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The Info List - Abu Yahya Al-Libi


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Abu Yahya al-Libi (Arabic: أبو يحيى الليبي‎,  audio (help·info); c. 1963,[1] Marzaq[2] – June 4, 2012),[3] born Mohamed Hassan Qaid,[4] was an Islamist
Islamist
terrorist and leading high-ranking official within al-Qaeda, and an alleged member of the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group.[1][5][6] He is believed to have been able to speak Urdu, Pashto and Arabic[1] and to have used the aliases Hasan Qaiid (Hasan Qayad or Hassan Qayid), Yunis al-Sahrawi,[5][7] and Hassan Qaed al-Far.[8] Al-Libi was a citizen of Libya, who was held in extrajudicial detention in the Bagram interim detention facility.[9] At that time, American counter-terrorism analysts asserted that al-Libi was a member of al Qaeda. Al-Libi was one of several high-profile Bagram captives who escaped on the night of July 10, 2005.[5][6][9] Jarret Brachman, a former analyst for the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), states of al-Libi:

He’s a warrior. He’s a poet. He’s a scholar. He’s a pundit. He’s a military commander. And he’s a very charismatic, young, brash rising star within Al-Qaeda, and I think he has become the heir apparent to Osama bin Laden
Osama bin Laden
in terms of taking over the entire global jihadist movement.[5]

Scheuer states of him that he "in the last year or so emerged as al-Qaeda's theological hardliner" and an "insurgent-theologian"[6] He was also an official on al-Qaeda's Shariah Committee.[10] He was the target of a US drone strike on June 4, 2012, in Mir Ali.[11] His death was later confirmed by the al-Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri in a video released in September 2012 to coincide with the 9/11 anniversary.[12]

Contents

1 Background 2 Capture and escape 3 Activities 4 Video releases 5 Previous reports of death 6 Death 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

Background The nisba patronymic of "al-Libi" suffixed to his name indicates that the bearer or his ancestors were from Libya. Al-Libi was born 1963,[1] but Scheuer believes there is little "information available about al-Libi beyond his record as an insurgent",[13] His elder brother, Abd al-Wahhab Muhammad Qaid (Abu Idris al-Libi)[14][15] is one of the most senior members of the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group[16] and currently the head of the National Border Guard for southern Libya.[17] Al-Libi went to Afghanistan in the early 1990s[5] and whilst bin Laden was an engineer and al-Zwahiri a doctor, al-Libi is said to have been an Islamic scholar who "spent two years in Africa studying Islam".[5] It is believed that after going to Afghanistan in the 90's, he "was sent back to northern Africa to study Islam in Mauritania."[5] As detailed below, he was imprisoned by both Pakistani and U.S. authorities. He claimed to have studied Islamic law, history and jurisprudence "for years among excellent and great scholars" who were in the field with al-Qaeda and other Islamist
Islamist
insurgent groups.[13] It is stated that "When he returned two years later" [from his Islamic studies in Mauritania, Africa], "Afghanistan was no longer a battleground for militant Libyans, but rather a haven: the Taliban controlled most of the country. Mr. Libi’s training in warfare was minimal, and his early work as a preacher rarely touched on militant action, according to the Libyan man who said he had met Mr. Libi in Afghanistan, and who spoke on condition of anonymity out of security concerns. “He started to visit training camps and talk about Shariah,” or Islamic law, this man said in a telephone interview, about “morals, etiquette, how to act.”[5] Capture and escape Al-Libi was a citizen of Libya, who was captured by ISAF forces in the Invasion of Afghanistan[1] a year after 9/11 (Pakistani authorities and turned over to American authorities, who eventually put him in the Bagram prison.)[5] and was held in extrajudicial detention in the Bagram interim detention facility.[9] American counter-terrorism analysts assert that al-Libi was a member of al Qaeda. Al-Libi was one of several high-profile Bagram captives who escaped on the night of July 10, 2005.[5][6][9] Early reports on the 2005 escape from Bagram Airbase
Bagram Airbase
included al-Libi's name as one of the escapees.[7] Posters around the airbase identified "the Libyan, Mohammad Hassan Abu Bakar" as one of the escapees, but did not mention high-ranking al-Qaeda leader Omar al-Faruq as one of the escapees.[18] – later reports removed the Libyan from the list of escapes and inserted al-Faruq.[19] On November 4, 2005, al-Libi appeared in a Ramadan
Ramadan
video on the Arabic television station al-Arabiya, and mentioned that he had escaped from Bagram.[7] He was re-listed as an escapee, and as of October 2006 was listed among the Department of Defense's "Most Wanted", and a Terrorist Recognition Card repeated the earlier claim that he was indeed among the four escapees.[1] In addition, the name off the Airbase posters was added as an "alias".[1] Activities Al-Libi produced a series of propaganda videos.[9] On May 30, 2007 a 45-minute video, starring al-Libi came to light. On June 22, 2008 Abu Yahia Al Libi released a 19-minute video urging Somalis
Somalis
to resist United Nations forces in Somalia.[20] Bryant Neal Vinas, an American, took part in 2008 with other masked fighters in an al-Qaeda propaganda video featuring al Libi.[21] Vinas was captured in November 2008, and pleaded guilty in January to conspiracy to murder and to receiving military training from Al Qaeda murder and providing them with material support.[22] Al-Libi also appeared in a July 2009 video from al-Sahab entitled, "Swat: Victory or Martyrdom," about the Pakistani military's campaign against Pashtun militias and jihadi groups in the Swat Valley.[citation needed] On March 12, 2011 al-Libi urged his countrymen to overthrow Muammar Gaddafi's regime and establish Islamic rule, expanding the terror network's attempts to capitalize on the wave of unrest sweeping the region.[23] That was put on in a video posted on a militant website. TIP's "Islamic Turkistan" magazine in its 5th edition published an article by Al Qaeda
Al Qaeda
member Abu Yayha al Libi who wrote in support of "Turkistan".[24][25] Al-Qaeda
Al-Qaeda
member Abu Yahya al-Libi spoke in support of "Jihad" in "East Turkestan" against China.[26][27][28] Video releases

Dec 16, 2005 – Names and Information of Twelve Detainees in Bagram Prison in Afghanistan from Sheikh Abu Yehia al-Libi [1] Dec 21, 2005 – Eid al-Fitr Sermon 2005 Eid al-Fitr Sermon by Abu Yehia al-Libi and Scene of Mujahideen Training Exercises [2] Dec 21, 2005 – A Letter to Abu Musab al-Zarqaw from Abu Yehia al-Libi [3] Dec 27, 2005 – Jihad or Resistance – An Examination of the Exchanging Terms from Islamic Law for Secular, Western Terms by Abu Yehia al-Libi [4] Mar 7, 2006 – A Discussion Concerning the Facts and Claims of Extremism Within Islam by Abu Yehia al-Libi [5] Apr 17, 2006 – Hamas and the Impending Exposure by Abu Yehia al-Libi [6] May 9, 2006 – [7] Abu Yahya al-Libi on May 11, 2006 [8] Abu Yahya al-Libi on Jun 17, 2006 (English Subtitles) June 2005 – As-Sahab Interview with Abu Yahya al-Libi [9] [10] Light & Fire in Eulogizing the Martyr Abu Musab al-Zarqawi (English Subtitles) Jul 26, 2006 – Labik Video Production: “They Are Coming,” of Mujahideen Training Exercises in Afghanistan and Speeches from Abu Yehia al-Libi [11] Jul 31, 2006 – As-Sahab Video Eulogy from Abu Yehia al-Libi for Abu Musab al-Zarqawi
Abu Musab al-Zarqawi
[12] Jihadi Poems Combat, Not Compromise (English Subtitles) transcript Oct 27, 2006 – “The Infidel Karzai Regime and the Necessity of War” [13] Nov 2, 2006 – Abu Yahya al-Libi Video Eulogy for Faruq al-Iraqi Produced by as-Sahab [14] Dec 26, 2006 – Our Battle Between Intensity [of the Past] and the Caution of Tomorrow [15] Feb 1, 2007 – And the Crusade Continues... The AIDs Children in Libya
Libya
(English Subtitles) [16] Feb 12, 2007 – Labik Productions Presents Selected Pictures of a Shari’a Course Led by Abu Yahya al-Libi in a Mujahideen Training Center [17] Feb 8, 2007 – The Adha Holiday Sermon 1427H Mar 22, 2007 – Iraq: Between Indications of Victory and Conspiratorial Intrigues (English Subtitles) [18] Mar 25, 2007 – To the Army of Difficulty in Somalia
Somalia
(English Subtitles) [19] Apr 30, 2007 – Palestine, an Alarming Scream and a Warning Cry [20] May 30, 2007 – The Tawheed of Saud... and the True Tawheed (English Subtitles) [21] Jun 6, 2007 – Eulogy for Mullah Dadullah (Eulogy for Taliban Commander Mullah Dadullah)[22] Jul 31, 2007 – The Masters of the Martyrs (Of the Masters of Martyrs) [23] Sep 9, 2007 – Dots on the Letters (English Subtitles) [As-Sahab Second Interview with Shaykh abu Yahia Al-Libi] [24] Nov 7, 2007 – The Closing Statement for the Religious Training that was Held at One of the Mujahideen Centers (Final Session of the Shari’a Course Held at a Mujahideen Center). Video. The transcript of this speech is titled 'Balancing Between Jihad and Seeking Knowledge'. Transcript (Apr 19, 2008 – [Eid al-Adha 1428]). video and transcript links, SITE Intel Group on speech Going Forth – Nafeer (Go Forth) Khutbah video more links The Companion Dec 18, 2007 – Trumpet of War – Video[25] Jan 8, 2007 – The Fire of the Magi in the Arabian Peninsula [26] January 20, 2008 Feb 11, 2008 – Selected Notifications Of Jihad – Transcript March 3, 2008 – “Companion of the Path”, Abu Yahya Al-Libi Delivers Eulogy for Abu Laith Al-Libi March 10, 2008 – I am Not a Deceiver, Nor Will I Allow Someone to Deceive Me Site institute on speech May 22, 2008 – Abu Yahya al-Libi Derides Moderation of Islam [27] June 23, 2008 – Somalia – No Peace without Islaam UK News article, video part 1, part 2, video discussion[permanent dead link], SITE Intel Group on speech

Previous reports of death It was reported by Pakistani sources on December 11, 2009 that Abu Yahya al-Libi was killed in a U.S Drone strike in Pakistan; however, later reports identified the man killed as Saleh al-Somali.[29] Death On June 5, 2012, U.S. officials confirmed that Libi was among 15 militants killed the previous day when a US drone fired four missiles at a compound in Mir Ali, North Waziristan.[30] Additionally, The White House later confirmed it.[31] His death was later confirmed by al-Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri
Ayman al-Zawahiri
in a video released in September 2012 to coincide with the 9/11 anniversary.[12] See also

Adam Yahiye Gadahn Osama bin Laden Ayman al-Zawahiri

References

^ a b c d e f g "Terrorist Recognition cards: Afghanistan/Pakistan" (PDF). Dia.mil. February 17, 2012. Retrieved June 7, 2012. [permanent dead link] ^ "The List established and maintained by the 1267 Committee with respect to individuals, groups, undertakings and other entities associated with Al-Qaida". 1267 Committee. September 5, 2012. Archived from the original on September 25, 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2012.  ^ Martha Radditz & Muhammad Lila (June 4, 2012). "Drone Strike Targets Top Al Qaeda
Al Qaeda
Leader". ABC News. Retrieved June 4, 2012.  ^ EL-SHENAWI, EMAN. "Dead or alive: Who is al-Qaeda's Abu Yahya al-Libi?". Al Arabiya News. Retrieved June 5, 2012.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j New York Times, Rising Leader for Next Phase of Al Qaeda’s War, April 4, 2008 ^ a b c d Scheuer, Michael F. Part1 Archived June 6, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. and Part 2[dead link] ^ a b c BBC News: Key 'al-Qaeda militant' surfaces ^ SITE Intel Group: SITE Publications – Names and Information of Twelve Detainees in Bagram Prison in Afghanistan from Sheikh Abu Yehia al-Libi Archived August 2, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b c d e "Al-Qaida escapee from U.S. detention in Afghanistan lashes out at U.S. Saudi allies". Boston Herald. May 30, 2007. Retrieved June 5, 2007. [dead link] ^ http://news.siteintelgroup.com/component/content/article/6-jihadist-news/510-al-qaeda-official-addresses-libyans ^ "White House: Al Qaeda
Al Qaeda
No. 2 leader is dead". CNN. Retrieved June 7, 2012.  ^ a b " Al-Qaeda
Al-Qaeda
leader Ayman al-Zawahiri
Ayman al-Zawahiri
confirms the death of his deputy Abu Yahya al-Libi". news.com.au. September 11, 2012. Retrieved September 11, 2012.  ^ a b "Interview with Abu Yahya al-Libi," http://www.tajdeed.org, June 21, 2006, referenced in Scheuer, Michael F. Part1 Archived June 6, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. and Part 2[dead link] ^ " Libya
Libya
Releases Remaining LIFG Members – Including 'Adb Al-Wahhab Muhammad Qaid, Brother Of Al-Qaeda
Al-Qaeda
Commander Abu Yahya Al-Libi". Middle East Media Research Institute. February 2011.  ^ Jarret Brachman (March 25, 2010). "Today I Interviewed Abu Yahya al-Libi's Older Brother, Abd al-Wahhab Muhammad Qaid (Abu Idris)".  ^ Delivered Into Enemy Hands – US-Led Abuse and Rendition of Opponents to Gaddafi’s Libya. Human Rights Watch. September 6, 2012. p. 26. ISBN 1-56432-940-2.  ^ Tucker Reals (September 13, 2012). "What's behind violent anti-U.S. protests in Muslim nations?". CBS News.  ^ Wiseman, Paul (July 12, 2005). "4 terror suspects escape from U.S. base in Afghanistan". USA Today. Retrieved June 7, 2012.  ^ Schmitt, Eric; Golden, Tim (December 4, 2005). "Details Emerge on a Brazen Escape in Afghanistan". The New York Times. Retrieved April 23, 2010.  ^ "Al-Qaida urges Somalis
Somalis
to fight UN". Associated Press. June 22, 2008. Archived from the original on June 26, 2008. Retrieved June 24, 2008. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ Rotella, Sebastian; Meyer, Josh (July 24, 2009). "A young American's journey into Al Qaeda; Bryant Neal Vinas
Bryant Neal Vinas
of Long Island, N.Y., tells investigators how he trained and fought alongside terrorists." Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 26, 2010.  ^ Rashbaum, William K.; Mekhennet, Souad (July 22, 2009). "L.I. Man Helped Qaeda, Then Informed". New York Times. Retrieved 24 March 2014.  ^ Reuters (March 13, 2011). "Al Qaida commander backs Libyan rebels in message". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved June 7, 2012.  ^ أبي يحيى الايبي (December 2009). "تُرْكِسْتَانُ الشَّرْقِيَّةُ .. الجُرْحُ المَنْسِيُّ" (PDF). تركستان الإسلامية. No. السنة الثاني العدد الخامس. pp. 14–18.  ^ "تركستان الإسلامية ، العدد الثاني عشر ، صفر 1434 صفحة 45 نصيحة الشيخ أبي يحيى الليبي رحمه اللـه لمجاهدي تركستان [جديد]" (PDF). azelin.files.wordpress.com. Retrieved 21 October 2015.  ^ "Turkistan Islamic Party Video Attempts to Explain Uyghur Militancy to Chinese". Raffaello Pantucci. Retrieved 13 May 2016.  ^ Zenn, Jacob (29 April 2016). "An Overview of Chinese Fighters and Anti-Chinese Militant Groups in Syria and Iraq The Jamestown Foundation". Jamestown.org. Retrieved 13 May 2016.  ^ "Libi Lectures TIP Fighters on Unity in Posthumously Released Message Jihadist News". News.siteintelgroup.com. Retrieved 13 May 2016.  ^ "Sources: Drone Killed Top Qaeda Operative". CBS News. December 11, 2009.  ^ Adam Brookes. " BBC News
BBC News
Article". BBC. Retrieved June 7, 2012.  ^ "CNN News Article". CNN. Retrieved June 7, 2012. 

External links

Wikisource
Wikisource
has original works written by or about: Abu Yahya

Rising Leader for Next Phase of Al Qaeda's War NY Times
NY Times
April 4, 2008 Global Security profile IslamicAwakening on Abu Yahya al-Libi Site Institute links The death of al-Libi The News International
The News International
June 9, 2012

v t e

al-Qaeda

Leadership

Ayman al-Zawahiri Saif al-Adel Abdullah Ahmed Abdullah Hamza bin Laden Abdelmalek Droukdel Mokhtar Belmokhtar Qasim al-Raymi Abu Mohammad al-Julani Ahmad Umar Asim Umar Ezedin Abdel Aziz Khalil

Former leadership

Osama bin Laden
Osama bin Laden
(killed) Abu Yahya al-Libi (killed) Khalid Sheikh Mohammed
Khalid Sheikh Mohammed
(captured) Mamdouh Mahmud Salim
Mamdouh Mahmud Salim
(captured) Anwar al-Awlaki
Anwar al-Awlaki
(killed) Samir Khan (killed) Younis al-Mauritani (captured) Mohammed Atef
Mohammed Atef
(killed) Fazul Abdullah Mohammed (killed) Abu Faraj al-Libbi (captured) Atiyah Abd al-Rahman (killed) Abu Laith al-Libi
Abu Laith al-Libi
(killed) Fahd al-Quso (killed) Ilyas Kashmiri
Ilyas Kashmiri
(killed) Abu Hamza Rabia (killed) Haitham al-Yemeni (killed) Abdullah Said al Libi (killed) Abu Sulayman Al-Jazairi (killed) Saleh al-Somali (killed) Abu Ubaidah al-Masri (died) Saad bin Laden (killed) Fahid Mohammed Ally Msalam (killed) Sheikh Ahmed Salim Swedan (killed) Ahmed Mohammed Hamed Ali (killed) Mohammad Hasan Khalil al-Hakim (killed) Mushin Musa Matwalli Atwah (killed) Midhat Mursi (killed) Saeed al-Masri (killed) Hassan Ghul (killed) Abu Ubaidah al-Banshiri (died) Walid bin Attash
Walid bin Attash
(captured) Abd al-Rahim al-Nashiri
Abd al-Rahim al-Nashiri
(captured) Mustafa Setmariam Nasar (captured) Qaed Salim Sinan al-Harethi (killed) Khalid Habib (killed) Abdul Hadi al Iraqi (captured) Mustafa Mohamed Fadhil
Mustafa Mohamed Fadhil
(killed) Mohamed Abul-Khair (killed) Mahfouz Ould al-Walid (left) Sulaiman Abu Ghaith (captured) Abu Anas al-Libi (captured and died) Abu Musab al-Zarqawi
Abu Musab al-Zarqawi
(killed) Abu Ayyub al-Masri (killed) Abu Omar al-Baghdadi (killed) Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi
Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi
(expelled) Abu-Zaid al Kuwaiti
Abu-Zaid al Kuwaiti
(killed) Omar al-Faruq (killed) Said Ali al-Shihri
Said Ali al-Shihri
(killed) Ahmed Abdi Godane (killed) Adnan Gulshair el Shukrijumah (killed) Adam Yahiye Gadahn (killed) Harith bin Ghazi al-Nadhari
Harith bin Ghazi al-Nadhari
(killed) Ibrahim Sulayman Muhammad Arbaysh
Ibrahim Sulayman Muhammad Arbaysh
(killed) Nasser bin Ali al-Ansi
Nasser bin Ali al-Ansi
(killed) Nasir al-Wuhayshi
Nasir al-Wuhayshi
(killed) Muhsin al-Fadhli
Muhsin al-Fadhli
(killed) Abu Khalil al-Madani (killed) Abu Khayr al-Masri (killed)

Timeline of attacks

1998 United States embassy bombings 2000 USS Cole bombing 2001 September 11 attacks 2002 Bali bombings 2007 Algiers bombings 2008 Islamabad Danish embassy bombing 2008 Islamabad Marriott Hotel bombing 2012 Benghazi attack 2013 In Amenas hostage crisis 2013 Westgate shopping mall attack 2015 Charlie Hebdo shooting 2015 Garissa University College attack 2015 Bamako hotel attack 2016 Ouagadougou attacks 2016 Grand-Bassam shootings 2016 Bamako attack

Wars

Soviet–Afghan War Afghan Civil War (1989–92) Afghan Civil War (1992–96) Bosnian War

Bosnian Al-Qaeda

First Chechen War Afghan Civil War (1996–2001) Second Chechen War War in Afghanistan (2001–2014) Iraq War Somali Civil War War in North-West Pakistan
War in North-West Pakistan
(Drone strikes) Insurgency in the Maghreb (2002–present) War in Afghanistan (2015–present) Syrian Civil War Yemeni Civil War

al-Qaeda insurgency in Yemen Houthi insurgency in Yemen

Affiliates

al-Shabaab (Somalia) al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (Yemen) al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (North Africa) Egyptian Islamic Jihad (Egypt) al-Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent (Indian Subcontinent) Tahrir al-Sham
Tahrir al-Sham
(Syria)

Charity organizations

Benevolence International Foundation al-Haramain Foundation

Media

Al Qaeda
Al Qaeda
Handbook Al Neda As-Sahab Fatawā of Osama bin Laden Inspire Al-Khansaa Kuala Lumpur al-Qaeda Summit Management of Savagery Voice of Jihad Qaedat al-Jihad Global Islamic Media Front

Video and audio

Videos and audio recordings of Osama bin Laden Videos and audio recordings of Ayman al-Zawahiri USS Cole bombing

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 264133802 ISNI: 0000 0003 8223 59

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