Abellio (also Abelio and Abelionni) was a god worshipped in the Garonne Valley in Gallia Aquitania (now southwest France), known primarily by a number of inscriptions which were discovered in Comminges.[1] He may have been a god of apple trees.

Some scholars have postulated that Abellio is the same name as Apollo,[1] who in Crete and elsewhere was called Abelios (Greek Αβέλιος), and by the Italians and some Dorians Apello,[2] and that the deity is the same as the Gallic Apollo mentioned by Caesar,[3] and also the same as the Belis or Belenus mentioned by Tertullian[4] and Herodian.[5]

Other scholars have taken the reverse position that Abellio might have been a similar solar deity of Celtic origin in Crete and the Pyrenees, but the Cretan Abellio may however not be the same god as the Celtic one, but rather a different manifestation, or dialectal form, of the Greek god Apollo or his name.



  1. ^ a b Schmitz, Leonhard (1867), "Abellio", in Smith, William, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, 1, p. 2 
  2. ^ Fest. s. v. Apellinem; Eustath. ad II. ii. 99
  3. ^ Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico vi. 17
  4. ^ Tertullian, Apologeticus 23
  5. ^ viii. 3; comp. Capitol. Maoeimin. 22

Other sources

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "Abellio". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.