals . The ECOWAS
ECOWAS
Court has an official quarters for the President and Members of the Court in Gwarinpa.

DURUMI DISTRICT

Durumi District is located southwest of Abuja
Abuja
and is bordered by Garki Districts I and II to the northeast. Its borders are the Oladipo Dia Road to the southwest, the Nnamdi Azikiwe Express Way to the northeast, and Ahmadu Bello Way to the southeast.

The American International School of Abuja is located in the Durumi District.

RADIO STATIONS

* 88.9 – Brila FM (Abuja) – sports * 92.1 – Vision FM * 92.9 – Kapital FM(FRCN ABUJA) * 93.5 – ASO Radio * 94.7 – Rhythm FM (Abuja) * 95.1 - Nigeria
Nigeria
info FM * 96.9 – Cool FM (Abuja) * 98.3 – Hot FM (Abuja) * 99.5 – Wazobia FM (Abuja) * 99.9 – Kiss FM (Abuja) * 100.5 – RayPower FM (Abuja) * 101.1- Human rights radio * 104.5 – Love FM (Abuja) * 106.3- WE FM * 107.7- Armed Forces FM

CLIMATE

Abuja
Abuja
under Köppen climate classification features a tropical wet and dry climate (Köppen : Aw). The FCT experiences three weather conditions annually. This includes a warm, humid rainy season and a blistering dry season . In between the two, there is a brief interlude of harmattan occasioned by the northeast trade wind, with the main feature of dust haze and dryness.

The rainy season begins from April and ends in October, when daytime temperatures reach 28 °C (82.4 °F) to 30 °C (86.0 °F) and nighttime lows hover around 22 °C (71.6 °F) to 23 °C (73.4 °F). In the dry season, daytime temperatures can soar as high as 40 °C (104.0 °F) and nighttime temperatures can dip to 12 °C (53.6 °F). Even the chilliest nights can be followed by daytime temperatures well above 30 °C (86.0 °F). The high altitudes and undulating terrain of the FCT act as a moderating influence on the weather of the territory.

Rainfall in the FCT reflects the territory's location on the windward side of the Jos Plateau and the zone of rising air masses with the city receiving frequent rainfall during the rainy season from April to October every year.

CLIMATE DATA FOR ABUJA

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 34.7 (94.5) 36.8 (98.2) 36.9 (98.4) 35.6 (96.1) 32.7 (90.9) 30.6 (87.1) 29.1 (84.4) 28.9 (84) 30.0 (86) 32.0 (89.6) 34.4 (93.9) 34.6 (94.3) 33.03 (91.45)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) 20.4 (68.7) 25.5 (77.9) 24.3 (75.7) 24.7 (76.5) 19.5 (67.1) 18.3 (64.9) 21.9 (71.4) 17.7 (63.9) 17.5 (63.5) 21.4 (70.5) 15.7 (60.3) 15.5 (59.9) 20.2 (68.36)

AVERAGE RAINFALL MM (INCHES) 1.7 (0.067) 5.4 (0.213) 11.3 (0.445) 62.8 (2.472) 134.1 (5.28) 164.2 (6.465) 217.5 (8.563) 262.7 (10.343) 253.4 (9.976) 103.2 (4.063) 3.7 (0.146) 1.2 (0.047) 1,221.2 (48.08)

AVERAGE RAINY DAYS 0.1 0.2 1.3 4.2 9.4 12.3 14.0 16.2 15.9 8.0 0.3 0.1 82

Source: World Meteorological Organization.

VEGETATION

The FCT falls within the Guinean forest-savanna mosaic zone of the West African sub-region. Patches of rain forest , however, occur in the Gwagwa plains, especially in the rugged terrain to the south southeastern parts of the territory, where a landscape of gullies and rough terrain is found. These areas of the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) form one of the few surviving occurrences of the mature forest vegetation in Nigeria.

SKYLINE AND LANDMARKS

Spectators at a football match held in the Abuja
Abuja
National Stadium

The Abuja
Abuja
skyline is made up of mostly mid-range and a few tall buildings. Only recently have tall buildings begun to appear. Most of the buildings are modern, reflecting that it is a new city.

Plans were made to build skyscrapers such as the Millennium Tower which is partly completed. This structure looms 170 metres (560 ft) above the city. The tower is part of a huge cultural development complex called the Nigeria
Nigeria
National Complex including the Nigeria Cultural Centre, a 120,000 m2 (1,300,000 sq ft) structure dedicated to the art and culture of Nigeria. The Cultural Centre and the Millennium Tower have been designed by the Italian architect Manfredi Nicoletti .

Landmarks include the Millennium Tower , the Central Bank of Nigeria headquarters, the Nigerian Presidential Complex , the Ship House, the National Stadium , National Mosque , the National Church , Aso Rock and Zuma Rock
Zuma Rock
.

*

Abuja
Abuja
City Gate *

Zuma rock *

Abuja National Mosque
Abuja National Mosque

UNIVERSITIES IN ABUJA

* African Institute of Science and Technology * Baze University * Nigerian Turkish Nile University
Nigerian Turkish Nile University
* University of Abuja * Veritas University * National Open University of Nigeria
Nigeria
* Nile University
Nile University

INTERNATIONAL SCHOOLS IN ABUJA

* Whiteplains British School , Jabi * American International School of Abuja * Nigerian-Turkish School

TRANSPORTATION

AIRPORT

Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport
Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport
is the main airport serving Abuja
Abuja
and the surrounding capital region. It was named after Nigeria's first president, Nnamdi Azikiwe . The airport has international and domestic terminals.

RAIL

Abuja
Abuja
is on the route of the planned Lagos– Kano
Kano
Standard Gauge Railway , which has been completed between Abuja
Abuja
and Kaduna . Trains for Kaduna depart from the Idu Railway Station in Abuja. There is a motor park at the train station for passengers traveling to the city centre. A light rail system is now under construction, including a station at Idu .

PARKS AND OPEN AREAS

Abuja
Abuja
is home to several parks and green areas with the largest one being Millennium Park . Millennium Park was designed by world-renowned architect Manfredi Nicoletti and was officially opened by the United Kingdom 's Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
in December 2003. Another open area park is located in Lifecamp Gwarimpa; near the residence of the Minister of the Federal Capital Territory. The park is located on a slightly raised hilltop which contains sport facilities like Basketball and Badminton courts another park is the city park, it is located in wuse 2 and is home to numerous outdoor and indoor attractions such as a 4D cinema, astro-turf, lawn tennis court, paintball arena and a variety of restaurants.

BUSH BARS

Abuja
Abuja
has a variety of informal spaces known as "Bush Bars" that usually, though not always, include a covered area with tables and chairs where people can sit and have drinks (alcoholic and non-alcoholic) and sometimes there are snacks such as suya, grilled catfish, pounded yam, egusi soup and other small items available for purchase and they are located all over Abuja.

POSTAL SYSTEM

Abuja
Abuja
is served by the Nigerian Postal Service which maintains postal codes, street names and zones. Postal codes and district names can also be found on geocodes.com.

TWIN TOWNS – SISTER CITIES

* Toronto
Toronto
, Canada
Canada
* Buffalo , United States
United States

SEE ALSO

* Nigeria
Nigeria
portal

REFERENCES

* ^ A B "Federal Capital Territory (Nigeria)". City Population. Retrieved 26 October 2015. * ^ A B Jaiyeola, Andrews. "FCT Minister Harps on Development of Satellite Towns". * ^ Demographia (January 2015). Demographia World Urban Areas (PDF) (11th ed.). Retrieved 2 March 2015. * ^ "Define Abuja\'s at Dictionary.com". dictionary.com. Random House, Inc. Retrieved 14 April 2015. * ^ A B "Life of poverty in Abuja\'s wealth". news.bbc.co.uk. BBC News, Tuesday, 13 February 2007. 2007-02-13. Retrieved 2007-08-10. * ^ "Legal Notice on Publication of 2006 Census Final Results" (PDF). Policy and Legal Advocacy Centre. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 March 2013. Retrieved 10 June 2012. * ^ "World’s Fastest Growing Cities are in Asia and Africa". Euromonitor. 2 March 2010. Archived from the original on October 2015. Retrieved 26 October 2015. * ^ "Top 5 Cities To Do Business In Nigeria. ABUJA Is 2nd". Abuja Facts. 22 April 2015. Archived from the original on 4 February 2016. Retrieved 26 October 2015. * ^ Murray, Senan. "Life of poverty in Abuja\'s wealth." BBC
BBC
. Tuesday 13 February 2007. Retrieved on 12 September 2011. * ^ https://www.naij.com/574434-nigeriaat55-top-5-reasons-nigerias-capital-moved-lagos-abuja-photos.html * ^ Elleh, Nnamdi. Abuja, the single most ambitious urban design project of the 20th century. * ^ "World Bank Conference: African Regional Roundtable on Upgrading Low-income Settlements" (PDF). www.citiesalliance.org. World Bank, 3–5 October 2000, Johannesburg, South Africa, p. 16. Archived (PDF) from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-10. * ^ "Resettlement Issues, Squatter Settlements and the Problems of Land Administration in Abuja, Nigeria’s Federal Capital" (PDF). fig.net. 5th FIG Regional Conference Accra, Ghana, 8–11 March 2006. Retrieved 2007-08-10. * ^ Polgreen, Lydia (13 December 2006). "In a Dream City, a Nightmare OF AKIM JOHN for the Common Man". nyt.com. New York Times, 13 December 2006. Retrieved 2007-08-10. * ^ "How Nigeria
Nigeria
is shared under Jonathan". Vanguard News. Retrieved 25 May 2015. * ^ A B C "Contact Us". Retrieved 25 May 2015. * ^ "Independence Avenue". Wikimapia.org. 2012-11-18. Retrieved 2013-08-30. * ^ "Ship House". Wikimapia.org. 2012-11-18. Retrieved 2013-08-30. * ^ "Durumi (Abuja) Nigeria
Nigeria
/ Abuja
Abuja
Federal Capital Territory / Zubo / Abuja". wikimapia.org/. Retrieved 22 November 2013. * ^ " Abuja
Abuja
F.C.C. Developed Districts". Nairaland.com. Retrieved 22 November 2013. * ^ "American International School". Google+. Retrieved 22 November 2013. * ^ "American International School, Abuja". American International School of Abuja. Retrieved 22 November 2013. * ^ " Abuja
Abuja