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The Info List - Abu Faraj Al-Libbi


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Abu Faraj al-Libi (/ˈɑːbuː ˈfɑːrɑːdʒ æl ˈliːbi/ ( listen) AH-boo FAH-rahj al LEE-bee; ; أو الفرج الليبي) (also transliterated al-Libbi ) is an assumed name or nom de guerre of a Libyan alleged to be a senior member of the al-Qaeda terrorist organization. His real name is thought to be Mustafa Faraj Muhammad Muhammad Masud al-Jadid al-Uzaybi.[1][2] He was arrested by Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence
Inter-Services Intelligence
(ISI) on May 2, 2005, in Mardan
Mardan
(30 mi (48 km) north of Peshawar). Finding al-Libi was a joint effort of the Central Intelligence Agency's (CIA) Special Activities Division
Special Activities Division
and Pakistan's Special
Special
Forces. Since September 2006, al-Libbi has been held in American military custody in the Guantanamo Bay detention camp,[2] having previously been held at a secret location.[3] According to the US Office of the Director of National Intelligence, he served as the third in command of al-Qaeda, from the 2003 capture of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed
Khalid Sheikh Mohammed
to his own capture in 2005.[4]

Contents

1 Background 2 Joint Review Task Force 3 Periodic Review Board 4 References 5 External links

Background[edit] In approximately 2000, al-Libbi was living in the Karte Parwan district of Kabul, Afghanistan.[5] In August 2004, Pakistani officials stated that al-Libbi had become "number three" in al-Qaeda as "director of operations", a role once filled by Khalid Sheikh Mohammed.[6][7] Upon al-Libbi's arrest on May 2, 2005, U.S. and Pakistani authorities continued to claim him as the third most important figure in al-Qaeda. According to the BBC
BBC
and Voice of America
Voice of America
(VOA) reports, he was riding pillion on a motorbike when he and his driver were ambushed by Pakistani agents, some of whom were wearing burqas. A VOA reporter from Mardan
Mardan
said that while being apprehended, al-Libbi tried to destroy a notebook, which U.S. agents took and have tried to decode. U.S. agents had been trying to find al-Libbi as a link to finding Osama bin Laden. After they intercepted a mobile phone call made by him, they targeted his location to a busy road a quarter of a mile away on the outskirts of Mardan, about 75 mi (121 km) northwest of Islamabad, and tipped-off Pakistani authorities. Plainclothes Pakistani agents arrived in Mardan
Mardan
and waited for him to arrive. Abu Faraj al-Libbi was identified by Pakistani authorities as the main planner of the 2006 transatlantic aircraft plot.[8] He is also a suspect in two assassination attempts against Pakistani President General Pervez Musharraf.[2] According to the New York Times, "Mr. Libbi's suspected accomplice in those attacks was a well-known Pakistani militant named Amjad Farooqi, who was also implicated in the murder of the 'Wall Street Journal' reporter Daniel Pearl
Daniel Pearl
in February 2002. Mr. Farooqi was killed last September in a shootout with security forces in southern Pakistan."[9]

Wikinews has related news: Pakistan
Pakistan
captures al Qaeda suspect

In the early reporting of this capture, there was confusion between the names and identities of Abu Faraj al-Libbi and another wanted al-Qaeda fugitive, Anas al-Liby.[10] Al-Libi is not a surname, but an adjective, meaning the Libyan. Such adjectives of nationality are used in nicknames, and sometimes to resolve ambiguity; they often have several alternative English transliterations. Scholars at the Brookings Institution, led by Benjamin Wittes, listed the captives still held in Guantanamo in December 2008, according to whether their detention was justified by certain common allegations:[11]

Abu Faraj Libi was listed as one of the captives who was a member of the "al Qaeda leadership cadre".[11] Abu Faraj Libi was listed as one of the "82 detainees made no statement to CSRT or ARB tribunals or made statements that do not bear materially on the military’s allegations against them."[11]

Joint Review Task Force[edit] On January 21, 2009, the day he was inaugurated, United States President Barack Obama
Barack Obama
issued three Executive orders
Executive orders
related to the detention of individuals in Guantanamo.[12][13][14][15] That new review system was composed of officials from six departments, where the OARDEC reviews were conducted entirely by the Department of Defense. When it reported back, a year later, the Joint Review Task Force classified some individuals as too dangerous to be transferred from Guantanamo, even though there was no evidence to justify laying charges against them. On April 9, 2013, that document was made public after a Freedom of Information Act request.[16] Mustafa Faraj Muhammad Masud al-Jadid al-Uzaybi was one of the 71 individuals deemed too innocent to charge, but too dangerous to release. Obama said those deemed too innocent to charge, but too dangerous to release would start to receive reviews from a Periodic Review Board. Periodic Review Board[edit] The first review wasn't convened until November 20, 2013.[17] References[edit]

^ "National news from McClatchy DC News Washington DC" (PDF). Media.mcclatchydc.com. Retrieved 2014-08-24.  ^ a b c Press release about Abu Faraj Archived 20090831000000 at WebCite and 13 other suspects, Office of the Director of National Intelligence ^ Bush: CIA
CIA
holds terror suspects in secret prisons, CNN, 7 September 2006 ^ "Detainee Biographies". Office of the Director of National Intelligence. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-08-31.  ^ Shephard, Michelle, "Guantanamo's Child", 2008. ^ Al Qaeda has new operational chief: analysts, CTV, 20 August 2005 ^ Hunt on for bin Laden's latest No. 3 man - US Security, MSNBC, 7 September 2004 ^ /0,,1851859,00.html Duncan Campbell, " Pakistan
Pakistan
says al-Qaida link to plot found", The Guardian, 17 August 2006 ^ Pakistan
Pakistan
Reports Arrest of a Senior Qaeda Leader, New York Times, 5 May 2005 ^ "Security Sources: The U.S. Confused "Abu Anas" with "Abu Faraj" al Libi", ABC News, 5 March 2007 ^ a b c Benjamin Wittes, Zaathira Wyne (2008-12-16). "The Current Detainee Population of Guantánamo: An Empirical Study". The Brookings Institution. Archived from the original on 2012-06-22. Retrieved 2010-02-16. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ Andy Worthington
Andy Worthington
(2012-10-25). "Who Are the 55 Cleared Guantánamo Prisoners on the List Released by the Obama Administration?". Retrieved 2015-02-19. I have already discussed at length the profound injustice of holding Shawali Khan and Abdul Ghani, in articles here and here, and noted how their cases discredit America, as Khan, against whom no evidence of wrongdoing exists, nevertheless had his habeas corpus petition denied, and Ghani, a thoroughly insignificant scrap metal merchant, was put forward for a trial by military commission — a war crimes trial — under President Bush.  ^ Andy Worthington
Andy Worthington
(June 11, 2010). "Does Obama Really Know or Care About Who Is at Guantánamo?". Archived from the original on 2010-06-16. Retrieved July 21, 2010.  ^ Peter Finn (January 22, 2010). "Justice task force recommends about 50 Guantanamo detainees be held indefinitely". Washington Post. Archived from the original on 2015-05-19. Retrieved July 21, 2010.  ^ Peter Finn (May 29, 2010). "Most Guantanamo detainees low-level fighters, task force report says". Washington Post. Archived from the original on 2015-05-19. Retrieved July 21, 2010.  ^ "71 Guantanamo Detainees Determined Eligible to Receive a Periodic Review Board as of April 19, 2013". Joint Review Task Force. 2013-04-09. Archived from the original on 2015-05-19. Retrieved 2015-05-18.  ^ "Periodic Review Secretariat: Review Information". Periodic Review Secretariat. Archived from the original on 2016-04-15. 

External links[edit]

UN Secret Detention Report (Part One): The CIA’s “High-Value Detainee” Program and Secret Prisons, Andy Worthington "Osama bin Laden’s Death, and the Unjustifiable Defense of Torture and Guantánamo", Andy Worthington Who's who in al-Qaeda, BBC
BBC
news, August 19, 2005 Press handout photo of Abu Faraj al-Libbi, Pakistan
Pakistan
Interior Ministry; photo at MSNBC

v t e

CIA
CIA
secret prisons and detainees

Suspected black sites

Salt Pit Dark Prison Diego Garcia Temara interrogation centre Ain Aouda Stare Kiejkuty Szczytno-Szymany Mihail Kogălniceanu Camp Nama Camp Eggers Strawberry Fields (Guantanamo) Black Jail

Held in the Salt Pit

Khalid El-Masri Laid Saidi Gul Rahman1

Held in the dark prison

Jamil el Banna Abd al-Salam Ali al-Hila Bisher Amin Khalil al-Rawi Hassan bin Attash Laid Saidi Binyam Mohamed Musab Omar Ali Al Mudwani Walid al Qadasi

See also

Enhanced interrogation techniques Extraordinary rendition Ghost detainees Waterboarding Destruction of interrogation tapes

1 Died in custody.

v t e

People who have been called "high-value detainees" in the War on Terror

Captives transferred to Guantanamo Bay from CIA
CIA
black sites

Mustafa al-Hawsawi Ahmed Ghailani Ramzi bin al-Shibh Walid bin Attash Abd al-Rahim al-Nashiri Abu Zubaydah Abu Faraj al-Libbi Ammar al-Baluchi Riduan Isamuddin (Hambali) Mohamad Farik Amin Mohammed Nazir Bin Lep Khalid Sheikh Mohammed Majid Khan Gouled Hassan Dourad Abdul Hadi al Iraqi Abdul Rahim al-Sharqawi

Captives unaccounted for

Musaad Aruchi Abu Yasir Al Jaza'iri

Died in custody

Ibn al-Shaykh al-Libi

v t e

People who have been called "Third in Command of al-Qaeda"

Killed people

Abu Hamza Rabia Abu Laith al-Libi Mohammed Atef Saeed al-Masri

Captured people

Abu Faraj al-Libbi Khalid Sheikh Mohammed Abu Zubaydah

Free people

Saif al-Adel

v t e

Controversies surrounding people captured during the War on Terror

Guantanamo Bay detention camp

Suicide attempts Quran desecration controversy Boycott of military tribunals Former captives alleged to have (re)joined insurgency Hunger strikes Force feeding Homicide accusations Juvenile prisoner Seton Hall reports

CIA
CIA
black site operations

Enhanced interrogation techniques Ghost detainees Waterboarding Destruction of interrogation tapes

Prison and detainee abuse

Abu Ghraib Bagram Canadian Afghan detainee issue Black jail Salt Pit

Prison uprisings and escapes

Battle of Qala-i-Jangi Battle of Abu Ghraib 2008 Sarposa Prison mass escape Basra prison incident Afghan escapes Iraqi escapes

Deaths in custody

Dilawar Jamal Nasser Abdul Wahid Habibullah Abed Hamed Mowhoush Manadel al-Jamadi Nagem Hatab Baha Mousa Fashad Mohamed Muhammad Zaidan Gul Rahman Abdul Wali Dasht-i-Leili massacre

Tortured

Abu Zubaydah Mohamedou Ould Slahi Mohammed al-Qahtani Khalid Sheikh Mohammed Abdul Jabar Abd al-Rahim al-Nashiri Binyam Mohamed

Forced disappearances

Ibn al-Shaykh al-Libi Abdu Ali al Haji Sharqawi Muhammed al-Darbi Mohammed Omar Abdel-Rahman Tariq Mahmood Hassan Ghul Musaad Aruchi Hiwa Abdul Rahman Rashul

Reports and legislation

Ryder Report Fay Report Taguba Report Church Report Detainee Treatment Act Senate Armed Services Committee Report Senate Intelligence Committee report on CIA
CIA
torture

Related media

The Road to Guantánamo Taxi to the Dark Side Standard Operating Procedure Torturing Democracy Enemy Combatant

v t e

al-Qaeda

Leadership

Ayman al-Zawahiri Saif al-Adel Abdullah Ahmed Abdullah Hamza bin Laden Abdelmalek Droukdel Mokhtar Belmokhtar Qasim al-Raymi Abu Mohammad al-Julani Ahmad Umar Asim Umar Ezedin Abdel Aziz Khalil

Former leadership

Osama bin Laden
Osama bin Laden
(killed) Abu Yahya al-Libi (killed) Khalid Sheikh Mohammed
Khalid Sheikh Mohammed
(captured) Mamdouh Mahmud Salim
Mamdouh Mahmud Salim
(captured) Anwar al-Awlaki
Anwar al-Awlaki
(killed) Samir Khan (killed) Younis al-Mauritani (captured) Mohammed Atef
Mohammed Atef
(killed) Fazul Abdullah Mohammed (killed) Abu Faraj al-Libbi (captured) Atiyah Abd al-Rahman (killed) Abu Laith al-Libi
Abu Laith al-Libi
(killed) Fahd al-Quso (killed) Ilyas Kashmiri
Ilyas Kashmiri
(killed) Abu Hamza Rabia (killed) Haitham al-Yemeni (killed) Abdullah Said al Libi (killed) Abu Sulayman Al-Jazairi (killed) Saleh al-Somali (killed) Abu Ubaidah al-Masri (died) Saad bin Laden (killed) Fahid Mohammed Ally Msalam (killed) Sheikh Ahmed Salim Swedan (killed) Ahmed Mohammed Hamed Ali (killed) Mohammad Hasan Khalil al-Hakim (killed) Mushin Musa Matwalli Atwah (killed) Midhat Mursi (killed) Saeed al-Masri (killed) Hassan Ghul (killed) Abu Ubaidah al-Banshiri (died) Walid bin Attash
Walid bin Attash
(captured) Abd al-Rahim al-Nashiri
Abd al-Rahim al-Nashiri
(captured) Mustafa Setmariam Nasar (captured) Qaed Salim Sinan al-Harethi (killed) Khalid Habib (killed) Abdul Hadi al Iraqi (captured) Mustafa Mohamed Fadhil
Mustafa Mohamed Fadhil
(killed) Mohamed Abul-Khair (killed) Mahfouz Ould al-Walid (left) Sulaiman Abu Ghaith (captured) Abu Anas al-Libi (captured and died) Abu Musab al-Zarqawi
Abu Musab al-Zarqawi
(killed) Abu Ayyub al-Masri (killed) Abu Omar al-Baghdadi (killed) Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi
Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi
(expelled) Abu-Zaid al Kuwaiti
Abu-Zaid al Kuwaiti
(killed) Omar al-Faruq (killed) Said Ali al-Shihri
Said Ali al-Shihri
(killed) Ahmed Abdi Godane (killed) Adnan Gulshair el Shukrijumah (killed) Adam Yahiye Gadahn (killed) Harith bin Ghazi al-Nadhari
Harith bin Ghazi al-Nadhari
(killed) Ibrahim Sulayman Muhammad Arbaysh
Ibrahim Sulayman Muhammad Arbaysh
(killed) Nasser bin Ali al-Ansi
Nasser bin Ali al-Ansi
(killed) Nasir al-Wuhayshi
Nasir al-Wuhayshi
(killed) Muhsin al-Fadhli
Muhsin al-Fadhli
(killed) Abu Khalil al-Madani (killed) Abu Khayr al-Masri (killed)

Timeline of attacks

1998 United States embassy bombings 2000 USS Cole bombing 2001 September 11 attacks 2002 Bali bombings 2007 Algiers bombings 2008 Islamabad
Islamabad
Danish embassy bombing 2008 Islamabad
Islamabad
Marriott Hotel bombing 2012 Benghazi attack 2013 In Amenas hostage crisis 2013 Westgate shopping mall attack 2015 Charlie Hebdo shooting 2015 Garissa University College attack 2015 Bamako hotel attack 2016 Ouagadougou attacks 2016 Grand-Bassam shootings 2016 Bamako attack

Wars

Soviet–Afghan War Afghan Civil War (1989–92) Afghan Civil War (1992–96) Bosnian War

Bosnian Al-Qaeda

First Chechen War Afghan Civil War (1996–2001) Second Chechen War War in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
(2001–2014) Iraq War Somali Civil War War in North-West Pakistan
Pakistan
(Drone strikes) Insurgency in the Maghreb (2002–present) War in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
(2015–present) Syrian Civil War Yemeni Civil War

al-Qaeda insurgency in Yemen Houthi insurgency in Yemen

Affiliates

al-Shabaab (Somalia) al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (Yemen) al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (North Africa) Egyptian Islamic Jihad (Egypt) al-Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent (Indian Subcontinent) Tahrir al-Sham
Tahrir al-Sham
(Syria)

Charity organizations

Benevolence International Foundation al-Haramain Foundation

Media

Al Qaeda Handbook Al Neda As-Sahab Fatawā of Osama bin Laden Inspire Al-Khansaa Kuala Lumpur al-Qaeda Summit Management of Savagery Voice of Jihad Qaedat al-Jihad Global Islamic Media Front

Video and audio

Videos and audio recordings of Osama bin Laden Videos and audio recordings of Ayman al-Zawahir

.