HOME
The Info List - Abdul-Qadir Gilani


--- Advertisement ---



Muḥyī-al-Dīn Abū Muḥammad b. Abū Sāleh ʿAbd al-Qādir al-Gīlānī (Persian: عبدالقادر گیلانی‎, Arabic: عبدالقادر الجيلاني‎, Turkish: Abdülkâdir Geylânî, Kurdish: Evdilqadirê Geylanî‎, Sorani Kurdish: عه‌بدوالقادری گه‌یلانی‎),[3] known as ʿAbd al-Qādir al-Jīlānī for short or reverently as Shaykh ʿAbd al-Qādir al-Jīlānī by Sunni
Sunni
Muslims, was a notable Sunni
Sunni
Hanbali preacher, orator, ascetic, mystic, jurist, and theologian[3] who became famous for being the eponymous founder of the Qadiriyya spiritual order of Sunni
Sunni
Sufism.[3] Born 29 Shaban 470 AH (around 1077) in the town of Na'if, district of Gilan-e Gharb, Gilan, Iran[4][nb 1][5] and died Monday, February 14, 1166 (11 Rabi' al-thani 561 AH), in Baghdad,[6] (1077–1166 CE), was a Persian[4] Hanbali
Hanbali
Sunni[1][2] jurist and sufi based in Baghdad. The Qadiriyya
Qadiriyya
tariqa (Sufi order) is named after him.[7]

Contents

1 Name

1.1 Paternal heritage

2 Education

2.1 Education in Baghdad

3 Later life 4 Death and burial 5 Birthday & Death Anniversary celebration 6 Books 7 See also 8 Bibliography 9 Notes 10 References 11 External links

Name[edit] Gilani is granted the title Sayyid
Sayyid
to indicate his descent from Muhammad.[8] The name Muhiyudin describes him as a "reviver of religion".[9] Gilan ( Arabic
Arabic
al-Jilani) refers to his place of birth, Gilan.[10][11] However, Gilani also carried the epithet Baghdadi.[12][13][14] referring to his residence and burial in Baghdad. He is also called al-Hasani wa'l-Husayni, which indicates a claim to lineal descent from both Hasan ibn Ali and Husayn ibn Ali, the sons of Ali and grandsons of Muhammad.[15][16] Paternal heritage[edit] Gilani's father was from Sayyid
Sayyid
lineage.[17][18] He was respected as a saint by the people of his day, and was known as Jangi Dost "who loves God", thus "Jangidost" was his sobriquet.[19][20][21] Education[edit] Gilani spent his early life in Gilan, the town of his birth. In 1095, at the age of eighteen years, he went to Baghdad. There, he pursued the study of Hanbali
Hanbali
law [22] under Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi
Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi
and ibn Aqil.[23] He was given lessons on Hadith
Hadith
by Abu Muhammad Ja'far al-Sarraj.[23] His Sufi spiritual instructor was Abu'l-Khair Hammad ibn Muslim al-Dabbas.[24] (A detailed description of his various teachers and subjects are included below). After completing his education, Gilani left Baghdad. He spent twenty-five years as a reclusive wanderer in the desert regions of Iraq.[25] Education in Baghdad[edit] At the age of 18, Gilani went to Baghdad
Baghdad
to study the Hanbali
Hanbali
school of fiqh.

Subject Shaykh (Teacher)

Fiqh
Fiqh
(Islamic Jurisprudence) Ibn Aqil

Fiqh
Fiqh
(Islamic Jurisprudence) Abu Al Hasan Muhammad ibn Qazi Abu Yali

Fiqh
Fiqh
(Islamic Jurisprudence) Abu Al Khatab Mahfuz Hanbali

Fiqh
Fiqh
(Islamic Jurisprudence) Muhammad ibn Al Husnayn

Fiqh
Fiqh
(Islamic Jurisprudence) Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi

Tasawwuf (Sufism) Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi Abu'l-Khair Hammad ibn Muslim al-Dabbas Abu Zakariay ibn Yahya ibn Ali Al Tabrezi

Hadith Abu Bakr ibn Muzaffar

Hadith Muhammad Ibn Al Hasan Baqalai Abu Sayeed Muhammad ibn Abdul Kareem

Hadith Abu Al Ghanaem Muhammad Ibn Muhammad Ali Ibn Maymoon Al Farsi

Hadith Abu Bakr Ahmad Ibn Al Muzaffar

Hadith Abu Jafer Ibn Ahmad Ibn Al Hussain Al Qari

Hadith Abu Al Qasim Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Banaan Al Karkhi

Hadith Abu Talib Abdul Qadri Ibn Muhammad Yusuf

Hadith Abdul Rahman Ibn Ahmad Abu Al Barkat Hibtaallah Ibn Al Mubarak

Hadith Abu Al Nasr Ibn Il Mukhtar

Hadith Abu Nasr Muhammad

Hadith Abu Ghalib Ahmad

Hadith Abu Abdullah Aulad Ali Al Bana

Hadith Abu Al Hasan Al Mubarak Ibn Al Teyvari

Hadith Abu Mansur Abdurahman Al Taqrar

[26] Later life[edit] In 1127, Gilani returned to Baghdad
Baghdad
and began to preach to the public.[5] He joined the teaching staff of the school belonging to his own teacher, al-Mazkhzoomi, and was popular with students. In the morning he taught hadith and tafsir, and in the afternoon he held discourse on the science of the heart and the virtues of the Quran. He was said to have been a convincing preacher and converted numerous Jews
Jews
and Christians. His strength came in the reconciling of the mystical nature of Sufism
Sufism
and strict nature of the Quran.[5] Death and burial[edit]

Sheikh Abdul Qadir Gilani
Abdul Qadir Gilani
Mosque in Baghdad
Baghdad
1925

Gilani died in the evening of Tuesday, February 21, 1166 (11th Rabi' al-thani 561 AH) at the age of ninety one years according to the Islamic calendar.[6] His body was entombed in a shrine within his madrasa in Babul-Sheikh, Rusafa on the east bank of the Tigris
Tigris
in Baghdad, Iraq.[27][28][29] During the reign of the Safavid Shah Ismail I, Gilani's shrine was destroyed.[30] However, in 1535, the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent
Suleiman the Magnificent
had a turba (dome) built over the shrine, which exists to this day.[31] Birthday & Death Anniversary celebration[edit] 1 Ramadan
Ramadan
is celebrated as the birthday of Abdul Qadir Gilani
Abdul Qadir Gilani
while the death anniversary is on 11 Rabi us Thani. The later is called in the Subcontinent as Giyarwee Shareef or Honoured Day of 11th.[32]

Tomb Of Sheikh Abdul Qadir, Baghdad, Iraq.

Books[edit]

Kitab Sirr al-Asrar wa Mazhar al-Anwar[33] (The Book of the Secret of Secrets and the Manifestation of Light)

See also[edit]

Jilala Moinuddin Chishti

Bibliography[edit]

Sayings of Shaikh Abd al-Qadir al-Jīlānī Malfūzāt, Holland, Muhtar (translator). S. Abdul Majeed & Co, Kuala Lumpur (1994) ISBN 1-882216-03-2. Fifteen letters, khamsata ashara maktūban / Shaikh Abd Al-Qādir Al-Jīlānī. Translated from Persian to Arabic
Arabic
by Alī usāmu ́D-Dīn Al-Muttaqī. Translated from Arabic
Arabic
into English by Muhtar Holland. Kamsata ašara maktūban. First edition. ʿAlāʾ al-Dīn, ʿAlī B., ʿAbd al-Malik al- Muttaqī al-Hindī (about 1480–1567) and Muhtar Holland (1935–). Al-Baz publications, Hollywood, Florida. (1997) ISBN 1-882216-16-4. Jalā Al-Khawātir: a collection of forty-five discourses of Shaikh Abd Al-Qādir Al-Jīlānī, the removal of cares. Chapter 23, pg 308. Jalā al-Khawātir, Holland, Muhtar (1935–) (translator). Al-Baz publications, Fort Lauderdale, Florida. (1997) ISBN 1-882216-13-X. The sultan of the saints: mystical life and teachings of Shaikh Syed Abdul Qadir Jilani / Muhammad Riaz Qadiri Qadiri, Muhammad Riyaz. Gujranwala, Abbasi publications. (2000) ISBN 969-8510-16-8. The sublime revelation: al-Fath ar-Rabbānī, a collection of sixty-two discourses / Abd al-Qādir al- Jīlānī, Second edition. al-Rabbānī, al-Fath. Al-Baz publications, Fort Lauderdale, Florida. (1998). ISBN 1-882216-02-4. Al-Ghunya li-talibi tariq al-haqq wa al-din, (Sufficient provision for seekers of the path of truth and religion), Parts one and two in Arabic. Al-Qadir, Abd, Al-Gaylani. Dar Al-Hurya, Baghdad, Iraq, (1988). Al-Ghunya li-talibi tariq al-haqq wa al-din, (Sufficient provision for seekers of the path of truth and religion.) in Arabic. Introduced by Al-Kilani, Majid Irsan. Dar Al-Khair, Damascus, Bairut, (2005). Encyclopædia Iranica, Bibliotheca Persica PresS, ISBN 1-56859-050-4.

Notes[edit]

^ There is uncertainty as to the year of his birth; some sources say 1077, others 1078.

References[edit]

^ a b John Renard, The A to Z of Sufism. p 142. ISBN 081086343X ^ a b Juan Eduardo Campo, Encyclopedia of Islam, p. 288. ISBN 1438126964 ^ a b c B. Lawrence, “'Abd-Al-Qader Jilani,” Encyclopædia Iranica, I/2, pp. 132-133 ^ a b W. Braune, Abd al-Kadir al-Djilani, The Encyclopaedia of Islam, Vol. I, ed. H.A.R Gibb, J.H.Kramers, E. Levi-Provencal, J. Schacht, (Brill, 1986), 69;".. all authorities are unanimous in stating that he was a Persian from Nayf (Nif) in Djilan, south of the Caspian Sea." ^ a b c "'Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani". Encyclopædia Britannica. I: A-Ak – Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, Illinois: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 2010. p. 16. ISBN 978-1-59339-837-8.  ^ a b The works of Shaykh Umar Eli of Somalia of al-Tariqat al-Qadiriyyah. ^ "Sufism, Sufis, and Sufi Orders: Sufism's Many Paths". islam.uga.edu. Retrieved 2017-07-21.  ^ Abun-Nasr, Jamil M. (2007-01-01). Muslim Communities of Grace: The Sufi Brotherhoods in Islamic Religious Life. Columbia University Press. p. 94. ISBN 9780231143301.  ^ Mihr-e-munīr: biography of Hadrat Syed Pīr Meher Alī Shāh pg 21, Muhammad Fādil Khān, Faid Ahmad. Sajjadah Nashinan of Golra Sharif, Islamabad (1998). ^ Encyclopaedia of religion and ethics: volume 1. (A – Art). Part 1. (A – Algonquins) pg 10. Hastings, James and Selbie, John A. Adamant Media corporation. (2001), "and he was probably of Persian origin." ^ The Sufi orders in Islam, 2nd edition, pg 32. Triingham, J. Spencer and Voll, John O. Oxford University Press US, (1998), "The Hanafi Qadirriya is also included since 'Abd al-Qadir, of Persian origin was contemporary of the other two." ^ Devotional Islam
Islam
and politics in British India: Ahmad Riza Khan Barelwi and his movement, 1870–1920, pg 144, Sanyal, Usha Oxford University Press US, 19 August 1999. ISBN 0-19-564862-5 ISBN 978-0-19-564862-1. ^ Cultural and religious heritage of India: Islam
Islam
pg 321. Sharma, Suresh K. (2004) ^ Indo-iranica pg 7. The Iran
Iran
Society, Calcutta, India. (1985). ^ Biographical encyclopaedia of sufis: central asia and middle east, pg 123, Vol 2. Hanif N. Sarup and Sons. (2002) ISBN 81-7625-266-2, 9788176252669. ^ The Election of Caliph/Khalifah and World Peace pg 176. Mowla, Khondakar G. (1998). ^ Historical and political who's who of Afghanistan. p 177. Adamec, Ludwig W. (1975) ^ Qādrī, Muḥammad Riyāz̤ (2000-01-01). The Sultan of the Saints: Mystical Life and Teaching of Shaikh Syed Abdul Qadir Jilani. Abbasi Pablications. p. 19. ISBN 9789698510169.  ^ "Sulook organisation website" (PDF).  ^ Mihr-e-munīr: biography of Hadrat Syed Pīr Meher Alī Shāh pg 27, Khān, Muhammad Fādil and Ahmad, Faid. Sajjadah Nashinan of Golra Sharif, Islamabad. (1997) ^ Encyclopaedia of Sufism, volume 1, Kahn, Masood Ali and Ram, S. ^ Campo, Juan Eduardo (2009-01-01). Encyclopedia of Islam. Infobase Publishing. p. 4. ISBN 9781438126968.  ^ a b Gibb, H.A.R.; Kramers, J.H.; Levi-Provencal, E.; Schacht, J. (1986) [1st. pub. 1960]. Encyclopaedia of Islam
Islam
(New Edition). Volume I (A-B). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. p. 69. ISBN 9004081143.  ^ Malise Ruthven, Islam
Islam
in the World, p 243. ISBN 0195305035 ^ Esposito J. L. The Oxford dictionary of Islam. p160. ISBN 0199757267 ^ Akbar, pg.11 Al Haqq, Abd. and Ghunyat al-talibeen (Wealth for Seekers) pg. 12 Urdu version ^ Al-Ghunya li-talibi tariq al-haqq wa al-din (Sufficient provision for seekers of the path of truth and religion), parts one and two in Arabic, Al-Qadir, Abd and Al-Gilani. Dar Al-Hurya, Baghdad, Iraq, (1988). ^ Al-Ghunya li-talibi tariq al-haqq wa al-din (Sufficient provision for seekers of the path of truth and religion) with introduction by Al-Kilani, Majid Irsan. Al-Kilani, Majid, al-Tariqat, 'Ursan, and al-Qadiriyah, Nash'at ^ "The Qadirya Mausoleum" (PDF).  ^ A.A. Duri, Baghdad, The Encyclopaedia of Islam, Vol. I, 903. ^ W. Braune, Abd al-Kadir al-Djilani, The Encyclopaedia of Islam, Vol. I, 70. ^ "Ghousia".  ^ "Sirr-ul-Asrar". www.nafseislam.com. Retrieved 2016-08-04. 

External links[edit]

Revelations of the Unseen Translation of Futuh al-Ghaib, at archive.org. Sufficient Provision For Seekers Of The Path Of Truth Translation of parts of Al-Ghunya Li Talibi Tariq Al-Haqq, at archive.org. Openings from the Lord Translation of excerpts from Al-Fath Al-Rabbani, at archive.org. Utterances Translation of Malfuzat, at archive.org.

v t e

Muslim scholars of the Hanbali
Hanbali
School

by century (AH CE)

3rd/9th

Ahmad ibn Hanbal
Ahmad ibn Hanbal
(founder of the school) Abu Dawood Ibrahim ibn Ya'qub al-Juzajani

4th/10th

Abu Bakr al-Ajurri Abu Bakr al-Khallal Al-Hasan ibn Ali al-Barbahari Ibn Battah Ibn Manda

5th/11th

Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi Al-Qadi Abu Ya'la Ibn Aqil Khwaja Abdullah Ansari

6th/12th

Abdul-Razzaq Gilani Abdul-Qadir Gilani Awn ad-Din ibn Hubayra Diya al-Din al-Maqdisi Hammad al-Harrani Ibn al-Jawzi

7th/13th

Abd al-Ghani al-Maqdisi Ibn Qudamah Zayn al-Din al-Amidi

8th/14th

Ibn Abd al-Hadi Ibn Muflih Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya Ibn Rajab Ibn Taymiyyah

11th/17th

Al-Bahūtī

12th/18th

Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab

14th/20th

Abd al-Aziz ibn Baz Abdul Rahman Al-Sudais Abdullah Ibn Jibreen Abul Kalam
Kalam
Azad Ibn Humaid Jonathan A.C. Brown Muhammad ibn al Uthaymeen Saeed Abubakr Zakaria Saleh Al-Fawzan Saud Al-Shuraim

Scholars of other Sunni
Sunni
Islamic schools of jurisprudence

Hanafi Maliki Shafi'i Zahiri

v t e

Islamic theology

Fields Theologians Books

Fields

Aqidah ‘aql Astronomy Cosmology Eschatology Ethics Kalam Fiqh Logic in philosophy Peace in philosophy Philosophy Physics Philosophy of education

Theologians

Abd al-Jabbar ibn Ahmad Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani Abdul Hosein Amini Abdulhakim Arvasi Abū Ḥanīfa Abu l-A‘la Mawdudi Abu Yusuf Ahmad ibn Hanbal Ahmad Sirhindi Ahmad Yasavi Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi Akhtar Raza Khan al-Ash‘ari al-Ballūṭī al-Baydawi al-Dhahabi al-Ghazali al-Hilli al-Jahiz al-Jubba'i al-Kindi al-Masudi al-Maturidi al-Mufid Al-Qasim al-Qushayri al-Razi Al-Shafi‘i al-Shahrastani al-Shirazi al-Tirmidhi Allameh Majlesi Amr ibn Ubayd Dawud al-Zahiri Fazlur Rahman Malik Hasan of Basra Hacı Bayram-ı Veli Haji Bektash Veli Hüseyin Hilmi Işık ibn ‘Arabī ibn al-Jawzi ibn ‘Aqil ibn Hazm ibn Qudamah Ibn Taymiyyah Ja’far al-Sadiq Jalal al-Din Muhammad Rumi Malik ibn Anas Mahmud Hudayi Morteza Motahhari Muhammad al-Baqir Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr Muhammed Hamdi Yazır Muhammad Hamidullah Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri Muhammad Taqi Usmani Nasir Khusraw Sadr al-Din al-Qunawi Said Nursî Shaykh Tusi Sheikh Bedreddin Wasil ibn Ata Zayd ibn Ali Zayn al-Abidin

Key books

Crucial Sunni
Sunni
books

al-Irshad al- Aqidah
Aqidah
al-Tahawiyyah

Buyruks Kitab al Majmu Masnavi Nahj al-Balagha Epistles of Wisdom Risale-i Nur

Schools

Sunni

Ash'ari Maturidi Traditionalism

Shia

Kaysanites

Mukhtar

Abu Muslim Sunpadh Ishaq al-Turk

Muhammerah

Khurramites

Babak Mazyar Ismail I / Pir Sultan Abdal
Pir Sultan Abdal
– Qizilbash / Safavid conversion of Iran
Iran
to Shia Islam

al-Muqanna

Zaidiyyah

Jarudi Batriyya Alid dynasties of northern Iran

Hasan al-Utrush

List of extinct Shia sects

Dukayniyya Khalafiyya Khashabiyya

Imami Isma'ilism

Batiniyyah

Sevener Qarmatians Hamza / al-Muqtana Baha'uddin / ad-Darazi – Druzes

Musta'li

Hafizi Taiyabi

Nizari

Assassins Nizaris

Nasir Khusraw
Nasir Khusraw
Badakhshan
Badakhshan
Alevism

Imami Twelver

Theology of Twelvers

Ja'fari

Akhbari Shaykhi Usuli

Alevism

Qutb ad-Dīn Haydar
Qutb ad-Dīn Haydar
– Qalandariyya Baba Ishak
Baba Ishak
– Babai Revolt Galip Hassan Kuscuoglu
Galip Hassan Kuscuoglu
– Rifa'i-Galibi Order

Ghulat

al-Khaṣībī / ibn Nusayr – Alawites Fazlallah Astarabadi (Naimi) / Imadaddin Nasimi
Imadaddin Nasimi
– Hurufism / Bektashism and folk religion

Independent

Ibadi

ibn Ibāḍ Jābir ibn Zayd

Jabriyyah

Ibn Safwan

Murji'ah Karramiyya Qadariyah

Ma'bad al-Juhani Muʿtazila Bahshamiyya

Khawarij

Azariqa Najdat Sufri

Abu Qurra

Nakkariyyah

Abu Yazid

Haruriyyah

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 71359982 LCCN: n90650670 ISNI: 0000 0000 9169 1521 GND: 118859315 SELIBR: 175603 SUDOC: 030632714 BNF:

.