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Aberffraw
Aberffraw
(Welsh: Aberffro)[1][2] is a small village and community on the south west coast of the Isle of Anglesey
Isle of Anglesey
(Welsh: Ynys Môn), in Wales, by the west bank of the Afon Ffraw (Ffraw River). Access by road is by way of the A4080 and the nearest rail station is Bodorgan. In the early Middle Ages
Middle Ages
Aberffraw
Aberffraw
was the capital of the Kingdom of Gwynedd
Gwynedd
from c.860 AD until c.1170. Under the eponymous Aberffraw Dynasty it came to be the most important political centre in medieval Wales. The Llys remained the symbolic throne of the Kings of Gwynedd from the 9th century to the 13th century. The Royal Annals of Edward I of England show the Llys was dismantled in 1315 to provide building materials for nearby Beaumaris
Beaumaris
Castle.

...appeared to demonstrate the presence of a two-phase, round-angled, rectangular enclosure, at least 70m NNE-SSW, thought to represent a Roman military work, refurnished in the early medieval period as a llys (Princely court) enclosure; although a radio-carbon date centring on the period 27-387AD, appears to support this thesis, the identification of a Roman work is currently out of favour: the site of the llys, whose (partial?) dismantling is recorded in 1317, is regarded as uncertain: two sculptured heads, of apparent C13 style, are known from the village (White 1978): the putative curving angle of the enclosure has been suggested to hint at the former presence of a motte: excavations at the traditional site of the llys, about 650m to the WSW, recorded only C18 remains. Excavation, 1973-4 (White 1979) [1].

Contents

1 Aberffraw
Aberffraw
village 2 Governance 3 Demographics 4 In mythology 5 Notes 6 Further reading 7 External links

Aberffraw
Aberffraw
village[edit]

Aberffraw

At the 2011 census, Aberffraw
Aberffraw
had a population of 620,[3] of which 67.5% are able to speak Welsh (2011 Census).[4] Attractions near Aberffraw
Aberffraw
village include Llyn Coron (a lake), Barclodiad y Gawres, a Neolithic
Neolithic
burial chamber and the island of Cribinau
Cribinau
with the 7th century church of Saint Cwyfan perched on top. The church still holds services in the summer and is sometimes used for weddings, with access by boat. The village has a sandy beach, which was awarded the Blue flag rural beach award in 2005, and is on the Anglesey
Anglesey
Coastal Path. There is a post office in the village. St Beuno's Church, Aberffraw, dates from the 12th century and is a Grade II* listed building.[5] The village also has an association football team. The Welsh language school, Ysgol Aberffraw, closed in 2011.[6] Governance[edit] Until the 2012 Isle of Anglesey
Isle of Anglesey
electoral boundary changes an electoral ward in the same name existed. This ward also included part of the community of Llanfaelog. The total population was 1,370.[7] Since the boundary changes Aberfrraw has been part of a larger Bro Aberffraw
Aberffraw
ward which elects two county councillors to the Isle of Anglesey
Anglesey
County Council.[8] Demographics[edit] Aberffraw's population was 620, according to the 2011 census;[9] a 1.97% increase since the 608 people noted in 2001.[10] The 2011 census showed 67.5% of the population could speak Welsh, a fall from 80.8% in 2001.[4] In mythology[edit] In Welsh mythology, Aberffraw
Aberffraw
features as the site of Branwen
Branwen
and Matholwch's wedding festival, where Efnysien
Efnysien
maimed Matholwch's horses.[11] Notes[edit]

^ "Search: Aberffraw". Enwau Cymru. University of Wales. Retrieved 16 April 2013.  ^ Spelled variously in period sources, including Aberfrau. ^ "Parish Headcounts: Isle of Anglesey". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 16 April 2013.  ^ a b "2011 Census results by Community". Welsh Language Commissioner. 26 October 2012. Retrieved 25 June 2017.  ^ Cadw
Cadw
(2009). "Church of St Beuno". Historic Wales. Retrieved 12 October 2011.  ^ Jones, Geraint
Geraint
(15 July 2011). "Final bell looming for Ysgol Aberffraw". North Wales
Wales
Chronicle. NWN Media Ltd. Retrieved 25 June 2017.  ^ "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 18 May 2015.  ^ " Isle of Anglesey
Isle of Anglesey
(Electoral Arrangements) Order 2012" (PDF). legislation.gov.uk. The National Archives. Retrieved 9 December 2017.  ^ "Area: Aberffraw
Aberffraw
(Parish)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 12 August 2015.  ^ "Area: Aberffraw
Aberffraw
(Parish)". Office for National Statistics. 18 November 2004. Retrieved 12 August 2015.  ^ The Mabinogion: Branwen
Branwen
the Daughter of Llyr, translated by Lady Charlotte Guest. Online at www.sacred-texts.com.

Further reading[edit]

Davies, John. A History of Wales.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aberffraw.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Aberffraw.

A Vision of Britain Through Time British Listed Buildings Aberffraw: historical and genealogical information at GENUKI. Geograph Office for National Statistics Ysgol Aberffraw

v t e

Anglesey

Towns

Amlwch Beaumaris Benllech Holyhead Llangefni Menai Bridge

Villages

Aberffraw Bachau Bodedern Bodewryd Bodffordd Bodorgan Bryngwran Brynrefail Brynsiencyn Bull Bay Burwen Cemaes Cemaes
Cemaes
Bay Cemlyn Church Bay Dwyran Four Mile Bridge Gaerwen Gwalchmai Llaingoch Llanbadrig Llanddaniel Fab Llanddeusant Llanddona Llandegfan Llanfaelog Llanfaes Llanfairpwllgwyngyll Llanfair-yng-Nghornwy Llanfwrog Llangoed Llangristiolus Llangwyllog Llanidan Llannerch-y-medd Llansadwrn Llantrisant Malltraeth Moelfre Newborough Penmon Penmynydd Pentraeth Pentre Berw Porth Dafarch Rhoscolyn Rhosgoch Rhosybol Rhosmeirch Rhosneigr Rhydwyn Star Trearddur Tregele Tŷ Croes Valley

Rivers

Afon Alaw Afon Braint Afon Cadnant Afon Cefni

Ancient sites

Barclodiad y Gawres Beaumaris
Beaumaris
Castle Bodowyr Bryn Celli Ddu Bryn Gwyn stones Caer Gybi Caer Lêb Castell Bryn Gwyn Din Lligwy Lligwy Burial Chamber Llyn Cerrig Bach Llys Rhosyr St Gwenfaen's Well Tŷ Newydd

Islands

Holy Island Church Island Cribinau East Mouse Middle Mouse Puffin Island Salt Island South Stack The Skerries North Stack West Mouse Ynys Benlas Ynys Castell Ynys Dulas Ynys Feurig Ynys Gaint Ynys Gored Goch Ynys Llanddwyn Ynys Moelfre Ynys y Bîg

Topics

Parliamentary constituencies Places Schools Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings Museums Scheduled Monuments SSSIs Country houses Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs

v t e

Communities of Anglesey

Aberffraw Amlwch Beaumaris Bodedern Bodffordd Bodorgan Bryngwran Cwm Cadnant Cylch-y-Garn Holyhead Llanbadrig Llanddaniel Fab Llanddona Llanddyfnan Llaneilian Llaneugrad Llanfachraeth Llanfaelog Llanfaethlu Llanfair-Mathafarn-Eithaf Llanfair-yn-Neubwll Llanfairpwllgwyngyll Llanfihangel Ysgeifiog Llangefni Llangoed Llangristiolus Llanidan Llannerch-y-medd Mechell Menai Bridge Moelfre Penmynydd Pentraeth Rhoscolyn Rhosybol Rhosyr Trearddur Tref Alaw Trewalchmai Valley

v t e

Celtic mythology
Celtic mythology
series

Welsh mythology

Texts and tales

Four Branches of the Mabinogi

Pwyll
Pwyll
Pendefig Dyfed Branwen
Branwen
ferch Llŷr Manawydan fab Llŷr Math fab Mathonwy

Arthurian

Culhwch
Culhwch
and Olwen Preiddeu Annwfn Pa gur Owain, or the Lady of the Fountain Geraint
Geraint
and Enid Peredur
Peredur
son of Efrawg The Dream of Rhonabwy Geraint
Geraint
son of Erbin

Other

Taliesin Cad Goddeu Welsh Triads The Dream of Macsen Wledig Englynion y Beddau Giant tales Lludd and Llefelys

Characters

Afaon fab Taliesin Amaethon Arawn Arianrhod Arthur Afallach Beli Mawr Bleiddwn Blodeuwedd Bedwyr Bendigeidfran Branwen Cai Caradog ap Bran Caswallawn Ceridwen Cigfa Creiddylad Culhwch Cyhyraeth Cyledr Wyllt Cymidei Cymeinfoll Cynon Dôn Drudwas Dylan ail Don Dywel fab Erbin Edern ap Nudd Efnysien Elen Elffin ap Gwyddno Eliwlod Eufydd Euroswydd Geraint Gilfaethwy Glewlwyd Gafaelfawr Goewin Gofannon Goreu fab Custennin Gronw Pebr Gwawl Gwern Gwrhyr Gwyddno Garanhir Gwydion Gwyn ap Nudd Gwythyr Gwalchmei Hafgan Hefeydd Hueil mab Caw Hychddwn Hyddwn Iddog ap Mynio Idris Llefelys Lleu Llŷr Lludd Llwyd Mabon Madoc ap Uthyr Macsen Wledig Mallt-y-Nos Manawydan Math Matholwch Menw Modron Morfydd Morfran Nisien Olwen Penarddun Penpingion Peredur Pryderi Pwyll Rhiannon Saint Cyllin Saint Eigen Sanddef Seithenyn Taliesin Tegid Foel Teyrnon Ysbaddaden

Animals and creatures

Adar Llwch Gwin Adar Rhiannon Afanc Cavall (Cafall, Cabal) Ceffyl Dŵr Cewri Coblynau Coraniaid Cŵn Annwn Cyhyraeth Dreigiau Gwyllgi Gwyllion Llamhigyn y Dŵr Morgens Plentyn Newid Pwca Twrch Trwyth Tylwyth Teg

Locations

Annwn Cornwall
Cornwall
(Celliwig) Caer Sidi Cantre'r Gwaelod Dyfed
Dyfed
(Arberth, Gwales) Gwynedd
Gwynedd
(Aberffraw, Arfon, Ardudwy, Caer Dathyl) Ireland London
London
(Ludgate)

Miscellaneous

Excalibur
Excalibur
(Caledfwlch) Cauldron of rebirth Llech Ronw Thirteen Treasures of the Islan

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