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Abilene (pronounced /ˈæbɪliːn/)[7] is a city in and the county seat of Dickinson County, Kansas, United States.[8] As of the 2010 census, the city population was 6,844.[9] The Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library and Museum is located in Abilene.

Contents

1 History

1.1 19th century 1.2 20th century

2 Geography

2.1 Climate

3 Economy 4 Demographics

4.1 2010 census

5 Education

5.1 Primary and secondary education

6 Transportation 7 Media

7.1 Print 7.2 Radio 7.3 Television

8 Points of interest 9 Cultural 10 Notable people 11 Sister Cities 12 See also 13 Further reading 14 References 15 External links

History[edit] See also: History of Kansas 19th century[edit]

Joseph McCoy's Drover's Hotel, McCoy's Stock Yard in 1867

Former Rock Island Depot. Currently a gift shop for Abilene and Smoky Valley Railroad (2010)

1915 Railroad Map of Dickinson County

For millennia, the land now known as Kansas
Kansas
was inhabited by Native Americans. In 1803, most of modern Kansas
Kansas
was secured by the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas
Kansas
became the 34th U.S. state. In 1857, Dickinson County was founded. Abilene began as a stage coach stop in the same year, established by Timothy Hersey and named Mud Creek. It wasn't until 1860 that it was named Abilene, from a passage in the Bible (Luke 3:1), meaning "city of the plains".[2] In 1867, the Kansas
Kansas
Pacific Railway (Union Pacific) pushed westward through Abilene. In the same year, Joseph G. McCoy purchased 250 acres of land north and east of Abilene, on which he built a hotel, the Drover’s Cottage, stockyards equipped for 2,000 heads of cattle, and a stable for their horses. The Kansas
Kansas
Pacific put in a spur line at Abilene that enabled the cattle cars to be loaded and sent on to their destinations. The first twenty carloads left September 5, 1867, en route to Chicago, Illinois, where McCoy was familiar with the market.[10] The town grew quickly and became the very first "cow town" of the west.[11] McCoy encouraged Texas cattlemen to drive their herds to his stockyards. From 1867 to 1871, the Chisholm Trail
Chisholm Trail
ended in Abilene, bringing in many travelers and making Abilene one of the wildest towns in the west.[12][13] The stockyards shipped 35,000 head in 1867 and became the largest stockyards west of Kansas
Kansas
City, Kansas. In 1871, more than 5,000 cowboys herded from 600,000 to 700,000 cows to Abilene and other Kansas
Kansas
railheads.[2][14][15] Another source reports 440,200 head of cattle were shipped out of Abilene from 1867 to 1871.[16] As railroads were built further south, the end of the Chisholm Trail
Chisholm Trail
was slowly moved south towards Caldwell, while as Kansas
Kansas
homesteaders moved the trail west towards and past Ellsworth. Town marshal Tom "Bear River" Smith was initially successful policing Abilene, often using only his bare hands. He survived two assassination attempts during his tenure. However, he was murdered and decapitated on November 2, 1870. Smith wounded one of his two attackers during the shootout preceding his death, and both suspects received life in prison for the offense.[11] He was replaced by Wild Bill Hickok in April 1871.[2] Hickok's time in the job was short. While the marshal was standing off a crowd during a street brawl, gambler Phil Coe
Phil Coe
took two shots at Hickok, who returned fire, killing Coe. But Hickok then accidentally shot his friend and deputy, Mike Williams,[17] who was coming to his aid. Hickok lost his job two months later in December. In 1880 Conrad Lebold built the Lebold Mansion. Lebold was one of the early town developers and bankers from 1869 through 1889. The Hersey dugout can still be seen in the cellar. The house is now a private residence.[18] A marker outside credits the name of the town being given by opening a Bible and using the first place name pointed to. In 1887, Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway
Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway
built a branch line from Neva (3 miles west of Strong City) through Abilene to Superior, Nebraska. In 1996, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway
Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway
merged with Burlington Northern Railroad
Burlington Northern Railroad
and renamed to the current BNSF Railway. Most locals still refer to this railroad as the "Santa Fe". In 1890, Dr. A.B. Seelye founded the A.B. Seelye Medical Company. Seelye developed over 100 products for the company including "Wasa-Tusa",[19] an Indian name meaning to heal. 20th century[edit]

Eisenhower Presidential Library

Abilene became home to Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
when his family moved to Abilene from Denison, Texas
Denison, Texas
in 1892. Eisenhower attended elementary school through high school in Abilene, graduating in 1909. The Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library
Eisenhower Presidential Library
and Museum is the burial site of President Eisenhower, his wife, Mamie, and their first-born son Doud Dwight.[20] Geography[edit]

2005 KDOT Map of Dickinson County (map legend)

Abilene is located at 38°55′11″N 97°13′2″W / 38.91972°N 97.21722°W / 38.91972; -97.21722 (38.919721, −97.217329) at an elevation of 1,155 feet (352 m).[6][21] The city lies on the north side of the Smoky Hill River[2] in the Flint Hills region of the Great Plains.[22] Mud Creek, a tributary of the Smoky Hill, flows south through the city.[23] Located in north-central Kansas
Kansas
at the intersection of Interstate 70
Interstate 70
and K-15, Abilene is approximately 27 mi (43 km) east of Salina, Kansas, 94 mi (151 km) north of Wichita, and 139 mi (224 km) west of Kansas
Kansas
City.[22][24] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.68 square miles (12.12 km2), all of it land.[3] Climate[edit] Lying in the transition zone between North America's humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) and humid continental climate (Köppen Dfa) zones, Abilene experiences hot, humid summers and cold, dry winters. In the spring, severe thunderstorms bring the threat of tornadoes and hail. Over the course of a year, temperatures range from an average low below 20 °F (−7 °C) in January to an average high of nearly 95 °F (35 °C) in July. The maximum temperature reaches 90 °F (32 °C) an average of 66 days per year and reaches 100 °F (38 °C) an average of 14 days per year. The minimum temperature falls to or below the freezing point an average of 116 days per year. Typically the first fall freeze occurs between the last week of September and the first week of November, and the last spring freeze occurs during April or the first week of May. The area receives nearly 33 inches (840 mm) of precipitation during an average year with the largest share being received in May and June—which when combined average 19 days of measurable precipitation. There are on average 79 days of measurable precipitation per year. Winter snowfall averages about 14 inches, but the median is less than 10 inches (250 mm). Measurable snowfall occurs an average of 7 days per year with at least an inch of snow being received on five of those days. Snow depth of at least an inch occurs an average of 8 days per year.[25] The hottest temperature recorded in Abilene was 113 °F (45 °C) in 1954; the coldest temperature recorded was −24 °F (−31 °C) in 1989.[26]

Climate data for Abilene, Kansas

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °F (°C) 77 (25) 83 (28) 91 (33) 98 (37) 102 (39) 111 (44) 113 (45) 111 (44) 111 (44) 98 (37) 88 (31) 73 (23) 113 (45)

Average high °F (°C) 42 (6) 48 (9) 58 (14) 68 (20) 77 (25) 87 (31) 94 (34) 92 (33) 83 (28) 70 (21) 56 (13) 43 (6) 68.2 (20)

Daily mean °F (°C) 31 (−1) 36 (2) 46 (8) 56 (13) 67 (19) 77 (25) 82 (28) 80 (27) 71 (22) 58 (14) 45 (7) 33 (1) 56.8 (13.8)

Average low °F (°C) 21 (−6) 25 (−4) 34 (1) 44 (7) 56 (13) 66 (19) 71 (22) 68 (20) 59 (15) 46 (8) 34 (1) 23 (−5) 45.6 (7.6)

Record low °F (°C) −19 (−28) −22 (−30) −9 (−23) 15 (−9) 27 (−3) 39 (4) 44 (7) 41 (5) 23 (−5) 16 (−9) −6 (−21) −24 (−31) −24 (−31)

Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.82 (20.8) 1.09 (27.7) 2.55 (64.8) 2.80 (71.1) 4.73 (120.1) 4.35 (110.5) 4.31 (109.5) 3.88 (98.6) 2.54 (64.5) 2.64 (67.1) 1.99 (50.5) 1.04 (26.4) 32.74 (831.6)

Average snowfall inches (cm) 4.8 (12.2) 3.6 (9.1) 1.9 (4.8) 0.1 (0.3) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.1 (0.3) 0.8 (2) 2.5 (6.4) 13.8 (35.1)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 4.1 4.2 6.9 7.8 10.3 8.3 7.5 7.9 6.4 6.0 5.4 4.4 79.1

Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 2.3 1.7 0.8 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.4 1.9 7.3

Source: The Weather Channel;[26] National Weather Service[25]

Economy[edit] Abilene remains a cattle yard town, which is still loaded onto the rail system, along with grain and other crops.[2] Demographics[edit]

Historical population

Census Pop.

1880 2,360

1890 3,547

50.3%

1900 3,507

−1.1%

1910 4,118

17.4%

1920 4,895

18.9%

1930 5,658

15.6%

1940 5,671

0.2%

1950 5,775

1.8%

1960 6,746

16.8%

1970 6,661

−1.3%

1980 6,572

−1.3%

1990 6,242

−5.0%

2000 6,543

4.8%

2010 6,844

4.6%

Est. 2016 6,469 [4] −5.5%

U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit] As of the 2010 census, there were 6,844 people, 2,878 households, and 1,781 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,463.6 people per square mile (3,791/km²). There were 3,143 housing units at an average density of 671.6 per square mile (259.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.9% White, 0.9% African American, 0.4% American Indian, 0.2% Asian, 1.1% from some other race, and 2.4% from two or more races. 4.7% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.[5] There were 2,878 households of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.3% were married couples living together, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.1% were non-families. 33.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33, and the average family size was 2.97.[5] In the city, the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 23.7% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, and 19.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.2 males age 18 and over.[5] The median income for a household in the city was $48,115, and the median income for a family was $61,146. Males had a median income of $42,332 versus $29,325 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,820. About 7.3% of families and 10.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.1% of those under age 18 and 15.1% of those age 65 or over.[5] Education[edit] Primary and secondary education[edit] Abilene is part of Unified School District 435.[27][28] Transportation[edit] Interstate 70
Interstate 70
and U.S. Route 40 run concurrently east–west immediately north of Abilene, intersecting highway K-15, which runs north–south through the city.[22] Abilene Municipal Airport is located on the city's southwest side. Publicly owned, it has one asphalt runway and is used predominantly for general aviation.[29] The Kansas
Kansas
Pacific (KP) line of the Union Pacific
Union Pacific
Railroad runs east–west through the city.[23][30] It intersects a BNSF Railway line which enters the city from the east and then turns north.[31] Media[edit] Print[edit] Abilene has one daily newspaper, The Abilene Reflector-Chronicle.[32] Radio[edit] The following radio stations are licensed to Abilene: AM

Frequency Callsign[33] Format[34] City
City
of License Notes

1560 KABI Adult Standards/MOR Abilene, Kansas -

FM

Frequency Callsign[35] Format[36] City
City
of License Notes

94.1 K231AW Religious Abilene, Kansas AFR; Translator of KAKA, Salina, Kansas[37]

98.5 KSAJ-FM Oldies Abilene, Kansas Broadcasts from Salina, Kansas[38]

Television[edit] Abilene is in the Wichita-Hutchinson, Kansas
Kansas
television market.[39] Points of interest[edit]

Lebold Mansion

Abilene and Smoky Valley Railroad
Abilene and Smoky Valley Railroad
- A tourist railroad based out of the old Rock Island train depot in Old Abilene Town; it hauls passengers between Abilene and Enterprise.[40] Eisenhower Presidential Center
Eisenhower Presidential Center
and the Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library and Museum.[1] - Contains murals depicting President Eisenhower's life, painted by artists, Louis George Bouché and Ross Moffett in 1954. Great Plains
Great Plains
Theatre - Originally First Presbyterian Church, built in 1881, Landmarked, and is now a live professional theatre, and movie theatre. [2] Greyhound
Greyhound
Hall of Fame - Located near the Eisenhower Presidential Library, the hall exhibits the history of the greyhound breed and of greyhound racing. Heritage Center of Dickinson County - Two museums including the Historical Museum and the Museum of Independent Telephony. The Museum of Independent Telephony tells the story of C.L. Brown, whose independent Brown Telephone Company
Brown Telephone Company
grew to become the telecommunications company known today as Sprint Nextel Corporation [3]. [4] Lebold Mansion
Lebold Mansion
- National Register Property listed in 1973. Built in 1880 in the Italianate Tuscan villa style. This decorative arts museum was once home to one of the finest collections of American Victorian antiques and artifacts. However the museum closed to all tours in June 2010 and was sold to new owners as a private residence on 9/15/10.[5] Old Abilene Town
Abilene Town
- Constructed as a replica historic district, beginning in the late 1950s, it includes several original buildings that have been moved from their original locations.[41] A. B. Seelye House and Museum - A Georgian style mansion built in 1905 at a cost of $55,000. The 25 room mansion contains the original furniture and Edison light fixtures. The Patent Medicine Museum contains many artifacts of the A.B. Seelye Medical Company. [6] Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, it is currently a museum showcasing Seelye, an advocate of patent medicines.[42] Kansas
Kansas
Historical Marker - Historic Abilene, on south Sixth Street.[43]

Cultural[edit] Cowboy-era Abilene is the fictional setting for the Randolph Scott-starring 1946 film Abilene Town, which in turn became the inspiration behind the 1963 hit song "Abilene” recorded by George Hamilton lV. Notable people[edit]

Dwight D. Eisenhower

See also: List of people from Dickinson County, Kansas Old West figures who lived in Abilene during its period as a cowtown included Wild Bill Hickok, cattle baron Joseph McCoy, gambler Phil Coe, marshal Tom “Bear River” Smith, gunfighters Pat Desmond, Thomas J. Smith, John Wesley Hardin
John Wesley Hardin
and Ben Thompson, and Thompson's sister-in-law Libby, a prostitute and dance hall girl.[44][45] President of the United States
President of the United States
and five-star general Dwight D. Eisenhower grew up in Abilene as did his brothers Edgar, Earl, and Milton.[46][47] President Eisenhower is buried in Abilene, along with his wife Mamie and their eldest son Doud, on the grounds of his presidential library.[48] Other notable individuals who were born in and/or have lived in Abilene include:

C. Olin Ball, food scientist, inventor[49] Harry Beaumont, Oscar-nominated film director Joseph R. Burton, U.S. Senator from Kansas[50] Steve Doocy, journalist, author[51] Edward C. Little, U.S. Representative from Kansas[52] Deane Waldo Malott, university administrator[53] Frank D. Parent, California court judge[54] Everett W. Stewart, World War II flying ace[55] Hy Vandenberg, Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
pitcher[56] Cody Whitehair, center in NFL Marlin Fitzwater, former Press Secreatry of Presidents Ronald Reagan and George Bush

Sister Cities[edit]

Omitama, Japan[57]

See also[edit]

Kansas
Kansas
portal

National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places
listings in Dickinson County, Kansas Abilene High School Abilene Trail Abilene, Texas

Further reading[edit] See also: List of books about Dickinson County, Kansas

Guide Map of the Best and Shortest Cattle Trail to the Kansas
Kansas
Pacific Railway; Kansas
Kansas
Pacific Railway Company; 1875. (Read Online)(Map)

References[edit]

^ a b c d Geographic Names Information System
Geographic Names Information System
(GNIS) details for Abilene, Kansas; United States Geological Survey
United States Geological Survey
(USGS); October 13, 1978. ^ a b c d e f Hoiberg, Dale H., ed. (2010). "Abilene". Encyclopædia Britannica. I: A-ak Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, Illinois: Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. p. 32. ISBN 978-1-59339-837-8.  ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-14. Retrieved 2012-07-06.  ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.  ^ a b c d e "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  ^ William Allen White School of Journalism and Public Information (1955). A pronunciation guide to Kansas
Kansas
place names. Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas. p. 7.  ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2015-05-10. Retrieved 2011-06-07.  ^ "2010 City
City
Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved March 6, 2011.  ^ Smith, Jessica (2013). "Morality and Money: A Look at how the Respectable Community Battled the Sporting Community over Prostitution in Kansas
Kansas
Cowtowns, 1867-1885" (PDF). Kansas
Kansas
State University.  ^ a b Joseph G. Rosa (1979). They Called Him Wild Bill. University of Oklahoma Press. pp. 172–206. ISBN 978-0-8061-1538-2. Retrieved 18 October 2010.  ^ "Chisholm Trail". Archived from the original on 2012-11-19.  at the Oklahoma Historical Society's Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. ^ Route of the Chisholm cattle trail in Kansas; Kansas
Kansas
Historical Society, 1960s. ^ Gard, Wayne (1969) [1954]. The Chisholm Trail. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press. pp. 155–156. LCCN 54-6204.  ^ Walker, Paul Robert (1997). Mulroy, Kevin, ed. Trail of the Wild West. Kingsport, TN: National Geographic Society. pp. 124–125. ISBN 978-0792270218.  ^ Kansas
Kansas
Pacific Railway Company. Guide Map of the Best and Shortest Cattle Trail to the Kansas
Kansas
Pacific Railway; Kansas
Kansas
Pacific Railway Company; 1875. ^ "Officer Down Memorial Page (ODMP)". 2017-07-03. Archived from the original on 2018-03-21.  ^ "Lebold Mansion, Abilene". Kansas
Kansas
Sampler Foundation. Retrieved 18 October 2010.  ^ "The historic Seelye Mansion, Abilene, Kansas". Retrieved 18 October 2010.  ^ " Flint Hills
Flint Hills
of Kansas
Kansas
Shopping, Dining, & Accommodations". 2016-03-08. Archived from the original on 2018-03-21.  ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.  ^ a b c "2003-2004 Official Transportation Map" (PDF). Kansas Department of Transportation. 2003. Retrieved 2011-04-17.  ^ a b "General Highway Map - Dickinson County, Kansas" (PDF). Kansas Department of Transportation. 2010-07-01. Retrieved 2011-04-17.  ^ " City
City
Distance Tool". Geobytes. Archived from the original on 12 April 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-11.  ^ a b "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Weather Service Forecast Office - Topeka, KS. Retrieved 2011-04-16.  ^ a b "Average weather for Abilene, KS". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-04-16.  ^ USD 435 ^ " Kansas
Kansas
School District Boundary Map" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-21.  ^ "K78 - Abilene Municipal Airport". AirNav.com. Retrieved 2011-04-16.  ^ "UPRR Common Line Names" (PDF). Union Pacific
Union Pacific
Railroad. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 May 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-17.  ^ " Kansas
Kansas
Operating Division" (PDF). BNSF Railway. 2009-01-01. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 March 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-16.  ^ "About this Newspaper: Abilene reflector-chronicle". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2009-09-27.  ^ "AMQ AM Radio Database Query". Federal Communications Commission. Archived from the original on 25 August 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-27.  ^ "Station Information Profile". Arbitron. Retrieved 2009-09-27.  ^ "FMQ FM Radio Database Query". Federal Communications Commission. Archived from the original on 25 August 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-27.  ^ "Radio Stations in Abilene, Kansas". Radio-Locator. Retrieved 2011-05-11.  ^ "K231AW-FM Radio Station Information". Radio-Locator. Retrieved 2011-05-13.  ^ "Contact Us". KSAJ-FM. Archived from the original on 2012-01-05. Retrieved 2011-12-17.  ^ " Kansas
Kansas
TV Market Map". EchoStar Knowledge Base. Archived from the original on 2011-07-26. Retrieved 2011-05-13.  ^ Abilene & Smoky Valley Excursion Train, Kansas
Kansas
Department of Commerce. Accessed 2009-04-14. ^ Historic Old Abilene Town, Abilene. Accessed 2009-04-14. ^ Seelye Mansion, Abilene. Accessed 2009-04-14. ^ Kansas
Kansas
Historical Marker - Historic Abilene ^ Gray, Jim. "Abilene History". Kansas
Kansas
Cattle Towns. Archived from the original on 2012-03-23. Retrieved 2011-04-23.  ^ Weiser, Kathy (2008). "Old West Legends - Texas Madam Squirrel Tooth Alice". Legends of America. Retrieved 2011-04-23.  ^ "Abilene Years". Eisenhower Presidential Center. Retrieved 2011-04-23.  ^ "President Dwight D. Eisenhower". Internet Accuracy Project. Retrieved 2011-04-23.  ^ "Final Post". Eisenhower Presidential Center. Retrieved 2011-04-23.  ^ Pehanich, Mike (2003-09-10). "Hail to the innovators". Food Engineering. Retrieved 2011-04-23.  ^ "Burton, Joseph Ralph". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 2011-04-23.  ^ "Five Minutes with FOX & Friends". Fox News Channel. Retrieved 2011-04-23.  ^ "Little, Edward Campbell". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 2011-04-23.  ^ "President Emeritus Malott dies at 98". Cornell Chronicle. 1996-09-19. Archived from the original on 14 May 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-23.  ^ F. D. Parent, Retired City
City
Judge, Dies at 81: Inglewood Man, Who Served on Bench 28 Years, Coached Eisenhower in High School., Los Angeles Times, 1960-06-20, p. B1.  ^ Hatch, Gardner N.; Winter, Frank H. (1993), P-51 Mustang, Nashville: Turner Publishing Company, p. 135.  ^ " Hy Vandenberg
Hy Vandenberg
Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2011-04-23.  ^ "Interactive City
City
Directory". Sister Cities International. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Abilene, Kansas.

City

City
City
of Abilene Abilene - Directory of Public Officials

Schools

USD 435, local school district

Historical

Historic Images of Abilene, Special
Special
Photo Collections at Wichita State University Library Kansas
Kansas
Photo Tour - Eisenhower Center Seelye Mansion on YouTube, from Hatteberg's People on KAKE
KAKE
TV news

Maps

Abilene City
City
Map, KDOT

v t e

Municipalities and communities of Dickinson County, Kansas, United States

County seat: Abilene

Cities

Abilene Carlton Chapman Enterprise Herington‡ Hope Manchester Solomon‡ Woodbine

CDPs

Detroit Talmage

Unincorporated communities

Acme Buckeye Dillon Elmo Holland Industry‡ Lyona Moonlight Navarre Pearl Shady Brook Stoney Sutphen Upland

Townships

Banner Buckeye Center Cheever Flora Fragrant Hill Garfield Grant Hayes Holland Hope Jefferson Liberty Lincoln Logan Lyon Newbern Noble Ridge Rinehart Sherman Union Wheatland Willowdale

Footnotes

‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

v t e

American Old West

Notable people

Explorers and pioneers

John Bozeman Jim Bridger William Clark Davy Crockett John C. Frémont Liver-Eating Johnson Meriwether Lewis Joe Mayer William John Murphy John Wesley Powell Levi Ruggles Jedediah Smith Jack Swilling Trinidad Swilling Ora Rush Weed Henry Wickenburg Brigham Young

Native Americans

Black Hawk Black Kettle Bloody Knife Chief Joseph Cochise Crazy Horse Geronimo Irataba Mangas Coloradas Manuelito Massai Quanah Parker Red Cloud Sacagawea Sitting Bull Ten Bears Touch the Clouds Tuvi Victorio

Lawmen

Elfego Baca Charlie Bassett Roy Bean Morgan Earp Virgil Earp Wyatt Earp Henry Garfias Pat Garrett Jack Helm "Wild Bill" Hickok Bat Masterson "Mysterious Dave" Mather Bass Reeves George Scarborough John Selman John Horton Slaughter William "Bill" Tilghman James Timberlake Harry C. Wheeler

Outlaws

Billy the Kid Black Bart "Curly Bill" Brocius Butch Cassidy Billy Clanton Ike Clanton Bill Dalton Bill Doolin John Wesley Hardin Johnny Ringo Jesse James Tom Ketchum Frank McLaury Tom McLaury Joaquin Murrieta Cochise
Cochise
County Cowboys Belle Starr Soapy Smith Sundance Kid Cole Younger

Soldiers and scouts

Frederick Russell Burnham Kit Carson "Buffalo Bill" Cody Texas Jack Omohundro James C. Cooney George Crook George Armstrong Custer Samuel P. Heintzelman Tom Horn Calamity Jane Luther Kelly Ranald S. Mackenzie Charley Reynolds Philip Sheridan Al Sieber

Others

John Jacob Astor William H. Boring Jonathan R. Davis George Flavel C. S. Fly John Joel Glanton George E. Goodfellow Doc Holliday Seth Kinman Nat Love Sylvester Mowry Emperor Norton Annie Oakley Thomas William Sweeny Jack Swilling

Native Americans

Apache Arapaho Arikara Assiniboine
Assiniboine
(Nakota) Blackfoot Cahuilla Cayuse Cheyenne Chinook Chippewa (Ojibwe) Caddo Cocopah Comanche Crow Dakota Five Civilized Tribes Hidatsa Hopi Hualapai Kickapoo Kiowa Ktunaxa Kumeyaay Lakota Mandan Maricopa Modoc Mohave Navajo Nez Perce Northern Paiute Nootka (Nuu-chah-nulth) Pawnee Pend d'Oreilles Pima Pueblo Shoshone Sioux Southern Paiute Tohono O'odham Tonkawa Umpqua Ute Washoe Yaqui Yavapai Yuma (Quechan)

Frontier culture

American bison Barbed wire Boot Hill Cattle drive Cowboy poetry Cattle rustling Cow town Fast draw Ghost town Gunfights Homesteading Land rush Manifest destiny Moonshine One-room schoolhouse Rodeo Stagecoach Train robbery Vigilante
Vigilante
justice Western saloon

Tack piano

Westward expansion Wild West shows

Transport and trails

Barlow Road Bozeman Trail Butterfield Trail California Trail Chisholm Trail Great Platte River Road Great Western Cattle Trail Lolo Pass Meek Cutoff Mormon Trail Oregon Trail Pony Express Santa Fe Trail Southern Emigrant Trail Tanner Trail First Transcontinental Railroad

Folklore

Dead man's hand Dime novel John Henry Johnny Kaw Lone Ranger Long Tom's treasure Lost Dutchman's Gold Mine Lost Ship of the Desert Montezuma's treasure Paul Bunyan Pecos Bill Seven Cities of Gold

Gold rushes

Black Hills Gold Rush California Gold Rush Confederate Gulch and Diamond City Klondike Gold Rush Pike's Peak Gold Rush

Gunfights

Battle of Coffeyville Battle of Lincoln Frisco shootout Gunfight at the O.K. Corral Long Branch Saloon gunfight Variety Hall shootout

Military conflicts

Battle of the Alamo Battle of Glorieta Pass Battle of the Little Bighorn Battle of San Jacinto Battle of Washita River First Battle of Adobe Walls Indian Wars Sand Creek massacre Wounded Knee Massacre

Range wars and feuds

Earp-Clanton feud Johnson County War Lincoln County War Mason County War Pleasant Valley War Sheep Wars Sutton–Taylor feud

Lists

Arizona Rangers Cowboys and cowgirls Gangs Gunfights Lawmen Mountain men Outlaws Timeline of the American Old West

Influence

Western genre Western lifestyle

Places

Alaska

Anchorage Iditarod Nome Seward Skagway

Arizona Territory

Canyon Diablo Fort Grant Prescott Phoenix Tombstone Tucson Yuma

California

Bakersfield Fresno Jamestown Los Angeles Sacramento San Diego San Francisco

Colorado

Creede Denver Telluride Trinidad

Dakota Territory

Bismarck Deadwood Fargo Pine Ridge Rapid City Yankton

Idaho Territory

Fort Boise Fort Hall

Illinois

Fort Dearborn

Kansas

Abilene Dodge City Ellsworth Hays Leavenworth Wichita

Missouri

Independence Kansas
Kansas
City St. Louis

Montana Territory

Billings Bozeman Deer Lodge Fort Benton Fort Peck Helena Livingston Missoula Virginia City

Nebraska

Chadron Fort Atkinson Fort Robinson Nebraska City Ogallala Omaha Valentine

Nevada

Carson City Virginia City Reno

New Mexico Territory

Alamogordo Albuquerque Cimarron Fort Sumner Gallup Las Vegas Lincoln Mesilla Mogollon Roswell Santa Fe Tucumcari

Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory

Broken Arrow Fort Sill Oklahoma City

Oregon Territory

Astoria The Dalles La Grande McMinnville Oregon City Portland Salem Vale

Texas

Austin Abilene El Paso Fort Worth Gonzales Lubbock San Antonio

Utah Territory

Salt Lake City

Washington Territory

Everett Port Townsend Seattle Vancouver

Wyoming Territory

Fort Br

.