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ʿAbdallāh ibn Saʿd ibn Abī Sarḥ; (Arabic: عبدالله بن سعد بن أبي السرح‎) was the milk brother of Uthman. His father was Sa'd ibn Abi Sarh. During his time as governor of Egypt
Egypt
(646 CE to 656 CE), Ibn Abi Sarh built a strong Egyptian Arab navy. Under his leadership the Muslim navy won a number of victories including its first major naval battle against the Byzantine emperor Constans II at the Battle of the Masts in 655 CE. One of his achievements while governor of Egypt
Egypt
was the capture of Tripoli
Tripoli
in 647 whereby he brought Libya
Libya
into the Islamic Empire.

Contents

1 During Muhammad's era 2 During Uthman’s era 3 See also 4 References

During Muhammad's era[edit] Al-Tabari
Al-Tabari
has recorded in his tafsir that although Ibn Abi Sarh had apostatized, he returned to Islam before the conquest of Mecca.[1][2] On the other hand, in his History, al-Tabari records about Ibn Abi Sarh and Muhammad that "Abdallah b. Sa`d b. Abi Sarh used to write for him. He apostatized from Islam and later returned to Islam on the day of the conquest of Mecca".[3] A hadith in Sunan Abu Dawud
Sunan Abu Dawud
records an account of Ibn Abi Sarh's tense encounter with Muhammad on that day.[4] During Uthman’s era[edit] When Uthman
Uthman
became caliph in 644 CE, he appointed Abdallah governor of Egypt
Egypt
replacing 'Amr ibn al-'As, with Muhammad ibn Hudhaifa as his aide. Abdallah brought over a large foreign entourage and established the diwan, "and commanded that all the taxes of the country should be regulated there".[5] The Copts
Copts
viewed Abdallah as a "lover of money" who spent the revenues upon himself. In his time a famine struck Upper Egypt
Egypt
such that many Copts
Copts
fled to the Nile Delta.[5] Soon the Arabs protested his governorship, too. Some of the protests appear to have been instigated by his aide, Muhammad ibn Hudhaifa. Muhammad's father (Hudhaifa) was an early convert to Islam who died in the Battle of Yamama. Muhammad was raised by Uthman. When he reached maturity he participated in the foreign military campaigns and accompanied Abdullāh ibn Sa‘ad ibn Abī as-Sarh to Egypt
Egypt
as an aide. Muhammad bin Hudhaifa admonished Abdullah, recommending changes in the government but Abdallah did not respond. After continuous efforts, eventually Muhammad ibn Hudhaifa lost patience and turned from sympathetic admonisher to a disillusioned opponent – first of Ibn Abi Sarh and later of Uthman for appointing him. Ibn Abi Sarh wrote to Uthman
Uthman
claiming that Muhammad was spreading sedition and that if nothing was done to stop him, the situation would escalate. Uthman
Uthman
attempted to silence Muhammad's protests with 30,000 dirhams and expensive presents. This bribe backfired, with Muhammad bringing the money and presents into the Great Mosque saying;

“Do you see what Uthman
Uthman
is trying to do? He is trying to buy my faith. He has sent these coins and these goods to me as a bribe.”

Uthman
Uthman
sent numerous placatory letters to Muhammad, but he continued building the agitation against Ibn Abi Sarh. In 656 the leaders of Egypt
Egypt
decided to send a delegation to Medina
Medina
to demanding Ibn Abi Sarh's dismissal. Ibn Abi Sarh also left for Medina
Medina
to defend himself at the court of the caliph. In his absence, Muhammad ibn Hudhaifa assumed charge of the government. When Ibn Abi Sarh reached Elath, he was told that Uthman's house was under siege (Siege of Uthman) and decided to return to Egypt. At the border he was informed that Muhammad ibn Hudhaifa had given orders to prevent him from entering Egypt. He then went to Palestine awaiting the outcome of events in Medina. In the meantime, Uthman
Uthman
was killed in Medina, and when Ibn Abi Sarh heard the news, he left Palestine, and went to Damascus
Damascus
to live under the protection of Muawiyah I. See also[edit]

List of rulers of Egypt

References[edit]

^ al-Tabari's Tafsir
Tafsir
for 6:93 ^ [1] ^ Al-Tabari, "History of al-Tabari Vol. 9 - The Last Years of the Prophet", transl. Ismail K. Poonawala, p.148, Albany: State University of New York Press ^ Translation of Sunan Abu-Dawud (partial). Translated by Professor Ahmad Hasan (online) Hadith
Hadith
14:2677 ^ a b Archdeacon George (fl. 715), as transferred to Severus of Muqaffa; B. Evetts (1904). "Benjamin I". History of the Patriarchs of the Coptic church of Alexandria.  On George's authorship of Lives 27-42:Robert G. Hoyland (1998). Seeing Islam As Others Saw It. Darwin Press.

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