ABERFFRAW (Welsh : Aberffro) is a small village and community on
the south west coast of the
Isle of Anglesey (Welsh : Ynys Môn), in
Wales , by the west bank of the Afon Ffraw (Ffraw River). Access by
road is by way of the A4080 and the nearest rail station is
In the early
Aberffraw was the capital of the Kingdom of
Gwynedd from c.860 AD until c.1170. Under the eponymous Aberffraw
Dynasty it came to be the most important political centre in medieval
Wales . The Llys remained the symbolic throne of the Kings of Gwynedd
from the 9th century to the 13th century. The Royal Annals of Edward I
of England show the Llys was dismantled in 1315 to provide building
materials for nearby
Beaumaris Castle .
...appeared to demonstrate the presence of a two-phase, round-angled,
rectangular enclosure, at least 70m NNE-SSW, thought to represent a
Roman military work, refurnished in the early medieval period as a
llys (Princely court) enclosure; although a radio-carbon date centring
on the period 27-387AD, appears to support this thesis, the
identification of a Roman work is currently out of favour: the site of
the llys, whose (partial?) dismantling is recorded in 1317, is
regarded as uncertain: two sculptured heads, of apparent C13 style,
are known from the village (White 1978): the putative curving angle of
the enclosure has been suggested to hint at the former presence of a
motte: excavations at the traditional site of the llys, about 650m to
the WSW, recorded only C18 remains. EXCAVATION, 1973-4 (WHITE 1979) .
* 2 Governance
* 3 Demographics
* 4 In mythology
* 5 Notes
* 6 Further reading
* 7 External links
At the 2011 census,
Aberffraw had a population of 620, of which
67.5% are able to speak Welsh (2011 Census). Attractions near
Aberffraw village include Llyn Coron (a lake),
Barclodiad y Gawres , a
Neolithic burial chamber and the island of
Cribinau with the 7th
century church of Saint Cwyfan perched on top. The church still holds
services in the summer and is sometimes used for weddings, with access
by boat. The village has a sandy beach, which was awarded the Blue
flag rural beach award in 2005, and is on the
Anglesey Coastal Path .
There is a post office in the village. St Beuno\'s Church,
dates from the 12th century and is a Grade II* listed building. The
village also has an association football team . The Welsh language
school, Ysgol Aberffraw, closed in 2011.
An electoral ward in the same name exists. This ward also includes
the community of
Llanfaelog . The total population was 1,370.
Aberffraw's population was 620, according to the 2011 census ; a
1.97% increase since the 608 people noted in 2001 .
The 2011 census showed 67.5% of the population could speak Welsh , a
fall from 80.8% in 2001.
Welsh mythology ,
Aberffraw features as the site of