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The Info List - Abu Ayyub Al-Masri


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Muslim Brotherhood
Muslim Brotherhood
(Unknown–1982) Egyptian Islamic Jihad (1982–1999) Al-Qaeda
Al-Qaeda
(2002–2010)

Al-Qaeda
Al-Qaeda
in Iraq (2004-2006) Mujahideen Shura Council January 2006-October 2006 Islamic State of Iraq
Islamic State of Iraq
(2006-2010)

Years of service 1980s–2010

Rank

Emir
Emir
of Al-Qaeda in Iraq
Al-Qaeda in Iraq
(June 2006 - April 2010) Emir
Emir
of the Mujahideen Shura Council (June 2006 - October 2006) Emir
Emir
of the Islamic State of Iraq
Islamic State of Iraq
(October 2006 - April 2010)

Battles/wars

Civil war in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
(1996–2001) Iraq
Iraq
War Iraqi Insurgency

First Battle of Fallujah Second Battle of Fallujah

Abu Ayyub al-Masri (/ˈɑːbuː ɑːˈjuːb ɑːl ˈmɑːsri/ ( listen) AH-boo ah-YOOB ahl MAHSS-ree; أبو أيّوب المصري, ʾAbū ʾAyyūb al-Maṣrī ; translation: "Father of Ayyub the Egyptian") (ca. 1968 – 18 April 2010),[1] also known as[2][3] ( pronunciation (help·info)) Abu Hamza al-Muhajir (أبو حمزة المهاجر ʾAbū Ḥamzah al-Muhāǧir; translation: "Father of Hamza the immigrant") and other aliases (see name) was the leader of Al-Qaeda in Iraq
Al-Qaeda in Iraq
during the Iraqi insurgency, following the death of Abu Musab al-Zarqawi
Abu Musab al-Zarqawi
in June 2006.[4][5] He was prime minister of the Islamic State of Iraq
Islamic State of Iraq
from 2009-2010.[6] He was killed during a raid on his safehouse on 18 April 2010.

Contents

1 Entry in militant groups 2 Marriage 3 Move to Iraq 4 Killing 5 Rise 6 Reports of death 7 Confirmed death 8 Name 9 See also 10 References

Entry in militant groups[edit] Born in Egypt, he joined the Muslim Brotherhood[7] and, according to General Caldwell,[8] joined Ayman al-Zawahiri's Egyptian Islamic Jihad in 1982, where he "worked with Zawahiri." Al-Masri went to Afghanistan in 1999, where he attended Osama bin Laden's al-Farouk camp, becoming an expert with explosives. Marriage[edit] al-Masri entered Yemen
Yemen
using a fake passport under the name "Yussef Haddad Labib" and taught in village schools. He married Hasna, a native of Yemen, in the capital Sanaa
Sanaa
in 1998 and they had three children. Hasna was arrested in the same April 18 operation in the Lake Tharthar
Lake Tharthar
area, south of Baghdad, in which her husband was killed.[9] "I only found out that he was Abu Ayyub al-Masri after the death of Abu Mussab al-Zarqawi," Hasna subsequently stated, referring to the Jordanian commander of Al-Qaeda
Al-Qaeda
in Iraq, who was killed in a 2006 US air raid and replaced by her husband. Hasna asserted that her husband had always been a "secretive character." Move to Iraq[edit] After the American invasion of Afghanistan, al-Masri went to Iraq
Iraq
via the United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates
in 2002, according to the subsequent account given by his widow. He lived initially in Baghdad's Karrada, then in the Amiriya fainal, and then al-Jadida, where he took charge of al-Qaeda’s operations in the southern part of the country.[10][11] The United States military said that Masri "helped draw other insurgent groups into al-Qaeda’s fold."[11] DefenseLINK News reported that Masri "helped establish the Baghdad
Baghdad
cell of al-Qaeda in early 2003". Soon after, he "worked the ‘rat line’ down the Euphrates
Euphrates
River Valley supplying suicide bombers via Syria."[12][13] After the US-led invasion, the family left Baghdad
Baghdad
for Diyala to the north. Hasna related "The two-storey house where we were was hit in a US air raid. Then, one of the men was killed but my husband and I were able to escape to Fallujah" [the Sunni
Sunni
Arab town west of Baghdad
Baghdad
that was at the time a bastion of the anti-US insurgency]. al-Masri participated in the major 2004 battle of Fallujah. After US troops stormed the town in November 2004, the family moved again, this time to the town of Abu Ghraib, on the western outskirts of the capital. In 2007, al-Masri and his family moved to the Lake Tharthar
Lake Tharthar
area. "We were changing houses the whole time, right up to his death," claimed Hasna.[14] Killing[edit] A claim posted on an Islamic website said that Abu Hamza al-Muhajir personally killed two U.S. Army soldiers who disappeared after an ambush in Iraq
Iraq
on 16 June 2006, as a means of "making his presence felt."[15] Their bodies were later found mutilated and booby-trapped in Yusufiyah, Iraq, on 19 June 2006.[16][17] On 20 September 2006, Abu Hamza al-Muhajir claimed responsibility for personally killing Turkish hostage Murat Yuce, whose execution was captured in a video first released in August 2004. Murat Yuce was killed with three gunshot wounds to the head.[18] He had been kidnapped in late July 2004, along with Turk co-worker Aytullah Gezmen, who was released in September 2004 after having declared his repentance for having worked for the Americans.[19] Rise[edit] Abu Ayyub al-Masri was on the list of persons wanted by the coalition forces and Iraqi authorities in 2005, or possibly earlier.[20] The Mujahideen Shura Council, which included Al-Qaeda in Iraq
Al-Qaeda in Iraq
and other Iraqi insurgent groups, named Abu Hamza al-Muhajir[21] as their new emir in June 2006. However, National Security Advisor Stephen Hadley said, "It’s not clear at this point who is in (control). We’ve seen a number of different reports … In our view it’s not yet settled." After Abu Omar al-Baghdadi's alleged capture by the American forces on 7 March 2007, the media started reporting about al-Masri's standing in the insurgency, and a video tape was released to the media in which al-Masri proclaims al-Baghdadi "the ruler of believers", with Iraqi Qaeda fighters under his command. al-Masri, as Abu Hamza al-Muhajir, was denoted as "al-Zarqawi's successor" by the Coalition[22] and the Bush administration posted a bounty on him, later raised to $25 million.[23] In 2008, the bounty was reduced to $100,000, with Central Command spokesman Jamie Graybeal stating that "The current assessment, based on a number of factors, shows that [al-Masri] is not ... an effective leader of al Qaeda in Iraq
Iraq
as he was last year," although, as the spokesman stated, "for security reasons," he couldn't go into detail about the assessment. The reduction of reward money knocked al-Masri off the U.S. State Department "Rewards for Justice" program list and placed him on a Department of Defense list for people with lower bounties.[3][24] Reports of death[edit] 'Abu Hamza al-Muhajir' was erroneously reported killed during a US raid in Haditha
Haditha
in October 2006,[25] and in an "internal battle between militants" in May 2007.[26] The person killed in the latter report was actually Muharib Abdul Latif al-Jubouri, a senior member of Al-Qaida in Iraq
Iraq
and the "public relations minister" of al-Baghdadi's shadow cabinet.[27] Confirmed death[edit] On April 18, 2010, Abu Ayyub al-Masri was killed in a joint American and Iraqi operation near Tikrit.[28] The coalition forces believed al-Masri to be wearing a suicide vest and proceeded cautiously. After the lengthy exchange of fire and bombing of the house, the Iraqi troops stormed inside and found two women still alive, one of whom was al-Masri's wife, and four dead men, identified as al-Masri, Abu Omar al-Baghdadi, and al-Baghdadi's son. A suicide vest was found on al-Masri's corpse, according to the Iraqi Army.[29] Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki
Nouri al-Maliki
announced the killings of Abu Omar al-Baghdadi and Abu Ayyub al-Masri at a news conference in Baghdad
Baghdad
and showed reporters photographs of their corpses. "The attack was carried out by ground forces which surrounded the house, and also through the use of missiles," Maliki said. "During the operation computers were seized with e-mails and messages to the two biggest terrorists, Osama bin Laden and [his deputy] Ayman al-Zawahiri," Maliki added. U.S. forces commander Gen. Raymond Odierno
Raymond Odierno
praised the operation. "The death of these terrorists is potentially the most significant blow to al-Qaeda in Iraq
Iraq
since the beginning of the insurgency," he said. "There is still work to do but this is a significant step forward in ridding Iraq
Iraq
of terrorists." On April 25, 2010, a four-page announcement by the Islamic State of Iraq
Iraq
organisation was posted on a militant website early Sunday confirming the deaths of al-Masri and al-Baghdadi. The ISI's shariah minister, Abu al-Walid Abd al-Wahhab al-Mashadani, stated in the announcement that the two leaders were attending a meeting when "enemy forces" engaged them in battle and launched an airstrike on their location. The announcement, in an apparent reference to the previous Friday's extensive bomb attacks, claimed that the "Crusaders and the Shi'ites will exploit the incident to improve the image of Iraqi security services and give the enemy alliance an 'illusory' victory after the mass-casualty incidents carried out by the ISI in Baghdad."[30] US Vice-President Joe Biden
Joe Biden
stated that the deaths of the top two al-Qaeda figures in Iraq
Iraq
are "potentially devastating" blows to the terror network there and proof that Iraqi security forces are gaining ground.[31] On May 14, 2010, al-Nasser Lideen Illah Abu Suleiman (الناصر لدين الله أبو سليمان an-Nāṣir li-Dīn-illāh ʾAbū Sulaymān) replaced al-Masri as war minister of the Islamic State of Iraq.[32] Name[edit] In a November 2010 interview by Kuwaiti news outlet al-Jaridah with Ibrahim al-Banna, a senior leader of Al-Qaeda
Al-Qaeda
in the Arabian Peninsula, who met with Abu Hamza while he was in Yemen, claimed that Abu Hamza's real name was Abd-al-Mun’im al-Badawi (عبد المنعم البدوي ʿAbd ul-Munʿim al-Badawī ),[33] which supported an earlier 2009 al-Qaeda statement describing the makeup of a new "War Cabinet."[34] See also[edit]

Iraq
Iraq
portal Biography portal

Khalid El-Masri

Preceded by Abu Musab al-Zarqawi Head of Al-Qaeda
Al-Qaeda
in Iraq 2006-2010 Succeeded by al-Nasser Lideen Illah Abu Suleiman

References[edit]

^ " Al-Qaeda
Al-Qaeda
confirms death of top leader" UPI, 26 April 2004 ^ Wanted Poster on al-Masri Archived October 5, 2006, at the Wayback Machine. (in Arabic), US Department of State. ^ a b Wanted Poster on al-Masri Archived February 13, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., US Department of State. ^ Jay Solomon, "Jordan Emerges as a Vital U.S. Ally", WSJ 10 June 2006 Archived December 23, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Abu Hamza al-Muhajir, Zarqawi's Mysterious Successor (aka Abu Ayub al-Masri)". Council on Foreign Relations. 13 June 2006. Archived from the original on October 9, 2011. Retrieved 9 October 2011.  ^ "Declaration of the Second Cabinet Reshuffle for the Islamic State of Iraq". Web Archive.  ^ "Biden calls leaders' deaths 'devastating' to al-Qaida" by Garamone, Jim; American Forces Press Service; 16 June 2006 ^ "US publish picture of new al-Qaeda leader in Iraq" The Times, 15 June 2006 ^ "Slain Qaeda militant 'arrived in Iraq
Iraq
under Saddam'", Agence France-Presse, hosted by Google, 28 April 2010 ^ Confusion swirls over Zarqawi successor, UPI, 20 June 2006 ^ a b "New Terror Chief?", CNN transcripts, 15 June 2006 ^ "Masri Now Leads Iraq
Iraq
Al Qaeda, Coalition Officials Say" Archived April 11, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., American Forces Press Service, 16 June 2006 ^ Picture of a weakened Iraq
Iraq
insurgency, Christian Science Monitor, 16 June 2006 ^ Al-Zarqawi’s death opens new windows into al-Qaeda network Archived September 30, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., AP, 18 June 2006 ^ " Al-Qaeda
Al-Qaeda
says new leader 'beheaded' kidnapped US soldiers" The Scotsman, 21 June 2006 ^ "U.S. says two bodies retrieved in Iraq
Iraq
were brutalized"[permanent dead link] US Airforce AIMpoints ^ "US soldiers' bodies mutilated, booby-trapped" Archived August 24, 2006, at the Wayback Machine. CNN, 20 June 2006 ^ "Turkish hostage shot to death in Iraq" China Daily, 3 August 2004 ^ "Hostage on the way home after 52 days in captivity", Turkish Daily News, Sep 16, 2004[dead link] ^ Abu Ayyub al-Masri at GlobalSecurity.org ^ "Confusion swirls over Zarqawi successor". United Press International (UPI). 20 June 2006. [dead link] ^ "Iraq: Top Insurgent Leader Nabbed" CBC News, 9 March 2007 ^ "Iraq : Country of Origin Information Report, UK Home Office, Border and Immigration Agency, 30 April 2007 ^ "Reward for wanted terrorist drops", CNN report, 13 May 2008 ^ "Iraqis test dead militant's DNA", BBC, 5 October 2006 ^ " Al-Qaeda in Iraq
Al-Qaeda in Iraq
leader 'killed'" BBC, 1 May 2007 ^ " Islamic State of Iraq
Islamic State of Iraq
defense minister captured" The Long War Journal, Foundation for Defense of Democracies, 27 December 2007 ^ "2 Most Wanted Al Qaeda Leaders in Iraq
Iraq
Killed by U.S., Iraqi Forces" FoxNews, 19 April 2010. ^ "US : Al-Qaida in Iraq
Iraq
warlord slain" MSNBC, 20 April 2010. ^ " Al-Qaeda in Iraq
Al-Qaeda in Iraq
says leaders dead" al-Jazeera, 25 April 2010. ^ "Iraqi al-Qaeda leaders 'killed'". BBC News. 19 April 2010.  ^ "SITE: Qaeda in Iraq
Iraq
names new 'war minister1" MiddleEastOnline, 14 May 2010. ^ State Department designates founding member of Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula FDD's Long War Journal ^ "U.S.: 2 of Al Qaeda's Top Leaders Killed in Iraq", CBC News, 19 April 2010

v t e

al-Jihad under the leadership of Ayman al-Zawahiri

al-Zawahiri ran AJ from 1991 until 2001, when it merged with al-Qaeda

Vanguards of Conquest

Kamel Agiza Mohammad Zeki Mahjoub Essam Marzouk Ihab Saqr Yassir al-Sirri

The Core of al-Jihad

Ayman al-Zawahiri Attack on the Egyptian Embassy in Pakistan Returnees from Albania Mohammed Atef Mohammed Mutaleb Sayyed Imam Al-Sharif Thirwat Shehata Adil Awad Siyam

Killed in operations

Nazih Nushi Rashed Tarek Abdel-Nabi

Alleged members of al-Jihad

Hani al-Sibai Ali Mohamed Ahmad Salamah Mabruk Essam al-Qamari Mahmoud Jaballah Ibrahim Ismail Allam Ibrahim Eidarous Adel Abdel Bari Abu Ayyub al-Masri Barakat Fahim Ali Mohamed Muhammad al-Zery Salem el-Masri Sayyed Ahmed Abdel-Maqssuod Sayyed Ajami Osama Hassan Ahmed Saeed Salama Abdel Fahmi Issam Alim Ahmad Isma'il 'Uthman Mahmud Hisham al-Hennawi Ali Sayyid Muhamed Mustafa al-Bakri Abu Muaz al-Masry Ahmad Ibrahim al-Naggar Tareq Ali Mursi Magid Mostafa Mohammad Hassan Mahmoud Shawqi Salama Mustafa Atiya Abu Talal al-Qasimi Mohamed Hassan Tita Ameen Yusef al-Domeiry Khaled Medhet al-Fiqi Muhammad Abdelrahim al-Sharqawi Muhammad al-Zawahiri Yusef Abdel Majeed Essam Hendawi Abdel Hadi al-Tunsi Nabeel al-Bora'i Essam Hasheesh Waheed Gamal al-Deen Hassan Ali Ismaeel T

.