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The Info List - Abu Omar Al-Baghdadi


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Iraq (unknown-2003) Al-Qaeda (2006-2010)

Mujahideen Shura Council (January 2006–October 2006) Islamic State of Iraq
Islamic State of Iraq
(October 2006–April 2010)

Service/branch Iraqi Army
Iraqi Army
(unknown-2003) ISI (2006-2010)

Rank Emir
Emir
of Islamic State of Iraq

Battles/wars Iraq War

Hamid Dawud Mohamed Khalil al-Zawi (Arabic: حميد داود محمد خليل الزاوي‎, died 18 April 2010) — known as Abu Hamza al-Baghdadi, and Abu Omar al-Qurashi al-Baghdadi[1][2] (/ˈɑːbuː ˈoʊmɑːr ɑːl bɑːɡˈdɑːdi/ ( listen) AH-boo OH-mar ahl bahg-DAHD-ee) — was the leader of the militant groups Mujahideen Shura Council,[2][3][4] and its successor, the Islamic State of Iraq, which fought against US forces and their Iraqi allies in the Iraq War.

Contents

1 Biography 2 Controversy over identity 3 Reports of arrest or death 4 Death 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Biography[edit] Little is known about al-Baghdadi. According to Iraqi Defense Ministry spokesman Muhammad al-Askari, Abu Umar al-Baghdadi's real name was Hamid Dawoud al-Zawi. Al-Zawi was reportedly a police brigadier general in the 1990s during the Ba'athist
Ba'athist
regime of Saddam Hussein, who became a staunch Salafi
Salafi
and was dismissed because of his religious extremism.[5][6][7] Following the US-led 2003 Invasion of Iraq, he took part in the Iraqi insurgency, eventually becoming the leader of the Islamic State of Iraq
Islamic State of Iraq
(ISI).[5] Controversy over identity[edit] In July 2007, U.S. military spokesman Brigadier General Kevin Bergner, claimed that Abu Omar al-Baghdadi did not actually exist, and that all of his audio statements were actually read by an elderly Iraqi actor.[8][9] The detainee identified as Khaled al-Mashhadani, a self-proclaimed intermediary to Osama bin Laden, claimed that al-Baghdadi was a fictional character created to give an Iraqi face to a foreign-run group.[10] In March 2008, the spokesman for a rival insurgent organization, Hamas-Iraq, also claimed that al-Baghdadi was a fabrication made by Al Qaeda
Al Qaeda
to put an Iraqi face on their organization.[11] However, US military officials later came to believe that the position of al-Baghdadi had been back-filled by an actual commander.[12] Reports of arrest or death[edit] The Interior Ministry of Iraq
Interior Ministry of Iraq
claimed that al-Baghdadi was captured in Baghdad
Baghdad
on 9 March 2007,[13] but it was later said that the person in question was not him.[14] On 3 May 2007, the Iraqi Interior Ministry said that al-Baghdadi had been killed by American and Iraqi forces north of Baghdad.[15] On 23 April 2009, AFP reported that he had been arrested by the Iraqi military,[16] and on 28 April the Iraqi government produced photos to prove it to skeptics. The claim was denied by the Islamic State in Iraq[17] which according to SITE Institute released a recording of al-Baghdadi denying the government's claims. The Iraqi government
Iraqi government
continued to insist that the man captured was indeed Baghdadi,[18] however tapes and messages from Baghdadi were released throughout 2009 and 2010.[19][20] Death[edit] On 18 April 2010, al-Baghdadi was killed when a joint operation of American and Iraqi forces rocketed a safe house 10 kilometres (6 mi) southwest of Tikrit. ISI Minister of War Abu Ayyub al-Masri and al-Baghdadi's son were also killed in the attack and 16 others were arrested.[21] Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki
Nouri al-Maliki
announced the killings of al-Baghdadi and al-Masri at a news conference in Baghdad
Baghdad
and showed reporters photographs of their corpses. "The attack was carried out by ground forces which surrounded the house, and also through the use of missiles", al-Maliki said. "During the operation computers were seized with e-mails and messages to the two biggest terrorists, Osama bin Laden and [his deputy] Ayman al-Zawahiri", al-Maliki added. U.S. forces commander Gen. Raymond Odierno
Raymond Odierno
praised the operation. "The death of these terrorists is potentially the most significant blow to al-Qaida in Iraq since the beginning of the insurgency", he said. "There is still work to do but this is a significant step forward in ridding Iraq of terrorists". Vice President Joe Biden
Joe Biden
said that the killings were "potentially devastating" blows to the terror network there and proof that Iraqi security forces are gaining ground.[22][23][24] On 25 April 2010, a four-page statement by the Islamic State of Iraq
Islamic State of Iraq
was posted on a militant website early Sunday confirmed the death of al-Masri and Al-Baghdadi, saying "After a long journey filled with sacrifices and fighting falsehood and its representatives, two knights have dismounted to join the group of martyrs," the statement said. "We announce that the Muslim nation has lost two of the leaders of jihad, and two of its men, who are only known as heroes on the path of jihad." The ISI shariah minister, Abu al-Walid Abd al-Wahhab al-Mashadani, said the two leaders were attending a meeting when enemy forces engaged them in battle and launched an airstrike on their location.[25] He was succeeded by Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, who became the caliph of the Islamic State of Iraq
Islamic State of Iraq
and Syria (ISIS).[26] See also[edit]

23 April 2009 Iraqi suicide attacks

References[edit]

^ Insurgent leader arrested in Iraq[permanent dead link], Wimmera News. March 10, 2007. ^ a b Al-Qaeda
Al-Qaeda
names mystery man to succeed Zarqawi. Agence France Presse. 13 June 2006. ^ Burns, John F.; Filkins, Dexter (13 June 2006). "A Jihadist Web Site Says Zarqawi's Group in Iraq Has a New Leader in Place". New York Times.  ^ Filkins, Dexter; Burns, John F. (16 June 2006). "U.S. Portrayal Helps Flesh Out Zarqawi's Heir". New York Times.  ^ a b "Assessing AQI's Resilience After April's Leadership Decapitations". CTC Sentinel. 2010-06-03. Retrieved 2016-05-28.  ^ "Who is Abu Omar al Baghdadi?". Long War Journal. 2008-09-14. Retrieved 2016-05-28.  ^ Report: Al-Qaida in Iraq
Al-Qaida in Iraq
leader identified with photograph - International Herald Tribune Archived May 9, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Gordon, Michael R. (18 July 2007). "Leader of Al Qaeda
Al Qaeda
group in Iraq was fictional, U.S. military says". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 15 March 2012.  ^ Yates, Dean (18 July 2007). "Senior Qaeda figure in Iraq a myth: U.S. military". Reuters. p. 1. Retrieved 28 July 2007.  ^ Susman, Tina (19 July 2007). "Al-Qaida's man in Iraq unveiled as fictional character". Los Angeles Times via Chron.com. Archived from the original on 25 April 2010.  ^ MEMRI: Latest News ^ Bill Roggio April 19, 2010 (2010-04-19). "US and Iraqi forces kill Al Masri and Baghdadi, al Qaeda in Iraq's top two leaders". The Long War Journal. Retrieved 2012-07-27.  ^ Iraqi ministry: Militant leader arrested in Baghdad
Baghdad
Archived March 14, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., CNN. 9 March 2007. ^ "Captured Iraqi not al-Baghdadi" Archived March 12, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., Al Jazeera, March 10, 2007. ^ "Iraq says insurgent leader dead". CNN. May 3, 2007.  ^ Head of Al-Qaeda
Al-Qaeda
in Iraq arrested in Baghdad: army, Agence France-Presse, 23 April 2009. ^ Qaeda-linked Islamic State in Iraq denies head captured, Reuters, 12 May 2009 ^ Secure at Last May 18th, 2009 - 07:52:55 (2009-05-18). "Iraqi security forces insist detainee is al-Qaeda leader". Monsters and Critics. Archived from the original on October 28, 2011. Retrieved 27 July 2012.  ^ Al-Qaida leader in Iraq calls for continued jihad Archived March 30, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. Associated Press
Associated Press
Maamoun Youssef – 23 March 2010. ^ WorldAnalysis.net archive of text and translations of tapes listed as by al-Baghdadi ^ Waleed Ibrahim. "Al Qaeda's top two leaders in Iraq have been killed, officials said Monday, in a strike the United States
United States
called a "potentially devastating blow" but whose impact analysts said may be limited". Thomson Reuters.  ^ [1][dead link] ^ "Iraqi al-Qaeda leaders 'killed'". BBC News. 19 April 2010.  ^ "Top al-Qaida leaders killed in Iraq, US says". Archived from the original on 2010-04-21. Retrieved 2010-04-21.  ^ Qaeda confirms deaths of leaders in Iraq: statement ^ Shadid, Anthony (16 May 2010). "Iraqi Insurgent Group Names New Leaders". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 June 2014. 

External links[edit]

Wikinews has related news: Iraq says leader of the insurgent group Mujahideen Shura Council killed

Insurgent Leader Nabbed in Iraq Raid Profile at globalsecurity.org Leader of Al Qaeda
Al Qaeda
group in Iraq was fictional, U.S. military says Biography of Abu Omar al Baghdadi, Global Jihad Network, May 12, 2012

v t e

al-Qaeda

Leadership

Ayman al-Zawahiri Saif al-Adel Abdullah Ahmed Abdullah Hamza bin Laden Abdelmalek Droukdel Mokhtar Belmokhtar Qasim al-Raymi Abu Mohammad al-Julani Ahmad Umar Asim Umar Ezedin Abdel Aziz Khalil

Former leadership

Osama bin Laden
Osama bin Laden
(killed) Abu Yahya al-Libi (killed) Khalid Sheikh Mohammed
Khalid Sheikh Mohammed
(captured) Mamdouh Mahmud Salim
Mamdouh Mahmud Salim
(captured) Anwar al-Awlaki
Anwar al-Awlaki
(killed) Samir Khan (killed) Younis al-Mauritani (captured) Mohammed Atef
Mohammed Atef
(killed) Fazul Abdullah Mohammed (killed) Abu Faraj al-Libbi (captured) Atiyah Abd al-Rahman (killed) Abu Laith al-Libi
Abu Laith al-Libi
(killed) Fahd al-Quso (killed) Ilyas Kashmiri
Ilyas Kashmiri
(killed) Abu Hamza Rabia (killed) Haitham al-Yemeni (killed) Abdullah Said al Libi (killed) Abu Sulayman Al-Jazairi (killed) Saleh al-Somali (killed) Abu Ubaidah al-Masri (died) Saad bin Laden (killed) Fahid Mohammed Ally Msalam (killed) Sheikh Ahmed Salim Swedan (killed) Ahmed Mohammed Hamed Ali (killed) Mohammad Hasan Khalil al-Hakim (killed) Mushin Musa Matwalli Atwah (killed) Midhat Mursi (killed) Saeed al-Masri (killed) Hassan Ghul (killed) Abu Ubaidah al-Banshiri (died) Walid bin Attash
Walid bin Attash
(captured) Abd al-Rahim al-Nashiri
Abd al-Rahim al-Nashiri
(captured) Mustafa Setmariam Nasar (captured) Qaed Salim Sinan al-Harethi (killed) Khalid Habib (killed) Abdul Hadi al Iraqi (captured) Mustafa Mohamed Fadhil
Mustafa Mohamed Fadhil
(killed) Mohamed Abul-Khair (killed) Mahfouz Ould al-Walid (left) Sulaiman Abu Ghaith (captured) Abu Anas al-Libi (captured and died) Abu Musab al-Zarqawi
Abu Musab al-Zarqawi
(killed) Abu Ayyub al-Masri (killed) Abu Omar al-Baghdadi (killed) Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi
Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi
(expelled) Abu-Zaid al Kuwaiti
Abu-Zaid al Kuwaiti
(killed) Omar al-Faruq (killed) Said Ali al-Shihri
Said Ali al-Shihri
(killed) Ahmed Abdi Godane (killed) Adnan Gulshair el Shukrijumah (killed) Adam Yahiye Gadahn (killed) Harith bin Ghazi al-Nadhari
Harith bin Ghazi al-Nadhari
(killed) Ibrahim Sulayman Muhammad Arbaysh
Ibrahim Sulayman Muhammad Arbaysh
(killed) Nasser bin Ali al-Ansi
Nasser bin Ali al-Ansi
(killed) Nasir al-Wuhayshi
Nasir al-Wuhayshi
(killed) Muhsin al-Fadhli
Muhsin al-Fadhli
(killed) Abu Khalil al-Madani (killed) Abu Khayr al-Masri (killed)

Timeline of attacks

1998 United States
United States
embassy bombings 2000 USS Cole bombing 2001 September 11 attacks 2002 Bali bombings 2007 Algiers bombings 2008 Islamabad Danish embassy bombing 2008 Islamabad Marriott Hotel bombing 2012 Benghazi attack 2013 In Amenas hostage crisis 2013 Westgate shopping mall attack 2015 Charlie Hebdo shooting 2015 Garissa University College attack 2015 Bamako hotel attack 2016 Ouagadougou attacks 2016 Grand-Bassam shootings 2016 Bamako attack

Wars

Soviet–Afghan War Afghan Civil War (1989–92) Afghan Civil War (1992–96) Bosnian War

Bosnian Al-Qaeda

First Chechen War Afghan Civil War (1996–2001) Second Chechen War War in Afghanistan (2001–2014) Iraq War Somali Civil War War in North-West Pakistan
War in North-West Pakistan
(Drone strikes) Insurgency in the Maghreb (2002–present) War in Afghanistan (2015–present) Syrian Civil War Yemeni Civil War

al-Qaeda insurgency in Yemen Houthi insurgency in Yemen

Affiliates

al-Shabaab (Somalia) al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (Yemen) al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (North Africa) Egyptian Islamic Jihad (Egypt) al-Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent (Indian Subcontinent) Tahrir al-Sham
Tahrir al-Sham
(Syria)

Charity organizations

Benevolence International Foundation al-Haramain Foundation

Media

Al Qaeda
Al Qaeda
Handbook Al Neda As-Sahab Fatawā of Osama bin Laden Inspire Al-Khansaa Kuala Lumpur al-Qaeda Summit Management of Savagery Voice of Jihad Qaedat al-Jihad Global Islamic Media Front

Video and audio

Videos and audio recordings of Osama bin Laden Videos and audio recordings of Ayman al-Zawahiri USS

.